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  • 150.00 lei



    Oral Medicine and Pathology at a Glance, 2nd Edition offers a comprehensive overview of essential aspects of oral medicine and pathology, with an emphasis on oral health care provision in general practice.

    ·         Updated new edition, covering the most important conditions and commonly encountered oral pathologies and their clinical management

    ·         Presented in the popular, highly-illustrated At a Glance style with clinical photographs throughout

    ·         Written by an international author team

    ·         Includes a companion website with self-assessment MCQs, further reading and downloadable images



    Preface vii

    About the companion website

    1 Examination of extraoral tissues 2

    Head and neck 3

    Cranial nerves 3

    Limbs 3

    2 Examination of mouth, jaws, temporomandibular region and salivary glands 4

    Mouth 5

    Jaws 5

    Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) 5

    Salivary glands 5

    3 Investigations: Histopathology 6

    Mucosal biopsy 7

    Brush biopsy 7

    Labial salivary gland biopsy 7

    4 Investigations: Microbiology 8

    5 Investigations: Imaging 10

    6 Investigations: Blood tests 12

    Referring a patient for specialist opinion 12

    7 Anatomical variants and developmental anomalies 14

    Fordyce spots (“Fordyce granules”) 15

    Fissured tongue (scrotal or plicated tongue) 15

    Stafne cyst or bone cavity 15

    Torus palatinus 15

    Torus mandibularis 15

    Varicosities 15

    8 Blisters 16

    Angina bullosa hemorrhagica (localized oral purpura; traumatic oral hemophlyctenosis) 17

    9 Blisters, infections: Herpes simplex virus 18

    Herpes simplex 18

    Recurrent herpes labialis 19

    Recurrent intraoral herpes 19

    10 Blisters infections: Varicella zoster virus 20

    Chickenpox (varicella) 21

    Zoster (shingles) 21

    11 Blisters, skin diseases: Pemphigus 22

    Pemphigus 23

    12 Blisters, skin diseases: Pemphigoid 24

    13 Pigmented lesions 26

    Superficial discoloration 26

    Hairy tongue (black hairy tongue; lingua villosa nigra) 27

    14 Pigmented lesions: Ethnic pigmentation and tattoos 28

    Ethnic pigmentation 29

    Foreign body tattoos 29

    15 Pigmented lesions: Melanotic macule 30

    16 Pigmented lesions: Nevus and others 31

    Adenocorticotrophic hormone effects (ACTH) 31

    17 Pigmented lesions: Malignant melanoma 32

    18 Red and purple lesions 34

    Purpura 34

    19 Red and purple lesions: Desquamative gingivitis, mucositis 35

    Desquamative gingivitis 35

    Mucositis 35

    20 Red and purple lesions: Erythematous candidosis 36

    Acute candidosis 36

    Chronic candidosis 37

    Denture-related stomatitis (denture sore mouth; chronic atrophic candidosis) 37

    Angular stomatitis (angular cheilitis; perleche) 37

    Median rhomboid glossitis (central papillary atrophy of the tongue) 37

    21 Red and purple lesions: Angiomas 38

    Hemangioma 38

    Venous lake (venous varix; senile hemangioma of lip) 38

    Lymphangioma 38

    22 Red and purple lesions: Proliferative vascular lesions, Kaposi sarcoma 39

    Proliferative vascular lesions 39

    Kaposi sarcoma 39

    23 Red and purple lesions: Erythroplakia 40

    Erythroplakia (erythroplasia) 40

    24 Red and purple lesions: Erythema migrans (lingual erythema migrans; benign migratory glossitis; geographical tongue; continental tongue) 41

    25 Swellings: Hereditary conditions, drug-induced swellings 42

    Hereditary gingival fibromatosis (HGF) 43

    C1 esterase inhibitor deficiency (hereditary angioedema) 43

    Drug-induced gingival swelling 43

    26 Swellings: Infections, human papilloma virus 44

    Papilloma 44

    Warts (verrucae) 45

    Multifocal epithelial hyperplasia (Heck disease) 45

    Koilocytic dysplasia 45

    HPV and oral cancer 45

    27 Swellings: Granulomatous conditions 46

    Sarcoidosis 46

    Crohn disease and orofacial granulomatosis 46

    28 Swellings: Reactive lesions 48

    Denture-induced hyperplasia (epulis fissuratum) 49

    Fibroepithelial polyp (fibrous lump) 49

    Fibroma 49

    Giant cell epulis (peripheral giant cell granuloma) 49

    Pyogenic granuloma 49

    29 Swellings: Malignant neoplasms, oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) 50

    30 Swellings: Malignant neoplasms, lymphoma, metastatic neoplasms 52

    Lymphomas 53

    Metastatic oral neoplasms 53

    31 Ulcers and erosions: Local causes, drug-induced ulcers 54

    Local causes 54

    Eosinophilic ulcer (traumatic eosinophilic granuloma; traumatic ulcerative granulomatous disease) 54

    Drug-induced ulcers (stomatitis medicamentosa) 55

    32 Ulcers and erosions: Aphthae 56

    33 Ulcers and erosions: Aphthous-like ulcers 58

    Behçet syndrome (BS, Behçet disease) 59

    34 Ulcers and erosions: Blood diseases, gastrointestinal disorders 60

    Blood diseases 60

    Leukemias 60

    Gastrointestinal disorders 61

    Celiac disease (gluten sensitive enteropathy) 61

    35 Ulcers and erosions: Infections 62

    Hand, foot and mouth disease (HFM; vesicular stomatitis with exanthem) 62

    Herpangina 62

    Bacterial infections 63

    Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis (Vincent disease; acute ulcerative gingivitis, AUG, ANG, ANUG) 63

    Syphilis 63

    Gonorrhea 63

    Tuberculosis 63

    36 Ulcers and erosions: Erythema multiforme, toxic epidermal necrolysis and Stevens-Johnson syndrome 64

    Erythema multiforme 65

    Toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN, Lyell syndrome) and Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) 65

    37 White lesions: Candidosis (candidiasis) 66

    Acute pseudomembranous candidosis 66

    Chronic hyperplastic candidosis (Candidal leukoplakia) 67

    Chronic mucocutaneous candidosis (CMC) 67

    38 White lesions: Keratosis, leukoplakia 68

    Tobacco-related keratosis 69

    Leukoplakia 69

    39 White lesions: Hairy leukoplakia, lichen planus 70

    Hairy leukoplakia 70

    Lichen planus (LP) and lichenoid reactions 71

    40 Salivary conditions: Salivary swelling and salivary excess 72

    Salivary swelling 73

    Saliva excess (sialorrhea, hypersialia, hypersalivation, ptyalism) and drooling 73

    41 Salivary conditions: Dry mouth 74

    42 Salivary conditions: Sjögren syndrome 76

    43 Salivary conditions: Sialolithiasis, sialadenitis 78

    Sialolithiasis 78

    Sialadenitis 78

    Sialadenitis: Acute viral (mumps) 78

    Sialadenitis: Acute bacterial ascending 79

    Sialadenitis: Chronic bacterial 79

    Sialadenitis: Recurrent parotitis of childhood 79

    44 Salivary conditions: Neoplasms 80

    Benign neoplasms (adenomas) 81

    Malignant neoplasms 81

    45 Salivary conditions: Mucoceles, sialosis 82

    Mucoceles (mucous cyst; mucus extravasation phenomenon; myxoid cyst) 83

    Sialosis (sialadenosis) 83

    46 Neck swelling 84

    Discrete swellings in the neck 85

    Cervical lymphadenopathy 85

    Unexplained lymphadenopathy 85

    Diffuse swelling of the neck 85

    47 Neck swelling: Cervical lymphadenopathy in generalized lymphadenopathy 86

    Systemic infections 87

    Inflammatory disorders (not known to be infective) 87

    Neoplastic causes 87

    Drugs 87

    Others 87

    48 Neurological conditions: Bell palsy, and trigeminal sensory loss 88

    Bell palsy 89

    Trigeminal sensory loss 89

    49 Neurological conditions and pain: Local, referred and vascular 90

    Local causes of orofacial pain 90

    Referred causes of orofacial pain 91

    Vascular causes of orofacial pain 91

    50 Neurological conditions and pain: Trigeminal neuralgia 92

    Trigeminal neuralgia 93

    51 Neurological conditions and pain: Psychogenic (idiopathic facial pain, idiopathic odontalgia and burning mouth syndrome (oral dysesthesia)) 94

    Persistent idiopathic, or unexplained (atypical) facial pain (IFP) 95

    Burning mouth “syndrome” (BMS, glossopyrosis, glossodynia, oral dysesthesia, scalded mouth syndrome, or stomatodynia) 95

    52 Jaw conditions: Temporomandibular pain-dysfunction 96

    Temporomandibular joint pain-dysfunction syndrome (TMPD), myofascial pain dysfunction (MFD), facial arthromyalgia (FAM), mandibular dysfunction, or mandibular stress syndrome 97

    53 Jaw bone conditions: Radiolucencies and radiopacities 98

    Radiolucencies 98

    Radiopacities 99

    Mixed radiolucent and radiopaque lesions 99

    54 Jaw bone conditions: Odontogenic diseases and cysts 100

    Odontogenic infections 101

    Odontogenic cysts 101

    55 Jaw bone conditions: Odontogenic tumors 102

    Benign odontogenic tumors 102

    Malignant odontogenic tumors 103

    56 Jaw conditions: Bone disorders 104

    Non-neoplastic diseases 105

    Neoplastic disorders 105

    57 Jaw bone conditions: Fibro-osseous lesions 106

    Osseous dysplasia, cemento-osseous dysplasia (COD), periapical cemental or cemento-osseous dysplasia (PCD) 107

    Cherubism 107

    Fibrous dysplasia 107

    Hypercementosis 107

    Ossifying fibroma (cemento-ossifying fibroma) 107

    Paget disease of bone 107

    58 Maxillary sinus conditions 108

    Rhinosinusitis (sinusitis) 109

    Neoplasms 109

    59 Oral malodor 110

    60 Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and AIDS 112

    Index 115


  • Single Best Answer Questions for Dentistry
    La comanda in aproximativ 4 saptamani
    17700lei 155.00 lei


    A must-have resource for those preparing for the MJDF, MFDS, ORE, and other dental examinations

    Single best answer (SBA) questions are widely used in dental examinations including the Membership of the Joint Dental Faculties (MJDF), Member of the Faculty of Dental Surgery (MFDS), and the Overseas Registration Exam (ORE). Single Best Answer Questions for Dentistry is a comprehensive revision tool designed to help dental students be thoroughly prepared on exam day.

    Each clearly written SBA question is accompanied by an accurate answer and a full explanation, providing students with a quick and easy-to-access way to revise. The SBAs cover a broad range of specialties within dentistry such as restorative dentistry, oral surgery, oral pathology, paediatric dentistry and orthodontics, periodontology, oral medicine, and more. All terms throughout the book conform to the latest evidence and guidelines, such as the most recent classification of periodontal disease, and match the level of knowledge required for success on current dental examinations. Written by a leading dental practitioner, this valuable resource:

    ·         Comprises 10 chapters, organised by specialty, each containing 20 to 30 SBAs with their associated answers and explanations

    ·         Covers various dental specialties and topics including restorative dentistry, radiology, pharmacology, human disease, and dental materials

    ·         Presents a simple and efficient question-and-answer format that is ideal for exam revision

    ·         Helps strengthen students’ skills in clinical problem solving and decision making

    Containing more than 280 questions of varying difficulty levels as well as numerous high-quality images and radiographs, Single Best Answer Questions for Dentistry is essential reading for all dental students and a useful tool for practicing dentists wanting to test or refresh their knowledge.


  • Textbook of Dental Radiology
    La comanda in aproximativ 4 saptamani
    155.00 lei


    This book is a practical guide to dental radiology for trainees in dentistry.

    Beginning with an overview of the history of radiation, radiation physics and the basics of dental radiography, the next chapters discuss many different types of radiograph – intraoral, extraoral, panoramic and so on.

    The following sections explain radiographic features of numerous dental diseases and disorders, guiding trainees towards accurate diagnosis and treatment.

    The third edition of this textbook has been fully revised and updated to provide the latest advances and techniques in the field.

    Clinical photographs and diagrams, many new to this edition, further enhance the comprehensive text.

    Key points

    • Comprehensive guide to dental radiology for trainees in dentistry
    • Fully revised, third edition providing latest advances and techniques
    • Covers radiographic features of many different disorders to assist accurate diagnosis


    Table of Contents:


    1. History of Radiation

     2. Radiation Physics

    3. Radiation Biology, Hazards of Radiation and Radiation Protections

    4. Films Used in Dental Radiography

     5. Grids, Intensifying Screens, and Cassettes

     6. Processing of the X-ray Films

    7. Dental X-ray Image Characteristics

     8. Causes of Faulty Radiographs

    9. Intraoral Radiographic Techniques and Indications for Intraoral Radiographs

     10. Normal Anatomic Landmarks

    11. Extraoral Radiography

     12. Panoramic Radiography

    13. Localization Technique

     14. Specialized Radiographs in Dental Radiology

    15. Radiographic Features of Dental Caries

    16. Radiographic Features of Periodontal Disease

     17. Radiographic Features of Traumatic Injuries: Fracture of the Teeth and Jaws

    18. Inflammation and Infections of the Jaws

    19. Cysts of the Jaws

     20. Odontogenic Tumors

    21. Benign and Malignant Nonodontogenic Tumors of the Jaws

    22. Fibro-Osseous Lesions

     23. Radiographic Features of Systemic Diseases

    24. Pathologic Soft Tissue Calcification

    25. Radiographic Features of Diseases of the Maxillary Sinus

    26. Radiographic Features of Temporomandibular Joint Disorders

    27. Infection Control in Dental Radiography 28. Radiographic Differential Diagnosis

  • 180.00 lei




    A fully updated edition of the best-selling textbook for students studying for their dental nurse qualification

    Levison’s Textbook for Dental Nurses continues to be an indispensable resource written specifically for those undertaking the NEBDN National Diploma in Dental Nursing. This new edition provides in-depth coverage in many areas, such as the structure of the dental profession; an update of the current, available NHS dental services; information on extended duties for dental nurses; legal and ethical issues; health and safety including COSHH and waste disposal legislation updates; general anatomy and physiology; and medical emergencies.

    ·         New edition of a classic textbook, fully in line with the most recent developments in dental nursing practice and education

    ·         Caters especially for the NEBDN National Diploma in Dental Nursing

    ·         Outlines the latest GDC standards for dental nurses

    ·         Key Learning Points in every chapter to help readers master essential information

    Packed with illustrations and diagrams to assist with aiding comprehension, this student-friendly text is ideal for dental nurses studying for the NEBDN National Diploma in Dental Nursing. It will also be of great benefit to dental nurses studying for the City & Guilds Diploma in Dental Nursing, Level 3.




