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  • Clinical Refraction Guide
    La comanda in aproximativ 4 saptamani
    90.00 lei

    Retinoscopy is an eye exam that determines the refractive error of the eye (long sighted, short sighted, astigmatism). A refraction test indicates the strength of the prescription needed for glasses or contact lenses. The new edition of this book provides a concise overview of clinical refraction. Presented in an easy to read format, it is divided into two main sections. The first part explains basic clinical procedures for routine refraction, beginning with an introduction to instruments and the procedure, followed by aspects of the test for different disorders including myopia (short sightedness), astigmatism, keratoconus and refraction in children. Section two provides in depth discussion on retinoscopy and correct use of the retinoscope. The second edition has been fully revised and updated to explain the latest advances in the field, and is further enhanced by clinical images and figures. Key points Practical guide to clinical refraction and retinoscopy Fully revised and updated second edition Explains basic procedures and instruments for refraction test and refraction in different ophthalmic disorders Previous edition (9789351520634) published in 2014

  • 170.00 lei

     

    Description:

    This is a Fourth Edition of a popular introductory text to ophthalmology whose First Edition was awarded the Asher Prize in the Royalty Society of Medicine Book Awards.

    The contents are divided into four parts. The first contains essential anatomy and physiology.  The second part describes ophthalmic diseases using a predominantly anatomically-ordered approach.  The third deals with a collection of special topics, some disease-related, others covering clinical management.  The final section is concerned with clinical problem solving.

    The fourth edition has been extensively reviewed, modified and updated to ensure its relevance to people across the world requiring an introductory text in ophthalmology.  The Special Investigations chapter has been rewritten and illustrated to show how modern imaging devices help in diagnosis and monitoring.  One new chapter reviews a range of global ophthalmic problems and a second provides an overview of eye problems in children.  there are additional self-assessment resources available with the ebook online.

    Although primarily aimed at medical students this book will also appeal to those practising or studying fields closely related to ophthalmology, including optometry, orthoptics and ophthalmic nursing.

     

    Table of Contents:

     

    Part 1 Basic Principles

    1 Anatomy and physiology

    2 Anatomy and physiology

    3 Relations and connections

    4 Human sight

    5 The ophthalmic history I

    6 The ophthalmic history II

    7 The ophthalmic examination

    8 Special investigations I

    9 Special investigations II

    10 Ocular pathology

    11 Ocular microbiology

    12 Ocular pharmacology

    Part 2 Diseases

    13 Eyelids

    14 Eyelids

    15 Tear secretion and drainage

    16 Orbital diseases

    17 Conjunctiva

    18 Conjunctiva: non-infective inflammation

    19 Cornea

    20 Cornea

    21 Glaucoma

    22 Glaucoma

    23 Iritis

    24 Posterior uveitis

    25 The lens

    26 Ocular fundus

    27 Ocular fundus

    28 Ocular fundus

    29 Ocular fundus: macular disease I

    Macular degeneration

    30 Ocular fundus

    Other disorders

    31 Ocular fundus

    32 Ocular fundus

    33 Optic disc swelling and optic atrophy

    34 Intraocular tumours

    35 Paediatric ophthalmology

    36 Strabismus

    37 Strabismus

    38 Unequal and abnormal pupils

    39 Trauma

    Eyelid trauma

    Orbital trauma

    Head trauma

    40 Trauma

    41 Neonatal conjunctivitis

    42 Episcleritis and scleritis

    Episcleritis

    Scleritis

    Part 3 Special Topics in Ophthalmology

    43 Correcting refractive errors

    44 Global ophthalmology I

    45 Global ophthalmology II

    46 Epidemiology and the functional implications of visual impairment

    47 Ophthalmic surgery

    48 Lasers in ophthalmology

    49 Ocular genetics

    Part 4 Clinical Problem Solving

    50 Introduction to clinical problem solving

    51 Gradual visual loss

    52 Sudden visual loss

    53 The acute red eye

    54 Trauma

    55 The squinting child

    56 ‘Spots before the eyes’

    57 Irritable eyes

    58 Double vision

    Index

    IBC

     

  • 195.00 lei

    Diabetic Retinopathy, second edition, offers a practical, clinically focused guide to Diabetic Retinopathy (DR). Featuring 20 concise chapters, this pocketbook is an invaluable companion to those involved in screening and treating DR. 1 Alexander D. Wright: What is diabetes?; 2 Paul Galsworthy: Diabetic retinopathy- reasons for screening; 3 Navjot Gahir and Mirriam Shah: Anatomy of the eye and the healthy fundus; 4 Paul M. Dodson: Diabetes and the eye; 5 Rachel Stockwin & Emma Shepherd: Background diabetic retinopathy; 6 Helen Wharton: Maculopathy; 7 Prashant Amrelia: Pre-proliferative and proliferative retinopathy; 8 Karen Whitehouse: Advanced diabetic eye disease; 9 Jonathan M. Gibson: Other ophthalmic lesions in the fundus; 10 David K. Roy and Prashant Amrelia: The screening episode - visual acuity, mydriasis, and digital photography; 11 Karen Whitehouse: How to grade; 12 Paul Galsworthy: The principles of a national diabetic retinopathy screening programme (DESP); 13 Rebecca Smith: Programme administration and fail-safe; 14 Andrew Mills: Models of screening and IT; 15 Karen Whitehouse: Training and accreditation for retinal screening and grading; 16 Paul M. Dodson: Medical management of diabetic retinopathy; 17 Alexander Wright and Paul M. Dodson: Patients of Concern; 18 Sarita Jacob and Ramesh Sivaraj: Imaging in diabetic retinopathy; 19 Ramesh Sivaraj & Jonathan M. Gibson: Ophthalmic treatment of diabetic retinopathy; 20 Sobha Joseph and Ramesh Sivaraj: New treatment strategies for diabetic eye disease

  • Ophthalmology Clinics for Postgraduates
    La comanda in aproximativ 4 saptamani
    200.00 lei

    Describes the different investigative tools in ophthalmology, their output, and how to interpret those findings with maximum possible images. It will help students in their examinations, as well as practising ophthalmologists, to interpret the various investigative tools in ophthalmology and help them reach a diagnosis.

  • Essentials of Ophthalmology
    La comanda in aproximativ 4 saptamani
    230.00 lei

    The seventh edition of this manual has been fully revised to provide trainees in ophthalmology with the latest advances in their field. Divided into 28 chapters, the book begins with discussion on ocular embryology and anatomy, physiology, neurology, pharmacology, refraction, and history-taking and physical examination. Each of the following chapters is dedicated to the diagnosis and management of disorders and diseases in different parts of the eye - lens, uvea, retina, optic nerve, vitreous and more. The book concludes with sections on ocular injuries, blindness, common surgeries, and surgical instruments. The comprehensive text is further enhanced by nearly 1200 ocular images, figures and tables. Key points Comprehensive guide to diagnosis and management of ocular diseases and disorders for trainees Fully revised, seventh edition providing latest advances in the field Highly illustrated with nearly 1200 images, figures and tables Previous edition (9789352501601) published in 2015

  • 230.00 lei

     

    Book Description:

     

    This handbook is designed to help shape the thought processes of the eye clinician or trainee and guide them toward the right decision-making pathway in emergency ophthalmology situations. Chapters are titled by the way cases present to eye casualty rather than condition, along with an algorithmic approach on what clinical and laboratory investigations to carry out. There is also guidance on how to perform simple procedures. It is aimed at trainees, general ophthalmologists and those with an interest from allied specialties (including specialist nurses) and professions such as optometrists and emergency medicine doctors.

     

    Key Features:

     

    Stresses safe and practical navigation of common eye symptoms presented in an emergency setting.

    Provides guidance on differential diagnosis and includes useful decision-making flowcharts.

    Emphasizes "how to" approach the eye casualty patient.

    Shows what can be expected at each stage of the eye injury patient encounter.

    Presents information appropriate for the entire multi-disciplinary eye casualty team

    Table of Contents

    Introduction – Gwyn Samuel Williams

    Chapter 1 – The red eye – basic algorithm on how to differentiate main conditions from each other- Amy-lee Shirodkar

    Chapter 2 – Cellulitis and swelling around one or both eyelids- Tina Parmar

    Chapter 3 – The watery eye- Dana Ahnood

    Chapter 4 – Trauma to the eyelids and periorbital region- Abdus Samad Ansari

    Chapter 5 – Corneal ulcers and contact lens keratopathies- Bushra Thajudeen

    Chapter 6 – Corneal defects, abrasions, foreign bodies and worse- Magda Popiela

    Chapter 7 – Photophobia and iritis- Gwyn Samuel Williams

    Chapter 8 – Red eyes after cataract surgery and other operations- Annie See Wah Tung

    Chapter 9 – Apparent sudden vision loss – an essential approach- Colm McAlinden

    Chapter 10 – Flashing lights and floaters – Bhavana Sharma

    Chapter 11 – New haemorrhages in the vitreous and/or retina – Tafadzwa Young-Zvandasara

    Chapter 12 – There is something new and odd at the back of the eye- Rhianon Perrott-Reynolds

    Chapter 13 – Wavy lines, distorted vision and blur- Annie See Wah Tung

    Chapter 14 – Vitritis and posterior uveitis- Safa Ahmed Elhassan

    Chapter 15 – The painful eyeball- Alexander Kin Chiang Chiu

    Chapter 16 – Retinal tears and detachments- Sidath Wijetilleka

    Chapter 17 – One or more bulging eyes- Derek Kwun-hong Ho

    Chapter 18 – Double vision and new onset strabismus in an adult- Eulee Seow

    Chapter 19 – My baby has a white pupil in this photograph and/or has a squinty eye- Ryan Davies

    Chapter 20 – Non-accidental injury – Damien Yeo

    Chapter 21 – One or both optic discs are swollen- Tariq Mohammad

    Chapter 22 – Headaches and pain in the temple- Bhavna Kumari Sharma

    Chapter 23 – Managing trauma- Bhavin Patel

    Chapter 24 – Called to ITU to examine a fundus- James Potts

    Chapter 25 – When there are symptoms but it all looks totally normal – Andrew Want

    Chapter 26 – Triage – Amy-lee Shirodkar

    Chapter 27– Summary of approach- Gwyn Samuel Williams

    Chapter 28 – The moral ophthalmologist- Gwyn Samuel Williams

     

     

  • Do's & Dont's in Phaco Surgery
    La comanda in aproximativ 4 saptamani
    230.00 lei

    This Text and Atlas provides ophthalmic surgeons with the latest advances in phaco surgery. Divided into ten sections, the books guides clinicians through incision, instruments, and eyeball position for surgery, to numerous different surgical procedures including intraocular lens implantation. The text is further enhanced by high quality photographs and illustrations. The book aims to help surgeons record and analyse their own cases and learn from experience.

  • 235.00 lei

    Description:

    Fully revised and updated throughout, the fourth edition of the Oxford Handbook of Ophthalmology now includes free access to the ophthalmic online media bank, a selection of high-quality clinical images and videos for a wide breadth of key ophthalmic diseases. Clear, concise, and practical, this handbook provides immediate access to the detailed clinical information you need, in casualty, clinic, theatre, and on the wards. The core of the book comprises a systematic synopsis of ophthalmic disease directed towards diagnosis, interim assessment, and ongoing management. Assessment boxes for common clinical conditions and algorithms for important clinical presentations illustrate this practical approach. The information is easily accessible, presented in a clear format with areas of importance highlighted. Key sections for the trainee include: Clinical Skills, Aids to Diagnosis, Investigations and their Interpretation, Perioperative Care, Theatre Notes and Therapeutics. The wider practise of eye-care is supported by expanded chapters on Refractive Ophthalmology, Vision in Context, Evidence Based Ophthalmology and Resources for Ophthalmologists. Now including newer treatments across a range of specialities such as SMILE, gene-therapy and retinal prostheses, as well as greater emphasis on the evidence underlying current clinical practice and guidelines, this handbook has never been more essential for all those working in eye-care. Whether you want to learn about patient-reported outcomes, identify a surgical instrument, interpret a statistical test, or diagnose and treat ophthalmic emergencies, you will find it here. Whatever your role in caring for patients with eye disease: ophthalmologist, optometrist, orthoptist, ophthalmic nurse, or other health profession - discover for yourself why this handbook has become the 'go-to' resource for tens of thousands of eye-care professionals around the world.

     

    Table of Contents:

     

    Orthoptic abbreviations

    1. Clinical skills

    Taking an ophthalmic history

    Assessment of vision: acuity

    Assessment of vision: clinical tests in children and tests of binocular status

    Assessment of vision: contrast and colour

    Biomicroscopy: slit-lamp overview

    Biomicroscopy: use of the slit-lamp

    Anterior segment examination (1)

    Techniques for anterior segment examination

    Anterior segment examination (2)

    Gonioscopy

    Posterior segment examination

    Pupil examination

    Ocular motility examination

    Visual field (VF) examination

    Lids/ptosis examination

    Orbital examination

    Nasolacrimal system examination

    Refraction: outline (1)

    Refraction: outline (2)

    Focimetry

    2. Investigations and their interpretation

    Visual field testing: general

    Static automated perimetry: performance and interpretation

    Automated perimetry: protocols

    Glaucoma progression analysis

    Goldmann perimetry

    Goldmann perimetry (2)

    Anterior segment imaging (1)

    Anterior segment imaging (2)

    Posterior segment imaging

    Fundus fluorescein angiography (FFA)

    Indocyanine green (ICG) angiography and other vascular assessments

    Imaging the retinal nerve fibre layer

    Adaptive optics

    Optical coherence tomography

    OCT angiography (OCTA)

    Ophthalmic ultrasonography (1)

    Ophthalmic ultrasonography (2)

    Electrodiagnostic tests (1)

    Electrodiagnostic tests (2)

    Electrodiagnostic tests (3)

    Ophthalmic radiology: X-ray, dacryocystography (DCG), and dacryoscintigraphy (DSG)

    Ophthalmic radiology: CT and CT angiography (CTA)

    Ophthalmic radiology: MRI and MR angiography (MRA)/MR venography (MRV)

    3. Ocular trauma

    Ocular trauma: assessment

    Tetanus status and prophylaxis

    Chemical injury: assessment

    Chemical injury: treatment

    Thermal injury/burns: assessment

    Thermal injury/burns: management

    Orbital fractures: assessment

    Orbital fractures: treatment

    Lid lacerations

    Blunt trauma: assessment

    Blunt trauma: treatment

    Penetrating trauma/intraocular foreign bodies: assessment

    Penetrating trauma/intraocular foreign bodies: treatment

    Corneal foreign bodies and abrasions

    Hyphaema

    Laser trauma

    4. Lids

    Anatomy and physiology (1)

    Anatomy and physiology (2)

    Eyelash disorders

    Blepharitis and meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD) (1)

    Blepharitis and meibomian gland dysfunction (2)

    Lid lumps: cysts and abscesses

    Lid lumps: benign and premalignant tumours

    Lid lumps: malignant tumours (1)

    Lid lumps: malignant tumours (2)

    Repair of eyelid defects

    Ectropion

    Entropion

    Ptosis: acquired

    Ptosis: congenital, p. 180).

    Miscellaneous lid disorders

    5. Lacrimal

    Anatomy and physiology

    The watery eye: assessment

    The watery eye: treatment

    Dacryocystorhinostomy

    Lacrimal system infections

    6. Conjunctiva

    Anatomy and physiology, pp. 196–7.

    Conjunctival signs

    Conjunctival diagrams

    Bacterial conjunctivitis (1)

    Bacterial conjunctivitis (2)

    Viral conjunctivitis

    Chlamydial conjunctivitxis

    Allergic conjunctivitis (1)

    Allergic conjunctivitis (2)

    Cicatricial conjunctivitis (1)

    Cicatricial conjunctivitis (2)

    Cicatricial conjunctivitis (3)

    Cicatricial conjunctivitis (4)

    Dry eyes: clinical features (1)

    Dry eyes: clinical features (2)

    Dry eyes: clinical features (3)

    Dry eyes: treatment (1)

    Dry eyes: treatment (2)

    Ocular neuropathic pain

    Miscellaneous conjunctivitis and conjunctival degenerations

    Pigmented conjunctival lesions

    Non-pigmented conjunctival lesions (1)

    Non-pigmented conjunctival lesions (2)

    7. Cornea

    Anatomy and physiology

    Corneal signs

    Corneal diagrams

    Microbial keratitis: assessment

    Microbial keratitis: treatment (1)

    Microbial keratitis: treatment (2)

    Microbial keratitis: treatment of corneal perforation

    Acanthamoeba keratitis

    Fungal keratitis: treatment

    Fungal keratitis: treatment

    Herpes simplex keratitis (1)

    Herpes simplex keratitis (2)

    Herpes zoster ophthalmicus

    Thygeson’s superficial punctate keratopathy

    Recurrent corneal erosion syndrome (RCES)

    Persistent epithelial defects, p. 272).

    Limbal epithelial stem cell deficiency

    Corneal degenerative disease (1)

    Corneal degenerative disease (2)

    Corneal dystrophies: anterior

    Corneal dystrophies: stromal (1)

    Corneal dystrophies: stromal (2)

    Corneal dystrophies: posterior

    Keratoconus

    Other corneal ectasias

    Peripheral ulcerative keratitis (PUK)

    Other peripheral corneal diseases

    Neurotrophic keratopathy

    Exposure keratopathy

    Deposition keratopathies

    Keratoplasty: penetrating keratoplasty

    Keratoplasty: lamellar and endothelial keratoplasty

    Keratoplasty: complications

    Corneal collagen cross-linking

    Amniotic membrane transplantation

    Donor eye retrieval and eye banks

    8. Sclera

    Anatomy and physiology

    Episcleritis

    Anterior scleritis: outline

    Anterior scleritis: non-necrotizing

    Anterior scleritis: necrotizing

    Posterior scleritis

    9. Lens

    Anatomy and physiology

    Cataract: introduction

    Cataract: types

    Cataract surgery: assessment

    Cataract surgery: consent and planning

    Cataract surgery: perioperative, p. 346).

    Phacoemulsification (1)

    Phacoemulsification (2)

    Phacoemulsification (3)

    Femtosecond laser (FSL) cataract surgery

    Extracapsular, manual small incision, and intracapsular cataract extraction

    Intraocular lenses (1)

    Intraocular lenses (2)

    Intraocular lenses (3)

    Cataract surgery: post-operative

    Cataract surgery and concurrent eye disease

    Cataract surgery: complications

    Post-operative endophthalmitis

    Toxic anterior segment syndrome

    Post-operative cystoid macular oedema

    Refractive surprise

    Abnormalities of lens size, shape, and position

    10. Glaucoma

    Anatomy and physiology

    Glaucoma: assessment

    Ocular hypertension

    Primary open-angle glaucoma

    Normal-tension glaucoma

    Primary angle-closure glaucoma

    Acute primary angle closure

    Pseudoexfoliation syndrome

    Pigment dispersion syndrome

    Neovascular glaucoma

    Inflammatory glaucoma: general

    Inflammatory glaucoma: syndromes

    Lens-related glaucoma

    Other secondary open-angle glaucoma

    Other secondary closed-angle glaucoma

    Iatrogenic glaucoma

    Pharmacology of IOP-lowering agents

    Laser procedures in glaucoma

    Surgery for glaucoma

    Filtration surgery: trabeculectomy

    Filtration surgery: antifibrotics

    Filtration surgery: complications of penetrating procedures (1)

    Filtration surgery: complications of penetrating procedures (2)

    Non-penetrating glaucoma surgery

    Micro-invasive glaucoma surgery

    11. Uveitis

    Anatomy and physiology

    Classification of uveitis (1)

    Classification of uveitis (2)

    Uveitis: assessment

    Uveitis: systemic review

    Uveitis: investigations (1)

    Uveitis: investigations (2)

    Uveitis: complications and treatment

    Acute anterior uveitis

    Uveitis with seronegative spondyloarthropathies

    Anterior uveitis syndromes (1), p. 466)

    Anterior uveitis syndromes (2)

    Uveitis with juvenile idiopathic arthritis

    Intermediate uveitis

    Retinal vasculitis

    Sarcoidosis (1)

    Sarcoidosis (2)

    Multiple sclerosis

    Behçet’s disease

    Vogt–Koyanagi–Harada disease

    Sympathetic ophthalmia

    Viral uveitis (1)

    Viral uveitis (2)

    Viral uveitis (3)

    HIV-associated disease: anterior segment

    HIV-associated disease: posterior segment

    Mycobacterial disease (1)

    Mycobacterial disease (2)

    Spirochaetal and other bacterial uveitis

    Protozoan uveitis

    Nematodal uveitis

    Fungal uveitis

    White dot syndromes (1)

    White dot syndromes (2)

    White dot syndromes (3)

    12. Vitreoretinal

    Anatomy and physiology

    Retinal detachment: assessment

    Peripheral retinal degenerations

    Retinal breaks

    Posterior vitreous detachment

    Rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (1)

    Rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (2)

    Tractional retinal detachment

    Exudative retinal detachment

    Retinoschisis

    Hereditary vitreoretinal degenerations

    Choroidal detachments and uveal effusion syndrome

    Epiretinal membranes

    Vitreomacular interface

    Submacular (subfoveal) haemorrhage: Treatment, p. 554).