    Introduction to the Twelfth Edition vii

    Introduction to the First Edition ix

    Acknowledgements x

    Abbreviations xi

    About the Companion Website xiv

    Chapter 1: Structure of the Dental Profession 1

    Chapter 2: The Dental Nurse 12

    Chapter 3: Legal and Ethical Issues 35

    Chapter 4: Health and Safety in the Dental Workplace 118

    Chapter 5: General Anatomy and Physiology 168

    Chapter 6: Medical Emergencies 201

    Chapter 7: Microbiology and Pathology 234

    Chapter 8: Infection Control and Cleanliness 261

    Chapter 9: Head and Neck Anatomy and Physiology 308

    Chapter 10: Oral Anatomy and Physiology 326

    Chapter 11: Oral Disease 353

    Chapter 12: Oral Health Assessment and Diagnosis 392

    Chapter 13: Oral Health Promotion and Disease Prevention 450

    Chapter 14: Pain and Anxiety Control 493

    Chapter 15: Restorative Dentistry 527

    Chapter 16: Prosthodontics 592

    Chapter 17: Extractions and Minor Oral Surgery 659

    Chapter 18: Extended Duties of the Dental Nurse 695

    Index 749


  • 20000lei 180.00 lei




    The essential guide for all dental students, trainees, and practitioners

    New chapter on the essentials of dental implants

    Fully updated, including rapidly moving fields such as therapeutics, dental materials, and digital dentistry

    Emphasizes universally relevant clinical knowledge and skills throughout

    Summary boxes provided throughout to facilitate understanding and highlight important issues

    New to this Edition:

    New full chapter on dental implants

    Updated periodontal classification

    Updated information on the management of patients taking anticoagulants and antiplatelets

    Updated guidance on medical emergencies management

    Updated drug doses and frequencies in accordance with the BNF

    Inclusion of the new enhanced CPD guidance

    New key texts and references

    Expanded practice management chapter, reorganised with more detailed content that is easier to follow


  • 19800lei 180.00 lei



    Covers essential orthodontic theory for dental hygienists and dental therapists 

    Clear, comprehensive, and easy to read, Orthodontics for Dental Hygienists and Dental Therapists outlines orthodontic theory and explains clinical techniques, without assuming prior knowledge. By learning the orthodontic mechanics and fundamentals, dental hygiene and therapy students can become valuable team members in an orthodontic practice.

    Written in a student-friendly style, the text begins by outlining craniofacial growth and tooth development, orthodontic assessment, and biomechanics and anchorage, before introducing fixed and removable appliances, class I, II and III treatment principles, and cleft palate treatment, and ending with a chapter on adult orthodontics. 

    • Student-friendly guide to essential orthodontic theory and clinical techniques for dental hygienists, dental therapists, and oral health therapists
    • Superbly illustrated with explanations on terminologies, orthodontic appliances, instruments, and procedures
    • Features multiple choice questions at the end of each chapter and interactive self-assessment questions on a companion website to help you test your knowledge

    The ideal overall introduction to orthodontics, Orthodontics for Dental Hygienists and Dental Therapists is an indispensable companion for those wishing to pursue a career in orthodontic practices after graduation.


    Table of Contents:


    1.    1 Scope of Practice and Competency

    2.    Dentists

    3.    Oral Health Therapists

    4.    Dental Hygienists

    5.    Dental Therapists

    6.    Orthodontic Treatment

    7.    Orthodontic Indices

    8.    References

    9.    Further Reading

    10.  2 Growth and Development

    11.  Craniofacial Growth and Development

    12.  Prenatal Developmental Phases

    13.  Craniofacial Postnatal Development

    14.  Tooth Development

    15.  References

    16.  Further Reading

    17.  SelfEvaluation

    18.  3 Orthodontic Assessment and Treatment Planning Strategies

    19.  Data Collection

    20.  Clinical Examination

    21.  Records

    22.  Treatment Planning Strategies

    23.  References

    24.  Further Reading

    25.  SelfEvaluation

    26.  4 Biomechanics and Treatment Principles

    27.  Biomechanics

    28.  The Mechanics of Tooth Movement

    29.  The Biology of Tooth Movement

    30.  Orthodontic Forces

    31.  Anchorage

    32.  References

    33.  Further Reading

    34.  SelfEvaluation

    35.  5 Fixed Appliances and Orthodontic Instruments

    36.  Fixed Appliances

    37.  Oral Hygiene and Maintenance

    38.  Orthodontic Instruments

    39.  References

    40.  Further Reading

    41.  SelfEvaluation

    42.  6 Treatment for Class I Malocclusion

    43.  Spacing and Crowding

    44.  Ectopic and Impacted Canines

    45.  Cross Bite

    46.  Open Bite

    47.  Reference

    48.  Further Reading

    49.  SelfEvaluation

    50.  7 Treatment for Class II Malocclusion

    51.  Principles of Treatment for Class II Malocclusion

    52.  Functional Appliances and Headgear

    53.  Care Instructions for Functional Appliances

    54.  Class II Division 1

    55.  Class II Division 2

    56.  Reference

    57.  Further Reading

    58.  SelfEvaluation

    59.  8 Treatment for Class III Malocclusion

    60.  Treatment in Mixed Dentition

    61.  Treatment in Permanent Dentition

    62.  Summary

    63.  Reference

    64.  Further Reading

    65.  SelfEvaluation

    66.  9 Treatment for Cleft Palate

    67.  Palate Formation

    68.  Treatment of Cleft Palate

    69.  Reference

    70.  Further Reading

    71.  SelfEvaluation

    72.  10 Retention

    73.  Importance of Retention

    74.  Fixed Retainers

    75.  Bonding Fixed Retainers

    76.  Removable Retainers

    77.  SelfEvaluation

    78.  11 Adult Orthodontics

    79.  Orthognathic Surgery

    80.  Maxillary Surgical Procedures

    81.  Mandibular Surgical Procedures

    82.  Bimaxillary Osteotomy

    83.  PostCondylar Cartilage Graft

    84.  Case Study

    85.  Clear Aligners

    86.  Lingual Braces

    87.  References

    88.  Further Reading

    89.  SelfEvaluation

    90.  SelfEvaluation Answers

    91.  Chapter 2

    92.  Chapter 3

    93.  Chapter 4

    94.  Chapter 5

    95.  Chapter 6

    96.  Chapter 7

    97.  Chapter 8

    98.  Chapter 9

    99.  Chapter 10

    100.               Chapter 11


  • 20000lei 180.00 lei

    Now in its second edition, the Oxford Handbook of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery has been fully updated to reflect current guidelines, with new images and annotated x-rays to support the text.

    Split into sections based on clinical areas, vital knowledge is distilled into bullets and summary boxes for quick and easy reference. Covering all common complaints likely to arise in everyday duties, alongside a dedicated emergencies section, this handbook ensures all trainees from both medical and dental backgrounds, specialist nurses, and medical students, gain a solid understanding of oral and maxillofacial surgical presentations, practices, and procedures.


    1. Overview
    2. Basic knowledge
    3. Radiology
    4. In the emergency department
    5. In the clinic
    6. In theatre
    7. On the ward
    8. Essential skills
    9. Oral medicine
    10. Emergencies
    11. Commonly used drugs and dental materials
    12. People with whom you will be working
    13. Eponyms and maxillofacial syndromes

  • 18600lei 180.00 lei



    An illustrated guide to oral and maxillofacial surgery, written by dental nurses for dental nurses

    Basic Guide to Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery will help you understand the role of the dental nurse in oral and maxillofacial surgical procedures. Written in a highly accessible style, comprehensive coverage includes anatomy of the head and neck, pain and anxiety control, assessment clinics, equipment selection, extractions, soft tissue lesions, and trauma and more complex procedures.

    Key features include:

    ·         Learning outcomes at the start of each chapter, and full-colour photographs and line drawings throughout

    ·         An overview of the maxillofacial team, the referral process and the legal aspects of maxillofacial procedures

    ·         Clear explanations of the various duties performed by dental nurses during oral and maxillofacial surgery

    Basic Guide to Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery is suitable for dental nurses working in practice or specialist maxillofacial units, and is also ideal for student dental nurses working towards the NEBDN National Diploma in Dental Nursing.



    How to use this book vii

    Acknowledgements ix

    1 Introduction 1

    2 Anatomy of the head, neck and skull 9

    3 Pain and anxiety control 25

    4 Assessment clinics, equipment and medicaments used during complex procedures 47

    5 Extractions 59

    6 Soft tissue lesions and conditions of the mouth, and methods of their investigation 89

    7 Trauma and complex procedures 105


  • 195.00 lei



    Corresponding to the content in the text, this comprehensive workbook provides a complete look at the bones, muscles, veins, glands, nerves, lymph nodes, and more of the head and neck. Detailed, high-quality images and a wealth of interactive learning exercises help reinforce challenging dental anatomy content and ensure that you fully grasp these foundational building blocks of oral health care.


    • Comprehensive dental anatomy coverage reinforces student knowledge of all the key structures in the head and neck.
    • Labeling and vocabulary review exercises aid students with memorization and recall.
    • Review questions correlated with chapter coverage help students prepare for course quizzes and tests, as well as certification exams.
    • Case studies challenge students to apply their critical thinking skills to real-world patient scenarios.
    • Forty removable flashcards focus on body systems of the head and neck and are ideal for on-the-go study.
    • Punched and perforated pages make it easy for students to submit workbook exercises as course assignments.

    Table Of Contents:

    Structure Identification Exercises
    Clinical Examination Exercises
    Glossary Exercises
    Review Exercises
    Summary Case Study Exercises



  • 210.00 lei


    The new edition of this textbook is a practical guide to dental anatomy, physiology and occlusion for students.

    Divided into nine sections, each chapter features numerous photographs, tables, boxes, flowcharts and diagrams with descriptions.

    The second edition has been fully revised to provide students with the latest advances in the field. A new chapter on tooth carving is included.

    Differences between types of tooth are illustrated in tabular form and a summary chart enables quick revision.

    MCQs are provided to help students prepare for theory and viva voce examinations.

    Key points

    • Practical guide to dental anatomy, physiology and occlusion for students
    • Fully revised, second edition with new chapter on tooth carving
    • Includes summary charts and MCQs for quick revision


    Table of Contents:



    • Introduction to Dental Anatomy

    • Tooth Notation Systems


    • Chronology of Tooth Development

    • Form and Function of Orofacial Complex


    • Evolution of Teeth, Comparative Dental Anatomy and Forensic Odontology

    • Dental Anthropology


     • Primary (Deciduous) Dentition

    • Differences between Primary and Permanent Dentitions


    • The Permanent Maxillary Incisors

    • The Permanent Mandibular Incisors

     • The Permanent Canines

    • The Permanent Maxillary Premolars

     • The Permanent Mandibular Premolars

    • The Permanent Maxillary Molars

    • The Permanent Mandibular Molars

    • Pulp Morphology


     • Dento-osseous Structures: Blood Supply, Lymphatics and Innervation

    • Temporomandibular Joint


    • Occlusion


    • Functions of Teeth, Phonetics, mastication and Deglutition


    • Tooth Carving – Rationale, Armamentarium and Step-by-step Procedure

  • Essential Dental Therapeutics
    La comanda in aproximativ 4 saptamani
    22600lei 215.00 lei




    Essential Dental Therapeutics is a practical guide to drugs and their effects on dental care. Covering both medical and dental prescribing, all major categories of prescription drugs, their possible side effects, and potential drug interactions are discussed.  The medical section is succinct and easily understandable, providing busy dentists with the information they need about medical conditions and the drugs used to treat them. The dental section offers practical, straightforward information that is relevant to everyday dental prescribing. 

    All clinical contributing authors are medically and dentally trained, and both strands are fully integrated throughout the text. Readers can test their knowledge by using the key topics and learning objectives at the start of each chapter, and by accessing the companion website featuring self-assessment questions. Essential Dental Therapeutics is a practical reference for dental students and practitioners, ensuring they are safe and informed in everyday practice. 


    Table of Contents:


    List of contributors vii

    Preface ix

    About the companion website xi

    1 Introduction to pharmacology and therapeutics – pharmacodynamics 1
    Alan Nimmo

    2 Introduction to pharmacology and therapeutics – pharmacokinetics 7
    Alan Nimmo

    3 Introduction to pharmacology and therapeutics – drug safety 15
    Alan Nimmo

    4 Antimicrobials – antiseptics and disinfectants 23
    Martina Shepard

    5 Antimicrobials – antibiotics 31
    Esther Hullah

    6 Antimicrobials – antifungals 41
    John Steele and Jenny Taylor

    7 Antimicrobials – antivirals 47
    John Steele and Jenny Taylor

    8 Therapeutics of pain management 53
    Roddy McMillan

    9 Corticosteroids 65
    Jenny Taylor and John Steele

    10 Fluoride and toothpaste 69
    Sabine Jurge

    11 Treatments for dry mouth 73
    Roddy McMillan

    12 Therapeutics for medical emergencies in dental practice 77
    Roddy McMillan

    13 Central nervous system 1 – mood disorders 85
    Alan Nimmo

    14 Central nervous system 2 – neurodegenerative and acquired disorders 93

    Alan Nimmo

    15 Central nervous system 3 – genetic and developmental disorders 101
    Alan Nimmo

    16 Endocrine disorders 1 109
    Alan Nimmo

    17 Endocrine disorders 2 – diabetes mellitus 117
    Alan Nimmo

    18 Cardiovascular therapeutics 125
    Roddy McMillan

    19 The respiratory system 137
    Martyn Ormond

    20 Coagulation 145
    Martina Shepard

    21 Gastrointestinal pharmacology 153
    Esther Hullah

    22 Antineoplastic therapeutics 159
    Jenny Taylor and John Steele

    23 Vitamins and minerals 167
    Sabine Jurge

    24 Musculoskeletal therapeutics 175
    Martyn Ormond


  • Dental Trauma at a Glance
    Not yet published- 4 saptamani de la data aparitiei
    24800lei 220.00 lei



    Dental Trauma at a Glance

    The marketleading at a Glance series is popular among students and newly qualified practitioners for its concise and simple approach and excellent illustrations.

    Each bitesized chapter is covered in a doublepage spread with clear, easytofollow diagrams, supported by succinct explanatory text.

    Covering a wide range of topics, books in the at a Glance series are ideal as introductory texts for teaching, learning and revision and are useful throughout university and beyond.

    Everything you need to know about Dental Trauma … at a Glance!

    Written in a short and concise manner, Dental Trauma at a Glance is a practical reference that contains essential information on the safe and effective clinical management of acute adult dental trauma injuries.

    The book addresses the numerous types of adult dental injuries and contains guidance on how the correct identification and treatment of these injuries can be time sensitive. Filled with helpful illustrations and photographs, the text is formatted in a step-by-step manner for the reader to arrive at the correct diagnosis and the most up-to-date management for safe and optimum patient care.

    ·         Provides the most contemporary must-have information for the clinical management of acute adult dental trauma

    ·         Its format is quick and easy to use

    ·         Offers a highly illustrated text with quality clinical photographs to aid with learning and revision

    ·         Provides an understanding of traumatic adult dental injuries, their healing and an insight into their longer-term sequelae

    A new addition to the popular at a Glance series, Dental Trauma at a Glance is an indispensable hands-on guide for dental students and general dental practitioners.

    Accompanied by a companion website at www.wiley.com/go/alani/dental_trauma featuring:

    ·         Multiple-choice questions to aid learning

    ·         All figures from the book as downloadable PowerPoint slides


    1 Risk Factors for Dental Trauma

    2 Prevention of Dental Trauma

    3 Essential Armamentarium

    4 Examination of Dental Trauma

    5 Infraction   

    6 Enamel Fracture

    7 Enamel-Dentine Fracture

    8 Enamel-Dentine-Pulp Fracture

    9 Crown-Root Fracture

    10 Crown-Root Fracture with Pulp Involvement

    11 Root Fracture

    12 Alveolar Process Fracture

    13 Concussion

    14 Subluxation

    15 Extrusion Luxation

    16 Intrusive Luxation

    17 Lateral Luxation

    18 Principles of Luxations and  Repositioning

    19 Avulsion of a Closed Apex Tooth

    20 Principles of Splinting

    21 Post-Operative Instructions

    22 Follow Up and Splint Removal

    23 Indications for Endodontic Treatment

    24 Sclerosis

    25 Discolouration

    26 Managing the Open Apex

    27 Root Resorption – External Replacement

    28 Root Resorption – External Cervical

    29 Root resorption - Internal Inflammatory

    30 Tooth Replacement Options

    31 Autotransplantation

    32 Roles of Orthodontic Treatment





  • 24800lei 220.00 lei



    A practical and colourful introductory guide, Endodontology at a Glance covers all the essential topics (diagnosis, endodontic therapy, pain management and outcome of treatment) as well as the recent developments that comprise the field of endodontology. Written by experts in the field, the book explores the causes and sequelae of endodontic disease and offers suggestions for taking an effective patient history.

    New addition to the At a Glance series covering a core area of dentistry

    Review style makes for the ideal revision companion

    Includes access to a companion website with MCQs for self-assessment and downloadable images for use in teaching



    Dedications v

    About the companion website ix

    Part 1 Disease processes in endodontology 1

    1 The causes and sequelae of endodontic disease 2

    2 Microbiology of apical periodontitis 4

    3 Resorption 6

    Part 2 Diagnosis 9

    4 History taking 10

    5 Examination and special tests 12

    6 Pulp testing 14

    7 Radiographic imaging for endodontics 16

    Part 3 Endodontic therapy 19

    8 Vital pulp therapy 20

    9 Root canal morphology 22

    10 Access cavity design 24

    11 Mechanical preparation of the root canals 26

    12 Irrigation 28

    13 Root canal medicaments 30

    14 Endodontic files 32

    15 Endodontic armamentarium 34

    16 Obturation 36

    17 Root canal retreatment 38

    18 Surgical endodontic treatment 40

    Part 4 Pain and pain management 43

    19 Odontogenic and non-odontogenic pain 44

    20 Local anaesthesia in endodontics 46

    21 Pain management in endodontics 48

    Part 5 Outcome of endodontic treatment 51

    22 Outcome of root canal treatment 52

    23 Outcome of root canal surgery 54

    Part 6 Endodontology and other aspects of dentistry 57

    24 Endodontic–periodontic interface 58

    25 Endodontic–orthodontic interface 60

    26 Restoration of the endodontically treated tooth 62

    27 Paediatric endodontics 64

    28 Endodontics in the older population 66

    29 Retain or replace? 68

    30 Teeth whitening 70

    Part 7 Trauma 73

    31 Assessment of traumatic injuries 74

    32 Management of crown fractures 76

    33 Management of (crown-) root fractures 78

    34 Management of luxation injuries 80

    35 Management of avulsed teeth 82

    Part 8 Risk management 85

    36 Risk management in endodontics 86

    Index 88


  • Pocket Atlas of Oral Diseases
    La comanda in aproximativ 4 saptamani
    26300lei 230.00 lei



    The complete pictorial guide to oral diseases, a pocket-sized bestseller now in its third edition

    Laskaris' Pocket Atlas of Oral Diseases is a practical interdisciplinary pocket reference for dentists, dermatologists, otolaryngologists, primary care practitioners, and dental and medical students.

    This popular book provides comprehensive guidance on the diagnosis and treatment of an exhaustive range of oral diseases. The fully revised and updated third edition includes over 40 new conditions.

    Highlights include:

    Full coverage of both local and systemic oral diseases

    Consistently structured texts describe each condition, covering definition, etiology, clinical features, lab tests, differential diagnosis, and treatment

    418 high-resolution color photographs, most are new for this edition

    The Pocket Atlas of Oral Diseases is a superb and convenient pocket reference of invaluable practical use to any clinician involved in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the oral cavity.


    Table of Contents:


    Introduction to Oral Medicine

    Schematic Classification of Oral Diseases

    1 White Lesions

    1.1 Leukoplakia

    1.2 Hairy Leukoplakia

    1.3 Lichen Planus

    1.4 Lichenoid Reactions

    1.5 Linea Alba

    1.6 Nicotinic Stomatitis

    1.7 Cigarette Smoker’s Lip Lesions

    1.8 Uremic Stomatitis

    1.9 Cinnamon Contact Stomatitis

    1.10 Chemical Burn

    1.11 Candidiasis

    1.12 Chronic Biting

    1.13 Materia Alba of the Gingiva

    1.14 Fordyce’s Granules

    1.15 Leukoedema

    1.16 White Sponge Nevus

    1.17 Dyskeratosis Congenita

    1.18 Pachyonychia Congenita

    1.19 Focal Palmoplantar and Oral Mucosa Hyperkeratosis Syndrome

    1.20 Mucosal Horn

    1.21 Papilloma

    1.22 Verrucous Carcinoma

    1.23 Squamous Cell Carcinoma

    1.24 Skin and Mucosal Grafts

    1.25 Epithelial Peeling

    2 Red Lesions

    2.1 Traumatic Hematoma

    2.2 Thermal Burn

    2.3 Radiation Oral Mucositis

    2.4 Oral Lesions Secondary to Fellatio and Cunnilingus

    2.5 Geographic Tongue

    2.6 Denture Stomatitis

    2.7 Candidiasis Erythematous

    2.8 Erythroplakia

    2.9 Squamous Cell Carcinoma

    2.10 Plasma Cell Gingivitis

    2.11 Granulomatous Gingivitis

    2.12 Desquamative Gingivitis

    2.13 Linear Gingival Erythema

    2.14 Contact Allergic Stomatitis

    2.15 Gonococcal Stomatitis

    2.16 Hemangioma

    2.17 Angiolymphoid Hyperplasia with Eosinophilia

    2.18 Lupus Erythematosus

    2.19 Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia

    2.20 Iron Deficiency Anemia

    2.21 Thrombocytopenia

    2.22 Infectious Mononucleosis

    2.23 Reactive Arthritis

    2.24 Psoriasis

    2.25 Sturge–Weber Angiomatosis

    2.26 Peripheral Ameloblastoma

    3 Black and Brown Lesions

    3.1 Racial Pigmentation

    3.2 Amalgam Tattoo

    3.3 Heavy Metal Deposition

    3.4 Drug-Induced Pigmentation

    3.5 Smoker’s Melanosis

    3.6 Black Hairy Tongue

    3.7 Oral Melanoacanthoma

    3.8 Ephelides

    3.9 Lentigo Simplex

    3.10 Lentigo Maligna

    3.11 Melanocytic Nevi

    3.12 Nevus of Ota

    3.13 Malignant Melanoma

    3.14 Addison’s Disease

    3.15 Peutz–Jeghers Syndrome

    4 Vesiculobullous Lesions

    4.1 Primary Herpetic Gingivostomatitis

    4.2 Secondary Herpetic Stomatitis

    4.3 Herpes Zoster

    4.4 Herpangina

    4.5 Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease

    4.6 Erythema Multiforme

    4.7 Stevens–Johnson Syndrome

    4.8 Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis

    4.9 Pemphigus

    4.10 Mucous Membrane Pemphigoid

    4.11 Bullous Pemphigoid

    4.12 Pemphigoid Gestationis

    4.13 Linear IgA Disease

    4.14 Dermatitis Herpetiformis

    4.15 Bullous Lichen Planus

    4.16 Epidermolysis Bullosa

    4.17 Epidermolysis Bullosa Acquisita

    4.18 Angina Bullosa Hemorrhagica

    4.19 Primary Systemic Amyloidosis

    4.20 Traumatic Bulla

    4.21 Pyostomatitis Vegetans

    5 Ulcerative Lesions

    5.1 Traumatic Ulcer

    5.2 Eosinophilic Ulcer

    5.3 Necrotizing Sialadenometaplasia

    5.4 Necrotizing Ulcerative Gingivitis

    5.5 Noma

    5.6 Chronic Ulcerative Stomatitis

    5.7 Syphilis

    5.8 Tuberculosis

    5.9 Systemic Mycoses

    5.10 Aphthous Ulcers

    5.11 Adamantiades–Behçet’s Disease

    5.12 Graft Versus Host Disease

    5.13 Wegener’s Granulomatosis

    5.14 Nasal Type-Extranodal NK/T-Cell Lymphoma

    5.15 Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphomas

    5.16 Squamous Cell Carcinoma

    5.17 Neutropenia

    5.18 Cyclic Neutropenia

    5.19 Congenital Neutropenia

    5.20 Agranulocytosis

    5.21 Bone Marrow Aplasia

    5.22 Myelodysplastic Syndrome

    5.23 Leukemia

    5.24 Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis

    5.25 Glycogen Storage Disease, Type 1b

    5.26 PFAPA Syndrome

    5.27 Sweet’s Syndrome

    5.28 Staphylococcal Infection

    5.29 Pseudomonas Infection

    5.30 Klebsiella Infection

    5.31 Cytomegalovirus Infection

    6 Papillary Lesions

    6.1 Papilloma

    6.2 Condyloma Acuminatum

    6.3 Verruca Vulgaris

    6.4 Verruciform Xanthoma

    6.5 Verrucous Leukoplakia

    6.6 Verrucous Carcinoma

    6.7 Squamous Cell Carcinoma

    6.8 Denture Fibrous Hyperplasia

    6.9 Crohn’s Disease

    6.10 Malignancy-Associated Acanthosis Nigricans

    6.11 Benign Acanthosis Nigricans

    6.12 Darier’s Disease

    6.13 Papillary Palatal Hyperplasia

    6.14 Focal Dermal Hypoplasia

    7 Gingival Enlargement

    7.1 Generalized Enlargement

    7.2 Localized Enlargement

    8 Soft-Tissue Tumors

    8.1 Benign

    8.2 Malignant

    8.3 Miscellaneous

    9 Soft-Tissue Cysts

    9.1 Mucocele

    9.2 Ranula

    9.3 Dermoid Cyst

    9.4 Lymphoepithelial Cyst

    9.5 Eruption Cyst

    9.6 Gingival Cysts of the Newborn

    9.7 Gingival Cyst of the Adult

    9.8 Thyroglossal Duct Cyst

    9.9 Nasolabial Cyst

    9.10 Incisive Papilla Cyst

    10 Bone Swellings

    10.1 Torus Mandibularis

    10.2 Torus Palatinus

    10.3 Multiple Exostoses

    10.4 Osteoma

    10.5 Osteosarcoma

    10.6 Chondrosarcoma

    10.7 Burkitt’s Lymphoma

    10.8 Multiple Myeloma

    10.9 Ewing’s Sarcoma

    10.10 Cherubism

    10.11 Fibrous Dysplasia

    10.12 Gardner’s Syndrome

    10.13 Paget’s Disease

    10.14 Odontogenic Tumors

    11 Neck Swellings

    11.1 Cervical Lymphoepithelial Cyst

    11.2 Thyroglossal Duct Cyst

    11.3 Dermoid Cyst

    11.4 Cystic Hygroma

    11.5 Nonspecific Lymphadenitis

    11.6 Submandibular Sialadenitis

    11.7 Tuberculosis

    11.8 Heerfordt’s Syndrome

    11.9 Sjögren’s Syndrome

    11.10 Hodgkin’s Disease

    11.11 Metastatic Carcinoma in the Cervical Lymph Nodes

    12 Lip Disorders

    12.1 Cheilitis Glandularis

    12.2 Cheilitis Granulomatosa

    12.3 Melkersson–Rosenthal Syndrome

    12.4 Exfoliative Cheilitis

    12.5 Contact Cheilitis

    12.6 Actinic Cheilitis

    12.7 Angular Cheilitis

    12.8 Lip-Licking Cheilitis and Dermatitis

    12.9 Median Lip Fissure

    12.10 Angioedema

    12.11 Lymphedema due to Radiation

    12.12 Systemic Diseases

    13 Tongue Disorders

    13.1 Disorders

    13.2 Normal Elements



  • 230.00 lei


    Book Description:

    This is a revised edition of a bestselling handbook. The authors have fully updated the text to include the most up to date treatment options, have added a section on head and neck imaging (CT/MRI), a series of self-test clinical cases, and 100 new photographs.

    The book uses a symptom-based approach to assist the clinician in the diagnosis and management of those conditions that fall into the speciality of oral medicine. Dealing first with normal anatomy, physical examination and investigation—particularly lesional biopsy, hematological assessment and microbiological sampling—the authors cover all areas of those diseases, local and systemic, that manifest themselves in the lips and mouth. Conditions are grouped under their principal presenting sign—blistering, white patches, red patches, swelling, pigmentation, pain, dry mouth, altered taste, and halitosis.

    This comprehensive handbook is of value to professionals and trainees in medicine, dentistry and pathology.


    Table of Contents:


    Preface (First edition)
    Preface (Second edition)

    A symptom-based approach to diagnosis
    Clinical examination
    Normal structures
    Special investigation of orofacial disease
    Salivary gland investigations
    Imaging techniques

    General approach
    Traumatic ulceration
    Recurrent aphthous stomatitis
    Behçet’s disease
    Cyclic neutropenia
    Squamous cell carcinoma
    Necrotizing sialometaplasia
    Epstein–Barr virus-associated ulceration
    Bisphononate-related osteonecrosis of the jaws
    Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis
    Erosive lichen planus
    Lichenoid reaction
    Graft versus host disease
    Radiotherapy-induced mucositis

    General approach
    Primary herpetic gingivostomatitis
    Recurrent herpes simplex infection
    Chickenpox and shingles
    Hand, foot, and mouth disease
    Epidermolysis bullosa
    Erythema multiforme
    Mucous membrane pemphigoid
    Linear IgA disease
    Dermatitis herpetiformis
    Angina bullosa hemorrhagica

    White patches
    General approach
    Lichen planus
    Lichenoid reaction
    Lupus erythematosus
    Chemical burn
    Pseudomembranous candidosis (thrush, candidiasis)
    Chronic hyperplastic candidosis (candidal leukoplakia)
    White sponge nevus
    Dyskeratosis congenita
    Frictional keratosis
    Nicotinic stomatitis (smoker’s keratosis)
    Squamous cell carcinoma
    Skin graft
    Hairy leukoplakia
    Pyostomatitis vegetans
    Submucous fibrosis
    Cartilagenous choristoma

    General approach
    Radiation therapy mucositis
    Contact hypersensitivity reaction
    Lichen planus
    Acute erythematous (atrophic) candidois (candidiasis)
    Chronic erythematous (atrophic) candidosis (candidiasis)
    Median rhomboid glossitis (superficial midline glossitis, central papillary atrophy)
    Angular cheilitis
    Geographic tongue (benign migratory glossitis, erythema migrans, stomatitis migrans)
    Iron deficiency anemia
    Pernicious anemia
    Folic acid (folate) deficiency
    Squamous cell carcinoma
    Infectious mononucleosis (glandular fever)

    General approach
    Bacterial sialadenitis
    Viral sialadenitis (mumps)
    Sialosis (sialadenosis)
    Mucocele and ranula
    Salivary gland tumor (major gland)
    Squamous cell carcinoma
    Crohn’s disease
    Orofacial granulomatosis
    Paget’s disease (osteitis deformans)
    Fibroepithelial polyp (focal fibrous hyperplasia, irritation fibroma)
    Drug-induced gingival hyperplasia
    Focal epithelial hyperplasia (Heck’s disease)
    Salivary gland tumor (minor gland)
    Denture-induced hyperplasia (denture granuloma)
    Pyogenic granuloma (pregnancy epulis)
    Peripheral giant cell granuloma (giant cell epulis)
    Squamous papilloma
    Infective warts (verruca vulgaris, condylomata acuminata)
    Bone exostosis
    Sialolith (salivary stone)
    Tongue piercing

    Pigmentation (including bleeding)
    General approach
    Amalgam tattoo (focal agyrosis)
    Hemangioma (vascular nevus)
    Sturge–Weber syndrome
    Melanocytic nevus (pigmented nevus)
    Melanotic macule
    Malignant melanoma
    Kaposi’s sarcoma
    Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (Rendu– Osler–Weber disease)
    Physiological pigmentation
    Addison’s disease
    Betel nut/pan chewing
    Peutz–Jegher’s syndrome
    Black hairy tongue
    Drug-induced pigmentation
    Smoker-associated melanosis

    Orofacial pain (including sensory and motor disturbance)
    General approach
    Trigeminal neuralgia
    Glossopharyngeal neuralgia
    Postherpetic neuralgia
    Giant cell arteritis
    Burning mouth syndrome
    Atypical facial pain
    Atypical odontalgia
    Temporomandibular joint dysfunction
    Facial nerve palsy (Bell’s palsy)
    Trigeminal nerve paresthesia or anesthesia

    Dry mouth, excess salivation, coated tongue, halitosis, and altered taste
    General approach
    Xerostomia (dry mouth)
    Sjögren’s syndrome
    CREST syndrome
    Excess salivation (sialorrhea)
    Coated tongue
    Halitosis (bad breath)
    Altered taste


  • 240.00 lei

    Essential Orthodontics is a comprehensive introduction to the biological principles of orthodontics. This book covers the why, when and how of orthodontics, enabling readers to identify which individuals need to be treated, to diagnose based on individual dentofacial development, and to understand the mechanical principles and tissue responses involved. Divided into three parts, this authoritative resource covers pretreatment considerations, treatment principles of skeletal and dentoalveolar anomalies, and tissue response to orthodontic and orthopaedic forces.