    Laser retinopexy and cryopexy for retinal tears

    Pneumatic retinopexy

    Scleral buckling procedures

    Vitrectomy: outline

    Vitrectomy: heavy liquids and tamponade agents

    Gene therapy for inherited retinal diseases

    Retinal prosthesis

    13. Medical retina

    Anatomy and physiology (1), pp. 570–1.

    Anatomy and physiology (2)

    Age-related macular degeneration (1)

    Age-related macular degeneration (2)

    Age-related macular degeneration (3)

    Age-related macular degeneration (4)

    Age-related macular degeneration (5)

    Anti-vascular endothelial growth factor therapy: outline

    Anti-vascular endothelial growth factor therapy: in practice

    Photodynamic therapy

    Diabetic eye disease: general

    Diabetic eye disease: assessment

    Diabetic eye disease: management

    Diabetic eye disease: screening

    Central serous chorioretinopathy

    Cystoid macular oedema

    Degenerative myopia

    Angioid streaks

    Choroidal folds

    Retinal vein occlusion: CRVO (1)

    Retinal vein occlusion: CRVO (2)

    Retinal vein occlusion: BRVO, HRVO

    Retinal artery occlusion (1)

    Retinal artery occlusion (2)

    Ocular ischaemic syndrome

    Hypertensive retinopathy

    Haematological disease

    Retinal conditions associated with renal disease

    Retinal telangiectasias

    Other retinal vascular anomalies

    Radiation retinopathy

    Retinitis pigmentosa (1)

    Retinitis pigmentosa (2)

    Congenital stationary night blindness

    Inherited disorders of cone function

    Macular dystrophies (1)

    Macular dystrophies (2)

    Chorioretinal dystrophies

    Albinism

    Toxic retinopathies (1)

    Toxic retinopathies (2)

    Toxic retinopathies (3)

    Miscellaneous disorders

    14. Orbit

    Anatomy and physiology

    Orbital and preseptal cellulitis

    Mucormycosis (phycomycosis)

    Thyroid eye disease: general

    Thyroid eye disease: assessment

    Thyroid eye disease: management

    Other orbital inflammations (1)

    Other orbital inflammations (2)

    Cystic lesions

    Orbital tumours: lacrimal and neural

    Orbital tumours: vascular

    Orbital tumours: lymphoproliferative

    Orbital tumours: other

    Vascular lesions

    Disorders of the anophthalmic socket

    15. Intraocular tumours

    Iris tumours

    Ciliary body tumours

    Choroidal melanoma

    Choroidal naevus

    Choroidal haemangiomas

    Other choroidal tumours

    Retinoblastoma (1)

    Retinoblastoma (2)

    Retinoblastoma (3)

    Retinal vascular tumours (1)

    Retinal vascular tumours (2)

    Other retinal tumours

    Retinal pigment epithelium tumours

    Lymphoma

    16. Neuro-ophthalmology

    Anatomy and physiology (1)

    Anatomy and physiology (2)

    Anatomy and physiology (3)

    Optic neuropathy: assessment

    Typical optic neuritis

    Multiple sclerosis

    Neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSD)

    Atypical optic neuritis

    Anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy, p. 743);

    Arteritic AION and giant cell arteritis

    Temporal artery biopsy

    Non-arteritic AION

    Posterior ischaemic optic neuropathy (PION)

    Other optic neuropathies/atrophies

    Papilloedema

    Idiopathic intracranial hypertension

    Pseudopapilloedema

    Congenital optic disc anomalies

    Chiasmal disorders

    Retrochiasmal disorders

    Migraine

    Supranuclear eye movement disorders

    Supranuclear eye movement disorders (2)

    Third nerve disorders

    Fourth nerve disorders

    Sixth nerve disorders

    Seventh nerve disorders

    Anisocoria, pp. 794–5.

    Anisocoria: sympathetic chain, pp. 796–7.

    Anisocoria: parasympathetic chain

    Argyll Robertson pupils

    Nystagmus (1)

    Nystagmus (2)

    Nystagmus (3)

    Saccadic oscillations and intrusions

    Myasthenia gravis

    Other disorders of the neuromuscular junction

    Myopathies, pp. 812–13,

    Blepharospasm and other dystonias

    Functional visual loss

    17. Strabismus

    Anatomy and physiology (1)

    Anatomy and physiology (2)

    Binocular single vision

    Strabismus: assessment

    Strabismus diagrams

    Hess and Lees charts

    Strabismus: outline, p. 834.

    Concomitant strabismus: esotropia (1)

    Concomitant strabismus: esotropia (2)

    Concomitant strabismus: exotropia

    Incomitant strabismus

    Restriction syndromes

    Alphabet patterns

    Strabismus surgery: general

    Strabismus surgery: horizontal

    18. Paediatric ophthalmology

    Embryology (1)

    Embryology (2)

    Genetics

    Ophthalmic assessment in a child (1)

    Ophthalmic assessment in a child (2)

    The child who does not see

    Amblyopia

    p

    Common clinical presentations: red eye, watering, and photophobia

    Common clinical presentations: proptosis and globe size

    Common clinical presentations: cloudy cornea and leucocoria

    Intrauterine infections (1)

    Intrauterine infections (2)

    Ophthalmia neonatorum, pp. 882–3.

    Orbital and preseptal cellulitis (paediatric)

    Congenital cataract: assessment

    Congenital cataract: surgery

    Congenital cataract: complications

    Uveitis in children

    Glaucoma in children: assessment

    Glaucoma in children: treatment

    Retinopathy of prematurity (1)

    Retinopathy of prematurity (2)

    Other retinal disorders

    Developmental abnormalities: craniofacial and globe

    Developmental abnormalities: anterior segment

    Developmental abnormalities: posterior segment

    Chromosomal syndromes

    Metabolic and storage diseases (1)

    Metabolic and storage diseases (2)

    Phakomatoses

    Child abuse

    19. Refractive ophthalmology

    Refractive error: introduction

    Myopia, hypermetropia, and astigmatism

    Spectacles: types

    Spectacles: materials

    Spectacles: prescribing

    Contact lenses: outline

    Contact lenses: hard and RGP lenses

    Contact lenses: hydrogel lenses

    Contact lenses: fitting

    Contact lenses: complications

    Introduction to refractive surgery

    Biophysics of refractive lasers (1)

    Biophysics of refractive lasers (2)

    Excimer laser refractive surgery: preoperative evaluation

    Excimer laser refractive surgery: contraindications

    Excimer laser refractive surgery: surface treatments

    Excimer laser refractive surgery: LASIK

    Femtosecond laser refractive surgery: SMILE

    Complications of refractive laser: immediate and early

    Complications of refractive laser: late

    Incisional refractive surgery

    Intracorneal ring segments

    Collagen shrinkage procedures

    Lens-based techniques

    20. Aids to diagnosis

    Acute red eye

    Sudden/recent loss of vision

    Gradual loss of vision

    The watery eye

    Flashes and floaters

    Headache

    Diplopia

    Anisocoria

    Nystagmus

    Ophthalmic signs: external

    Ophthalmic signs: anterior segment (1)

    Ophthalmic signs: anterior segment (2)

    Ophthalmic signs: anterior segment (3)

    Ophthalmic signs: posterior segment (1)

    Ophthalmic signs: posterior segment (2)

    Ophthalmic signs: visual fields

    21. Vision in context

    Low vision: taking a history

    Low vision: assessing visual function

    Low vision: doing something useful (1)

    Low vision: doing something useful (2)

    Visual impairment registration (1)

    Visual impairment registration (2)

    Driving standards (1)

    (2), pp. 1024–

    Pilot standards

    NHS (UK), p. 1030).

    22. Surgery: anaesthetics and perioperative care

    Preoperative assessment

    Preoperative preparation

    Preoperative management: patients with diabetes

    Preoperative management: other special patient groups

    Ocular anaesthesia: topical and local

    Ocular anaesthesia: sub-Tenon’s block

    Ocular anaesthesia: peribulbar block

    Ocular anaesthesia: general anaesthesia, p. 1046).

    Treatment of anaphylaxis

    Hypoglycaemia

    Needle-stick injuries

    Management of severe local anaesthetic toxicity

    Basic and advanced life support

    23. Surgery: theatre notes

    Sterilization services

    Hand hygiene

    Suture materials and needle types

    Surgical instruments (1)

    Surgical instruments (2)

    Surgical instruments (3)

    24. Laser

    Outline

    Laser reactions

    Clinical applications

    Laser safety in the clinic

    Laser procedures in retina

    Laser procedures in glaucoma (1)

    Laser procedures in glaucoma (2), p. 1086).

    Laser procedures in lens/cataract

    25. Therapeutics

    Principles and delivery of ocular drugs

    Intracameral injections

    Sub-Tenon’s and peribulbar injections

    Intravitreal injections

    Topical antimicrobials

    Topical anti-inflammatory agents

    Topical glaucoma medications

    Topical mydriatics

    Topical anaesthetics

    Topical tear replacement

    Systemic medication: antimicrobials

    Systemic medication: glaucoma

    Systemic corticosteroids: general

    Systemic corticosteroids: prophylaxis

    Antimetabolites, calcineurin inhibitors, and cytotoxics

    Biologics

    26. Evidence-based ophthalmology

    Evidence-based medicine

    Study design (1)

    Study design (2)

    Critical appraisal

    Clinical guidelines

    NICE (National Institute for Health and Care Excellence) guidelines

    Healthcare economics

    Patient-reported outcomes (PROs)

    Statistical terms

    Statistical tests

    Risks, odds, and number needed to treat (NNT)

    Statistical issues relating to two eyes

    Investigations, p. 1154).

    Bayesian vs frequentist approaches

    27. Resources

    Eponymous syndromes

    Web resources for ophthalmologists (1)

    Web resources for ophthalmologists (2)

    Web resources for ophthalmologists (3)

    Web resources for patients

    Reference intervals

    Image Bank Introduction

    Chapter 1 Clinical skills Image Bank

    Chapter 2 Investigations and their interpretation Image Bank

    Chapter 3 Ocular trauma Image Bank

    Chapter 4 Lids Image Bank

    Chapter 5 Lacrimal Image Bank

    Chapter 6 Conjunctiva Image Bank

    Chapter 7 Cornea Image Bank

    Chapter 8 Sclera Image Bank

    Chapter 9 Lens Image Bank

    Chapter 10 Glaucoma Image Bank

    Chapter 11 Uveitis Image Bank

    Chapter 12 Vitreoretinal Image Bank

    Chapter 13 Medical retina Image Bank

    Chapter 14 Orbit Image Bank

    Chapter 15 Intraocular tumours Image Bank

    Chapter 16 Neuro-ophthalmology Image Bank

    Chapter 17 Strabismus Image Bank

    Chapter 18 Paediatric ophthalmology Image Bank

    Chapter 19 Refractive ophthalmology Image Bank

    Chapter 23 Surgery: theatre notes Image Bank

    Index

     


  • The Neuro-Ophthalmology Survival Guide, 2nd Edition
    La comanda in aproximativ 4 saptamani
    29500lei 250.00 lei

    Description:

    This book is a practical, symptom-based, ‘how-to’ guide to neuro-ophthalmology and acquired strabismus for all trainee and practising ophthalmologists and optometrists. Each chapter focusses on a specific clinical symptom and includes an introduction to the clinical assessment of a symptom; an examination checklist; a management flowchart to be followed; clinical diagnostic criteria checklists; and further information on the diseases that can cause the symptom with a brief discussion of appropriate management.

    Features:

    A practical and accessible handbook for the ophthalmologist or optometrist without a specialist interest in neuro-ophthalmology and acquired strabismus.

    The text simplifies a subject which is often a cause of litigation against practising ophthalmologists and exam failure for trainees and residents.

    The book aids diagnosis in a field in which mistakes may lead to medico-legal problems, e.g. brain tumours presenting with blurred or double vision.

    The book leads the reader from the symptom, through a series of simple but safe flowcharts and check-lists, to the diagnosis or the tests which need to be ordered.

    The first chapter presents 20 ‘golden rules’ to keep you and your patients out of trouble.

    New To This Edition:

    A revised text with some new illustrations brings this highly-praised book up to date.

    New online videos demonstrate abnormal eye movements, eyelid problems and pupil abnormalities.

    Table Of Contents:

    Staying out of trouble

    Blurred vision or field loss

    Swollen disc(s), normal vision

    Transient visual loss

    Double vision

    ‘Seeing things’

    Abnormal movement or orientation of the visual world

    Abnormal eye movements without visual symptoms

    Unequal pupils

    Ptosis

    Facial weakness or spasm

    Unexplained eye pain, orbital pain or headache

    Neuro-ophthalmic history and examination.

       

     

  • Moorfields Manual of Ophthalmology
    La comanda in aproximativ 4 saptamani
    31000lei 250.00 lei

    Description:

    All chapters have been updated by internationally renowned experts. A new triage chapter provides multiple diagnostic decision trees, to guide readers to the most likely diagnosis. Includes more than a hundred photographs and clinical pictures to further aid diagnosis. Provides specific treatment regimens covering all important eye conditions. Step-by-step guides to performing common ocular procedures, from intravitreal injections to cataract surgery. A wide range of appendices covering topics such as anaphylaxis, how to perform an operating microscope, the names of surgical instruments, and ophthalmic drug use in pregnancy. Guidelines for general practitioners and optometrists, to help determine referral urgency.

     

    Table of Contents:

     

    Chapter 1: Triage

    Acute, painful loss of vision

    Gradual loss of vision

    Red eye

    Eye discomfort or foreign body sensation

    White painful eye

    Double vision (diplopia)

    Dangerous diplopia

    Extra things in the visual field

    Chapter 2: Oculoplastics

    Eyelid anatomy revision

    History

    Examination

    Ectropion

    Floppy eyelid syndrome

    Lower lid entropion

    Upper lid entropion

    Trichiasis

    Distichiasis

    Facial nerve palsy

    Ptosis

    Chalazion

    Necrotising fasciitis

    Benign lid lesions

    Neoplastic lid lesions

    Facial dystonias

    Congenital eyelid disease

    Eyelid trauma

    Optometry and general practice guidelines

    Chapter 3: Lacrimal

    The watery eye

    Dacryocystorhinostomy

    Lester Jones’ canalicular bypass tube

    Congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction

    Canaliculitis

    Acute dacryocystitis/lacrimal sac abscess

    Lacrimal drainage system tumours

    Optometry and general practice guidelines

    Chapter 4: Orbit

    Anatomy

    History and examination

    Investigations

    Congenital disorders

    Thyroid eye disease

    Cellulitis

    Idiopathic orbital inflammatory disease

    Dacryoadenitis

    Orbital myositis

    Superior orbital fissure syndrome (Tolosa-Hunt syndrome)

    Orbital vascular lesions

    Orbital lymphoproliferative disorders

    Lacrimal gland tumours

    Rhabdomyosarcoma

    Solitary fibrous tumour

    Orbital trauma

    Eye socket disorders

    Procedures

    Optometry and general practice guidelines

    Chapter 5: External Eye Disease

    Conjunctival anatomy

    History and examination

    Anterior blepharitis

    Posterior blepharitis

    Ocular rosacea

    Bacterial conjunctivitis

    Adenoviral keratoconjunctivitis

    Chlamydial conjunctivitis

    Acute, seasonal, and perennial allergic conjunctivitis

    Vernal keratoconjunctivitis (spring catarrh)

    Atopic keratoconjunctivitis

    Contact lens-associated papillary conjunctivitis (including giant papillary conjunctivitis)

    Drop toxicity (contact hypersensitivity and toxic conjunctivitis)

    Erythema multiforme, and Stevens-Johnson syndrome – toxic epidermal necrolysis spectrum

    Ocular mucous membrane pemphigoid

    Subconjunctival haemorrhage

    Superior limbic keratoconjunctivitis

    Miscellaneous conditions of the conjunctiva

    Chemical injury

    Optometry and general practice guidelines

    Chapter 6: Cornea

    Anatomy

    History and examination

    Investigations

    Corneal abrasions and foreign bodies

    Recurrent corneal erosion

    Persistent epithelial defect

    Dry eye

    Keratoconus

    Peripheral corneal ulceration and thinning

    Interstitial keratitis

    Phlyctenulosis

    Marginal keratitis

    Bacterial keratitis

    Fungal keratitis

    Acanthamoeba keratitis

    Herpes simplex keratitis

    Herpes zoster ophthalmicus (ophthalmic shingles)

    Thygeson’s keratitis

    Corneal dystrophies

    Pterygium

    Band keratopathy

    Corneal degenerations and deposits

    Corneal graft rejection

    Anterior segment trauma

    Contact lenses

    Laser refractive surgery

    Optometry and general practice guidelines

    Chapter 7: Cataract Surgery

    Preoperative assessment

    Biometry

    Management of astigmatism

    Correction of presbyopia

    Local anaesthesia

    Basic surgical techniques

    Difficult cases

    Intraoperative complications

    Postoperative complications

    Femtosecond laser-assisted phacoemulsification surgery

    Optometry and general practice guidelines

    Chapter 8: Glaucoma

    Pharmacology of intraocular pressure-lowering drugs

    History

    Optic disc examination

    Gonioscopy

    Intraocular pressure

    Interpreting humphrey visual field tests

    Primary open-angle glaucoma

    Trabeculectomy I: surgical technique

    Trabeculectomy II: postoperative care

    Selective laser trabeculoplasty

    Trans-scleral cyclodiode laser treatment

    Glaucoma drainage implants

    Minimally invasive glaucoma surgery

    Normal pressure glaucoma

    Pseudoexfoliation syndrome

    Pigment dispersion syndrome

    Neovascular glaucoma

    Uveitic glaucoma

    Steroid pressure response and associated glaucoma

    Phacolytic and phacomorphic glaucoma

    Traumatic glaucoma

    Glaucoma following vitreoretinal surgery

    Aqueous misdirection (‘malignant glaucoma’)

    Congenital glaucoma

    Bleb-related infection

    Primary angle-closure

    Optometry and general practice guidelines

    Chapter 9: Uveitis

    History and examination

    Acute anterior uveitis

    Chronic anterior uveitis

    Intermediate uveitis

    Posterior uveitis

    Sarcoidosis

    Tuberculosis

    Syphilis

    Behçet’s disease

    Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada syndrome

    Sympathetic ophthalmia

    White dot syndromes

    Serpiginous choroidopathy

    Toxoplasmosis

    Acute retinal necrosis

    Cytomegalovirus retinitis

    Masquerade syndromes

    Uveitis in children

    Uveitis in pregnancy

    HIV

    Episcleritis

    Scleritis

    Endophthalmitis

    Optometry and general practice guidelines

    Chapter 10: Ocular Oncology

    Conjunctival tumours

    Iris melanoma

    Differential diagnosis of fundus tumours

    Choroidal melanoma

    Retinoblastoma

    Optometry and general practice guidelines

    Chapter 11: Medical Retina

    Taking a family history for inherited disease

    Fluorescein angiography

    Indocyanine green angiography

    Optical coherence tomography

    Autofluorescence imaging

    Electrophysiology

    Retinal laser guidelines

    Differential diagnoses

    Age-related macular degeneration

    Idiopathic polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy

    Diabetic retinopathy and maculopathy

    Central retinal vein occlusion

    Branch retinal vein occlusion

    Central retinal artery occlusion

    Branch retinal artery occlusion

    Hypertensive retinopathy

    Retinal arterial macroaneurysm

    Ocular ischaemic syndrome

    Juxtafoveal telangiectasia

    Sickle cell retinopathy

    Eales’ disease

    Pseudophakic macular oedema (Irvine–Gass syndrome)