    Classification of malocclusions and craniofacial growth and development are discussed, and the text explores how to distinguish between normal occlusion and malocclusions. Essential Orthodontics outlines how to perform a comprehensive orthodontic examination leading to an orthodontic diagnosis, and the formation of a treatment plan. Following a student-friendly layout with key objectives and chapter summaries, Essential Orthodontics is an accessible yet comprehensive resource for both undergraduate and postgraduate dental students.

  • Textbook of Operative Dentistry
    La comanda in aproximativ 4 saptamani
    27300lei 250.00 lei


    This book covers all the topics required in field of restorative dentistry along with latest techniques and updates needed for undergraduates (UG), postgraduate (PG) students and general practitioners. The text covers all syllabus prescribed by Dental Council of India and other foreign universities.

    ·         Includes important topics like smile designing in operative dentistry, recent advances in glass ionomers, composites, and ceramics.

    ·         Incorporates more than 1,500 clinical photographs and line diagrams for easy understanding and grasping of the subject.

    ·         Includes viva questions at the end of each chapter for students preparing for clinical examinations.

    ·         Includes questions asked in various universities for self-evaluation.

    ·         Standout boxes, flowcharts, tables for making operative dentistry interesting and easy.

    ·         Includes synopsis of topics related to restorative dentistry for quick recall of the values and their significance.


  • Basic Guide to Orthodontic Dental Nursing 2nd Edition
    La comanda in aproximativ 4 saptamani
    27500lei 255.00 lei



    An updated second edition of the essential reference for any dental nurse undertaking the NEBDN qualification in Orthodontic Dental Nursing

    The revised second edition of Basic Guide to Orthodontic Dental Nursing is a comprehensive guide that offers an introduction for students seeking to develop their knowledge and understanding of this core area of clinical practice.

    Written in a clear and accessible format, it covers key subjects such as tooth eruption patterns, removable and fixed appliances, de-bonding and retention. It also contains information on care prior to treatment including the requirements for a first appointment and a helpful guide on maintaining motivation particularly for young patients and their parents.

    ·         Presents essential information on orthodontic dental nursing

    ·         Is written for trainee dental nurses undertaking the National Examining Board for Dental Nurses (NEBDN) qualification in Orthodontic Dental Nursing

    ·         Covers key topics such as tooth eruption patterns, removable and fixed appliances, de-bonding and retention

    ·         Includes colour illustrations and updated photographs throughout

    Designed to reflect sections of the syllabus of the NEBDN Certificate in Orthodontic Dental Nursing, the second edition of Basic Guide to Orthodontic Dental Nursing is an invaluable resource for all dental nurses with an interest in orthodontics.



    Foreword to Second Edition ix

    How to use this book xi

    Acknowledgements xiii

    1 Definition of orthodontics and factors influencing orthodontic treatment 1

    2 The first appointment 13

    3 Occlusal indices 35

    4 Motivation 45

    5 Leaflets 53

    6 Oral hygiene 59

    7 Removable appliances 71

    8 Transpalatal arches, lingual arches and quad helix 85

    9 Rapid maxillary expansion 93

    10 Headgear 101

    11 Functional appliances 109

    12 Temporary anchorage devices and magnets 119

    13 Fixed appliances: what they do and what is used 127

    14 Fixed appliances: direct bonding 161

    15 Fixed appliances: indirect bonding and lingual orthodontics 177

    16 Ectopic canines 187

    17 Debonding 197

    18 Retention and retainers 203

    19 Aligners 215

    20 Multi-disciplinary orthodontics 225

    21 Adult orthodontics 241

    22 Mandibular advancement devices 249

    23 Study models and digital storage of records 259

    24 Descriptions and photographs of the most commonly used instruments and auxiliaries 267

    25 Certificate in Orthodontic Nursing, extended duties and ongoing training 295

    26 Orthodontic therapists 305

    27 The Orthodontic National Group for Dental Nurses and Therapists 311

    Useful contacts 315

    Glossary 319

    Index 327


  • 260.00 lei



    Prepare for success on the board exam with this concise, case-based review! Newman and Carranza's Essentials of Clinical Periodontology - An Integrated Study Companion provides core information on periodontology and implant dentistry in a format that reflects the current, case-based U.S. National Board Dental Examination. Each chapter ends with a case-based exercise, allowing you to apply your knowledge to the practice setting. Like the well-known Newman and Carranza’s Clinical Periodontology textbook, it covers everything from basic science and fundamental procedures to advanced techniques in reconstructive, esthetic, and implant therapy - but with a focus on need-to-know content. Written by periodontology experts Michael Newman, Irina Dragan, Satheesh Elangovan, and Archana Karan, this illustrated study guide includes both a print book and a fully searchable Expert Consult eBook.


    Fast Facts include important, exam-oriented, take-home messages as points from the corresponding chapters of Newman and Carranza's Clinical Periodontology, 13th Edition.

    Clinical Tips highlight concepts with direct clinical correlations, also from the corresponding chapters of Newman and Carranza's Clinical Periodontology, 13th Edition.

    Clinical Problem Solving includes one case-based learning exercise per chapter as well as questions and solutions with explanations.

    Basic science and background information explains clinical correlations.

    Fully searchable text on Expert Consult website includes additional resources such as interactive quizzing and group work questions.



    Table Of Contents:

    1. Evidence Based Clinical Practice
    2. Anatomy, Structure and Function of the Periodontium
    3. Periodontal Disease Classification
    4. Periodontal Disease Pathogenesis
    5. Periodontal Microbiology
    6. Host-Microbiome Interactions
    7. Resolution of Inflammation
    8. Local Predisposing Factors for Periodontal Disease
    9. Influence of Smoking and Systemic Conditions in Periodontal Disease
    10. Genetics of Periodontal Disease Risk and Treatment
    11. Impact of Periodontal Infection on Systemic Health
    12. Gingiva: Defense Mechanisms and Inflammation
    13. Gingivitis and Acute Gingival Infections
    14. Gingival Enlargement and Desquamative Gingivitis
    15. Periodontal Pocket, Bone Loss and Patterns of Bone Loss
    16. Occlusal Forces and Masticatory System Disorders that Influence the Periodontium
    17. Periodontitis
    18. NUP and Management Considerations for Patients with Human Immunodeficiency Virus
    19. Clinical and Radiographic Evaluation in Periodontics
    20. Periodontal Risk and Prognosis
    21. Periodontal Treatment Planning and Rationale for Treatment
    22. Periodontal Treatment in Medically Compromised Patients
    23. Periodontal Treatment of Older Adults 
    24. Periodontal Treatment of Female Patients
    25. Treatment of Acute Gingival and Periodontal Conditions
    26. Diagnosis and Management of Endodontic-Periodontic Lesions
    27. Plaque Control
    28. Non-Surgical Periodontal Therapy
    29. Antibiotics and Host Modulation for Periodontal Diseases
    30. Occlusal Evaluation and Therapy
    31. General Indications and Principles of Periodontal Surgery
    32. Periodontal and Peri-implant Surgical Anatomy
    33. Pocket Reduction Surgery – Resective Approach
    34. Pocket Reduction Surgery – Regenerative Approach
    35. Management of Furcation Involvement
    36. Periodontal Plastic and Esthetic Surgery
    37. Lasers in Periodontics
    38. Periodontics – Restorative Interrelationships
    39. Results of Periodontal Treatment and Future Supportive Periodontal Care
    40. Peri-impant Anatomy, Biology, and Function
    41. Clinical Evaluation of the Implant Patient
    42. Diagnostic Imaging for the Implant Patient
    43. Dental Implants: Prosthetic Considerations
    44. Implant Surgical Procedures
    45. Implant Site Development
    46. Advances in Dental Implantology: Microsurgery, Piezo Surgery and Digitally Assisted Implant Surgery
    47. Complications in Dental Implantology
    48. Results of Implant Treatment and Future Supportive Implant Care



  • 29500lei 270.00 lei



    A step-by-step guide to practical care planning and management of a wide variety of clinical case scenarios encountered in the primary and secondary dental care setting. Covering all the core aspects of oral health care delivery, Clinical Problem Solving in Dentistry 4th edition is a great value resource useful to all general dental practitioners and dental therapists, both qualified and in training, undergraduates or postgraduates alike.


    • Explores care planning and treatment alternatives and evaluates their advantages and disadvantages as well as medico-legal implications

    • Integrates material from all the dental disciplines in order to cover an extensive range of clinical problems which will be encountered in daily practice

    • A practical approach to learning - includes a large number of real-life clinical cases including those relevant to new techniques and issues such as implantology, use of CAD-CAM, CBCT (cone beam computed tomography)

    • Designed to help the reader use the knowledge gained in a clinically useful, practically applied format

    • Highly visual guide with more than 350 colour illustrations, artwork and tables presenting clinical, diagnostic and practical information in an easy-to-follow structure

    Table Of Contents:

    1 A high caries rate/risk patient

    2 A multilocular radiolucency

    3 An unpleasant surprise

    4 Gingival recession

    5 Multiple missing anterior teeth and a class III incisor relationship

    6 An unsettled patient

    7 A dry mouth

    8 Painful trismus

    9 A deep carious lesion

    10 A lump on the gingiva

    11 Pain on biting

    12 CAD/CAM Fixed Prosthodontics

    13 Sudden collapse

    14 A difficult young child

    15 Pain after extraction

    16 A numb lip

    17 A loose anterior tooth

    18 Oroantral fistula

    19 Troublesome mouth ulcers

    20 A lump in the neck

    21 Trauma causing displacement of an upper central incisor (JB)

    22 Hypoglycaemia

    23 A tooth lost at teatime

    24 A problem with an overdenture

    25 Impacted lower third molars

    26 A patient presenting with an avulsed central incisor

    27 Discoloured anterior teeth

    28 A very painful mouth

    29 Caution! X-rays

    30 Whose fault is it this time?

    31 Ouch!

    32 A swollen face and pericoronitis

    33 First permanent molars

    34 A sore mouth

    35 A failed bridge

    36 Skateboarding accident?

    37 An adverse reaction

    38 Advanced periodontitis

    39 Fractured incisors

    40 An anxious patient

    41 Blisters in the oral cavity

    42 Will you see my son?

    43 Bridge design

    44 Management of anticoagulation

    45 A white patch on the tongue

    46 Another white patch on the tongue

    47 Molar endodontic treatment

    48 An endodontic problem

    49 A swollen face

    50 Missing upper lateral incisors

    51 Anterior crossbite

    52 Localised periodontitis?

    53 Unexpected findings

    54 A gap between the front teeth

    55 A lump in the palate

    56 Rapid breakdown of 6s / MIH

    57 Oral cancer

    58 A complicated extraction

    59 Difficulty in opening the mouth

    60 Erosive Tooth wear

    61 Worn front teeth

    62 A case of toothache

    63 A child with a swollen face

    64 A pain in the neck

    65 Failed endodontic treatment

    66 A pain in the head

    67 Aggressive tooth decay

    68 Should I repair or replace these restorations - the "5Rs"?

    69 Implants: planning and placement

    70 Domiciliary visits

    71 Handling a patient complaint

    72 Loose dentures/resorbed ridge form

    73 ‘Invisible braces’

    74 A swollen lip

    75 Failing implant



  • 270.00 lei




    Learn to hone your dental assisting knowledge and skills with this bestselling workbook. Featuring reinforcement exercises and application activities that correspond chapter-by-chapter to the content covered in Bird & Robinson’s Modern Dental Assisting, 13th Edition, this workbook gives you the practice you need to master both dental assisting concepts and practical office skills. The workbook comes with original practice management exercises that correspond to the Dentrix software available on Evolve. Also included are ample content review questions, case applications with questions, competency skills evaluation sheets for practice with dental assisting procedures, and a review of video procedures located on the text’s companion website.



    Seamless content correlation utilizes activities and exercises that reinforce the chapter content that you are currently learning in the main text.

    Practice and review questions for each chapter include short answer, fill-in-the-blank, multiple-choice, and abelling questions to help reinforce your understanding of terminology and concepts.

    Competency skill checklists provide clear guidelines for performing each dental assisting skill and help your evaluate your strengths and weaknesses, with pages perforated so that you can detach individual skill sheets for use in clinical settings.

    Dental assisting externship provides information and resources to support practicum.

    Patient case exercises use patients on the companion Evolve website’s Interactive Dental Office and include medical and dental histories, radiographs, and charting to help you solve problems relating to patient health issues.

    Video review sections visually reinforce your understanding of text material.

    New To This Edition:

    NEW! Information on cultural diversity grounds you in this important topic and how it relates to patient care and patient communication.

    NEW! Coverage of the latest advances in general and specialty dental care matches the updates in the text and addresses technological advancements, public health and access to care, teledentistry, infection control guidelines, the Zika virus, Ebola, the oral-systemic health connection, and more.

    NEW! Updated diagrams and visual exercises enable you to expand your visual knowledge.

    UPDATED! Removable flashcards summarize key information about the sciences, medical emergencies, infection control, radiography, dental materials, dental instruments, and dental procedures, offering convenient, on-the-go review and exam preparation.

    NEW! Updated review questions, case applications, and exercises help reinforce your understanding of terminology and concepts from the main text


    Table Of Contents:

    PART 1: The Dental Assisting Profession
    1. History of Dentistry
    2. The Professional Dental Assistant
    3. The Dental Healthcare Team
    4. Dental Ethics
    5. Dentistry and the Law

    PART 2: Sciences in Dentistry
    6. General Anatomy
    7. General Physiology
    8. Oral Embryology and Histology
    9. Head and Neck Anatomy
    10. Landmarks of the Face and Oral Cavity
    11. Overview of the Dentitions
    12. Tooth Morphology

    PART 3: Oral Health and Prevention of Dental Disease
    13. Dental Caries
    14. Periodontal Disease
    15. Preventive Dentistry
    16. Nutrition
    17. Oral Pathology

    PART 4: Infection Prevention in Dentistry
    18. Microbiology
    19. Disease Transmission and Infection Prevention
    20. Principles and Techniques of Disinfection
    21. Principles and Techniques of Instrument Processing and Sterilization

    PART 5: Occupational Health and Safety
    22 Regulatory and Advisory Agencies
    23. Chemical and Waste Management
    24. Dental Unit Waterlines
    25. Ergonomics

    PART 6: Patient Information and Assessment
    26. The Patient's Dental Record
    27. Vital Signs
    28. Oral Diagnosis and Treatment Planning
    29. The Special Needs and Medically Compromised Patient
    30. Principles of Pharmacology
    31. Assisting in a Medical Emergency

    PART 7: Foundation of Clinical Dentistry
    32. The Dental Office
    33. Delivering Dental Care
    34. Dental Hand Instruments
    35. Dental Handpieces and Accessories
    36. Moisture Control
    37. Anesthesia and Pain Control

    PART 8: Radiographic Imaging
    38. Foundations of Radiography, Radiographic Equipment, and Radiologic Safety
    39. Dental Imaging, Dental Film, and Processing Radiographs
    40. Legal Issues, Quality Assurance, and Infection Prevention
    41. Intraoral Imaging
    42. Extraoral Imaging

    PART 9: Dental Materials
    43. Restorative and Esthetic Dental Materials
    44. Dental Liners, Bases, and Bonding Systems
    45. Dental Cements
    46. Impression Materials and Techniques
    47. Laboratory Materials and Procedures

    PART 10: Assisting in Comprehensive Dental Care
    48. General Dentistry
    49. Matrix Systems for Restorative Dentistry
    50. Fixed Prosthodontics
    51. Provisional Coverage
    52. Removable Prosthodontics
    53. Dental Implants
    54. Endodontics
    55. Periodontics
    56. Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
    57. Pediatric Dentistry
    58. Coronal Polishing
    59. Dental Sealants
    60. Orthodontics

    PART 11: Dental Administration and Communication Skills
    61. Communication in the Dental Office
    62. Business Operating Systems
    63. Financial Management in the Dental Office
    64. Marketing Your Skills



  • 33500lei 275.00 lei


    A quick reference and revision guide on the most common oral and perioral diseases seen in clinical practice

    Clinical Guide to Oral Diseases is a concise reference on the common diseases encountered in daily practice. Presenting a large selection of clinical cases, this user-friendly resource covers a range of oral and perioral lesions located in hard and soft tissues of the mouth and neck, as well as oral manifestations of various systemic diseases. Nearly 300 high-quality color images complement succinct descriptions of clinical cases seen in both community and hospital care settings.

    Divided into three parts, the text first covers oral lesions classified by their color, appearance, and symptomatology such as bleeding, disturbances of saliva, taste, and orofacial pain. Part two describes the most common oral lesions by location, including those in the buccal mucosae, floor of mouth, gingivae and jaws, lips, neck, palate, salivary glands, tongue, and teeth. The third part encompasses oral lesions that are normal variations or those common to specific age groups or associated with various clinical phenomena.

    ·         Provides nearly 300 high-quality clinical photos and relevant questions to help lead readers to the proper diagnosis of common oral diseases

    ·         Contains concise tables relevant to each chapter with a list of common oral lesions and conditions

    ·         Offers MCQs of varying levels of difficulty to help readers test their knowledge in Oral Medicine

    ·         Includes clinical flow charts according to the location and duration of oral lesions

    ·         Incorporates the ICD-10 Codes of oral lesions and diseases

    Clinical Guide to Oral Diseases is a valuable reference for general dental and medical practitioners, undergraduate dental students, and postgraduate trainees in oral and maxillofacial surgery, oral medicine, oral pathology, periodontology as well as general pathology, dermatology or head and neck oncology.





    About the companion website

    Section I:

    1.            Bleeding

    2.            Blew or/and black lesions

    3.            Brown lesions

    4.            Malador

    5.            Muscles deficits(trismus/ paralysis)

    6.            Orofacial pain

    7.            Red lesions

    8.            Saliva disturbances(xerostomia/ sialorrhea)

    9.            Swellings (diffuse/lumps)

    10.          Taste deficits

    11.          Ulcerations

    12.          Vesicullobulous lesions

    13.          White lesions

    14.          Yellow lesions

    Section II:

    15.          Buccal mucosa

    16.          Floor of the mouth

    17.          Gingivae

    18.          Jaws

    19.          Lips

    20.          Neck

    21.          Palate

    22.          Salivary glands(minor/major)

    23.          Teeth

    24.          Tongue

    Section III:

    25.          Normal variations

    26.          Oral lesions according to patient’s age  

    27.          Clinical tests, signs and phenomena


  • The Principles of Endodontics
    La comanda in aproximativ 4 saptamani
    275.00 lei

    Edited by Shanon Patel and Justin J. Barnes

    ·         A practical and user-friendly introduction to the complex field of endodontics

    ·         Over 400 colour photographs and line drawings help the reader understand complex theory and procedures

    ·         Designed with the reader in mind, this book applies endodontic theory to clinical practice in a pragmatic and user-friendly way

    ·         Each chapter directs the reader to further reading for more advanced study

    New to this Edition:

    ·         New multiple choice questions help students prepare for exams

    ·         New artwork reflects the latest available materials and equipment, as well as interesting clinical cases

    ·         A new emphasis on problem solving provides practical guidance on how to manage specific clinical problems such as negotiating challenging root canals

    ·         Improved step by step guidance

    ·         New sections on iatrongenic endodontic infection and data protection



    The Principles of Endodontics, Third Edition is a contemporary and easy-to-read guide on why and how to carry out safe and effective endodontic treatment. Fully revised and updated, the third edition applies endodontic theory to clinical practice in a pragmatic and user-friendly way.

    This comprehensive guide covers the core areas of endodontics, from embryology of the dentine-pulp complex to restoration of the endodontically treated tooth. The new edition includes advice on how to solve problems that can occur during treatment, and new self-assessment questions. Fully revised, the 'How to' sections provide current step-by-step guidance. With added colour photographs and line drawings, the book reflects the latest available material and equipment, and highlights interesting clinical cases.

    The Principles of Endodontics, Third Edition is the essential text for undergraduates and a useful reference for recent graduates as well as established clinicians who want to refresh their knowledge to continue their professional development.

    Table of content:

    1. Introduction, Shanon Patel and Justin J. Barnes
    2. Life of a tooth, Federico Foschi and Sadia Ambreen Niazi
    3. Diagnosis, treatment planning, and patient management, Justin J. Barnes and Shanon Patel
    4. Preserving pulp vitality, Avijit Banerjee and Shanon Patel
    5. Root canal preparation, Edward Brady and Conor Durack
    6. Root canal filling, Conor Durack and Edward Brady
    7. Restoration of the endodontically treated tooth, Bhavin Bhuva and Francesco Mannocci
    8. Treatment outcomes, Justin J. Barnes and Shanon Patel
    9. Dealing with post-treatment disease, Shanon Patel and Shalini Kanagasingam
    10. Dento-legal aspects of endodontics, Len D'Cruz



  • Fixed Orthodontic Appliances
    La comanda in aproximativ 4 saptamani
    31500lei 280.00 lei




    This guide to fixed appliance-based orthodontics is designed to serve as a comprehensive ‘how to’ manual. With the aid of a wealth of superb illustrations, instruction is provided on all aspects of fixed appliance treatment, including bracket placement and positioning, archwire selection and engagement, use of auxiliaries, placement of fixed retainers, and wire bending. The supporting text presents important information underpinning the selection of attachments and mechanics, emphasising the relative merits and demerits of the various approaches with appropriate use of key referencing. It will offer detailed support on the use of fixed orthodontic appliances for undergraduates and postgraduates and those starting with practical orthodontic treatments, while providing a valuable refresher and reference for more experienced clinicians. 


    Table of Contents:


    Appliance Selection

    Pages 1-10

    Fleming, Padhraig (et al.)


    Orthodontic Instruments

    Pages 11-21

    Fleming, Padhraig (et al.)


    Bracket Placement and Positioning

    Pages 23-44

    Fleming, Padhraig (et al.)


    Initial Alignment

    Pages 45-60

    Fleming, Padhraig (et al.)


    Space Redistribution

    Pages 61-74

    Fleming, Padhraig (et al.)



    Pages 75-88

    Fleming, Padhraig (et al.)


    Space Closure

    Pages 89-100

    Fleming, Padhraig (et al.)


    Finishing Stages

    Pages 101-116

    Fleming, Padhraig (et al.)


    Wire Bending

    Pages 117-124

    Fleming, Padhraig (et al.)


    Removal of Fixed Appliances

    Pages 125-135

    Fleming, Padhraig (et al.)


    Orthodontic Retention

    Pages 137-144

    Fleming, Padhraig (et al.)


    Maintenance of Fixed Appliances During Treatment

    Pages 145-155

    Fleming, Padhraig (et al.)





  • An Introduction to Orthodontics
    Nu este momentan in stoc furnizor- La comanda in aproximativ 4 saptamani
    290.00 lei


    Hailed as 'superb', 'thorough', and 'contemporary', this is the essential orthodontics text for all staff involved in orthodontic treatment, whether they are dental students, orthodontic therapists, postgraduate students at the beginning of their career, or more experienced clinicians wanting an evidence-based, concise update on the foundations of contemporary orthodontic care. With over 700 illustrations and plenty of case studies, An Introduction to Orthodontics, Fifth Edition is a user-friendly introduction to the subject. Continuing its well-deserved reputation, it is the perfect starting point for learning key concepts and the practical aspects of orthodontics. The new fifth edition has been completely updated to reflect contemporary practice, including a new chapter dedicated to hypodontia and orthodontics, and a new chapter on the fastest growing area in orthodontics, clear aligners. Readers will find further reading and references at the end of each chapter, including references to appropriate Cochrane Reviews to aid revision and support clinical practice. Learning objectives, key points boxes, and instructive artwork make this an essential text for busy readers who need focused and practical learning.


    Table of Contents:


    1   The rationale for orthodontic treatment (S. K. Barber)

    1.1   Orthodontics

    1.2   Malocclusion

    1.3   Rationale for orthodontic treatment

    1.4   Potential benefits to dental health

    1.5   Potential benefits for oral health-related quality of life

    1.6   Potential risks of orthodontic treatment

    1.7   Discussing orthodontic treatment need

    2   The aetiology and classification of malocclusion (L. Mitchell)

    2.1   The aetiology of malocclusion

    2.2   Classifying malocclusion

    2.3   Commonly used classifications and indices

    2.4   Andrews’ six keys

    3   Management of the developing dentition (L. Mitchell)

    3.1   Normal dental development

    3.2   Abnormalities of eruption and exfoliation

    3.3   Mixed dentition problems

    3.4   Planned extraction of deciduous teeth

    3.5   What to refer and when

    4   Craniofacial growth and the cellular basis of tooth movement (F. R. Jenkins)

    4.1   Introduction

    4.2   Early craniofacial development

    4.3   Mechanisms of bone formation and growth

    4.4   Control of craniofacial growth

    4.5   Postnatal craniofacial growth

    4.6   Growth rotations

    4.7   Growth of the soft tissues

    4.8   Growth prediction

    4.9   The cellular basis of tooth movement

    4.10   Cellular events associated with excess force

    4.11   Cellular events during root resorption

    4.12   Summary

    5   Orthodontic assessment (S. J. Littlewood)

    5.1   Introduction to orthodontic assessment

    5.2   Taking an orthodontic history

    5.3   Clinical examination in three dimensions

    5.4   Extra-oral examination

    5.5   Intra-oral examination

    5.6   Diagnostic records

    5.7   Forming a problem list

    5.8   Case study: example case to demonstrate orthodontic assessment

    6   Cephalometrics (S. K. Barber)

    6.1   The cephalostat

    6.2   Indications for cephalometric evaluation

    6.3   Evaluating a cephalometric radiograph

    6.4   Cephalometric analysis: general points

    6.5   Commonly used cephalometric points and reference lines

    6.6   Anteroposterior skeletal pattern

    6.7   Vertical skeletal pattern

    6.8   Incisor position

    6.9   Soft tissue analysis

    6.10   Assessing growth and treatment changes

    6.11   Cephalometric errors

    6.12   3D cephalometric analysis

    7   Treatment planning (S. J. Littlewood)

    7.1   Introduction

    7.2   General objectives of orthodontic treatment

    7.3   Forming an orthodontic problem list

    7.4   Aims of orthodontic treatment

    7.5   Skeletal problems and treatment planning

    7.6   Basic principles in orthodontic treatment planning

    7.7   Space analysis

    7.8   Valid consent and the orthodontic treatment plan

    7.9   Conclusions

    7.10   Case study: example case to demonstrate treatment planning

    8   Class I (Benjamin R. K. Lewis)

    8.1   Aetiology

    8.2   Crowding

    8.3   Spacing

    8.4   Early loss of first permanent molars

    8.5   Displaced teeth

    8.6   Vertical discrepancies

    8.7   Transverse discrepancies

    8.8   Bimaxillary proclination

    8.9   Trauma

    9   Class II division 1 (S. J. Littlewood)

    9.1   Aetiology

    9.2   Objectives of treating Class II division 1 malocclusions

    9.3   Treatment planning for Class II division 1 malocclusions

    10   Class II division 2 (S. K. Barber)

    10.1   Aetiology

    10.2   Common features of Class II division 2 malocclusion

    10.3   Aims of treatment

    10.4   Treatment methods

    11   Class III (Benjamin R. K. Lewis)

    11.1   Aetiology

    11.2   Occlusal features

    11.3   Treatment planning in Class III malocclusions

    11.4   Treatment options

    12   Anterior open bite and posterior open bite (Benjamin R. K. Lewis)

    12.1   Definitions

    12.2   Aetiology of anterior open bite

    12.3   Management of anterior open bite

    12.4   Posterior open bite

    13   Crossbites (Benjamin R. K. Lewis)

    13.1   Definitions

    13.2   Aetiology

    13.3   Types of crossbite

    13.4   Management

    14   Canines (L. Mitchell)

    14.1   Facts and figures

    14.2   Normal development

    14.3   Aetiology of maxillary canine displacement

    14.4   Interception of displaced canines

    14.5   Assessing maxillary canine position

    14.6   Management of buccal displacement

    14.7   Management of palatal displacement

    14.8   Resorption

    14.9   Transposition

    15   Anchorage planning (Benjamin R. K. Lewis)

    15.1   Introduction

    15.2   Assessing anchorage requirements

    15.3   Classification of anchorage

    15.4   Intra-oral anchorage

    15.5   Extra-oral anchorage

    15.6   Monitoring anchorage during treatment

    15.7   Common problems with anchorage

    15.8   Summary

    16   Retention (S. J. Littlewood)

    16.1   Introduction

    16.2   Definition of relapse and post-treatment changes

    16.3   Aetiology of post-treatment changes

    16.4   How common are post-treatment changes?

    16.5   Consent and the responsibilities of retention

    16.6   Retainers

    16.7   Adjunctive techniques used to reduce post-treatment changes

    16.8   Conclusions about retention

    17   Removable appliances (L. Mitchell)

    17.1   Mode of action of removable appliances

    17.2   Designing removable appliances

    17.3   Active components

    17.4   Retaining the appliance

    17.5   Baseplate

    17.6   Commonly used removable appliances

    17.7   Fitting a removable appliance

    17.8   Monitoring progress

    17.9   Appliance repairs

    18   Fixed appliances (Benjamin R. K. Lewis)

    18.1   Principles of fixed appliances

    18.2   Indications for the use of fixed appliances

    18.3   Components of fixed appliances

    18.4   Treatment planning for fixed appliances

    18.5   Practical procedures

    18.6   Fixed appliance systems

    18.7   Demineralization and fixed appliances

    18.8   Starting with fixed appliances

    19   Functional appliances (S. J. Littlewood)

    19.1   Definition

    19.2   History

    19.3   Overview

    19.4   Case study: functional appliance

    19.5   Timing of treatment

    19.6   Types of malocclusion treated with functional appliances

    19.7   Types of functional appliance

    19.8   Clinical management of functional appliances

    19.9   How functional appliances work

    19.10   How successful are functional appliances?

    20   Adult orthodontics (S. J. Littlewood)

    20.1   Introduction

    20.2   Comprehensive, adjunctive, or limited treatment orthodontics

    20.3   Specific challenges in adult orthodontic treatment

    20.4   Orthodontics and periodontal disease

    20.5   Orthodontic treatment as an adjunct to restorative work

    20.6   Aesthetic orthodontic appliances

    20.7   Obstructive sleep apnoea and mandibular advancement splints

    21   Orthodontic aligners (S. K. Barber)

    21.1   Definition of orthodontic aligners

    21.2   History of aligners

    21.3   Tooth movement with aligners

    21.4   Clinical stages in aligner treatment

    21.5   Digital aligner construction

    21.6   Uses for aligners

    21.7   Advantages and limitations of orthodontic aligners

    22   Orthodontics and orthognathic surgery (S. J. Littlewood)

    22.1   Introduction

    22.2   Indications for treatment

    22.3   Objectives of combined orthodontics and orthognathic surgery

    22.4   The importance of the soft tissues

    22.5   Diagnosis and treatment plan

    22.6   Planning

    22.7   Common surgical procedures

    22.8   Sequence of treatment

    22.9   Retention and relapse

    22.10   3D developments in orthognathic surgery: planning, simulation, and guided surgery