    Central serous chorioretinopathy

    Retinitis pigmentosa

    Cone dystrophy

    Choroideremia

    Best’s disease

    Pattern dystrophy

    Stargardt’s disease

    Other macular dystrophies

    Albinism

    Syphilis

    Solar retinopathy

    Poppers maculopathy

    Fingolimod-associated macular oedema

    Toxic retinopathies

    Optometry and general practice guidelines

    Chapter 12: Surgical Retina

    Indirect ophthalmoscopy

    Posterior vitreous detachment

    Retinal degenerations and tears

    Rhegmatogenous retinal detachment

    Diabetic vitreoretinal surgery

    Epiretinal membrane

    Vitreomacular traction syndrome

    Macular hole

    Vitreous haemorrhage

    Uveal effusion syndrome

    Hereditary vitreoretinal degenerations

    Marfan’s syndrome

    Posterior segment trauma

    Optometry and general practice guidelines

    Chapter 13: Paediatrics

    History and examination

    Prescribing glasses

    Leucocoria

    Infantile cataract

    Coats’ disease

    Persistent fetal vasculature (persistent hyperplastic primary vitreous)

    Toxocariasis

    Retinopathy of prematurity

    Conjunctivitis of the newborn (ophthalmia neonatorum)

    Anterior segment dysgenesis

    Nonaccidental injury

    Reduced vision with an otherwise normal examination

    Optometry and general practice guidelines

    Chapter 14: Strabismus

    Anatomy and physiology

    History and examination

    Amblyopia

    Esotropia

    Exotropia

    Microtropia

    Accommodation and convergence disorders

    Incomitant strabismus

    Alphabet patterns

    Duane’s syndrome

    Brown’s syndrome

    Thyroid eye disease

    3rd nerve palsy

    4th nerve palsy

    6th nerve palsy

    Optometry and general practice guidelines

    Chapter 15: Neuro-Ophthalmology

    History and examination

    Investigations

    Anisocoria

    Transient visual loss

    Nystagmus

    Visual field defects

    Optic disc swelling

    Idiopathic intracranial hypertension

    Headache and facial pain

    Migraine

    Non-arteritic anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy

    Giant cell arteritis (temporal arteritis)

    Demyelinating (MS-associated) optic neuritis

    Traumatic optic neuropathy

    Compressive, infiltrative and inflammatory optic neuropathy

    Nutritional and toxic optic neuropathy

    Hereditary optic neuropathy

    Radiation optic neuropathy

    Optic nerve tumours

    Cerebrovascular disease

    Carotid cavernous fistula

    Medically unexplained visual loss

    Systemic disease associations

    Optometry and general practice guidelines

    Appendices

    1 Cardiorespiratory arrest

    2 Anaphylaxis

    3 Visual standards for driving

    4 Visual criteria for registration

    5 Sutures and needles

    6 Ophthalmic surgical instruments

    7 Use of the operating microscope

    8 Drug use in pregnancy

    9 Reading test types

    10 Amsler chart

    11 Visual acuity conversion

    Index

     

  • 254.00 lei

    The book provides a comprehensive overview of the subject, comprising 93 carefully selected topics in alpha order that together provide an extensive understanding of the management of ophthalmic disorders. This collection of highly practical guides systematically addresses management techniques for a large number of clinical settings.

    Edited by experienced specialists, with contributions from consultants who have recognised expertise in their field, this book provides an authoritative and up-to-date guide on ophthalmic medicine.

    Designed to enable rapid access to core information, KCT in Ophthalmology offers effective exam revision and the ideal quick reference for day-to-day practice.


    Key point:

    ·         93 topics presented in alpha order, from age-related macular degeneration to white dot syndromes

    ·         Effective exam revision for postgraduate trainees in ophthalmology preparing for certification

    ·         Succinct coverage of ophthalmic treatment modalities and complications

    ·         Includes clinical photos and diagrams to improve understanding of concepts

    ·         Contributions from experienced specialists to ensure authoritative, accurate content

     

    Table of Contents:

     

    1. Age-related macular degeneration

    2. Anisocoria

    3. Anterior uveitis

    4. Blepharitis

    5. Carotid cavernous fistula

    6. Cataract - acquired

    7. Cataract - complications of surgery

    8. Cataract - congenital

    9. Biometry and lens implant power calculation

    10. Femtosecond laser-assisted phacoemulsification

    11. Central serous chorioretinopathy

    12. Chalazion

    13. Birdshot chorioretinopathy

    14. Conjunctivitis

    15. Contact lens-related problems of the eye

    16. Corneal dystrophies

    17. Corneal ectasia

    18. Corneal graft

    19. Dry eye syndrome

    20. Diabetic eye disease

    21. Ectropian

    22. Entropian

    23. Epiphora

    24. Episcleritis

    25. Esotropia

    26. Exotropia

    27. Giant cell arteritis

    28. Angle closure glaucoma

    29. Glaucoma - inflammatory

    30. Glaucoma - medical management

    31. Minimally invasive glaucoma surgery

    32. Neovascular glaucoma

    33. Normal tension glaucoma

    34. Pigmentary glaucoma

    35. Glaucoma - primary open angle

    36. Secondary open angle glaucoma

    37. Glaucoma in children

    38. Headache

    39. Corneal topography

    40. Imaging in ophthalmology

    41. Optic disc imaging

    42. Retinal imaging

    43. Infectious keratitis

    44. Intermediate uveitis

    45. Intraocular lenses

     46. Intravitreal injection therapies

    47. Lacrimal infections

    48. Lacrimal surgery

     49. Leucocoria

    50. Full thickness macular holes

     51. Myasthenia gravis

    52. Nystagmus

    53. Ocular hypertension

    54. Cranial nerve palsies: oculomotor (third) nerve palsy

    55. Cranial nerve palsies: trochlear nerve palsy

    56. Cranial nerve palsies: abducens nerve palsy

    57. Cranial nerve palsies: facial nerve palsy

    58. Cranial nerve palsies: multiple cranial nerves palsies

    59. Ophthalmia neonatorum

    60. Optic neuropathies

    61. Optic neuritis

    62. Orbital cellulitis

    63. Papilloedema

    64. Perimetry

     65. Peripheral retinal degenerations

    66. Posterior uveitis

    67. Blepharoptosis

    68. Refractive surgery

    69. Retinal artery occlusion

     70. Retinal detachment

    71. Retinal dystrophies

    72. Retinal lasers

    73. Retinal vasculitis

    74. Retinal vein occlusion

    75. Retinopathy of prematurity

    76. Scleritis

    77. Sickle cell retinopathy

    78. Strabismus surgery

    79. Thyroid eye disease

    80. Chemical injuries

    81. Eyelid trauma

    82. Trauma - globe rupture

    83. Benign lid lesions

    84. Tumours of the choroid

    85. Tumours - eye lid

    86. Tumours of the retina

    87. Retinoblastoma

    88. Tumours of the uvea

    89. Tumours - conjunctival neoplasia

    90. Vitreoretinal surgery - retinal breaks and detachment

    91. Vitreoretinal surgery: intraocular haemorrhage and vitreomacular interface disorders

    92. Vitreoretinal surgery for complications of cataract surgery

    93. White dot syndromes

  • 255.00 lei

     

    Description:

    There are nearly 24,000 ophthalmologists in the United States, with 500 physicians newly entering the ophthalmology field each year and approximately half of those being women. Although women now represent approximately half of all ophthalmologists, gender disparities remain when it comes to certain subspecialties (e.g., surgical retina), leadership roles (e.g., department chairs), industry involvement (e.g., consultancy and advisory board positions), and even academic publications. There has been a recently heightened interest in female representation in this field which has manifested in several ways (e.g., conferences geared towards women in ophthalmology, non-peer-reviewed publications about women in ophthalmology, and mentorship programs specifically for women). This book is the first of its kind in procuring and disseminating information—pertaining to both career and life—in an organized, concrete, and enduring way.  Women in Ophthalmology is a comprehensive collection of chapters primarily written by women in the field of ophthalmology. The book aims to guide others through milestones and challenges women may face during their careers, and shares sound insights into how to deal with unique issues both inside and outside the workplace. Topics that are widely applicable to all who work in ophthalmology are included, such as finding mentors, collaborating within industry, handling work-life balance, and seeking out leadership opportunities. Each chapter combines personal anecdotes with knowledge from leaders in the field which both men and women will find highly valuable.  

     

    Table of Contents:

     

    Part I. Education and Training

    1. The Beginning: Match and Residency

    2. Choosing a Fellowship and How to Stand Out

    Part II. Starting Your Career

    3. How to Get a Great Position in Private Practice

    4. Finding a Great Job in Academics

    5. As You Start a Career in Academic Medicine: Priming for Success

    6. Starting Your Own Practice

    7. Building Your Clinical Practice and Reputation

    Part III. Patient Care

    8. Staying at the Forefront of Your Field: Embracing the New

    9. Improving Efficiency with EMR in Your Clinic and OR

    10. Dealing with Complications and Avoiding Medicolegal Issues

    11. Handling the Unexpected in Ocular Surgery

    Part IV. Research

    12. The Ins and Outs of Clinical Trials

    13. Becoming a Successful Clinical Trialist

    14. How to Successfully Publish and Present Your Research

    15. Publishing and Presenting Clinical Research

    Part V. Teaching

    16. Delivering an Engaging Lecture

    17. Teaching in a Busy Clinical Setting

    18. Teaching Surgery

    Part VI. Dealing with Conflict

    19. Sexual Harassment in Ophthalmology

    20. Managing Conflict in the Workplace

    21. Experiencing Health Issues as a Physician

    Part VII. Family Matters

    22. Romantic Relationships

    23. Parenting During Training

    24. Motherhood and Medicine

    25. Professorship and Parenthood

    26. Balancing Academic Career and Parenthood: Ten Thoughts and One Bonus on Success

    27. Dual Professional Career Relationships

    Part VIII. Leadership

    28. Leadership for Young Ophthalmologists

    29. Preparing for Service in Whatever Comes Your Way

    30. How to Be an Effective Fellowship Program Director

    31. Keys to Public Speaking

    Part IX. Career Advancement

    32. Getting Promoted to Associate Professor

    33. A Less-Paved Road: Switching Careers and Taking an Unorthodox Path

    34. Setbacks and Second Chances

    Part X. Working with Industry

    35. Collaborating with Industry

    36. Why Industry Values the Female Perspective

    37. Demystifying Pharma and BioTech: Applying Ophthalmology to Make New Tools

    Part XI. Work-Life Balance

    38. Work-Life Balance and Avoiding Burnout

    39. Making the Most Out of Academic Meetings

    40. Social Media and Privacy Issues

    Part XII. Personal Finances

    41. Setting the Course for a Successful Future with Better Financial Planning

    42. Personal Finances and Career Decisions

    Part XIII. Mentorship and Networking

    43. Effective Mentoring: A Guide for Mentors and Mentees

    44. Mentorship

    45. To Brand or Be Branded

    46. Promoting Yourself and Your Brand

    Back Matter

     

  • 260.00 lei

    The new edition of this comprehensive textbook is a complete guide to the diagnosis and management of ocular disorders. The text has been reorganised into six key sections - Anatomy and Physiology, Optics and Refraction, Diseases of the Eye and Ocular Adnexa, Ocular Therapeutics, Systemic and Community Ophthalmology, and Practical Ophthalmology. The seventh edition has been fully revised with many new topics added to cover the latest advances in the field. Nearly 1000 clinical photographs, diagrams and tables further enhance the text. The accompanying free book 'Review of Ophthalmology' provides multiple choice questions (MCQs) commonly encountered in examinations, to assist revision. Key points Comprehensive guide to diagnosis and management of ocular disorders Fully revised seventh edition, with new topics included Accompanying free book provides MCQs to assist revision Previous edition (9789351526575) published in 2015

  • Molded Optics: Design and Manufacture
    La comanda in aproximativ 4 saptamani
    265.00 lei

    Book Description:

     

    While several available texts discuss molded plastic optics, none provide information on all classes of molded optics. Filling this gap, Molded Optics: Design and Manufacture presents detailed descriptions of molded plastic, glass, and infrared optics. Since an understanding of the manufacturing process is necessary to develop cost-effective, producible designs, the book extensively covers various manufacturing methods, design guidelines, trade-offs, best practices, and testing of critical parameters. It also discusses topics that often arise when designing systems with molded optics, such as mitigating stray light and mating systems by eye.

    The first three chapters of the book focus on subjects important to the design of systems using molded optics: optical design, visual optics, and stray light. Following these background chapters, the text provides in-depth information on the design and manufacture of molded plastic optics, molded glass optics, and molded infrared optics. The final chapter on testing emphasizes the special characteristics of molded optics.

     

    Experts in their particular areas, the authors draw on their considerable knowledge and real-world experiences to give a thorough account of the design and manufacture of molded plastic, glass, and infrared optics. The book will help readers improve their ability to develop systems that employ molded optics.

     

    Table of Contents:

     

    Optical Design. Visual Optics. Stray Light Control for Molded Optics. Molded Plastic Optics. Molded Glass Optics. Molded Infrared Optics. Testing Molded Optics. Index.

     

  • 265.00 lei

     

    Description:

     

    Handbook of Visual Optics offers an authoritative overview of encyclopedic knowledge in the field of physiological optics. It builds from fundamental concepts to the science and technology of instruments and practical procedures of vision correction, integrating expert knowledge from physics, medicine, biology, psychology, and engineering. The chapters comprehensively cover all aspects of modern study and practice, from optical principles and optics of the eye and retina to novel ophthalmic tools for imaging and visual testing, devices and techniques for visual correction, and the relationship between ocular optics and visual perception.

     

    Table of Contents:

     

    Part I Introduction

    1. History of physiological optics in the twentieth century

    2. Possibilities in physiological optics

    Part II Fundamentals

    3. Geometrical optics

    4. Wave optics

    5. Aberrations in optical systems

    6. Photometry

    7. Characterization of visual stimuli using the standard display model

    8. Basic ophthalmic instruments

    9. Instrumentation for adaptiveoptics

    10. Anatomy and embryology of theeye: An overview

    11. The retina

    12. Visual system architecture

    13. Visual psychophysical methods

    Part III Optical properties of the eye

    14. The cornea

    15. The lens

    16. Schematic eyes

    17. Axes and angles of the eye

    18. The retina and the Stiles–Crawford effects

    19. Refractive errors

    20. Monochromatic aberrations

    21. Peripheral aberrations

    22. Customized eye models

    23. Scattering, straylight, and glare

    24. Accommodation mechanisms

    25. Accommodation dynamics

    26. Eye Movements

    27. Aging and the eye’s optics

    28. Polarization properties

     

  • 265.00 lei

     

    Description:

    Handbook of Visual Optics offers an authoritative overview of encyclopedic knowledge in the field of physiological optics. It builds from fundamental concepts to the science and technology of instruments and practical procedures of vision correction, integrating expert knowledge from physics, medicine, biology, psychology, and engineering. The chapters comprehensively cover all aspects of modern study and practice, from optical principles and optics of the eye and retina to novel ophthalmic tools for imaging and visual testing, devices and techniques for visual correction, and the relationship between ocular optics and visual perception.

     

    Table of Contents:

     

    Part I: Ophthalmic Instrumentation

    1: Light Safety

    2: Wavefront Sensors

    3: Low-coherence Interferometry

    4: Anterior Segment Oct

    5: Adaptive Optics Ophthalmoscopes

    6: Adaptive Optics Optical Coherence Tomography (ao-oct)

    7: Adaptive Optics for Visual Testing

    8: Multiphoton Imaging of the Cornea

    9: Multiphoton Imaging of the Retina

    Part II: Vision Correction

    10: Ophthalmic Lenses

    11: Contact Lenses

    12: Corrections in Highly Aberrated Eyes

    13: Accommodating Intraocular Lenses

    14: Adjustable Intraocular Lenses: the Light Adjustable Lens

    15: Laser Refractive Surgery

    16: Nonlinear Tissue Processing in Ophthalmic Surgery

    17: Corneal Onlays and Inlays

    Part III: Impact of the Eye’s Optics on Vision

    18: Optical and Visual Metrics

    19: Predicting Visual Acuity

    20: Neural Adaptation to Blur

    21: Contrast Adaptation

    22: Visual Changes with Aging

    23: Stereoacuity and Optics

    Index

     

  • 265.00 lei

     

    Description:

    This volume introduces and explains an eye-opening treatment for correcting nearsightedness and related vision problems naturally and neurologically. The author presents his methodology on neurologically correcting primary refractive errors in the mild and moderate myopic range. Ortho C (or orthoculogy, which is Latin for "correcting the whole eye") is a natural treatment, requiring no alteration to the cornea. Key features of the book: • Introduces a neurological and natural treatment for the correction of nearsightedness • Presents many case studies showing the effectiveness of this treatment, based on the author’s 30 years of research • Provides step-by-step instructions for designing lenses to suit the need, determining the sequence of wear, and conducting resistance tests • Grants readers the right to apply Ortho C to treat any patients with mild and moderate myopia, anisometropia, or compound astigmatism.

     

    Table of Contents:

     

    Part 1: Defining the Problem

    1 Why Ortho C?

    2 The Parts of the Eye Affected

    3 Near-Point Stress

    4 The Main Culprit

    5 The Myopic Model

    6 Extraneous Variables

    7 Mental Strain

    8 The Effort to See

    9 Letting Go

    10 Neurological Implications

    Part 2: The Treatment

    11 What Natural Relaxation Drills Can and Cannot Do

    12 Designing the Lens

    13 How It Reverses Nearsightedness

    14 The Procedure

    15 The Theory Behind the Resistance Tests (It’s Not Just a Test) …

    16 The Theory Behind the Standard Drill

    17 The Theory Behind the Preliminary Drill

    18 The Theory Behind the Modified Preliminary Drill

    19 Treating Mild and Moderate Myopia

    20 Treating Anisometropia

    21 Treating Astigmatism

    22 Treating the Loss of Depth Perception

    23 Treating Progressive Myopia

    24 Wearing Schedule

    Part 3: Verification

    25 Reinstating the Correct Message

    26 Follow-Ups

    27 Troubleshooting

    28 Case Examples

    29 Specifications: Features of an Ortho C Lens

    Addendum

    References

    International Reviews

    About the Author

    Index

     

  • Minimally Invasive Glaucoma Surgery
    La comanda in aproximativ 4 saptamani
    280.00 lei

     

    This open access book covers all aspects of minimally invasive glaucoma surgery (MIGS) and provides detailed information on each MIGS device, including its mechanism of action; patient selection; implantation techniques; post-operative management; and a review of the existing literature. Step-by-step descriptions are provided for the surgical technique used in implanting each MIGS device, accompanied by clear photographs of each surgical stage. Other areas covered include intra-operative gonioscopy (with tips on optimising the view of the anterior chamber angle) and the management of the intra-operative and post-operative complications. Essential information on the anatomy and physiology of the different aqueous outflow pathways is also included.

    A separate chapter addresses the introduction of MIGS globally, including the consideration of different reimbursement environments and the different types of glaucoma, e.g. angle closure glaucoma. This book will assist both glaucoma surgeons and general ophthalmologists in overcoming the learning curve involved in performed MIGS, by providing valuable and practical clinical pearls

  • 31000lei 280.00 lei

     

    This book describes how trocar cannulas can be utilized by cataract surgeons in the treatment of complications of cataract injuries. Cataract is still the first cause of blindness in the world, and as such, complications inevitably occur during and after surgery. Trocar surgery has the potential to revolutionize anterior segment surgery, demonstrated here as an easy-to-use technique for conquering the pars plana region. This book describes the simple technique of trocar surgery utilizing trocar cannulas with clear and precise diagrams and video content, making it easy to learn and implement for cataract surgeons.
    Trocar Surgery for Cataract Surgeons systematically details how trocar surgery can be used to expand the surgical spectrum for cataract surgeons and provide the basis for novel surgical techniques in the field.