    23   Hypodontia and orthodontics (S. K. Barber)

    23.1   Definition

    23.2   Aetiology

    23.3   Features of hypodontia

    23.4   Impact of hypodontia

    23.5   Treatment in the primary dentition

    23.6   Treatment in the mixed dentition

    23.7   Treatment in the permanent dentition

    24   Cleft lip and palate and other craniofacial anomalies (L. Mitchell)

    24.1   Prevalence

    24.2   Aetiology

    24.3   Classification

    24.4   Problems in management

    24.5   Coordination of care

    24.6   Management

    24.7   Audit of cleft palate care

    24.8   Other craniofacial anomalies

    25   Orthodontic first aid (L. Mitchell)

    25.1   Fixed appliance

    25.2   Removable appliance

    25.3   Functional appliance

    25.4   Headgear

    25.5   Miscellaneous


    Orthodontic assessment form



  • Textbook for Orthodontic Therapists
    La comanda in aproximativ 4 saptamani
    31000lei 290.00 lei



    Textbook for Orthodontic Therapists is a comprehensive text specifically designed for orthodontic therapists. Written in an accessible and digestible format, it provides the essential clinical and theoretical knowledge needed for daily clinical practice.

    Covering learning outcomes required by the examining bodies and the General Dental Council (GDC), it includes topics such as common types of orthodontic appliances, frequently found orthodontic problems, skeletal assessment and classification of malocclusion. It also contains information on subjects relevant to the dental profession for example medical emergencies, clinical governance and more.

    Written to help the reader understand the role and function of an orthodontic therapist, Textbook for Orthodontic Therapists offers support to those undertaking the Diploma in Orthodontic Therapy and to assist those who already work as orthodontic therapists, helping them in their quest to enhance safe and effective care.



    Table of Contents:


    1 History of Orthodontics

    1.1 Orthodontics before the TwentyFirst Century

    1.2 Standard Edgewise Appliance

    1.3 Begg Appliance

    1.4 Preadjusted Edgewise Appliance

    1.5 Tip Edge Appliance

    1.6 Selfligating Appliance

    1.7 Advantages and Disadvantages of all Types of Buccal Appliances

    1.8 Lingual Appliances

    2 Patient Assessment

    2.1 The Three Planes of Space

    2.2 ExtraOral Assessment

    2.3 IntraOral Assessment

    3 Classification of Malocclusion

    3.1 Angle’s Classification

    3.2 British Standards Institute Classification

    3.3 Canine Relationship

    3.4 Andrew’s Six Keys

    4 Aetiology of Malocclusion

    4.1 Skeletal Factors

    4.2 Soft Tissue Factors

    4.3 Local Factors

    4.4 Habit

    4.5 Fraenal Attachments

    5 Class I Malocclusion

    5.1 Definition

    5.2 Prevalence

    5.3 Aetiology of Class I

    5.4 Treatment of Class I

    6 Class II Div I Malocclusion

    6.1 Definition

    6.2 Prevalence

    6.3 Aetiology of Class II Div I

    6.4 Treatment of a Class II Div I

    7 Class II Div II Malocclusion

    7.1 Definition

    7.2 Prevalence

    7.3 Aetiology of Class II Div II

    7.4 Treatment of Class II Div II

    8 Class III Malocclusion

    8.1 Definition

    8.2 Prevalence

    8.3 Aetiology of Class III

    8.4 Treatment

    9 Prevalences

    10 Hypodontia

    10.1 Definition

    10.2 Commonly Missing Teeth

    10.3 Prevalence of Hypodontia

    10.4 Prevalence of Missing Teeth

    10.5 Classifying Hypodontia

    10.6 Classifying Missing Teeth as a Whole

    10.7 Aetiology of Hypodontia

    10.8 Medical Conditions Associated with Hypodontia

    10.9 Factors Associated with Hypodontia

    10.10 Treatment of Hypodontia in Deciduous Teeth

    10.11 Treatment of Hypodontia in Permanent Teeth

    10.12 Implant Space Required

    10.13 Kesling Setup

    11 Supernumeraries

    11.1 Definition

    11.2 Prevalence of Supernumeraries

    11.3 Aetiology of Supernumeraries

    11.4 Types of Supernumeraries

    11.5 Factors Caused by Supernumerary Teeth

    11.6 Clinical Features of Supernumeraries

    11.7 Medical Conditions Associated with Supernumeraries

    11.8 Management of a Supernumerary

    11.9 Types of Supernumeraries

    12 Impacted Canines

    12.1 Definition

    12.2 Prevalence of Maxillary Canines

    12.3 Prevalence of Congenitally Missing Upper and Lower Canines

    12.4 Development of the Maxillary Canine

    12.5 Eruption of Upper and Lower Canines

    12.6 Aetiology of Impacted Canine

    12.7 Clinical Signs of an Impacted Canine

    12.8 Radiographic Signs of an Impacted Canine

    12.9 Parallax Technique for Radiographic Assessment of a Canine’s Position

    12.10 Management of Lingual/Palatal and Buccal Canines

    12.11 Dressings for Open Exposure

    12.12 Risks of Impacted Canines

    12.13 Position of Impacted Canines

    12.14 Ankylosis

    13 Impacted Teeth

    13.1 Definition

    13.2 Common Impacted Teeth

    14 Deepbites

    14.1 Definition

    14.2 Classifying Overbites

    14.3 Aetiology of a Deepbite

    14.4 Treating Deepbites

    14.5 Stability of a Deepbite

    15 Openbites: Anterior and Posterior

    15.1 Definition of an AOB

    15.2 Prevalence of AOBs

    15.3 Classification of AOBs

    15.4 Aetiology of an AOB

    15.5 Treatment of an AOB

    15.6 Factors That May Make Stability of an AOB Poor

    15.7 Definition of a POB

    15.8 Facts about POBs

    15.9 Aetiology of an POB

    15.10 Treatment of POBs

    16 Crossbites

    16.1 Definition

    16.2 Types of Crossbites

    16.3 Prevalence of Crossbites

    16.4 Crossbites That Can Occur

    16.5 Aetiology of a Crossbite

    16.6 Treatment of Crossbites

    16.7 Stability of a Crossbite

    17 Centreline

    17.1 Treatment Options

    18 Overjets

    18.1 Treatment Options

    19 Bimaxillary Proclination

    19.1 Definition

    19.2 Aetiology

    19.3 Relapse

    19.4 Retention

    20 Growth Rotations

    21 Tooth Movement

    21.1 Biomechanics of Tooth Movement

    21.2 Types of Tooth Movement

    21.3 Biology of Tooth Movement

    22 Impressions

    22.1 Materials Used for Impression Taking

    22.2 Technique for Taking an Impression

    22.3 Technique for Disinfecting an Impression

    23 Study Models

    23.1 Production of Study Models

    23.2 What Are Study Models Used For?

    23.3 Technique for Production of Study Models

    24 Radiographs

    24.1 When Are Radiographs Taken?

    24.2 Types of Radiographs

    24.3 Why Do We Take Radiographs?

    24.4 Panoramic Radiographs

    24.5 Upper Standard Occlusal (USO)

    24.6 Parallax Technique

    24.7 Periapical Radiographs

    24.8 Reasons for Taking Radiographs

    24.9 Clinical Justification for Taking Radiographs

    24.10 General Principles of Radiation

    25 Cephalometrics

    25.1 The Cephalostat

    25.2 Why Do We Take Cephalometrics?

    25.3 When Do We Take a Cephalometric Radiograph?

    25.4 Evaluating a Cephalometric Radiograph

    25.5 Eastman Analysis

    25.6 ANB Angle

    25.7 Wits Analysis and Ballard Conversion

    25.8 Vertical Skeletal Pattern

    25.9 Angulation of the Incisors

    25.10 Prognosis Tracing

    25.11 APogonion Line (Apog)

    25.12 Cephalometric Errors

    26 Removable Appliances

    26.1 Indications

    26.2 Components

    26.3 Active Components

    26.4 Retentive Components

    26.5 Anchorage

    26.6 Baseplate

    26.7 Advantages and Disadvantages of Removable Appliances

    26.8 Stages of Removable Appliances

    26.9 Instruments Used on a Removable Appliance

    26.10 Fitting of a Removable Appliance

    27 Functional Appliances

    27.1 Timing of Treatment

    27.2 Malocclusion Types

    27.3 The End Point

    27.4 Ten Key Points of Functional Appliances

    27.5 Indications for Treatment

    27.6 Mode of Action

    27.7 Advantages and Disadvantages of Functionals

    27.8 Types of Functional Appliances

    27.9 Designing a Functional Appliance

    27.10 Appointments

    28 Fixed Appliances

    28.1 Definition

    28.2 Indications for Fixed Appliances

    28.3 Advantages and Disadvantages

    28.4 Tooth Movement Achieved with Fixed Appliances

    28.5 Mode of Action

    28.6 Components of Fixed Appliances

    29 Headgear

    29.1 Definition

    29.2 ExtraOral Anchorage

    29.3 ExtraOral Traction

    29.4 Biomechanics of Headgear

    29.5 Types of Headgear

    29.6 Components of Headgear

    29.7 Headgear Injuries and Preventative Measures

    29.8 Reverse Headgear

    29.9 Assessment of Wear

    29.10 Measuring Force

    30 Instructions for all Appliances

    30.1 Removable Appliances

    30.2 Functional Appliances

    30.3 Fixed Appliances

    30.4 Cleaning Instructions for the Patient

    30.5 Headgear

    30.6 Retainers

    30.7 Bonded Retainers

    31 Uncommon Removable Appliances

    31.1 Nudger Appliance

    31.2 En Masse Appliance

    31.3 ACCO Appliance

    31.4 ELSAA

    32 Anchorage

    32.1 Intraoral Anchorage

    32.2 ExtraOral Anchorage

    32.3 What Does Anchorage Depend On?

    32.4 Reinforcing Anchorage

    32.5 Sources of Anchorage

    32.6 Anchorage Loss

    33 Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN)

    33.1 Dental Health Component

    33.2 Aesthetic Component

    34 Peer Assessment Rating (PAR)

    34.1 Components of PAR

    34.2 Assessment of Improvement in PAR

    34.3 Who Uses PAR?

    35 Space Analysis

    35.1 Crowding

    35.2 Incisor Anteroposterior Change

    35.3 Levelling Occlusal Curves

    35.4 Arch Expansion

    35.5 Creating Space

    36 Cleft Lip and Palate

    36.1 Prevalence of Cleft Lip With or Without Cleft Palate

    36.2 Prevalence of Isolated Cleft Palate

    36.3 Syndromes Associated with Isolated Cleft Palate

    36.4 Aetiology

    36.5 Development of CLP

    36.6 Classifications of CLP

    36.7 Clinical Problems in CLP

    36.8 CLP Team

    36.9 Management of CLP

    36.10 Orthodontic Implications of CLP

    37 Orthognathic Surgery

    37.1 Definitions

    37.2 Indications for Treatment

    37.3 Radiographs

    37.4 Surgical Procedures

    37.5 Sequence of Treatment

    37.6 Risks and Benefits

    38 Retention and Stability

    38.1 Definitions

    38.2 Aetiology of Relapse

    38.3 How Common Is Relapse?

    38.4 Informed Consent for Retention

    38.5 Retainers

    38.6 Removable Retainers

    38.7 Fixed Retainers

    38.8 Care of Removable and Fixed Retainers

    38.9 Enhancing Stability

    38.10 Types of Tooth Movement to Be Retained

    38.11 General Advice on Retention

    38.12 Five Key Points

    38.13 Outcome and FollowUp After Debonding

    39 Interceptive Treatment

    39.1 Definition

    39.2 Clinical Interceptive Situations: Early Mixed Dentition

    39.3 Clinical Situations: Late Mixed Dentition

    39.4 Clinical Situations: Early Permanent Dentition

    39.5 Serial Extractions

    40 Adult Orthodontics

    40.1 Reasons for Adult Orthodontics

    40.2 Differences in Treating Adult Patients

    40.3 Aesthetic Appliances

    41 Orthodontic Materials

    41.1 Etch

    41.2 Adhesives

    41.3 Bonding onto Fillings, Crowns, and Veneers

    42 Archwire Ligation

    42.1 Definition of Archwire Ligation

    42.2 Properties of an Ideal Ligation System

    42.3 Methods of Ligation

    43 Risks and Benefits of Orthodontic Treatment

    43.1 Risks of Orthodontic Treatment

    43.2 Benefits of Orthodontic Treatment

    44 Oral Hygiene

    44.1 Oral Hygiene: Pretreatment

    44.2 Clinical Features for Good and Bad Oral Hygiene

    44.3 Procedure with Patients Presenting with Bad Oral Hygiene

    44.4 Procedure with Patients Who Have Improvement in Oral Hygiene

    44.5 Oral Hygiene Advice Given at the Fit Appointment

    44.6 Preventing Decalcification

    44.7 Oral Hygiene Instructions for Appliances

    45 Decalcification

    45.1 Causes of Decalcification

    45.2 Occurrence of Decalcification

    45.3 Preventing Decalcification

    45.4 Treating Decalcification

    46 Fluorosis

    46.1 How Can Fluorosis Occur?

    46.2 Products That Can Cause Fluorosis

    46.3 Treating Fluorosis

    46.4 Preventing Fluorosis

    47 Fluoride

    47.1 Effects of Fluoride

    47.2 Toothpaste Ingredients

    47.3 Dental Products

    47.4 Fluoride Application

    47.5 Risks of Fluoride

    47.6 Other Causes and Conditions Which Can Affect Enamel Development

    48 Hypoplastic Enamel

    48.1 Aetiology of Enamel Hypoplasia

    49 Hyperplastic Enamel

    49.1 Aetiology of Enamel Hyperplasia

    50 General Dental Council (GDC)

    50.1 Roles of the GDC

    50.2 GDC Principles

    50.3 Continuing Professional Development

    50.4 GDC Register

    50.5 Professional Conduct Committee

    50.6 Scope of Practice

    50.7 Equality and Diversity

    51 Sharps Injury

    51.1 Measures to Take Following a Sharps Injury

    51.2 Investigation of Donor and Recipient

    52 Health and Safety

    52.1 Employer's Duty

    52.2 Employee's Duty

    52.3 Policies Within the Dental Practice

    52.4 Clinical Environment

    53 Control of Substances Hazardous to Health (COSHH)

    54 Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences (RIDDOR)

    55 Consent

    55.1 Types of Consent

    55.2 Why Do We Obtain Consent?

    55.3 When Do We Obtain Consent?

    55.4 Who Can Give Consent?

    55.5 How Can Consent Be Obtained?

    56 Pain and Anxiety Control

    56.1 Pain Control

    56.2 Anxiety Control

    57 Emergency Care

    57.1 Clinical Problems

    58 Orthodontic Instruments

    58.1 Adams SpringForming Pliers

    58.2 Adams Universal Pliers

    58.3 Weingart Pliers

    58.4 Bird Beak Pliers

    58.5 Distal End Cutters

    58.6 Ligature Cutter

    58.7 Posterior BandRemoving Pliers

    58.8 Band Pusher

    58.9 Band Seater

    58.10 ReverseAction Bonding Tweezers

    58.11 Torquing Turret

    58.12 BracketRemoving Pliers

    58.13 Nylon BracketRemoving Pliers

    58.14 Angled BracketRemoving Pliers

    58.15 Dividers

    58.16 Boon Gauge

    58.17 Micro Etcher

    58.18 Flat Plastic

    58.19 Tweed LoopForming Pliers

    58.20 Mosquitoes

    58.21 Mathieu Needle Holders

    58.22 Mauns HeavyDuty Wire Cutters

    58.23 Mitchell's Trimmer

    58.24 Separating Pliers

    58.25 Cheek Retractors

    58.26 StainlessSteel Ruler

    58.27 TripleBeak Pliers

    58.28 Tweeds Straight (Torquing) Pliers

    58.29 Tucker

    58.30 Photographic Cheek Retractors

    58.31 Photo Mirrors

    58.32 Slow Handpiece

    58.33 Debond Burs

    58.34 Moore's Mandrel

    58.35 Acrylic Bur

    59 Medical Emergencies

    59.1 Common Medical Emergencies in the Dental Practice

    59.2 Choking Patients

    59.3 Cardiac Arrest Patients

    60 Eruption Dates

    60.1 Deciduous Teeth

    61 Extraction Patterns

    61.1 Class I Cases

    61.2 Class II Cases

    61.3 Class III Cases

    61.4 Balancing and Compensating Extractions

    62 Tooth Fusion and Gemination

    62.1 Treatment

    63 Extra Notes

    64 Definitions


    End User License Agreement


  • 36200lei 295.00 lei



    Learn about the challenges, current trends, and the positive role that you can play in improving the dental health of the community. Completely revised and updated by members of the American Association of Public Health Dentistry, Burt and Eklund's Dentistry, Dental Practice, and the Community, 7th Edition presents dentistry and dental practice against the ever-changing backdrop of economic, technological, and demographic trends, as well as the distribution of the oral diseases that dental professionals treat and prevent. Readers will learn the latest techniques of research and measurement, and how oral disease may be limited through control and prevention. This updated text also addresses the new educational competencies for predoctoral/ post-doctoral dental students and dental hygiene students with updated and new content on cultural competency, oral health literacy, social responsibility, motivational interviewing, and oral systemic associations. All in all, this text takes a comprehensive look at the social context of dental care and the difference you can make in improving the health of the community you serve.


    Logical four-part organization divides content into dentistry and the community; dental care delivery; methods and measurement of oral diseases and conditions; and health promotion and prevention of oral diseases.

    A focus on need-to-know content emphasizes the important core information while providing comprehensive coverage of dental public health.

    Comprehensive analysis of dentistry’s social and professional role examines issues such as epidemiology of oral diseases, prevention, and the provision of care.

    Evidence-based recommendations reflect the latest literature on today’s public health issues.

    Illustrations, tables, and graphics illustrate the key material and visually enhance discussions.

    New To This Edition:

    NEW! Completely revised and updated content looks at populations oral health and dental care as well as how it fits into a changing world.

    NEW! Coverage of new educational competencies provides predoctoral/ post-doctoral dental students and dental hygiene students with updated and new content on cultural competency, oral health literacy, social responsibility, motivational interviewing, and oral systemic associations.

    NEW! New chapters cover the applications of epidemiology and biostatistics in dental public health, oral health as it related to quality of life, oral health education, health literacy, social determinants of health and health disparities, and delivery of oral healthcare in Canada.

    NEW! Newly revised competencies for the Dental Public Health specialty are incorporated throughout the book.

    Table Of Contents:

    Dentistry and the Community
    1. The Practice of Dental Public Health
    2. Social Determinants of Health and Oral Health Disparities
    3. Access to Dental Care
    4. Ethics and Dental Public Health
    Dental Care Delivery
    5. Delivery of Oral Health Care in the United States
    6. Delivery of Oral health Care in Canada
    7. Financing Dental Care or Dental Care Financing
    8. The Oral Health Workforce
    9. Environmental Health Issues in Dentistry (Infection control, mercury safety, BPA)
    10. Reading the Dental Literature
    11. Evidence-Based Dentistry
    Methods and Measurement of Oral Diseases and Conditions
    12. Research Designs in Oral Epidemiology
    13. Application of Biostatistics in Dental Public Health
    14. Measurement and Distribution of Dental Caries
    15. Measurement and Distribution of Periodontal Disease
    16. Measurement and Distribution of Oral Cancer
    17. Measurement and Distribution of Edentulism and Tooth Retention
    18. Measurement and Distribution of Malocclusion, Trauma, Congenital Anomalies
    19. Measurement and Distribution of Dental Fluorosis
    20. Oral Health Related Quality of Life and Wellbeing
    Health Promotion and Prevention of Oral Diseases
    21. Health Behavior and Oral Health Promotion
    22. Oral Health Education and Health Literacy in Dental Public Health
    23. Diet and Oral Health
    24. Fluoride and Human Health
    25. Fluoride and Caries Prevention
    26. Dental Sealants and Caries Prevention
    27. Plaque Control and Promotion of Periodontal Health
    28. Tobacco Control and Oral Health



  • 32000lei 300.00 lei



    A comprehensive guide to providing effective dental treatment and care to patients affected by diseases

    Essentials of Human Disease in DentistrySecond Edition takes an integrated approach to dentistry and how it relates to general medicine, surgery, pharmacology, therapeutics, pathology and microbiology.  Building on the success of the Textbook of Human Disease in Dentistry, this new edition has been updated with a new layout, featuring key topics, learning objectives and practical clinical advice in each chapter.

    This accessible guide is structured around the systems of the body and covers all major diseases and conditions with their aetiology, symptoms, and treatments. The focus is on the relevance of particular diseases and their drug treatment in relation to dentistry and patient dental management.

    This vital resource:

    ·         Promotes a better understanding of how to provide effective dental treatment to patients affected by diseases

    ·         Presents illustrative examples and helpful clinical photographs throughout

    ·         Includes a new chapter on the importance of understanding shock

    ·         Features self-assessment questions at the end of each chapter, and a companion website hosting downloadable images from the book

    Essentials of Human Disease in DentistrySecond Edition is an invaluable resource for undergraduate dentistry students as well as newly qualified dentists preparing for the MFDS exam. 



    Contributors viii

    Preface to the first edition xi

    Preface to the second edition xii

    Acknowledgements xiii

    About the companion website xiv

    1 Clinical examination and history taking 1
    M Greenwood

    2 Inflammation and anti‑inflammatory drugs 11
    CM Robinson and RA Seymour

    3 Principles of infection and infection control 21
    S Waugh, E Ong, S Hogg, K Orr, JG Meechan, RA Seymour, M Greenwood, C Taylor and G Toms

    3A Sterilisation, disinfection and antiseptics 22

    3B Principles of infection and infection control, diagnosis and treatment of bacterial infections 27

    3C Viruses and antiviral agents relevant to dentistry 38

    3D Infection with immunodeficiency virus and implications for the oral cavity: Infection with HIV 46

    3E Fungi and antifungal agents 53

    4 Immunological disease 55
    C Stroud and H Bourne

    5 Cardiovascular disorders 67
    RH Jay, G Stansby, T Barakat, RA Seymour, JG Meechan, CM Robinson, M Greenwood, S Hogg and A Balakrishnan

    5A Introduction to cardiovascular disease (CVD) 68

    5B Heart failure 78

    5C Cardiac arrhythmias 81

    5D Valvular heart disease 84

    5E Hypertension 87

    5F Anticoagulants, drugs affecting blood clotting 92

    5G Dental implications of CVD 95

    5H Peripheral vascular and cardiac surgical disorders 97

    6 Respiratory disorders 107
    SJ Bourke and M Greenwood

    7 Gastrointestinal disorders 120
    M Greenwood, JG Meechan and JR Adams

    8 Renal disorders 131
    EK Montgomery, JA Sayer, AL Brown and M Greenwood

    9 Neurology and special senses 145
    M Greenwood, RI Macleod, RH Jay, JG Meechan, P Griffiths, N Ali and RJ Banks

    9A Neurology 146

    9B ENT 152

    9C Neurological disorders and dental practice 155

    9D Stroke, speech and swallowing 161

    9E Ophthalmology 165

    9 F Anticonvulsant and anti]Parkinsonian drugs 170

    10 Shock 173
    S Clark

    11 Musculoskeletal disorders 179
    F Birrell, M Greenwood and RH Jay

    12 Dermatology and mucosal lesions 194
    K Staines

    13 Endocrinology and diabetes 208
    RH Jay, M Greenwood and JG Meechan

    14 Pain and anxiety control 222
    CC Currie, J Durham and JG Meechan

    15 Adverse drug reactions and interactions 234
    RA Seymour and M Greenwood

    16 General oncology 251
    CM Robinson and PJ Thomson

    17 Child health 265
    FE Hogg and RR Welbury

    18 Medicine for the elderly 277
    RH Jay

    19 Psychiatric disorders 283
    SJ Brown, M Greenwood and JG Meechan

    19A General psychiatry 284

    19B Drug abuse 304

    19C Anxiolytic and hypnotic drugs 307

    20 Haematology 309
    J Hanley, A Lennard and S Mathia

    20A General haematology, haemato]oncology 310

    20B Haemostasis 322

    20C Transfusion medicine 329

    21 Medical emergencies 334
    M Greenwood

    Appendix: normal reference ranges 346

    Index 347


  • 36800lei 310.00 lei



    Stay up to date with the uses, properties, and handling of dental materials! With just the right level and scope of content, Dental Materials: Clinical Applications for Dental Assistants and Dental Hygienists, 4th Edition, emphasizes how knowledge of dental materials fits into day-to-day clinical practice. This hands-on resource features clinically focused content supplemented liberally with high-quality photographs, case applications, clinical tips and warnings, and step-by-step procedures, as well as practice opportunities on a companion website. A focus on application and strong art program with additional modern illustrations make this often-difficult subject matter approachable and relevant for today’s dental team members.


    • A focus on clinical application - content presentation, tips and precautions, and case scenarios.
    • Art program with nearly 600 images, including a mixture of full-color conceptual renderings and clinical photographs.
    • Step-by-step procedures with artwork and icons.
    • Practice opportunities for classroom and board exam prep include chapter review questions and discussion topics and practice quizzes on Evolve.
    • Vocabulary practice - key terms called out in chapter and defined in glossary.
    • Robust student practice opportunities such as competency skill worksheets, and educator support materials.
    • An Evolve companion website with student practice opportunities and educator support materials.
    • Full-color presentation shows dental materials being used and applied.

    New To This Edition:

    • NEW! Additional application criteria listings support optimal decision making.
    • NEW! Additional modern illustrations enhance comprehension of complex biomaterials concepts.
    • NEW! Evidence-based content on dynamic areas such as esthetics, ceramics, implants, and impressions.
    • IMPROVED! Test Bank with cognitive leveling based on Bloom’s Taxonomy and mapping to National Board Dental Hygiene Examination (NBDHE) blueprint.

    Table Of Contents:

    1. Introduction to Dental Materials

    2. Oral Environment and Patient Considerations

    3. Physical Properties of Dental Materials

    4. General Handling and Safety of Dental Materials in the Dental Office

    5. Principles of Bonding

    6. Composites, Glass Ionomers, and Compomers

    7. Preventive and Desensitizing Materials

    8. Teeth Whitening Materials and Procedures

    9. Dental Ceramics

    10. Dental Amalgam

    11. Metals and Alloys

    12. Dental Implants

    13. Abrasion, Finishing, Polishing, and Cleaning

    14. Dental Cement

    15. Impression Materials

    16. Gypsum and Wax Products

    17. Polymers for Prosthetic Dentistry

    18. Provisional Restorations

    19. Preventive and Corrective Oral Appliances

    Appendix - Answers to Review Questions



  • 40000lei 320.00 lei



    The fifth edition of the highly successful Essential Microbiology for Dentistry, now translated into several languages, continues to offer readers everything they require to gain a full understanding of microbiology as it relates to modern dental practice.

    Clearly written and in full colour throughout, the book uniquely divides the field into discrete sections to allow readers to digest and then apply the various aspects of microbiology for dentistry in a straightforward, easy-to-understand manner.

    The first part of the book covers the principles of general microbiology and is followed by a clear and straightforward account of basic immunology. The volume then addresses mechanisms of disease, concentrating clearly on the micro-organisms that are relevant to the dentist and the dental team. The major infections of each organ system are discussed as they relate to dental practice together with a detailed exploration of the oral microbiome and the constituent microbiota. The book finally concludes with an expanded section on current cross-infection control guidelines.

    The rich combination of easy-to-read text together with the extensive array of tables and illustrations continues to make Essential Microbiology for Dentistry the first choice of microbiology textbook for many students of dentistry worldwide.

    Essential Microbiology for Dentistry now comes with a helpful Online Resource containing a wide range of MCQS to help students monitor their progress.


    Friendly, accessible writing style helps readers engage with key information

    Helpful self-assessment - in the style of both dental school and RCS exams -enables students to monitor their progress

    Evidenced-based throughout to help facilitate safe clinical practice

    Ample use of artwork helps explain complex structures, physiological processes and the effect of drug intervention

    Helpful use of italics for clinically relevant facts and emboldened key words to highlight important information

    Presents the latest national and international guidelines

    ‘Key Fact’ boxes at the end of each chapter help summarize core information

    Contains a comprehensive glossary and abbreviations list


    New To This Edition:

    Expanded to meet the higher-level of understanding and application of knowledge required of students today

    Provides a fuller discussion of the oral microbiome and the microbiota ; new microbial identification technology; antibiotic steweardship;, ; endodontic infections; implant-related infections; plaque biofilms and the systemic disease axis and the current guidelines on antimicrobial prophylaxis

    Contains new photographic images - many previously unpublished

    Provides enhanced discussions of newer molecular based methods of diagnosis

    Explores the latest research in dental plaque biofilm functionality and metabolism, and the mechanisms of enhanced resistance caused by biofilms

    Now comes with a helpful ONLINE RESOURCE containing a wide range of MCQS to help students monitor their progress!