     

    Table of contents (24 chapters):

     

    What Is Trocar Surgery?

    Pages 3-10

    Spandau, Ulrich

     

    Equipment for Surgery of Anterior Segment

    Pages 13-18

    Spandau, Ulrich

     

    Setup and Basics About Trocar Surgery

    Pages 19-24

    Spandau, Ulrich

     

    Basics of Anterior Vitrectomy

    Pages 25-28

    Spandau, Ulrich

     

    Anaesthesia

    Pages 29-29

    Spandau, Ulrich

     

    Check List for Trocar-Based Surgeries of Anterior Segment

    Pages 33-33

    Spandau, Ulrich

     

    The Surgical Technique of Insertion of Trocar Cannulas

    Pages 35-38

    Spandau, Ulrich

     

    The Surgical Technique of Anterior Vitrectomy from Pars Plana

    Pages 39-41

    Spandau, Ulrich

     

    Surgical Management of Dislocated Cortical Fragments

    Pages 43-45

    Spandau, Ulrich

     

    Surgical Management of Posterior Capsular Opacification from Pars Plana

    Pages 47-48

    Spandau, Ulrich

     

    Surgical Management of Positive Vitreous Pressure (PVP) During Cataract Surgery

    Pages 49-52

    Spandau, Ulrich

     

    Surgical Management of a Dropping Nucleus

    Pages 53-53

    Spandau, Ulrich

     

    Surgical Management of a Posterior Capsular Rent (PCR)

    Pages 55-65

    Spandau, Ulrich

     

    Surgical Technique of IOL Implantation in Eyes with Posterior Capsular Rent

    Pages 67-72

    Spandau, Ulrich

     

    Surgical Management of Zonular Lysis

    Pages 73-82

    Spandau, Ulrich

     

    Surgical Management of Anterior Dislocated IOL with Retropupillar Artisan Implantation

    Pages 83-93

    Spandau, Ulrich

     

    Surgical Management of Vitreous Prolapse Secondary to Ocular Trauma

    Pages 95-96

    Spandau, Ulrich

     

    Introduction and Possible Indications for Trocar Surgery of Posterior Segment

    Pages 99-103

    Spandau, Ulrich

     

    Equipment for Trocar Surgery of Posterior Segment

    Pages 105-112

    Spandau, Ulrich

     

    Surgical Management of a Dropping and Dropped Nucleus

    Pages 113-130

    Spandau, Ulrich

     

    Posterior Dislocated IOL

    Pages 131-137

    Spandau, Ulrich

     

    Scleral Fixation of a 3-Piece IOL

    Pages 139-142

    Spandau, Ulrich

     

    Small Incision Cataract Surgery (SICS = Modified ECCE)

    Pages 145-151

    Spandau, Ulrich

     

    Pars Plana Vitrectomy Step-by-Step

    Pages 153-171

    Spandau, Ulrich

     

  • 35700lei 286.00 lei

     

    Description:

     

    Well organized and easy to read, Clinical Procedures in Primary Eye Care, 5th Edition, takes an accessible, step-by-step approach to describing the commonly used primary care procedures that facilitate accurate diagnosis and effective patient management. This practical, clinically-focused text offers succinct descriptions of today's most frequently encountered optometric techniques supported by research-based evidence. You’ll find essential instructions for mastering the procedures you need to know, including recent technical advances in the field.

    Discusses technical advances that are dramatically altering optometry: Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) and ultra-wide field imaging (optomaps).

    Presents outstanding new digital images of OCT cases and optomaps for a wide variety of conditions of the central and peripheral retina.

    Focuses on evidence-based optometry; all procedures include a section that reviews when and how the procedure should be measured and uses clinical wisdom in addition to research-based evidence.

    Presents new digital images of normal variations of the eye – crucial visual support for understanding what is normal and what is disease.

    Helps you clearly visualize procedures and eye disorders through full-color photographs, diagrams, and video clips.

    Provides fully revised print on dry eye assessment based on the latest international Dry Eye Workshop (DEWS) guidelines.

    Features coverage of changes in the eye due to high myopia, and expounds the need for myopia control techniques.

    Offers extensive material online to enhance learning: video clips, interactive testing sections, additional photographs, and more.

     

    Table of Contents:

     

    1.  Evidence-based eye examinations

    1.1 Several tests are widely used because of tradition and not evidence

    1.2 Tips on reviewing the evidence base for clinical tests

    1.3 “Screen everybody, don’t miss disease” vs. “what about false positives?”

    1.4 Should I perform a database, system, and/or problem-oriented eye examination?

    1.5 The evidence to support routine dilated fundus examinations is limited

    1.6 Lessons to learn from the Honey Rose case

    References

    2.  Communication skills

    2.1 Turning anxious patients into satisfied ones

    2.2 The importance of recording

    2.3 Case history-taking

    2.4 The 5 Rs: Providing diagnoses and management plan information

    2.5 Giving bad news

    2.6 What should a good referral letter include?

    References

    3.  Assessment of visual function

    3.1 Distance visual acuity

    3.2 Reading (or near) acuity

    3.3 Contrast sensitivity

    3.4 Congenital colour vision deficiency

    3.5 Acquired colour vision deficiency

    3.6 Central visual field (24°) testing

    3.7 Central visual field (10°), including Amsler

    3.8 Peripheral visual field (30° to 60°)

    3.9 Visual field assessment for drivers

    3.10 Simple visual field assessments

    3.11 Stereopsis

    References

    4.  Refraction and prescribing

    4.1 Focimetry (vertometry or lensometry)

    4.2 Interpupillary distance

    4.3 Phoropters are standard, but when are trial frames better?

    4.4 Objective refraction

    4.5 Monocular subjective refraction

    4.6 Best vision sphere (maximum plus to maximum visual acuity)

    4.7 Best vision sphere (plus/minus technique)

    4.8 Duochrome (or bichromatic) test

    4.9 Assessment of astigmatism

    4.10 Binocular balancing of accommodation

    4.11 Binocular subjective refraction

    4.12 Cycloplegic refraction

    4.13 The reading addition

    4.14 Myopia control

    4.15 Guidelines for prescribing glasses

    References

    5.  Contact lens assessment

    5.1 Contact lens fitting

    5.2 Pre-fitting case history

    5.3 Determining contact lens diameter

    5.4 Corneal topography

    5.5 Assessment of ocular physiology

    5.6 Soft contact lens fitting

    5.7 Selecting a soft trial lens

    5.8 Assessment of the soft lens fit

    5.9 Toric soft lens fitting

    5.10 Presbyopic soft lens fitting

    5.11 Fitting corneal RGP contact lenses

    5.12 Scleral RGP lenses

    5.13 Management of myopia progression

    5.14 Patient instruction for contact lens care

    5.15 Contact lens aftercare

    References

    6.  Assessment of binocular vision and accommodation

    6.1 Adaptations when testing younger patients

    6.2 The cover test: Detection and assessment of strabismus and heterophoria

    6.3 Other tests for the detection and measurement of strabismus

    6.4 Motility test: Detection and assessment of incomitant strabismus

    6.5 Convergence assessment: Near point of convergence

    6.6 Suppression testing: Worth 4-dot and mallett test

    6.7 Stereopsis

    6.8 Accommodation assessment

    6.9 Further assessment of binocular vision and accommodation (‘Functional tests’)

    6.10 Further assessment of binocular status in strabismus

    6.11 Further assessment of heterophoria

    6.12 Fusional reserves

    6.13 Fixation disparity

    6.14 The accommodative convergence to accommodation relationship

    6.15 Further assessment of the relationship between convergence and accommodation

    6.16 Further evaluation of incomitant strabismus

    6.17 Assessment of eye movements

    6.18 Making a final diagnosis and management plan

    References

    7.  Ocular health assessment

    7.1 Examination of the anterior segment and ocular adnexa

    7.2 Tear film and ocular surface assessment

    7.3 Assessment of the lacrimal drainage system

    7.4 Anterior chamber angle depth estimation

    7.5 Examination of the anterior chamber angle by gonioscopy

    7.6 Pachymetry

    7.7 Tonometry

    7.8 Instillation of diagnostic drugs

    7.9 Pupil light reflexes

    7.10 Fundus examination, particularly the posterior pole

    7.11 Optical coherence tomography

    7.12 Fundus examination of the peripheral retina

    References

    8.  Variations in appearance of the normal eye

    8.1 Anterior eye variations

    8.2 Anterior eye changes in older patients

    8.3 Lens and vitreous variations

    8.4 Lens and vitreous changes in older patients

    8.5 Optic nerve head variations

    8.6 Fundus variations

    8.7 Fundus changes in older patients

    8.8 Peripheral fundus variations

    8.9 Peripheral fundus changes in older patients

    8.10 Myopic eyes

    References

    9.  Physical examination procedures

    9.1 Blood pressure measurement

    9.2 Carotid artery assessment

    9.3 Lymphadenopathy in the head–neck region

    References

    Subject index

     

  • Manual for Eye Examination and Diagnosis
    La comanda in aproximativ 4 saptamani
    32800lei 300.00 lei

     

    DESCRIPTION:

    Now in its tenth edition, Manual for Eye Examination and Diagnosis is the leading introductory clinical textbook in the field, providing concise and practical coverage of anatomy, instrumentation, differential diagnosis and treatment of ophthalmic diseases and disorders. This accessible resource offers clear explanations of current diagnostic techniques, equipment and best practice; hundreds of full-color clinical photographs and diagrams; and step-by-step guidance on a range of key procedures. Author Mark Leitman, a practicing Ophthalmology specialist with nearly five decades’ experience, provides the foundational knowledge required to excel on an ophthalmology rotation. This is a must-have companion for medical students and junior doctors, trainee ophthalmologists and optometrists, optometry nurses, and ophthalmic technicians. 

    TABLE OF CONTENTS:

    Preface

    Introduction to the eye team and their instruments

    1. Medical history

    Table 1 - Common chief complaints

    Medical illness

    Medications

    Family history of eye disease

    2. Measurement of vision and refraction

    Visual acuity

    Optics

    Refraction

    Contact lenses

    Common problems

    Refractive surgery

    3. Neuro-ophthalmology

    Table 2 - Extraocular muscles

    Table 3 - Types of strabismus

    Cranial nerves CN II p.  , CN III p.  , CN IV p.  , CN V p.  . CN VI p.  ,

    CN VII p.  , CN VIII p. 

    Nystagmus

    The pupil

    Visual field testing

    Color vision

    Circulatory disturbances affecting vision

    4. External structures

    Lymph nodes

    Lacrimal system

    Table 4 - Common topical anti-infectives

    Lids

    Lashes

    Phakomatoses

    Anterior and posterior blepharitis

    5. The orbit

    Anatomy

    Sinusitis

    Exophthalmos

    Enophthalmos

    6. Slit lamp examination

    Cornea

    Corneal epithelial disease

    Corneal endothelial disease

    Corneal transplantation (keratoplasty)

    Conjunctiva

    Table 5 - Conjunctivitis

    Sclera

    7. Glaucoma

    Anatomy and physiology

    Medical treatment

    Table 6 - Common glaucoma medications

    Surgical treatment

    8. Uvea

    Anatomy

    Melanoma

    Uveitis

    Table 7 - Common causes of an injected conjunctiva

    Table 8 - Common anti-inflammatories

    Table 9 - Topical anti-cholinergics

    Table 10 - Common causes for uveitis

    Open globe injury

    Causes of uveitis

    9. Cataracts

    Anatomy

    Surgical cataract extraction

    10. Retina

    Anatomy and testing

    Optic disk changes

    Retinal blood vessel disease

    Diabetic retinopathy

    Table 11 - Blood sugar levels

    Retinal hemorrhages

    Less common conditions

    Age-related macular degeneration

    Vitreous and floaters

    Retinal holes, membranes, and detachments

    Index, xxx

     

  • Case Reviews in Ophthalmology, 2e
    La comanda in aproximativ 4 saptamani
    33100lei 315.00 lei

     


    Description:

    The case study format used in Case Reviews in Ophthalmology, 2nd Edition has been proven to be a highly effective way to incorporate medical knowledge with clinical judgment - resulting in the best possible results on practical exams. More than 140 relevant cases cover every aspect of the field: optics/refraction; neuro-ophthalmology/orbit; pediatrics/strabismus; external disease/adnexa; anterior segment; and posterior segment. Large photos highlight each case, enhancing your knowledge and reinforcing key aspects of diagnosis.

     

     


    Features:

     

    • Covers the most important and relevant aspects of each topic in a concise, bulleted format for easy recall and effective exam preparation.
    • Highlights the text with hundreds of clinical and histological images, OCT and other current imaging methods, anatomic details, common ophthalmic test findings, and more.
    • Presents the findings of key clinical studies with which you are expected to be familiar.
    • Expert Consult™ eBook version included with purchase. This enhanced eBook experience allows you to search all of the text, figures, videos, and references from the book on a variety of devices.


    New To This Edition:

     

    • Expanded to include 30 all-new cases bringing the total to more than 140 illustrated scenarios.
    • Expert Consult™ eBook version included with purchase. This enhanced eBook experience allows you to search all of the text, figures, Q&As, and references from the book on a variety of devices.

    T

    able Of Contents:


    Preface

    Acknowledgements

    Chapter 1: Optics/Refraction

    Chapter 2: Neuro-Ophthalmology/Orbit

    Chapter 3: Pediatric Ophthalmology/Strabismus

    Chapter 4: External Disease/Adnexa

    Chapter 5: Anterior Segment

    Chapter 6: Posterior Segment

       

     

  • 36500lei 320.00 lei

     

    Description:

    ​The second edition of The Scrub's Bible is a timely, comprehensive resource, which will include extensive chapter and content updates, along with 50 new images and drawings. Updated sections will delve into subjects of endothelial transplantation, as well as cataract surgery and new medical and technological developments: femtosecond lasers, innovations in premium lens implant technologies, optiwave refractive analysis, and combined glaucoma and cataract surgery. Additional extensive chapter updates in the surgical tray, self-assessment, and corneal transplantation will be described in great detail as well. ​Directed at the growing number of untutored personnel aspiring to enter the disciplines of ophthalmic technicianry and surgical assisting, ​The Scrub's Bible, 2nd edition remains a key entry level guide to understanding the human eye, its basic anatomy, and physiology.  Absorbing this information serves as the foundation for the authors, who are all skilled and respected eye surgeons, educators, and surgery center owners, to draw the reader through the fundamentals of the two most common areas of ophthalmic surgery: cataract and corneal/refractive surgery. The Scrub's Bible​ 2nd edition will build upon the first edition--remaining an easy-to-read tool that is broken down into discreet and understandable elements, meant to avoid the intimidating rhetoric of a standard reference. 

     

    Table of Contents:

     

    1. Introduction

    2. The Evolution of Eye Surgery

    3. The Advent of Ambulatory Eye Surgery

    4. The Eye and Its Anatomical Considerations

    5. How We See

    6. Contemplating Cataract Surgery

    7. How the Patient Gets from the Front Door of the ASC to Your OR Suite

    8. Decorum in the OR

    9. Infection Control

    10. Setting Up Your OR Suite

    11. The Phaco Machine

    12. Setting up the Phaco Machine

    13. Troubleshooting the Phaco Machine

    14. Cataract Surgery: More than One Way to Skin a Cat

    15. Femto Laser-Assisted Cataract Surgery (FLACS)

    16. Performing Phaco

    17. Lens Implants and Implantation: Determining Lens Power and Design

    18. Glaucoma Treatment as an Adjunct to Cataract Surgery

    19. Complications Encountered, Instruments at the Ready: Here Is a List of “What-Ifs” and “What to Do’s”

    20. The Surgical Tray for Cataract Surgery (Example)

    21. Surgeon-Specific Instruments

    22. Self-Assessment Test Cataract Surgery

    23. Surgical Checklist

    24. Secondary IOLs

    25. Corneal Surgery: The Cornea – How It Works

    26. Corneal Transplantation: Penetrating Keratoplasty

    27. Corneal Transplantation: Keratoprosthesis

    28. Corneal Transplantation: Endothelial Keratoplasty/DSAEK

    29. Corneal Transplantation: Endothelial Keratoplasty/DMEK

    30. Pterygium Surgery

    31. Band Keratopathy Removal

    32. Complications Encountered, Instruments at the Ready: Here Is a List of “What Ifs” and “What to Do’s”

    33. Surgical Tray: Penetrating Keratoplasty

    34. Surgical Tray: Keratoprosthesis

    35. Surgical Tray: DSAEK

    36. Surgical Tray: DMEK

    37. Surgical Tray Pterygium

    38. Self-Assessment Test for Corneal Surgery

    39. Resource Materials

    40. Glossary of Terms

    41. Medications List

    Back Matter

     

  • 36500lei 330.00 lei

     

    Description:

    This book is a concise, easy-to-use multi-choice question and answer resource in oculoplasty for ophthalmologists undertaking exams in this sub-specialty. Each chapter contains a short didactic summary of the topic followed by MCQs and answers. References to the full-text book Oculoplastic Surgery: A Practical Guide to Common Disorders are also included in the answer section of each chapter. This unique format allows readers to dip into MCQs to practice for exams while also providing clear references of where to find chapters from a larger text. This book includes MCQs that examine the interaction between oculoplasty, ophthalmic sub-specialties (pediatrics, cataract, refractive, neuro, glaucoma) and other clinical areas including ENT, maxillofacial, dermatology, general plastic surgery and psychiatry. Consultants, surgeons and trainees from all ophthalmic specialties and sub-specialties will find this book to be an indispensable resource for exam revision in oculoplasty.

     

    Table of Contents:

     

    1. Basics of Oculoplasty and Anaesthesia

    2. Lid Lesions and Malpositions

    3. Ptosis

    4. Lid Reconstruction

    5. Cosmetics and Injectables

    6. Lacrimal System

    7. Trauma

    8. The Orbit

    9. Orbital Implants and Prosthesis

    10. Oculoplasty Interactions with Other Specialities

    11. Thyroid Eye Disease

    Correction to: Orbital Implants and Prosth

     

  • The Iris: Understanding the Essentials
    La comanda in aproximativ 4 saptamani
    39300lei 360.00 lei

     

    Description:

     

    The iris is a circular, pigmented tissue that separates the anterior chamber of the eye from the posterior chamber. It has a crucial role on controlling the amount of the light entering the eye through its central opening “the pupil". The Iris has multiple important functions that support and provide image clarity on the retina. However, it is a largely neglected part of the eye, compared to the cornea lens, retina, and optic nerve, and has not been focused on in a comprehensive way until now. The Iris: Understanding the Essentials, combines different aspects of scientific information from a variety of fields, such as anatomy, histopathology, molecular biology, electron microscopy and other diagnostic modalities. Each chapter will include pearls and summary points, and this multi-disciplinary approach helps the clinician diagnose and treat the large variety of diseases that affect the iris, with the main emphasize on pigmentary pathological changes that can affect the color of the eye. Written as a reference review book for universities, practicing ophthalmologists, Ophthalmology residents, pharmaceutical companies and diagnostic equipment manufacturing companies this book summarizes the information in an easy-to-use manner to help the reader better understand the iris, iris structure, physiology and function.

     

    Table of Contents:

     

     

    1. Embryology of Iris

    2. Iris Anatomy

    3. Iris Histology

    4. Iris Electron Microscopy

    5. Molecular Biology of Iris

    6. Iris Immunology and Wound Healing

    7. Iris Versus Skin

    8. Iris Genetics

    9. Iris Photobiology and Scanning Modules

    10. Eye Color Change

     

  • 37300lei 365.00 lei

     

    Description:

    Designed to maximize easy retention and quick recallReview of Ophthalmology, 3rd Edition, by Drs. Neil J. Friedman, Peter K. Kaiser, and William B. Trattler, is the best-selling review book you can trust to get you successfully through your exams. An efficient, easy-to-digest format distills key information into highly relevant bullet points. You’ll quickly master what you need to know in all subspecialty areas, including the latest information on today’s standard diagnostic techniques, medical treatments, and surgical options.


    Features:


    • Covers the most important and relevant aspects of each topic in a concise, bulleted format for easy recall and effective exam preparation.
    • Highlights the text with hundreds of clinical and histological images, OCT and other current imaging methods, anatomic details, common ophthalmic test findings, and more.
    • Presents the findings of key clinical studies with which you are expected to be familiar.
    • Expert Consult™ eBook version included with purchase. This enhanced eBook experience allows you to search all of the text, figures, videos, and references from the book on a variety of devices.

    New To This Edition:


    • Provides thoroughly revised content in every chapter, with extensive updates on new imaging standards and diagnosis and treatment for eye disorders.
    • Test your understanding of essential information with an expanded collection of review questions following every chapter.

    Table Of Contents:

    Preface

    Acknowledgements

    Chapter 1: Optics

    Chapter 2: Pharmacology

    Chapter 3: Embryology/Pathology

    Chapter 4: Neuro-Ophthalmology

    Chapter 5: Pediatrics/Strabismus

    Chapter 6: Orbit/Lids/Adnexa

    Chapter 7: Cornea/External Disease

    Chapter 8: Uveitis

    Chapter 9: Glaucoma

    Chapter 10: Anterior Segment

    Chapter 11: Posterior Segment

       

     

  • 39400lei 370.00 lei

    Video Atlas of Ophthalmic Suturing: Fundamentals and Techniques by Steven Brooks, MD, is the first multimedia atlas dedicated to effective suturing and knot tying skills in ophthalmic surgery. The text and videos not only cover essential suturing techniques, but merge these concepts with critical principles of wound healing, tissue biomechanics, ergonomics, and the physical properties of common ophthalmic sutures and surgical needles. This atlas fills a significant knowledge gap in educational ophthalmic surgery literature, and greatly enhances the fundamental knowledge and skills provided in ophthalmic surgical training programs.

    The reader is guided step by step starting with history, safety, basic principles, and the role of the suture in wound healing. Subsequent chapters cover all aspects of sutures - from design and proper selection of tools to basic skills and advanced techniques. The instructional videos, accompanying text, and high-quality illustrations provide the resources necessary to develop muscle memory, tactile experience, and conceptual understanding required for eventual mastery. The easy-to-follow didactics enable practicing and replicating various skills in a training lab environment.

    Key Features

    • Fifty ophthalmic surgery videos utilize non-biological model materials and larger sutures than those used in ophthalmic practice, clearly demonstrating the technical and spatial aspects of suturing maneuvers
    • The videos are provided as QR codes directly in the book and are also on the accompanying Media Center site
    • A chapter on safe practices, a critical issue rarely discussed in surgical texts, helps prevent the risk of sharps injuries in the operating room
    • Discussion of the composition and properties of common surgical threads used in ophthalmic surgery enables proper selection of sutures, needles, holders, forceps, and stitching patterns for specific cases
    • Clinical pearls on topics such as tissue stabilization, proper hand position, avoiding common errors, and complications
    • A self-assessment quiz ensures a solid understanding of the material presented

    Unique in the field, this outstanding reference provides the beginning ophthalmic surgeon practical knowledge of anatomy, pathophysiology, wound healing, biomechanics, and hands-on suturing techniques. Teaching ophthalmologists will discover robust material from which to design didactic and wet lab resident courses.

  • 45800lei 370.00 lei

     Developed at Philadelphia’s world-renowned Wills Eye Hospital, the Color Atlas and Synopsis of Clinical Ophthalmology series covers the most clinically relevant aspects of ophthalmology in a highly visual, easy-to-use format. Vibrant, full-color photos and a consistent outline structure present a succinct, high-yield approach to the seven topics covered by this popular series: Cornea, Retina, Glaucoma, Oculoplastics, Neuro-Ophthalmology, Pediatrics, and Uveitis. This in-depth, focused approach makes each volume an excellent companion to the larger Wills Eye Manual as well as a practical stand-alone reference for students, residents, and practitioners in every area of ophthalmology.


    The updated Cornea volume includes:

     

    • Guidelines for the differential diagnosis and treatment of cornea diseases as seen by the ophthalmic resident, general ophthalmologist, and cornea specialist.
    • New information on infections and new complications of corneal surgeries.
    • More than 450 high-quality photographs of important corneal, anterior segment, and external diseases, many new and updated for this 3rd edition.
    • Up-to-date coverage of the clinical features of key cornea and external eye diseases, diagnostic tests, differential diagnoses, and treatment.
    • In addition, there are over 430 NEW images available on-line to augment the photographs in the text


    Enrich Your eBook Reading Experience with Enhanced Video, Audio and Interactive Capabilities!

     

    • Read directly on your preferred device(s), such as computer, tablet, or smartphone
    • Easily convert to audiobook, powering your content with natural language text-to-speech
    • Adapt for unique reading needs, supporting learning disabilities, visual/auditory impairments, second-language or literacy challenges, and more

    Table of Contents:

    Cover

    Title Page

    Copyright

    Dedication

    Contents

    About the Series

    Preface

    Acknowledgments

    Chapter 1 Conjunctival Infections and Inflammations

    Blepharitis and Meibomitis

    Chalazion (Internal Hordeolum, Stye)

    Bacterial Conjunctivitis (Nongonococcal)

    Gonococcal Bacterial Conjunctivitis

    Viral Conjunctivitis (Typically Adenovirus)

    Chlamydial Conjunctivitis (Adult Inclusion Conjunctivitis)

    Trachoma

    Molluscum Contagiosum

    Ligneous Conjunctivitis

    Pediculosis

    Parinaud Oculoglandular Syndrome

    Ophthalmia Neonatorum

    Allergic Conjunctivitis

    Atopic Keratoconjunctivitis

    Vernal Keratoconjunctivitis

    Superior Limbic Keratoconjunctivitis

    Floppy Eyelid Syndrome

    Toxic and Factitious Keratoconjunctivitis (Keratitis Medicamentosa)

    Ocular Rosacea

    Chapter 2 Conjunctival Degenerations and Mass Lesions

    Pinguecula and Pterygium

    Other Conjunctival Degenerations

    Amyloidosis

    Calcium Concretions

    Melanocytic Conjunctival Lesions

    Conjunctival Epithelial Melanosis (Racial Melanosis)

    Oculodermal Melanosis (Nevus of Ota)

    Nevus

    Primary Acquired Melanosis

    Secondary Acquired Melanosis

    Malignant Melanoma

    Benign Amelanocytic Conjunctival Lesions

    Granulomas

    Epibulbar Dermoid

    Lipodermoid

    Hereditary Benign Intraepithelial Dyskeratosis

    Potentially Malignant Amelanocytic Conjunctival Lesions

    Squamous Papilloma

    Conjunctival Intraepithelial Neoplasia

    Squamous Cell Carcinoma

    Other Carcinomas

    Reactive Lymphoid Hyperplasia and Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

    Cystic Lesions

    Primary Conjunctival Cyst

    Iatrogenic Cysts

    Vascular Lesions

    Telangiectasias

    Hematologic Disorders

    Hemorrhagic Lymphangiectasia

    Capillary Hemangioma

    Lymphangioma

    Kaposi Sarcoma

    Sturge-Weber Syndrome (Encephalotrigeminal Angiomatosis)

    Carotid–Cavernous Sinus and Dural-Sinus Fistulas

    Chapter 3 Anterior Segment Developmental Anomalies

    Anomalies of Corneal Size and Shape

    Microcornea

    Megalocornea

    Nanophthalmos

    Microphthalmos

    Buphthalmos

    Congenital Anterior Staphyloma and Keratectasia

    Sclerocornea

    Cornea Plana

    Anterior Segment Dysgeneses

    Posterior Embryotoxon

    Axenfeld-Rieger Syndrome

    Peters Anomaly

    Localized Posterior Keratoconus

    Aniridia

    Iris Coloboma

    Chapter 4 Ectatic Conditions of the Cornea

    Keratoconus

    Pellucid Marginal Degeneration

    Keratoglobus

    Chapter 5 Corneal Dystrophies

    Anterior Corneal Dystrophies

    Epithelial Basement Membrane Dystrophy (Anterior Basement Membrane Dystrophy, Map-Dot-Fingerprint Dystrophy, and Cogan Microcystic Dystrophy)

    Meesmann Corneal Dystrophy (Juvenile Hereditary Epithelial Dystrophy)

    Lisch Corneal Dystrophy

    Reis-Bücklers and Thiel-Behnke Dystrophies

    Gelatinous Drop–Like Corneal Dystrophy

    Stromal Corneal Dystrophies

    Granular Dystrophy, Type I

    Lattice Dystrophy

    Granular Dystrophy, Type II

    Macular Dystrophy

    Schnyder Corneal Dystrophy

    Posterior Corneal Dystrophies

    Fuchs Endothelial Corneal Dystrophy

    Posterior Polymorphous Corneal Dystrophy

    Congenital Hereditary Endothelial Dystrophy

    Chapter 6 Corneal Degenerations and Deposits

    Involutional Changes

    Corneal Arcus

    White Limbal Girdle of Vogt

    Crocodile Shagreen

    Cornea Farinata

    Polymorphic Amyloid Degeneration

    Corneal Deposits—Nonpigmented

    Band Keratopathy

    Salzmann Nodular Degeneration

    Other Corneal Degenerations

    Spheroidal Degeneration

    Lipid Keratopathy

    Coats White Ring

    Corneal Deposits—Pigmented

    Cornea Verticillata (Vortex Keratopathy)

    Crystalline Keratopathy

    Corneal Iron Deposits

    Kayser-Fleischer Ring

    Terrien Marginal Degeneration

    Iridocorneal-Endothelial Syndrome

    Chapter 7 Corneal Infections, Inflammations, and Surface Disorders

    Bacterial Keratitis

    Fungal Keratitis

    Acanthamoeba Keratitis

    Herpes Simplex Keratitis

    Primary Ocular Herpes

    Recurrent Ocular Herpes Simplex

    Herpes Simplex Virus: Epithelial Keratitis (Dendritic Ulcer)

    Herpes Simplex Virus: Disciform Endotheliitis and Non-Necrotizing (Immune) Stromal Keratitis

    Herpes Simplex Virus: Necrotizing Stromal Keratitis

    Herpes Simplex Virus: Neurotrophic Keratopathy (Metaherpetic Keratitis)

    Herpes Zoster Keratitis

    Interstitial Keratitis (Syphilitic, Nonsyphilitic)

    Subepithelial Infiltrates

    Superficial Punctate Keratopathy (Punctate Epithelial Erosions)

    Thygeson Superficial Punctate Keratopathy

    Dry Eye Syndrome (Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca)

    Filamentary Keratopathy

    Exposure Keratopathy

    Neurotrophic Keratopathy

    Recurrent Corneal Erosion

    Bullous Keratopathy

    Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome

    Contact Lens Complications

    Toxic/Allergic Conjunctivitis

    Giant Papillary Conjunctivitis

    Contact Lens Keratopathy (Contact Lens–Associated Superior Limbic Keratoconjunctivitis and Limbal Stem Cell Deficiency)

    Contact Lens Overwear Syndrome

    Tight Lens Syndrome

    Corneal Warpage

    Corneal Neovascularization

    Sterile Keratitis

    Microbial Keratitis

    Chapter 8 Systemic and Immunologic Conditions Affecting the Cornea

    Wilson Disease (Hepatolenticular Degeneration)

    Vitamin A Deficiency

    Cystinosis

    Mucopolysaccharidoses and Lipidoses

    Collagen Vascular Diseases

    Mucous Membrane Pemphigoid

    Stevens-Johnson Syndrome (Erythema Multiforme Major)

    Mooren Ulcer

    Phlyctenulosis

    Staphylococcal Hypersensitivity

    Corneal Graft Rejection

    Chapter 9 Anterior Sclera and Iris

    Episcleritis

    Anterior Scleritis

    Iris Cysts

    Iris Pigment Epithelial Cyst

    Iris Stromal Cyst

    Iris Tumors

    Iris Nevus

    Malignant Melanoma

    Metastatic Tumor

    Vascular Tumor

    Chapter 10 Surgery and Complications

    Cataract Extraction and Intraocular Lens Implantation

    Full-Thickness Corneal Transplantation (Penetrating Keratoplasty)

    Endothelial Keratoplasty

    Anterior Lamellar Keratoplasty

    Corneal Biopsy

    Superficial Keratectomy

    Excimer Laser Phototherapeutic Keratectomy

    Conjunctival Flap

    Limbal Stem Cell Transplantation

    Amniotic Membrane Transplantation

    Corneal Perforation

    Refractive Surgery

    Chapter 11 Trauma

    Chemical Burns

    Thermal and Electrical Burns

    Thermal Burns

    Electrical Burns

    Ultraviolet Keratopathy (Arc Welder Flash)

    Corneal Abrasion

    Corneal and Conjunctival Foreign Bodies

    Subconjunctival Hemorrhage

    Corneoscleral Laceration and Wound Dehiscence

    Traumatic Hyphema

    Epithelial Downgrowth

    Descemet Detachment

     

  • 44600lei 370.00 lei

     

    Description:

    Offering current diagnostic and therapeutic guidance to manage ocular disorders, The Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary Illustrated Manual of Ophthalmology, 5th Edition, remains the most comprehensive ophthalmology manual available. It provides practical information for efficient diagnosis and treatment decisions in a succinct, quick-reference format. Lavishly illustrated with more than 700 full-color images, this outstanding manual covers clinical descriptions, imaging and testing methods, treatment guidelines, and more, making it useful for ophthalmologists, optometrists, and ophthalmic allied health professionals.

    Table Of Contents:


    Orbit

    Ocular Motility and Cranial Nerves

    Lids, Lashes, and Lacrimal System

    Conjunctiva and Sclera

    Cornea

    Anterior Chamber

    Iris and Pupils

    Lens

    Vitreous

    Retina and Choroid

    Optic Nerve and Glaucoma

    Visual Acuity, Refractive Procedures, and Sudden Vision Loss

    APPENDIX

    Index

       

     

  • 47700lei 380.00 lei

     

    Description:

    The first new edition of Clinical Management of Binocular Vision in five years has been updated—across all chapters—with new guidelines and protocols based on the latest research in the field. You’ll learn how to perform current, clinically accurate assessments, diagnoses, and therapies for a wide range of conditions. Each disorder is tackled in detail, touching on common symptoms, instrumentation, available treatment options, and more.

     

     

    Table of Contents:

     

    SECTION I Diagnosis and General Treatment Approach

    1. Diagnostic Testing

    Determination of Refractive Error

    Assessment of Nonstrabismic Binocular Vision Disorders

    GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS

    ASSESSMENT OF SIZE AND DIRECTION OF THE PHORIA OR FIXATION DISPARITY

    DIRECT ASSESSMENT OF POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE FUSIONAL VERGENCE

    INDIRECT ASSESSMENT OF POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE FUSIONAL VERGENCE

    Evaluation of Sensory Status

    GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS

    EVALUATION OF SUPPRESSION

    EVALUATION OF STEREOPSIS

    Assessment of Accommodative Disorders

    GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS

    ASSESSMENT OF ACCOMMODATIVE AMPLITUDE

    ASSESSMENT OF ACCOMMODATIVE FACILITY

    ASSESSMENT OF ACCOMMODATIVE RESPONSE

    Evaluation of Eye Movements

    EVALUATION OF FIXATION STABILITY

    Summary

    STUDY QUESTIONS

    2. Case Analysis and Classification

    Review of Currently Available Analytical Approaches

    GRAPHICAL ANALYSIS

    ANALYTICAL ANALYSIS

    MORGAN’S SYSTEM OF CLINICAL ANALYSIS (NORMATIVE ANALYSIS)

    FIXATION DISPARITY ANALYSIS

    INTEGRATIVE ANALYSIS APPROACH

    TESTS EVALUATING POSITIVE FUSIONAL VERGENCE

    TESTS EVALUATING NEGATIVE FUSIONAL VERGENCE

    TESTS EVALUATING THE ACCOMMODATIVE SYSTEM

    TESTS EVALUATING VERTICAL FUSIONAL VERGENCE

    TESTS EVALUATING THE OCULAR MOTOR SYSTEM

    MOTOR ALIGNMENT AND INTERACTION TESTS

    Classification System of Common Accommodative and Nonstrabismic Binocular Vision Problems

    BINOCULAR ANOMALIES

    Analysis of Specific Groups

    POSITIVE FUSIONAL VERGENCE GROUP DATA

    SUMMARY

    NEGATIVE FUSIONAL VERGENCE GROUP DATA

    SUMMARY

    ACCOMMODATIVE SYSTEM GROUP DATA

    SUMMARY

    VERTICAL FUSIONAL VERGENCE DATA

    OCULAR MOTOR DATA

    MOTOR ALIGNMENT AND TESTS OF ACCOMMODATIVE CONVERGENCE INTERACTION

    Classification of the Vision Disorder and Identification of the Syndrome

    Classification of Binocular Vision Disorders

    CATEGORY 1: BINOCULAR VISION DISORDERS WITH A LOW AC/A RATIO

    CATEGORY 2: NORMAL AC/A RATIO

    CATEGORY 3: BINOCULAR VISION DISORDERS WITH HIGH AC/A RATIO

    CATEGORY 4: VERTICAL ANOMALIES

    Classification of Accommodative Anomalies

    ACCOMMODATIVE INSUFFICIENCY

    ILL-SUSTAINED ACCOMMODATION

    ACCOMMODATIVE EXCESS

    ACCOMMODATIVE INFACILITY (INERTIA OF ACCOMMODATION)

    Classification of Ocular Motor Anomalies

    CHARACTERISTICS

    Case Analysis: Using the System

    INITIAL TESTING: CASE HISTORY AND TESTING TO RULE OUT NONFUNCTIONAL ETIOLOGY

    SIGNIFICANT PHORIA IS PRESENT AT DISTANCE OR AT NEAR

    NO SIGNIFICANT PHORIA IS PRESENT

    Summary

    STUDY QUESTIONS

    3. General Treatment Modalities, Guidelines, and Prognosis

    Determination of “Successful Treatment”

    SYMPTOM AND QUALITY OF LIFE QUESTIONNAIRES

    General Treatment Sequences for Accommodative and Nonstrabismic Binocular Vision Anomalies

    SEQUENTIAL MANAGEMENT APPROACH

    Optical Correction of Ametropia

    SIGNIFICANT DEGREES OF REFRACTIVE ERROR

    CYCLOPLEGIC REFRACTION

    SMALL DEGREES OF REFRACTIVE ERROR

    MANAGING ANISOMETROPIA AND ANISEIKONIA IN NONSTRABISMIC BINOCULAR VISION DISORDERS

    Added Lens Power (Minus and Plus)

    Prism

    HORIZONTAL RELIEVING PRISM

    VERTICAL RELIEVING PRISM

    PRISM USED AS AN AID TO BEGIN VISION THERAPY

    PRISM USED WHEN VISION THERAPY IS INAPPROPRIATE OR IMPRACTICAL

    PRISM USED AT THE CONCLUSION OF VISION THERAPY

    Occlusion

    Vision Therapy

    RESEARCH EVIDENCE FOR THE EFFECTIVENESS OF VISION THERAPY FOR BINOCULAR VISION, ACCOMMODATIVE, AND EYE MOVEMENT DISORDERS

    DETERMINING THE NECESSITY OF VISION THERAPY

    Surgery

    Summary

    STUDY QUESTIONS

    4. Primary Care of Binocular Vision, Accommodative, and Eye Movement Disorders

    Diagnosis

    HISTORY AND SYMPTOMS

    Diagnostic Evaluation

    DETERMINATION OF REFRACTIVE ERROR

    Assessment of Nonstrabismic Binocular Vision Disorders

    GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS

    ASSESSMENT OF SIZE AND DIRECTION OF THE PHORIA

    ANCILLARY VERGENCE TESTING

    Assessment of Accommodative Disorders

    GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS

    ASSESSMENT OF ACCOMMODATIVE AMPLITUDE

    ASSESSMENT OF ACCOMMODATIVE FACILITY

    ANCILLARY ACCOMMODATIVE TESTING

    Primary Care Analysis of Common Accommodative and Nonstrabismic Binocular Vision Problems

    BINOCULAR ANOMALIES

    General Treatment Modalities, Guidelines, and Prognosis

    BEST REFRACTIVE CORRECTION

    ADDED LENS POWER (MINUS AND PLUS)

    PRISM

    PASSIVE THERAPY: OCCLUSION AND ATROPINE TREATMENT

    HOME-BASED VISION THERAPY

    ACCOMMODATIVE PROBLEMS: PATIENTS IN WHOM NO SIGNIFICANT PHORIA IS PRESENT

    Summary

    STUDY QUESTIONS

    SECTION II Vision Therapy Procedures and Instrumentation

    5. Introduction and General Concepts

    Categorization of Vision Therapy Instrumentation and Procedures

    CATEGORY 1: ANAGLYPHS AND POLAROID FILTERS

    CATEGORY 2: LENSES, PRISMS, AND MIRRORS

    CATEGORY 3: SEPTA AND APERTURES

    CATEGORY 4: PAPER, PENCIL, AND MISCELLANEOUS TASKS

    CATEGORY 5: STEREOSCOPES

    CATEGORY 6: AFTERIMAGES, ENTOPTIC PHENOMENA, AND ELECTROPHYSIOLOGIC TECHNIQUES

    General Principles and Guidelines for Vision Therapy

    FEEDBACK MECHANISMS USED IN VISION THERAPY

    Binocular Vision Therapy: Underlying Concepts

    Binocular Vision and Accommodative Therapy: Specific Guidelines

    OCULAR MOTILITY THERAPY: SPECIFIC GUIDELINES

    ANTISUPPRESSION THERAPY: SPECIFIC GUIDELINES

    Summary

    STUDY QUESTIONS

    6. Fusional Vergence, Voluntary Convergence, and Antisuppression

    Fusional Vergence Procedures: Anaglyphs, Polaroids, and Liquid Crystal Filters

    VARIABLE VECTOGRAMS

    VARIABLE TRANAGLYPHS

    NONVARIABLE TRANAGLYPHS

    COMPUTERIZED BINOCULAR VISION THERAPY PROCEDURES

    OFFICE-BASED COMPUTER VISION THERAPY SOFTWARE FOR BINOCULAR VISION

    Fusional Vergence Procedures: Lenses, Prisms, and Mirrors

    FLIP PRISM OR LOOSE PRISM

    Fusional Vergence Procedures: Septa and Apertures

    APERTURE RULE

    MODIFIED REMY SEPARATOR

    Fusional Vergence Procedures: Paper, Pencil, and Miscellaneous Tasks

    ECCENTRIC CIRCLES, FREE SPACE FUSION CARDS A, AND LIFESAVER CARDS

    LIFESAVER CARDS AND FREE SPACE FUSION CARDS B

    Fusional Vergence Procedures: Stereoscopes

    BREWSTER STEREOSCOPES

    CHEIROSCOPE

    WHEATSTONE STEREOSCOPE

    Voluntary Convergence Procedures

    BROCK STRING

    BARREL CARD/3-DOT CARD

    Antisuppression Procedures

    BAR READER

    TV TRAINER

    RED/GREEN GLASSES AND PENLIGHT

    VERTICAL PRISM DISSOCIATION

    MIRROR SUPERIMPOSITION

    Computer Home Therapy Procedures

    HOME THERAPY SYSTEM

    CAVT: COMPUTER VERGENCES PROGRAM—RANDOM DOT STEREOGRAMS

    STUDY QUESTIONS

    7. Accommodative Techniques

    Anaglyphs, Polaroids, and Liquid Crystal Filters

    RED–RED ROCK

    COMPUTER ORTHOPTICS VTS3 LIQUID CRYSTAL SYSTEM: ACCOMMODATIVE PROGRAM

    Lenses, Prisms, and Mirrors

    LENS SORTING (MONOCULAR)

    LOOSE LENS ROCK (MONOCULAR)

    BIOCULAR LOOSE LENS ROCK

    BINOCULAR ACCOMMODATIVE FACILITY

    Paper, Pencil, and Miscellaneous Tasks

    HART CHART DISTANCE-TO-NEAR ACCOMMODATIVE ROCK (MONOCULAR)

    Computer Home Therapy Procedures

    HOME THERAPY SYSTEM

    STUDY QUESTIONS

    8. Ocular Motility Procedures

    Lenses, Prisms, and Mirrors

    LOOSE PRISM JUMPS

    Paper, Pencil, and Miscellaneous Tasks

    HART CHART: SACCADIC THERAPY

    LETTER AND SYMBOL TRACKING

    VISUAL TRACING

    ROTATOR-TYPE INSTRUMENTS

    FLASHLIGHT TAG

    COMPUTER SOFTWARE/ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY PROCEDURES

    Afterimage Techniques

    AFTERIMAGES

    Computer Home Therapy Procedures

    COMPUTER ORTHOPTICS

    STUDY QUESTIONS

    SECTION III Management

    9. Low AC/A Conditions: Convergence Insufficiency and Divergence Insufficiency

    Overview of General Management Principles for Heterophoria Associated with Low AC/A Ratio

    PROGNOSIS FOR TREATING BINOCULAR VISION DISORDERS ASSOCIATED WITH LOW AC/A RATIOS

    SUMMARY OF KEY POINTS IN TREATING PHORIA PATIENTS ASSOCIATED WITH LOW AC/A RATIOS

    Convergence Insufficiency

    BACKGROUND INFORMATION

    CHARACTERISTICS

    ANALYSIS OF BINOCULAR AND ACCOMMODATIVE DATA

    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

    TREATMENT

    OFFICE-BASED VISION THERAPY

    CASE STUDIES

    SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS

    Divergence Insufficiency

    BACKGROUND INFORMATION

    CHARACTERISTICS

    TREATMENT

    CASE STUDIES

    Summary and Conclusions

    STUDY QUESTIONS

    10. High Accommodative Convergence to Accommodation Conditions: Convergence Excess and Divergence Excess

    Overview of General Management Principles for Heterophoria Associated with High AC/A Ratio

    PROGNOSIS FOR BINOCULAR VISION DISORDERS ASSOCIATED WITH HIGH AC/A RATIOS

    SUMMARY OF KEY POINTS IN TREATING PHORIA PATIENTS ASSOCIATED WITH HIGH AC/A

    Convergence Excess

    CHARACTERISTICS

    ANALYSIS OF BINOCULAR AND ACCOMMODATIVE DATA

    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

    TREATMENT

    CASE STUDIES

    SUMMARY

    Divergence Excess

    BACKGROUND INFORMATION

    CHARACTERISTICS

    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

    TREATMENT

    CASE STUDY

    Summary and Conclusions

    11. Normal AC/A Conditions: Fusional Vergence Dysfunction, Basic Esophoria, and Basic Exophoria

    Introduction

    Overview of General Management Principles for Heterophoria Associated with Normal AC/A Ratio

    PROGNOSIS FOR THE TREATMENT OF BINOCULAR VISION CONDITIONS ASSOCIATED WITH NORMAL AC/A RATIOS

    SUMMARY OF KEY POINTS IN TREATING PHORIA PATIENTS ASSOCIATED WITH NORMAL AC/A

    Fusional Vergence Dysfunction

    BACKGROUND INFORMATION

    CHARACTERISTICS

    ANALYSIS OF BINOCULAR AND ACCOMMODATIVE DATA

    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

    TREATMENT

    CASE STUDY

    Basic Esophoria

    BACKGROUND INFORMATION

    CHARACTERISTICS

    ANALYSIS OF BINOCULAR AND ACCOMMODATIVE DATA

    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

    TREATMENT

    CASE STUDY

    Basic Exophoria

    BACKGROUND INFORMATION

    CHARACTERISTICS

    ANALYSIS OF BINOCULAR AND ACCOMMODATIVE DATA

    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

    TREATMENT

    12. Accommodative Dysfunction

    Classification of Accommodative Anomalies

    General Treatment Strategies for Accommodative Dysfunction

    SEQUENTIAL MANAGEMENT CONSIDERATIONS

    PROGNOSIS FOR TREATING ACCOMMODATIVE DISORDERS

    Accommodative Insufficiency (Ill-Sustained Accommodation, Paralysis of Accommodation, and Unequal Accommodation)

    BACKGROUND INFORMATION

    CHARACTERISTICS

    ANALYSIS OF BINOCULAR AND ACCOMMODATIVE DATA

    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

    TREATMENT

    CASE STUDIES

    Accommodative Excess

    BACKGROUND INFORMATION

    CHARACTERISTICS

    ANALYSIS OF BINOCULAR AND ACCOMMODATIVE DATA

    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

    TREATMENT

    CASE STUDIES

    Accommodative Infacility

    BACKGROUND INFORMATION

    CHARACTERISTICS

    ANALYSIS OF BINOCULAR AND ACCOMMODATIVE DATA

    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

    TREATMENT

    CASE STUDY

    Summary and Conclusions

    13. Eye Movement Disorders

    Prognosis with Treatment

    Overview of General Management Principles for Ocular Motor Dysfunction

    Ocular Motor Dysfunction

    BACKGROUND INFORMATION

    CHARACTERISTICS

    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

    TREATMENT

    CASE STUDIES

    Summary

    14. Cyclovertical Heterophoria

    Background

    DEFINITIONS AND TERMINOLOGY

    HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE

    INCIDENCE

    Characteristics

    CAUSE

    MOTOR AND SENSORY FUSION

    SYMPTOMS

    SYMPTOMS OF CYCLOVERTICAL HETEROPHORIAS

    SIGNS

    Diagnostic Testing

    DISSOCIATED TESTING

    FIXATION DISPARITY TESTING

    OUT OF PHOROPTER TESTING

    DIAGNOSTIC OCCLUSION

    Differential Diagnosis

    DETERMINING THE MUSCLE INVOLVED IN NONCOMITANCE—THE THREE-STEP TEST

    A GRAPHICAL METHOD OF REPRESENTING THE THREE-STEP TEST

    Treatment

    REFRACTIVE CORRECTION

    PRISM

    THERAPEUTIC OCCLUSION

    VISION THERAPY

    SURGERY

    Summary

    STUDY QUESTIONS

    15. Fixation Disparity

    Fixation Disparity or Fixation Misalignment

    Analysis Approach for Fixation Disparity

    FUSIONAL VERGENCE

    Forced Vergence Curve Parameters

    CURVE SHAPE

    CENTER OF SYMMETRY

    ASSOCIATED PHORIA: X-INTERCEPT

    FIXATION DISPARITY: Y-INTERCEPT

    SLOPE

    Generation of the Forced Vergence Fixation Disparity Curve

    AVAILABLE INSTRUMENTATION

    PHOROPTER SETUP

    VERTICAL ASSOCIATED PHORIA

    HORIZONTAL FIXATION DISPARITY CURVE

    LENS-GENERATED FIXATION DISPARITY CURVES

    Graphing Findings

    Interpretation

    Clinical Usefulness for Prescribing

    PRISM CORRECTION DESIGN

    Sphere Modification

    NEAR ADDITION DETERMINATION

    DISTANCE SPHERE MODIFICATION

    PLANNING AND MONITORING VISION THERAPY PROGRAMS

    Conclusion

    STUDY QUESTIONS

    SECTION IV Advanced Diagnostic and Management Issues

    16. Interactions between Accommodation and Vergence

    Analysis Approaches

    TRADITIONAL ANALYSIS TECHNIQUES

    Key Concepts

    DISSOCIATED VERSUS ASSOCIATED TESTING

    THEORETICAL INTERACTIONS

    Tonic Vergence

    DEPTH OF FOCUS AND LAG OF ACCOMMODATION

    Proximal Vergence

    Binocular Vergence Interactions

    CONVERGENCE ACCOMMODATION

    AC/A RATIO

    RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN CONVERGENCE ACCOMMODATION AND AC/A

    Clinical Testing

    NEAR POINT OF CONVERGENCE

    RELATIVE FUSIONAL VERGENCE

    ACCOMMODATIVE VERGENCE AND CONVERGENCE ACCOMMODATION

    ACCOMMODATIVE PARAMETERS: LAG AND DEPTH OF FOCUS

    BINOCULAR AMPLITUDE OF ACCOMMODATION

    RELATIVE ACCOMMODATION

    ZONE OF SINGLE BINOCULAR VISION

    VERGENCE ADAPTATION

    FIXATION DISPARITY

    Lens or Prism Therapy

    Conclusion

    STUDY QUESTIONS

    17. Refractive Amblyopia

    Etiology and Prevalence of Refractive Amblyopia

    DEFINITION

    CLASSIFICATION

    ETIOLOGY

    PREVALENCE

    Characteristics of Amblyopia

    SIGNS

    SYMPTOMS

    CLINICAL CHARACTERISTICS

    Course and Prognosis

    Sequential Management Protocol

    DETERMINING COMPLIANCE

    REFRACTIVE CORRECTION

    ADDED LENSES AND PRISMS

    PASSIVE THERAPY

    ACTIVE AMBLYOPIA AND SUPPRESSION THERAPY

    SURGERY

    Duration of Results of Sequential Management

    Summary and Conclusion

    STUDY QUESTIONS

    18. Nystagmus

    Etiology and Prevalence

    DEFINITION AND ETIOLOGY

    PREVALENCE

    Characteristics

    Clinical Evaluation

    PATIENT HISTORY

    REFRACTIVE ERROR

    VISUAL ACUITY

    BINOCULAR VISION AND OCULAR MOTILITY

    OCULAR HEALTH AND SYSTEMIC HEALTH

    Differential Diagnosis

    INFANTILE NYSTAGMUS

    LATENT NYSTAGMUS

    NYSTAGMUS BLOCKAGE SYNDROME

    PHYSIOLOGIC NYSTAGMUS

    SPASMUS NUTANS

    VESTIBULAR NYSTAGMUS

    VOLUNTARY NYSTAGMUS

    OTHER FORMS OF NYSTAGMUS

    Genetic Counseling

    Treatment

    REFRACTIVE CORRECTION

    ADDED LENSES

    PRISM CORRECTION

    OCCLUSION

    VISION THERAPY

    PLEOPTICS

    PHARMACOLOGIC THERAPY

    SURGERY

    Summary

    STUDY QUESTIONS

    19. Aniseikonia

    Definitions of Aniseikonia

    STATIC VERSUS DYNAMIC ANISEIKONIA

    Historical Perspective

    KNAPP’S LAW

    Diagnosis

    HISTORY

    REFRACTIVE CONDITION

    CORNEAL CURVATURE

    RETINAL CONDITIONS (FIELD-DEPENDENT ANISEIKONIA)

    OCCLUSION

    CLIP-ON ANISEIKONIC CORRECTION—VERIFICATION OF THE RESULTS WITH “SIZE LENSES”

    MINIMUM AMOUNT OF ANISEIKONIA CORRECTION

    Determination of the Presence of Aniseikonia

    SIZE COMPARISON OF DIPLOPIC IMAGES

    ALTERNATE COVER TEST

    TURVILLE TEST

    MADDOX ROD AND TWO-POINT LIGHT SOURCES

    THE NEW ANISEIKONIA TEST

    The Aniseikonia Inspector

    THE SPACE EIKONOMETER

    Management

    PRACTICAL CONSIDERATIONS

    LENS PRESCRIPTION

    PRESCRIPTION DECISIONS REGARDING PATIENTS WITH ANISEIKONIA

    Iseikonic Lens Design

    ANISEIKONIA INSPECTOR

    TRANSLATION

    MAGNIFICATION BY CHANGING EYEWIRE DISTANCE AND BEVEL

    MAGNIFICATION BY CHANGING BASE CURVE

    MAGNIFICATION BY CHANGING LENS THICKNESS

    CONSIDERATIONS FOR ISEIKONIC PRESCRIPTIONS

    ANTIREFLECTIVE COATING AND LENS EDGE COATING

    EXAMPLES OF LENS DESIGN

    INADVERTENT ISEIKONIC CORRECTIONS

    Summary and Conclusion

    ANISEIKONIA INSPECTOR

    STUDY QUESTIONS

    20. Binocular and Accommodative Problems Associated with Computer Use

    Incidence of Computer Use

    Computer Vision Syndrome versus Computer Use Complex

    Characteristics

    SYMPTOMS AND THEIR PREVALENCE

    SIGNS

    ANALYSIS OF BINOCULAR AND ACCOMMODATIVE DATA

    Differential Diagnosis

    General Treatment Strategies for Visually Related Symptoms of Computer Use Complex

    SEQUENTIAL MANAGEMENT CONSIDERATIONS

    CORRECTION OF AMETROPIA

    LENS COATINGS—BLUE LIGHT PROTECTION

    ADDED LENSES

    PRISM

    VISION THERAPY

    SURGERY

    OCULAR HEALTH

    ERGONOMIC ISSUES

    LIGHTING CONDITIONS AND GLARE

    OTHER WORKING DISTANCES AND POSITIONS

    SEATING POSITION

    COMPUTER MONITORS

    CHANGING THE REFRESH RATE

    REST BREAKS

    COURSE AND PROGNOSIS

    SUMMARY OF KEY POINTS IN TREATING PATIENTS WITH SYMPTOMS OF COMPUTER USE COMPLEX

    Clinical Evaluation

    HISTORY AND SYMPTOMS

    WORKSTATION

    EVALUATION

    Sequential Management Protocol

    BEST REFRACTIVE CORRECTION

    ISSUES OF LENS DESIGN, COATINGS, AND MATERIALS

    PRISM

    VISION THERAPY

    MEDICAL TREATMENT

    ERGONOMIC ISSUES

    Summary and Conclusion

    STUDY QUESTIONS

    21. Binocular and Accommodative Problems Associated with Acquired Brain Injury

    Overview of ABI

    TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY

    STROKE (CEREBROVASCULAR ACCIDENT)

    Optometrist’s Role

    ACTIVE REHABILITATION STAGE

    POSTREHABILITATION STAGE

    Common Binocular Vision, Accommodative, and Eye Movement Disorders Associated with ABI

    BINOCULAR VISION DISORDERS

    ACCOMMODATIVE DISORDERS

    EYE MOVEMENT DISORDERS

    Symptoms of the Vision Problems Associated with ABI

    Evaluation

    Symptom Survey

    OTHER SPECIAL TESTING CONSIDERATIONS

    Sequential Management Considerations in the Treatment of Disorders Associated with ABI

    VARIABILITY OF FINDINGS AND POTENTIAL RECOVERY

    COGNITIVE FUNCTION

    OPTICAL CORRECTION OF AMETROPIA

    ADDED LENSES

    PRISM

    OCCLUSION

    VISION THERAPY

    FACTORS AFFECTING PROGNOSIS FOR VISION THERAPY AFTER ABI

    ADDITIONAL ISSUES RELATED TO THE VISION THERAPY PROGRAM

    CASE STUDIES

    Summary

    22. Binocular and Accommodative Problems Associated with Learning Problems

    Role of the Optometrist in the Management of Learning- and Reading-Related Vision Disorders

    Learning and Reading Disabilities: Definition and Epidemiology

    Reading Dysfunction

    Relationship between Vision Problems and Reading Dysfunction

    Research Supporting the Relationship between Visual Efficiency Problems and Reading

    Colored Filters or Glasses and Reading

    Psychoeducational Testing Used in the Diagnosis of Reading Dysfunction

    BASIC COMPONENTS OF PSYCHOEDUCATIONAL TESTING

    HISTORY

    COGNITIVE TESTING

    ACHIEVEMENT TESTING

    EMOTIONAL OR PERSONALITY TESTING

    Diagnostic Testing and Case History

    DEFINING THE NATURE OF THE READING OR LEARNING PROBLEM

    PREVIOUS TESTING

    MEDICAL OR DEVELOPMENTAL PROBLEMS AND FAMILY HISTORY

    Treatment

    OBJECTIVES OF OPTOMETRIC INTERVENTION

    SEQUENTIAL TREATMENT APPROACH FOR READING-RELATED VISUAL EFFICIENCY PROBLEMS

    ROLE WITH EDUCATORS

    ROLE WITH OTHER PROFESSIONALS

    Summary

    STUDY QUESTIONS

    23. Development and Management of Refractive Error: Binocular Vision–Based Treatment

    Binocular Vision–Based Refractive Development

    ACCOMMODATION AND THE SOURCE OF BLURRED IMAGES

    A Conceptual Model

    THE REFRACTIVE STATE: DISTRIBUTION OF REFRACTIVE ERROR AND ITS COMPONENTS

    GROWTH OF OCULAR COMPONENTS

    GENETICALLY PROGRAMMED OCULAR GROWTH

    VISUALLY DRIVEN OCULAR GROWTH

    THE RELATIVE STRENGTHS OF THE GENETICALLY PROGRAMMED AND VISUALLY DRIVEN OCULAR GROWTH MECHANISMS

    RATE OF REFRACTIVE CHANGE

    CLINICAL ASPECTS OF THE MODEL

    Atropine

    ATROPINE 1%

    LOW-DOSE ATROPINE

    SAFETY AND SIDE EFFECTS OF ATROPINE

    SIDE EFFECTS OF LOWER DOSES OF ATROPINE

    DOSAGE

    REBOUND EFFECT

    Methylxanthines

    THEOBROMINE

    7-METHYLXANTHINE

    SAFETY AND SIDE EFFECTS OF METHYLXANTHINE

    Diet and Supplements

    HIGH PROTEIN/LOW CARBOHYDRATE

    CARBOHYDRATES VERSUS PROTEIN

    TREATMENT STRATEGIES BASED ON ALTERING VISUALLY DIRECTED GROWTH

    Myopia—Factors Related to Treatment

    AMOUNT AND DIRECTION OF PERIPHERAL RETINAL DEFOCUS IN EACH EYE

    AMOUNT OF ACCOMMODATIVE LAG AND INFLUENCE OF INTERACTIONS BETWEEN ACCOMMODATION AND VERGENCE

    NORMAL VISUAL ACUITY AND THE RANGE OF SENSITIVITY TO BLUR

    AMOUNT OF NEAR WORK PERFORMED AND THE RESULTING TIME-AVERAGE BLUR EXPERIENCED

    TIME OUTDOORS/LIGHT EXPOSURE

    EFFECT OF VISION THERAPY ON MYOPIA AND CONDITIONS ASSOCIATED WITH MYOPIA PROGRESSION

    THE RATIONALE FOR PRESCRIBING VISION THERAPY

    Clinical Treatment

    MANAGEMENT PROTOCOL

    TREATMENT OF MYOPIA OR OF PATIENTS WITH RISK FACTORS INDICATING THE POSSIBILITY OF DEVELOPING MYOPIA

    INITIATING TREATMENT

    Anisometropia

    MYOPIC ANISOMETROPIA

    Hyperopia

    TREATMENT OF HYPEROPIA

    HYPEROPIC ANISOMETROPIA

    ANISOMETROPIC AMBLYOPIA

    TREATMENT OF ANISOMETROPIA

    Astigmatism

    AGAINST-THE-RULE ASTIGMATISM IN INFANCY, IN SCHOOLCHILDREN, AND IN PRESBYOPIA

    TREATMENT OF ASTIGMATISM

    ASTIGMATISM TREATMENT RECOMMENDATION

    Summary and Conclusions

    PREVENTIVE CARE

    The Future

    STUDY QUESTIONS

    24. Binocular Vision Problems Associated with Refractive Surgery

    Review of Refractive Surgery

    LASER IN SITU KERATOMILEUSIS

    SURFACE ABLATION TECHNIQUES

    PHAKIC INTRAOCULAR LENSES

    Binocular Vision Complications of Refractive Surgery for Myopia, Hyperopia, and Astigmatism

    COMPLICATIONS ASSOCIATED WITH THE REFRACTIVE SURGERY

    PREVIOUS PRISM WEAR

    ANISOMETROPIA AND ANISEIKONIA

    MONOVISION

    ACCOMMODATIVE AND CONVERGENCE ISSUES

    Optometric Role

    Identifying Patients at Risk for Binocular Vision Complications Associated with Refractive Surgery

    DIAGNOSTIC EVALUATION OF BINOCULAR VISION COMPLICATIONS AFTER  REFRACTIVE SURGERY

    Sequential Management Considerations in the Treatment of Binocular Vision Complications after Refractive Surgery

    RESISTANCE TO OPTICAL CORRECTION OF AMETROPIA, ADDED  LENSES, AND PRISM

    OPTICAL CORRECTION OF AMETROPIA

    ADDED LENSES

    PRISM

    OCCLUSION

    VISION THERAPY

    Summary

    SECTION V Vision Therapy and Optometric Practice

    25. Patient and Practice Management Issues in Vision Therapy

    Case Presentation

    SAMPLE CASE PRESENTATION FOR A CHILD REQUIRING VISION THERAPY

    SAMPLE CASE PRESENTATION FOR CONDITIONS NOT REQUIRING VISION THERAPY

    Communicating Your Findings to Other Professionals

    COMMUNICATING THROUGH WRITTEN CORRESPONDENCE

    Practice Management Aspects of Vision Therapy

    MODEL FOR THE ESTABLISHMENT OF VISION THERAPY IN A PRIMARY CARE PRACTICE

    SHOULD VISION THERAPY BE PERFORMED ON AN INDIVIDUAL BASIS OR WITH MULTIPLE PATIENTS PER SESSION?

    Equipment

    BASIC EQUIPMENT

    COMPUTER SOFTWARE

    Appendices

    I. Samples of Correspondence and Forms

    Insurance Letters

    Information to Be Included with Report to Parents about Financial Aspects of Vision Therapy

    Vision Therapy Office Policy

    II. Home Vision Therapy Procedures; Patient Instructions

    Red Lens and Penlight Technique to Eliminate Suppression

    Television Trainer

    Eccentric Circles: Divergence

    Eccentric Circles: Convergence

    Eccentric Circles at 10 to 15 Feet

    Tranaglyph Slides

    Beads and String

    Colored Circle Cards for Convergence

    First- or Second-Degree Targets at 10 to 15 Feet

    Hart Chart: Saccadic Therapy

    Ann Arbor Letter Tracking

    Visual Tracing

    Loose Lens Rock (Monocular)

    Index

     

  • 40700lei 380.00 lei

     

    Description:

     

    Developed at Philadelphia’s world-renowned Wills Eye Hospital, the Color Atlas and Synopsis of Clinical Ophthalmology series covers the most clinically relevant aspects of ophthalmology in a highly visual, easy-to-use format. Vibrant, full-color photos and a consistent outline structure present a succinct, high-yield approach to the seven topics covered by this popular series: Cornea, Retina, Glaucoma, Oculoplastics, Neuro-Ophthalmology, Pediatrics, and Uveitis. This in-depth, focused approach makes each volume an excellent companion to the larger Wills Eye Manual as well as a practical stand-alone reference for students, residents, and practitioners in every area of ophthalmology.

     

    Table of Contents:

     

    CHAPTER 1 Age-Related Macular Degeneration

    Introduction

    Nonexudative Age-Related Macular Degeneration

    Neovascular Age-Related Macular Degeneration

    CHAPTER 2 Macular Diseases

    Macular Epiretinal Membrane

    Idiopathic Macular Hole

    Disorders of the Vitreomacular Interface

    Vitreomacular Adhesion

    Vitreomacular Traction

    Cystoid Macular Edema

    Polypoidal Choroidal Vasculopathy

    Degenerative Myopia

    Angioid Streaks

    Central Serous Retinopathy

    Choroidal Folds

    Hypotony Maculopathy

    CHAPTER 3 Diabetic Retinopathy

    Diabetic Retinopathy

    Nonproliferative Diabetic Retinopathy

    Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy

    Diabetic Papillopathy

    CHAPTER 4 Retinal Vascular Disease

    Cotton-Wool Spots

    Hypertensive Retinopathy

    Cilioretinal Artery Obstruction (Occlusion)

    Branch Retinal Artery Obstruction (Occlusion)

    Central Retinal Artery Obstruction (Occlusion)

    Acute Ophthalmic Artery Obstruction (Occlusion)

    Combined Central Retinal Artery and Vein Obstruction (Occlusion)

    Ocular Ischemic Syndrome

    Branch Retinal Vein Obstruction (Occlusion)

    Central Retinal Vein Obstruction (Occlusion)

    Retinal Arterial Macroaneurysm

    Idiopathic Juxtafoveal (Parafoveal) Telangiectasis

    Sickle Cell Retinopathy

    Radiation Retinopathy

    Lipemia Retinalis

    CHAPTER 5 Retinal Degenerations and Dystrophies

    Best Disease

    Cone Dystrophy

    Pattern Dystrophy

    Stargardt Disease

    Choroideremia

    Gyrate Atrophy

    Congenital Stationary Night Blindness

    Fundus Albipunctatus

    Oguchi Disease

    Albinism

    Retinitis Pigmentosa

    Systemic Diseases Associated with Retinitis Pigmentosa

    Cancer-Associated Retinopathy Syndrome

    CHAPTER 6 Retinal and Choroidal Tumors

    Astrocytic Hamartoma

    Retinoblastoma

    Retinal Capillary Hemangioma

    Retinal Cavernous Hemangioma

    Congenital Hypertrophy of the Retinal Pigment Epithelium

    Combined Hamartoma of the Retina and Retinal Pigment Epithelium

    Choroidal Nevus

    Choroidal Melanoma

    Choroidal Melanocytoma

    Choroidal Metastasis

    Choroidal Hemangioma

    Intraocular Lymphoma

    Choroidal Osteoma

    CHAPTER 7 Congenital and Pediatric Retinal Diseases

    Retinopathy of Prematurity

    Incontinentia Pigmenti

    Familial Exudative Vitreoretinopathy

    Coats Disease

    Chorioretinal Coloboma

    Persistent Fetal Vasculature

    Juvenile X-Linked Retinoschisis

    Leber Congenital Amaurosis

    CHAPTER 8 Traumatic and Toxic Retinopathies

    Commotio Retinae

    Choroidal Rupture

    Avulsed Vitreous Base

    Solar Maculopathy

    Valsalva Retinopathy

    Shaken Baby Syndrome

    Terson Syndrome

    Purtscher Retinopathy

    Traumatic Macular Hole

    Chorioretinitis Sclopetaria

    Intraocular Foreign Body

    Dislocated Lens

    Talc Retinopathy

    Chloroquine or Hydroxychloroquine Retinopathy

    Thioridazine Retinopathy

    CHAPTER 9 Peripheral Retinal Disease

    Retinal Break or Tear

    Rhegmatogenous Retinal Detachment

    Proliferative Vitreoretinopathy

    Lattice Degeneration

    Vitreoretinal Tuft and Meridional Fold

    Cobblestone Degeneration

    Peripheral Grouped Pigmentation

    Degenerative Retinoschisis

    Exudative Retinal Detachment

    Choroidal Detachment

    Index

     

     

  • 46000lei 390.00 lei

     

    Description:

     

     Developed at Philadelphia’s world-renowned Wills Eye Hospital, the Color Atlas and Synopsis of Clinical Ophthalmology series covers the most clinically relevant aspects of ophthalmologic medicine in a highly visual, easy-to-use format. Vibrant, full-color photos and a consistent outline structure present a succinct, high-yield approach to the seven topics covered by this popular series: Cornea, Retina, Glaucoma, Oculoplastics, Neuro-Ophthalmology, Pediatrics, and Uveitis. This in-depth, focused approach makes each volume an excellent companion to the larger Wills Eye Manual as well as a practical stand-alone reference for students, residents, and practitioners in every area of ophthalmology. 

     

    Table of Contents:

     

    SECTION I: GLAUCOMA DIAGNOSIS

    Chapter 1 Introduction to Glaucoma Diagnosis

    Chapter 2 Basics of Aqueous Flow and the Optic Nerve

    Aqueous Flow

    Optic Nerve

     

    Chapter 3 Tonometry

    Introduction

    Goldmann Applanation Tonometer

    Schiötz Tonometer

    Perkins Tonometer

    Tono-Pen

    Pneumotonometer

    Dynamic Contour Tonometry

    Icare Tonometer

     

    Chapter 4 Gonioscopy

    Introduction

    Direct Gonioscopy

    Indirect Gonioscopy

    Estimating the Anterior Chamber Depth

    Anterior Segment Imaging

    Technique

    Elements of the Angle Anatomy

    Identification of Angle Structures

    Classification of the Angle

    Pigment Deposition and Gonioscopy

    Iridocorneoendothelial Syndrome (Ice Syndrome)

    Error Factors on Gonioscopy

    Use of Gonioscopy in Trauma

    Traumatic Intraocular Foreign Bodies

    Postoperative Evaluation

     

    Chapter 5 Anterior Segment Imaging

    Introduction

    Angle-Closure Glaucoma

    Open-Angle Glaucoma

    Other Conditions

    Surgery and Glaucoma

    Aqueous Outflow Pathway

    Chapter 6 Optic Nerve Imaging

    Introduction

    Stereophotography

    Confocal Scanning Laser Ophthalmoscopy

    Scanning Laser Polarimetry

    Optical Coherence Tomography

     

    Chapter 7 Glaucoma Imaging: Optic Nerve Head, Peripapillary, and Macular Regions

    Introduction

    Functional Tests

    Automated Perimetry

    Acknowledgments

    Glaucoma Progression Analysis

    Electrophysiology Tests

    Structural Tests

    Photography

    Confocal Scanning Laser Ophthalmoscopy

    Optical Coherence Tomography

     

    Chapter 8 Psychophysical Testing

    Introduction

    Purpose of Test

    Description

    Common Optic Nerve Visual Fields Found in Patients with Glaucoma

    Newer Psychophysical Testing: Frequency-Doubling Perimetry and Short-Wave Automated Perimetry

     

    Chapter 9 Blood Flow in Glaucoma

    Introduction

    Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

    Spectral Retinal Oximetry

    Doppler Optical Coherence Tomography

    Confocal Scanning Laser Doppler Flowmetry

    Scanning Laser Ophthalmoscope Angiography

    Color Doppler Imaging

    Measurement of Ocular Pulsation (Pulsatile Ocular Blood Flow)

    Disclosures

     

    SECTION II: CLINICAL SYNDROMES

    Chapter 10 Introduction to Clinical Syndromes

    Chapter 11 Childhood Glaucomas (Congenital Glaucomas)

    Introduction

    Primary Congenital Glaucoma

    Glaucoma Associated with Congenital Anomalies

    Aniridia

    Axenfeld Anomaly

    Rieger Anomaly

    Rieger Syndrome

    Peters Anomaly

    Marfan Syndrome

    Microspherophakia

    Sturge-Weber Syndrome (Encephalotrigeminal Angiomatosis)

    Neurofibromatosis (Von Recklinghausen Disease and Bilateral Acoustic Neurofibromatosis)

    Congenital Anterior Staphyloma and Keratectasia

    Sclerocornea

    Ectopia Lentis and Ectopia Lentis Et Pupillae

     

    Chapter 12 Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma

    Introduction

    Definition

    Epidemiology

    Pathophysiology

    History

    Clinical Examination

    Special Tests

    Treatment

    A Conceptual Approach to the Treatment of Glaucoma

    Reversibility of Glaucoma

     

    Chapter 13 Secondary Open-Angle Glaucoma

    Pigment Dispersion Syndrome

    Pseudoexfoliation Syndrome

    Steroid-Responsive Glaucoma

     

    Chapter 14 Uveitic Glaucomas

    Introduction

    Epidemiology

    Etiology

    Open-Angle Mechanisms

    Closed-Angle Mechanisms

    Diagnosis

    Management

    Management of Angle-Closure Glaucoma

    Specific Entities

    Fuchs Heterochromic Iridocyclitis

    Glaucomatocyclitic Crisis (Posner-Schlossman Syndrome)

    Herpetic Keratouveitis

    Diagnostic Evaluation

    Syphilitic Interstitial Keratitis

    Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis

    Lens-Induced Uveitis and Glaucoma

    Sarcoidosis

     

    Chapter 15 Lens-Associated Open-Angle Glaucomas

    Introduction

    Lens Protein or Phacolytic Glaucoma

    Lens Particle Glaucoma

    Lens-Associated Uveitis (Phacoanaphylaxis)

    Phacomorphic Glaucoma

     

    Chapter 16 Traumatic Glaucoma

    Introduction

    Traumatic Hyphema

    Angle Recession

    Cyclodialysis Cleft

     

    Chapter 17 Primary Acute Angle–Closure and Chronic Angle–Closure Glaucoma

    Background

    Primary Acute Angle Closure

     

    Chapter 18 Secondary Angle–Closure Glaucoma

    Neovascular Glaucoma

    Iridocorneal Syndromes

    Aqueous Misdirection Syndrome (Malignant Glaucoma)

     

    Chapter 19 Glaucoma Secondary to Elevated Venous Pressure

    Introduction

    Carotid-Cavernous Fistula

    Sturge-Weber Syndrome

    Idiopathic Elevated Episcleral Venous Pressure

    Other Causes of Elevated Episcleral Venous Pressure

     

    SECTION III: GLAUCOMA MANAGEMENT

    Chapter 20 Introduction to Glaucoma Management

    What is the Goal of Treatment?

    How Do We Lower Intraocular Pressure in Glaucoma?

    What May the Future Hold?

     

    Chapter 21 Medical Management

    Introduction

    Description and Physiology

    Alpha Agonists

    Beta-Blockers

    Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors

    Hyperosmolar Agents

    Miotics

    Prostaglandins

    Sympathomimetic Agents

    Combination Agents

    Technique of Drop Instillation

     

    Chapter 22 Laser Trabeculoplasty

    Indications

    Argon Laser Trabeculoplasty

    Selective Laser Trabeculoplasty

    Selective Laser Trabeculoplasty as Initial Treatment

     

    Chapter 23 Deep Sclerectomy Surgery for Glaucoma

    Introduction

    Studies

    Surgical Technique

    Postoperative Care

    Conclusion

     

    Chapter 24 Trabeculectomy, the Ex-PRESS Mini Glaucoma Shunt, and the Xen Gel Stent

    Trabeculectomy

    Surgical Technique

    Postoperative Care

    Complications

    Ex-PRESS Mini Glaucoma Shunt

    Surgical Technique

    Xen Glaucoma Implant (AqueSys Xen Gel Stent [Allergan, Dublin])

    Acknowledgment

     

    Chapter 25 Glaucoma Drainage Devices

    Description

    Surgical Technique

     

    Chapter 26 Schlemm Canal–Based Surgery

    Introduction

    Indications

    Canaloplasty

    Trabecular Meshwork Ablating Procedures: Trabectome, Kahook Dual Blade, and Gonioscopy-Assisted Transluminal Trabeculotomy

    iStent

     

    Chapter 27 Cyclodestructive Procedures for Glaucoma

    Introduction

    Indications

    Contraindications

    Techniques

    Noncontact Transscleral Cyclophotocoagulation

    Contact Transscleral Cyclophotocoagulation

    Micropulse Transscleral Cyclophotocoagulation

    Cyclocryotherapy

    Transpupillary Cyclophotocoagulation

    Endoscopic Cyclophotocoagulation

    Postprocedure Care

     

    Chapter 28 Late Complications of Glaucoma Surgery

    Introduction

    Hypotony

    Bleb Leaks

    Giant Blebs

    The Failing Bleb: Encapsulation

    Circumferential Bleb

    Tube Shunt Erosions

     

    Chapter 29 Supraciliary Microstent Surgery

    Introduction

    Cypass Microstent

    Index

     

  • Genetics of Eye Diseases: An Overview
    La comanda in aproximativ 4 saptamani
    47700lei 390.00 lei

     

    Description:

    This book provides comprehensive information on the genetics of eye diseases affecting various parts of the eye, and addresses a range of genetic etiologies. These diseases include several hereditary disorders of anterior and posterior segment, and with different genetic etiologies. The genetics of eye diseases is a field that has been rapidly growing over the last two decades, and comprises a vast area with considerable clinical and genetic heterogeneity. The main goal of this work is to discuss the status quo of genetics for each of the disorders covered, and to highlight unusual or atypical patterns of inheritance and genetic associations. For each relevant gene, it describes the pathogenic associations and variants, genotype-phenotype correlations, and functions at the cellular and molecular level.   Genetics of Eye Diseases offers a valuable reference guide for geneticists and clinicians alike, while also providing a comprehensive overview of the field for graduate and doctoral-level students. In addition to sharing essential information on the genetics of each disease, it highlights recent advances that are representative of the developments in the field as a whole.

     

     

    Table of Contents:

     

    1. Genetics in Corneal Diseases

    2. Genetics in Cataracts

    3. Genetics of Ectopia Lentis

    4. Genetics of Glaucoma

    5. Hereditary Retinal Degenerations

     

     

     

  • 48300lei 390.00 lei

     

    Description:

    Up to date, easy to use, and well-illustrated,Clinical Manual of Contact Lenses, 5th Edition, helps both students and practitioners fit, evaluate, and troubleshoot contact lens issues in everyday practice. Written by renowned experts in the field, this practical guide is designed for quick access to key information, and includes sample cases, nomograms, and proficiency checklists that summarize and emphasize important points. Thoroughly revised content ensures you'll have the most current guidance on rigid gas permeable lens design and fitting, soft lens problem solving, orthokeratology, bifocal correction, and much more.

     

    Table of Contents:

     

    SECTION I. Introduction

    1 Preliminary Evaluation

    2 Optical Considerations in Contact Lens Practice

    SECTION II. Gas-Permeable Lenses

    3 Corneal Topography

    4 Material Selection

    5 Gas-Permeable Lens Design, Fitting, and Evaluation

    6 Gas-Permeable Lens Care and Patient Education

    7 Verification

    8 Gas-Permeable Lens Problem-Solving

    9 Modification of Gas-Permeable Corneal and Scleral Lenses

    SECTION III. Soft Lenses

    10 Soft Material Selection (Hydrogel and Silicone Hydrogel)

    11 Soft Contact Lens Fitting and Evaluation

    12 Soft Lens Care and Patient Education

    13 Soft Lens Problem-Solving

    SECTION IV. Challenging Cases

    14 Correction of Astigmatism

    15 Multifocal Contact Lenses

    16 Overnight Contact Lens Wear

    17 Pediatric Contact Lens Fitting

    18 Keratoconus

    19 Postsurgical Contact Lens Fitting

    20 Scleral Lenses

    21 Myopia Control

    22 Orthokeratology

    23 Prosthetic Contact Lenses

    24 Management of Contact Lens???Associated or Lens???Induced Pathology

    25 Contact Lens Practice Management

    26 Specialty Contact Lens Coding and Billing

    Appendix A

    Appendix B

    Appendix C

    Index

     

  • 40000lei 390.00 lei

     

     

    Description:

    Now in its tenth edition, the best-selling The Ophthalmic Assistant, by Drs. Harold A. Stein, Raymond M. Stein, and Melvin I. Freeman, is your go-to resource for practical, up-to-date guidance on ocular diseases, surgical procedures, medications, and equipment, as well as paramedical procedures and office management in the ophthalmology, optometry, opticianry or eye care settings. Thoroughly updated content and more than 1,000 full-color illustrations cover all the knowledge and skills you need for your day-to-day duties as well as success on certification and recertification exams. This comprehensive text provides essential learning and practical guidance for ophthalmic assistants, technicians, medical technologists, physician assistants, and all others involved in ocular care, helping each become a valuable asset to the eye care team.


    Features:

    Full-color visual guidance for identification of ophthalmic disorders, explanations of difficult concepts, and depictions of the newest equipment used in ophthalmology and optometry.

    Quick-reference appendices provide hospital/practice forms for more efficient patient record keeping, conversion tables, and numerous language translations, plus information on ocular emergencies, pharmaceuticals, and more.

    Expert Consult™ eBook version included with purchase. This enhanced eBook experience allows you to search all of the text, figures, videos, and references from the book on a variety of devices.


    New To This Edition:


    Updated throughout with the latest information on basic science, new testing procedures, new equipment, the role of the assistant in the practice, and an expanded chapter on OCT imaging.

    new bonus color image atlas tests your clinical recognition of disease and disorders of the eye.

    Four brand-new chapters cover the latest industry advances regarding dry eye, vision function and impairment, uveitis, and surgical correction of presbyopia.


    Table Of Contents:


    Section One: Basic Sciences

    1. Anatomy of the eye

    2. Physiology of the eye

    3. Optics

    4. Pharmacology

    5. Microbiology

    Section Two: Clinical Practice

    6. Office efficiency and public relations

    7. History taking

    8. Preliminary examination

    9. Vision function and impairment

    10. Understanding ophthalmic equipment

    11. Refractive errors and how to correct them

    12. History of spectacles

    13. Facts about glasses

    14. Rigid contact lenses: basics

    15. Soft contact lenses

    16. Advanced techniques in soft and rigid contact lens fitting

    17. Dry eyes

    18. Managing a contact lens practice

    19. Visual fields

    20. Automated visual field testing

    Section Three: Common Clinical Eye Problems or Common Clinical Conditions

    21. Ocular Injuries

    22. The urgent case

    23. Common eye disorders

    24. Common retinal disorders

    25. Glaucoma

    26. Uveitis

    27. Examination of the newborn, infant and small child

    28. Maintenance of ophthalmic equipment and instruments

    Section Four: Surgical Technique

    29. Aseptic technique and minor office surgery

    30. The operative patient

    31. Highlights of ocular surgery

    32. Surgical Correction of Presbyopia

    33. Assisting the Surgeon

    34. Lasers in ophthalmology

    35. Ambulatory surgery

    36. Refractive surgery

    37. Corneal Collagen Cross Linking in the Management of ectatic diseases

    38. Wavefront aberrations and custom ablation

    Section Five: Ocular imaging

    39. Optical coherence tomography

    40. Computerized corneal topography

    41. Specular microscopy

    42. Diagnostic ultrasound

    Section Six: Special procedures

    43. Ocular motility and binocular vision

    44. Ophthalmic photography

    45. Visual aids for the partially sighted

    Section Seven: Community ocular programs

    46. Blind persons in the modern world

    47. Art and the eye

    48. Reading problems in children

    49. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation

    Section Eight: Expanded roles in eye care delivery

    50. Computers in ophthalmic practice

    Section Nine: Role of assistants in eye care

    51. Allied health personnel in ophthalmology

    52. Ophthalmology ethics

    53. Ophthalmic allied health personnel: scope of practice

    54. Testing of ophthalmic skills

    55. The development of ophthalmic assistants in North America

    56. Ophthalmic assisting in the international community and in the prevention of blindness

    Section Ten: Atlas of Clinical Ophthalmic Disorders

    57. Atlas of Clinical Ophthalmic Disorders

       

     

     

  • 43000lei 400.00 lei

     

    Description:

    Publisher's Note: Products purchased from 3rd Party sellers are not guaranteed by the Publisher for quality, authenticity, or access to any online entitlements included with the product. Developed at Philadelphia’s world-renowned Wills Eye Hospital, the Color Atlas and Synopsis of Clinical Ophthalmology series covers the most clinically relevant aspects of ophthalmology in a highly visual, easy-to-use format. Vibrant, full-color photos and a consistent outline structure present a succinct, high-yield approach to the seven topics covered by this popular series: Cornea, Retina, Glaucoma, Oculoplastics, Neuro-Ophthalmology, Pediatrics, and Uveitis. This in-depth, focused approach makes each volume an excellent companion to the larger Wills Eye Manual as well as a practical stand-alone reference for students, residents, and practitioners in every area of ophthalmology.

     

    Table of Contents:

     

    1. SECTION I: EYELIDS
    2. CHAPTER 1 Benign Eyelid Lesions
    3. Papilloma
    4. Seborrheic Keratosis
    5. Cutaneous Horn
    6. Epidermal Inclusion Cyst
    7. Molluscum Contagiosum
    8. Xanthelasma
    9. Syringoma
    10. Apocrine Hydrocystoma
    11. Trichoepithelioma
    12. Nevi (Nevocellular Nevi)
    13. Hemangioma of the Eyelid (Cherry Angioma)
    14. CHAPTER 2 Eyelid Inflammation
    15. Chalazion
    16. Hordeolum
    17. Floppy Eyelid Syndrome
    18. CHAPTER 3 Eyelid Neoplasms
    19. Keratoacanthoma
    20. Actinic Keratosis
    21. Lentigo Maligna
    22. Basal Cell Carcinoma
    23. Squamous Cell Carcinoma
    24. Sebaceous Adenocarcinoma
    25. Malignant Melanoma
    26. Kaposi Sarcoma
    27. CHAPTER 4 Eyelid Trauma
    28. Marginal Eyelid Laceration
    29. Canalicular Eyelid Laceration
    30. Dog Bites
    31. Eyelid Burns
    32. CHAPTER 5 Eyelid Malpositions
    33. Entropion
    34. Acute Spastic Entropion
    35. Involutional Entropion
    36. Cicatricial Entropion
    37. Ectropion
    38. Involutional Ectropion
    39. Paralytic Ectropion
    40. Cicatricial Ectropion
    41. Mechanical Ectropion
    42. Symblepharon
    43. Trichiasis
    44. Ptosis
    45. Congenital Myogenic Ptosis
    46. Acquired Myogenic Ptosis
    47. Aponeurotic Ptosis
    48. Neurogenic Ptosis
    49. Third Nerve Palsy
    50. Myasthenia Gravis
    51. Marcus Gunn Jaw-Winking Syndrome
    52. Horner Syndrome
    53. Mechanical Ptosis
    54. Traumatic Ptosis
    55. Pseudoptosis
    56. Brow Ptosis
    57. Dermatochalasis
    58. Blepharochalasis
    59. Eyelid Retraction
    60. Eyelid Dyskinesis
    61. Benign Essential Blepharospasm
    62. Hemifacial Spasm
    63. CHAPTER 6 Congenital Eyelid Anomalies
    64. Blepharophimosis
    65. Epicanthus
    66. Epiblepharon
    67. Congenital Entropion
    68. Congenital Coloboma
    69. Congenital Distichiasis
    70. Ankyloblepharon
    71. CHAPTER 7 Miscellaneous Eyelid Conditions
    72. Ocular Cicatricial Pemphigoid
    73. SECTION II: LACRIMAL APPARATUS
    74. CHAPTER 8 Lacrimal Obstructions
    75. Congenital Obstructions
    76. Congenital Nasolacrimal Duct Obstruction
    77. Dacryocystocele
    78. Lacrimal Fistula
    79. Acquired Obstructions
    80. Acquired Nasolacrimal Duct Obstruction
    81. Canalicular Obstruction
    82. CHAPTER 9 Lacrimal Infections
    83. Dacryocystitis
    84. Canaliculitis
    85. CHAPTER 10 Lacrimal Sac Tumors
    86. Introduction
    87. SECTION III: THE ORBIT
    88. CHAPTER 11 Orbital Infections
    89. Orbital Cellulitis
    90. Orbital Abscess
    91. Necrotizing Fasciitis
    92. Phycomycosis (Mucormycosis)
    93. Aspergillosis
    94. CHAPTER 12 Orbital Inflammation
    95. Thyroid Eye Disease
    96. Idiopathic Orbital Inflammation (Orbital Pseudotumor)
    97. Sarcoidosis
    98. Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (Wegener granulomatosis)
    99. CHAPTER 13 Congenital Orbital Anomalies
    100. Microphthalmos
    101. CHAPTER 14 Orbital Neoplasms
    102. Congenital Orbital Tumors
    103. Dermoid Cysts
    104. Lipodermoids
    105. Vascular Orbital Tumors
    106. Capillary Hemangiomas
    107. Cavernous Hemangiomas
    108. Lymphangiomas
    109. Orbital Varices
    110. Orbital Arteriovenous Malformations (Fistula)
    111. Solitary Fibrous Tumor
    112. Neural Tumors
    113. Optic Nerve Gliomas
    114. Neurofibromas
    115. Meningiomas
    116. Schwannomas
    117. Mesenchymal Tumors
    118. Rhabdomyosarcoma
    119. Fibrous Histiocytoma
    120. Lymphoproliferative Tumors
    121. Lymphoid Hyperplasia and Lymphomas
    122. Plasmacytoma
    123. Histiocytic Disorders
    124. Lacrimal Gland Tumors
    125. Epithelial Tumors of the Lacrimal Gland
    126. Miscellaneous Orbital Tumors
    127. Secondary Orbital Tumors
    128. Metastatic Orbital Tumors
    129. CHAPTER 15 Orbital Trauma
    130. Orbital Fractures
    131. Orbital Floor Fracture
    132. Medial Wall Fracture
    133. Orbital Roof Fracture
    134. Zygomatic Fracture
    135. Miscellaneous Trauma
    136. Orbital Hemorrhage
    137. Orbital Foreign Bodies
    138. Mucocele
    139. Index

     

  • Neuro-Ophthalmology, 3e
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    Description:

     

    Developed at Philadelphia’s world-renowned Wills Eye Hospital, the Color Atlas and Synopsis of Clinical Ophthalmology series covers the most clinically relevant aspects of ophthalmology in a highly visual, easy-to-use format. Vibrant, full-color photos and a consistent outline structure present a succinct, high-yield approach to the seven topics covered by this popular series: Cornea, Retina, Glaucoma, Oculoplastics, Neuro-Ophthalmology, Pediatrics, and Uveitis. This in-depth, focused approach makes each volume an excellent companion to the larger Wills Eye Manual as well as a practical stand-alone reference for students, residents, and practitioners in every area of ophthalmology. 

     

    Table of Contents:

     

    CHAPTER 1 Examination of the Afferent Visual System

    Introduction

    Visual Acuity

    Color Vision

    Pupillary Testing

    Amsler Grid

    Contrast Sensitivity

    Brightness Comparison

    Photostress Recovery Test

    Ophthalmoscopy

    CHAPTER 2 Visual Fields

    Introduction

    Principles that Contribute to Visual Field Interpretation

    Conclusion

    CHAPTER 3 Magnetic Resonance Imaging for the Ophthalmologist

    Introduction

    Fundamentals of Magnetic Resonance Imaging

    Terminology and Magnetic Resonance Imaging Pulse Sequences

    Recommended Imaging Protocol

    CHAPTER 4 Transient Visual Loss/Retinal Artery Occlusion

    Transient Visual Loss

    Introduction

    Etiology

    Monocular TVL

    Binocular TVL

    Retinal Artery Occlusion

    Introduction

    Epidemiology and Etiology

    Clinical Characteristics

    Diagnostic Evaluation

    Treatment

    CHAPTER 5 Optic Nerve Disorders 90

    Introduction

    Optic Neuritis

    Neuromyelitis Optica

    Anti–Myelin Oligodendrocyte Glycoprotein (Anti-Mog) Syndrome

    Leber Stellate Neuroretinitis

    Sarcoid Optic Neuropathy

    Syphilitic Optic Neuropathy

    Nonarteritic Anterior Ischemic Optic Neuropathy

    Giant Cell Arteritis

    Perioperative Ischemic Optic Neuropathy

    Hypertensive Optic Neuropathy

    Diabetic Papillopathy

    Radiation Optic Neuropathy

    Amiodarone Optic Neuropathy

    Nutritional Deficiency and Toxic Optic Neuropathies

    Papilledema

    Pseudotumor Cerebri

    Optic Nerve Glioma

    Malignant Glioma of Adulthood

    Optic Nerve Sheath (Perioptic) Meningioma

    Leber Hereditary Optic Neuropathy

    Dominant Optic Atrophy

    Congenitally Anomalous Discs (Pseudopapilledema)

    Optic Disc Drusen

    Optic Nerve Hypoplasia

    Optic Disc Colobomas

    Optic Pit

    Traumatic Optic Neuropathy

    CHAPTER 6 Optic Chiasm

    Introduction

    Types of Visual Field Abnormalities in Chiasmal Disease

    Specific Causes

    Follow-Up of Parachiasmal Tumors

    Nontumor Lesions Causing Chiasmal Syndrome

    CHAPTER 7 Retrochiasmal Disorders

    Introduction

    Retrochiasmal Visual Pathway Involvement

    Migraine

    CHAPTER 8 Nonphysiologic Visual Loss

    Introduction

    No Vision

    Decreased Vision

    Visual Field Loss

    CHAPTER 9 Neuro-ophthalmologic Examination—Efferent System

    Introduction

    Identify Monocular Diplopia

    Determine Whether Misalignment is Comitant or Incomitant

    Examine Ductions and Versions

    Examine Saccades and Pursuits

    Perform Forced Duction Test (if Appropriate)

    Examine Lids and Pupils

    Assess Ocular Cephalic Movements

    Assess for Nystagmus

    Perform Binocular Single-Vision Visual Field

    CHAPTER 10 Ocular Misalignment and Other Ocular Motor Disorders

    Cranial Nerve III Palsy (Oculomotor Nerve)

    Anatomy

    Etiology and Pathophysiology

    Clinical Characteristics

    Syndromes Associated with CN III Palsy

    Diagnostic Evaluation

    Differential Diagnosis

    Natural History

    Aberrant Regeneration of CN III

    Cranial Nerve IV Palsy

    Etiology

    Clinical Characteristics

    Syndromes Associated with CN IV Palsy

    Diagnostic Evaluation

    Natural History

    Treatment

    Bilateral CN IV Palsies

    Skew Deviation

    Cranial Nerve VI Palsy

    Anatomy

    Etiology

    Syndromes Associated with CN VI Paresis

    Clinical Characteristics

    Congenital CN VI Palsy

    Diagnostic Evaluation

    Treatment

    Pseudo-CN VI Palsies

    Multiple CN Palsies

    Cavernous Sinus Syndrome

    Etiology

    Clinical Characteristics

    Diagnostic Evaluation

    Superior Orbital Fissure Syndrome

    Orbital Apex Syndrome

    Other Causes of Multiple CN Palsies

    Internuclear Ophthalmoplegia

    Etiology

    Clinical Characteristics

    Diagnostic Evaluation

    Treatment

    Special Forms of INO

    Gaze Palsies

    Frontal Lobe

    Pontine Paramedian Reticular Formation

    Abducens Nucleus

    Etiology

    Clinical Characteristics

    Special Forms of Gaze Palsies

    Chronic Progressive External Ophthalmoplegia

    Etiology

    Inheritance

    Chronic Progressive External Ophthalmoplegia

    Clinical Characteristics

    Kearns-Sayre Syndrome

    Diagnostic Evaluation and Treatment

    Progressive Supranuclear Palsy

    Etiology

    Clinical Characteristics

    Natural History

    Differential Diagnosis

    Treatment

    Oculopharyngeal Muscular Dystrophy

    Etiology

    Guillain-Barré Syndrome

    Etiology

    Clinical Characteristics

    Diagnostic Evaluation

    Treatment

    Miller Fisher Syndrome

    Diagnostic Evaluation

    Treatment and Prognosis

    Myasthenia Gravis

    Etiology and Pathogenesis

    Clinical Characteristics

    Diagnostic Evaluation

    Treatment

    Dorsal Midbrain (Parinaud) Syndrome

    Etiology

    Clinical Characteristics

    Diagnostic Evaluation

    Treatment

    CHAPTER 11 Nystagmus

    Introduction

    Is the Nystagmus Monocular or Bilateral?

    Is the Binocular Nystagmus Physiologic or Pathologic?

    Is the Pathologic Nystagmus Dissociated?

    CHAPTER 12 Pupil

    Basics

    Anatomy

    Sympathetic System

    Parasympathetic System

    Examination Techniques

    Pupillary Size

    Reactivity of the Pupil

    Relative Afferent Pupillary Defect

    Near Response

    Horner Syndrome

    Etiology

    Clinical Characteristics

    Diagnostic Evaluation

    Treatment

    Special Form: Carotid Artery Dissection

    Mydriasis

    Trauma

    Pharmacolo