    Table Of Contents:

    1. Why study microbiology?


    2. Bacterial structure and taxonomy

    3. Bacterial physiology and genetics

    4. Viruses and prions

    5. Pathogenesis of microbial disease

    6. Diagnostic microbiology and laboratory methods

    7. Antimicrobial chemotherapy


    8. The immune system and the oral cavity

    9. The immune response

    10. Immunity and infection


    11. Streptococci, staphylococci and micrococci

    12. Lactobacilli, corynebacteria and propionibacteria

    13. Actinomycetes, clostridia and Bacillus species

    14. Neisseriaceae, Veillonella, parvobacteria and Capnocytophaga

    15. Enterobacteria

    16. Vibrios, campylobacters and Wolinella

    17. Bacteroides, Tannerella, Porphyromonas and Prevotella

    18. Fusobacteria, Leptotrichia and spirochaetes

    19. Mycobacteria and legionellae

    20. Chlamydiae, rickettsiae and mycoplasmas

    21. Viruses of relevance to dentistry

    22. Fungi of relevance to dentistry


    23. Infections of the respiratory tract

    24. Infections of the cardiovascular system

    25. Infections of the central nervous and locomotor systems

    26. Infections of the gastrointestinal tract

    27. Infections of the genitourinary tract

    28. Skin and wound infections

    29. Viral hepatitis

    30. Human immunodeficiency virus infection, AIDS and infections in compromised patients


    31. Oral microbiome and the oral ecosystem

    32. Microbiology of dental caries

    33. Microbiology of periodontal disease

    34. Dentoalveolar and endodontic infections

    35. Oral mucosal and salivary gland infections


    36. Principles of infection control

    37. Infection control procedures in dentistry: personal protection, sharps injuries protocol, and immunization

    38. Infection control procedures in dentistry: sterilization, disinfection and antisepsis

    Glossary of terms and abbreviations



  • 35300lei 320.00 lei


    Book Description:

    This was one of the first books on the market to illustrate the various clinical techniques for restoration, which is increasingly favored over extraction for primary teeth. A revised and updated edition of this successful text offers, in addition, new material on plastic restorations. Restorative Techniques addresses the specific needs of the pediatric patient, and it helps the clinician manage the restoration with those needs in mind. As a classic volume, it is essential for every dentist, particularly those who work with children and adolescents and particularly those who perform restorative dentistry.

    Table of Contents:

    1 Treatment Planning

    2 Local Analgesia

    3 Rubber Dam

    4 Pulp Therapy for Primary Teeth

    5 Stainless Steel Crowns for Primary Molars

    6 Strip Crowns for Primary Incisors

    7 Plastic Restorations for Primary Teeth

    8 Comprehensive Care: Examples of Treated Cases

    Further Reading





  • Essentials of Oral & Maxillofacial Radiology
    La comanda in aproximativ 4 saptamani
    325.00 lei


    Designed for both undergraduate and postgraduate students as well as a reference book for practicing dentists, this second edition of this invaluable text teaches the essential physics of diagnostic radiology and its application in contemporary dentistry.

    · Well organized, extensively illustrated and easy to use.

    · Salient clinical and radiological features are highlighted in each chapter.

    · The layout and descriptive text make for an easy and quick review.

    · Important technical details and indications of each imaging technique are well summarized and illustrated.

    · A bonus final chapter provides case reports to help consolidate the reader’s knowledge and provide an opportunity to practice the skills they have learnt.


  • 330.00 lei


    This latest edition of an esteemed reference is one of the most comprehensive illustrated books available of the oral and maxillofacial manifestations of diseases. The fourth edition has now been revised and further expanded to include problems with newer classes of drugs and systemic diseases.

    Topics include:

    • Viral and Bacterial infections and Mycoses
    • Neoplasms and immune disorders
    • Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic diseases
    • Diseases of the blood and blood-forming organs
    • Mental disorders
    • Diseases of the nervous, circulatory, and respiratory systems
    • Disorders of teeth and salivary disorders
    • Gastrointestinal disorders and diseases of the liver
    • Diseases of the genito-urinary system and issues regarding pregnancy and menopause
    • Diseases of the skin and subcutaneous tissues
    • Diseases of connective tissue, bone, and joints
    • Congenital, developmental, and systemic disorders
    • Chemical, pharmaceutical, and physical agents
    • Effects of radiation


    Table of Contents

    Differential diagnosis and management. Viral infections. Bacterial infections. Mycoses. Infestations and possible infections. Neoplasms. Hamartomas. Endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases. Immune disorders. Diseases of the blood and blood-forming organs. Mental disorders. Diseases of the nervous system. Diseases of the circulatory system. Diseases of the respiratory system. Disorders of teeth. Gingival and periodontal disease. Salivary disorders. Mucosal disorders. Gastrointestinal disorders. Diseases of the liver. Diseases of the genito-urinary system. Complications of pregnancy, childbirth, puerperium and the menopause. Diseases of the skin and subcutaneous tissues. Diseases of connective tissue. Disorders of bone. Joint disorders. Congenital and developmental disorders. Systemic disorders. Chemical agents. Pharmaceutical agents. Physical agents. Radiation effects.


  • 36000lei 335.00 lei



    Clinical Cases in Gerodontology provides a comprehensive overview of the most relevant dental issues that arise when dealing with an aging population.  

    Clinical Cases in Gerodontology applies the theory and practice to real-life cases in a clinically relevant format. To aid learning, each of the clinical cases presented has a defined learning objective and goal. In addition, the authors discuss in detail the clinical decision-making factors and the text is enhanced with photographs that demonstrate the progressive stages of treatment. This important text: 

    ·         Offers a case-based guide to geriatric dental care 

    ·         Includes the thinking behind clinical decision making 

    ·         Fosters independent learning and prepares for case-based examinations 

    ·         Contains review questions and relevant literature citations  

    Written for graduate and undergraduate dental students and professionals, Clinical Cases in Gerodontology offers an instructive case-based guide to the oral health of older adults. 



  • 37200lei 340.00 lei




    A quick reference diagnostic guide for students and clinicians, covering a wide range of oral and dental developmental anomalies in children and adolescents

    Written by world-renowned pediatric dentists, this easily accessible, well-illustrated reference covers a wide range of oral and dental developmental anomalies in children and adolescents, and includes rare as well as more common conditions.

    Divided into two parts, the first part is dedicated to normal tissue initiation, formation, and development in the orodental region. The second part offers comprehensive pictorial descriptions of each condition and discussions of the treatment options available.

    ·         A useful, quick reference atlas helping students and clinicians diagnose a wide range of oral and dental developmental anomalies in children and adolescents

    ·         Highly illustrated with clinical photographs

    ·         Describes both common and rare conditions, and explores treatment options

    Atlas of Pediatric Oral and Dental Developmental Anomalies is an excellent resource for undergraduate dentistry students, postgraduate pediatric dentistry students, and pediatric dental practitioners.




    1 Oral and Dental Anatomy 1

    1.1 The Lips: Macro Anatomy 1

    1.2 The Palate 1

    1.3 The Tongue 3

    1.4 The Cheek and Floor of the Mouth 4

    1.5 The Periodontium 5

    1.6 The Periodontal Ligament (PL) 5

    1.7 The Alveolar Bone 6

    1.8 The Teeth: Dental Anatomy 7

    1.9 Normal Occlusion 9

    1.10 Classification of the Occlusion 10

    2 Histology and Embryology of the Teeth and Periodontium 13

    2.1 Tooth Histology 13

    2.1.1 Enamel 13 Striae of Retzius 13 Hunter‐Schreger Bands 13 Gnarled Enamel (Spiral Enamel) 13 Enamel Tufts and Lamella 13 Enamel Surface 13

    2.1.2 Dentine 14 Dentinal Tubules 14 Intratubular Dentine 15 Intertubular Dentine 15 Interglobular Dentine 15 Incremental Lines 15 Granular Layer of Tomes 15

    2.1.3 Cementum 15 Cementum Connective Tissue 15 Fibrous Matrix 15

    2.1.4 Dental Pulp 16

    2.1.5 Periodontium 16

    2.2 Embryology of Teeth: Life Cycle of the Tooth 16

    2.2.1 Initiation (Bud) Stage 16

    2.2.2 Proliferation (Cap) Stage 16

    2.2.3 Histodifferentiation and Morphodifferentiation (Bell) Stage 16

    2.2.4 Apposition and Calcification 16

    3 Epidemiology and Diagnosis of Teeth Developmental Disturbances 17

    3.1 Prevalence and Incidence 17

    3.2 Diagnosis and Classification of Defects in Teeth 17

    3.2.1 Cause of Disturbance 17

    3.2.2 Extent of Involvement of the Dentition 18

    3.2.3 The Structure Involved 18 Enamel Defects 18 Dentine Defects 18 Cementum Defects 18 Entire Tooth Structures Involved 18

    3.2.4 Teeth Morphology 19

    3.2.5 Teeth Size 19

    3.2.6 Teeth Count 19 Hypodontia 19 Hyperdontia 19

    3.2.7 Color of the Teeth 20

    4 Etiology and Pathology of Teeth Disturbances 21

    4.1 Genetically Originated Defects 21

    4.1.1 Disturbances in Teeth Count 21 Reduced Numbers; Missing Teeth 21 Increase in Numbers; Extra Teeth 24

    4.1.2 Disturbances in Proportion and Size of the Teeth 30 Large Size – Macrodontia 30 Small Size – Microdontia 30 Short Roots 32

    4.1.3 Disturbances of Teeth Morphology 32 Dens Invaginatus 32 Dens Evaginatus (Talon Cusp) 33 Peg‐shaped Laterals 34 Fusion 34 Gemination 36 Dilaceration 38 Concrescence 39 Taurodontism 39 Hutchinson Incisors and Mulberry Molars 40 Odontomes 40

    4.1.4 Defects of Teeth Structures 40 Enamel Defects 40 Dentine Defects 45 Cementum Defects 45 Enamel Dentin Cementum Defects 49

    4.2 Congenital Diseases (in Utero) 50

    4.2.1 Erythroblastosis Fetalis 50

    4.2.2 Measles 51

    4.2.3 Rubella 51

    4.2.4 Pneumonia 52

    4.2.5 Porphyria 52

    4.2.6 Syphilis 52

    4.2.7 Dehydration and Liquid Imbalance 52

    4.3 Acquired (Environmental) Defects 53

    4.3.1 Food and Diet 53

    4.3.2 Vitamins and Minerals 53

    4.3.3 Ions 55

    4.3.4 Diseases and Drugs 56 Infantile Jaundice 56 Liver Disease, Liver Transplant 56 Cystic Fibrosis and Antibiotic Therapy 57 Lead Poisoning 59 Iron Intake 59

    4.3.5 Primary Teeth Trauma and Tooth Infection 59

    4.3.6 Short Roots 61

    5 Eruption Disturbances of Teeth – Etiology and Diagnosis 63

    5.1 Definition 63

    5.2 Delayed Eruption 63

    5.3 Early Eruption 63

    5.4 Failed Exfoliation (Primary Dentition) 63

    5.5 Early Exfoliation/Loss of Primary Teeth 65

    5.5.1 Localized Factors 65

    5.5.2 Systemic Factors 65

    5.6 Failed Eruption and Impaction 66

    5.7 Eruption Cysts 67

    5.8 Ectopic Eruption and Transposition 69

    5.9 Labial Frenulum and Lingual Frenulum 70

    5.10 Under ‐eruption – Infraocclusion 70

    5.11 Over ‐eruption 71

    5.12 Palatal and Labial Cleft and Teeth Eruption 74

    5.13 Malocclusion 76

    5.13.1 Class I Malocclusion 76

    5.13.2 Class II Malocclusion 76

    5.13.3 Class III Malocclusion 77

    5.13.4 General Spacing and Diastema Formation 78

    5.14 Gingival Overgrowth 80

    6 Self‐evaluation Section 81

    Bibliography 109

    Self‐evaluation Answer 115

    Index 119


  • 37200lei 340.00 lei



    A unique, multidisciplinary manual for the treatment of pediatric dental emergencies for general practitioners and non-pediatric specialists

    Management of Dental Emergencies in Children and Adolescents presents the diagnostic skills, treatment options, and management strategies necessary to provide effective and appropriate dental care for children and adolescents.

    This authoritative manual helps dental practitioners manage potentially stressful situations with children and adolescents while improving their competence in a wide range of urgent pediatric situations. An emphasis on managing the therapeutic demands of both younger patients and their parents enables readers to have greater confidence in handling demanding emergency situations in daily practice. An expert team of contributors explain how to manage tooth substance loss, endodontic problems in deciduous teeth, the longterm consequences of early tooth loss, the dental issues related to oral health, and more.

    Guiding practitioners through the unique challenges of pediatric dental emergencies, this book:

    ·         Explains the differences in treating and managing dental emergencies in children compared to adults

    ·         Covers all types of pediatric dental emergencies including open pulp in permanent and deciduous teeth, missing teeth, and non-infective dental conditions 

    ·         Offers clinical vignettes and photographs to highlight clinical relevance

    ·         Includes chapters by experts in multiple disciplines such as endodontics, restorative dentistry, pediatric dentistry, prosthodontics, and orthodontics

    The first textbook to focus exclusively on young patients in need of acute dental care, Management of Dental Emergencies in Children and Adolescents is a much-needed resource for general and specialist dentists as well as trainee and specialist pediatric dentists.




    Contributors ix

    Preface xiii

    Invited Preface xv

    Acknowledgements xvii

    About the Companion Website xix

    Unit 1 General Considerations for Emergency Management in Children and Adolescents 1

    1.1 Developmental and Histological Aspects of Deciduous and Young Permanent Teeth 3
    Markus Schaffner and Adrian Lussi

    1.2 Pulp Biology of Deciduous and Permanent Teeth 13
    Wolfgang H. Arnold, Ella A. Naumova and Vlasios Goulioumis

    1.3 Management of Odontogenic Infections: Indications for Antibiotics 23
    Rafael Lazarin and Vivianne Chappuis

    1.4 Management of Pain and Fear: Behavioural Management, Anaesthesia and Sedation 35
    Klaus W. Neuhaus and Nathalie Scheidegger Stojan

    1.5 Management of Radiographic Needs 43
    Karl Dula

    Unit 2 Management of Tooth Substance Loss 63

    2.1 Deep Carious Lesions and the Dental Pulp 65
    Falk Schwendicke and Nicola P. Innes

    2.2 Management of Crown Fractures and CrownRoot Fractures 79
    Gabriel Krastl and Julia Amato

    2.3 Management of Root Fractures 91
    Krister Rechenberg

    Unit 3 Management of Open Pulp in Permanent Teeth 103

    3.1 Pulpotomy after Trauma 105
    Hrvoje Jurić

    3.2 Pulpectomy with Open Apex 119
    Isabelle Portenier, Klaus W. Neuhaus and Maria Lessani

    3.3 Regenerative Endodontic Procedures 131
    Richard Steffen

    Unit 4 Management of Open Pulp in Deciduous Teeth 137

    4.1 Pulpotomy 139
    Eirini Stratigaki and Joana Monteiro

    4.2 Pulpectomy of Deciduous Teeth 149
    Klaus W. Neuhaus and Jan Kühnisch

    4.3 Tooth Extraction 159
    Hubertus van Waes

    Unit 5 Management of Missing Teeth 163

    5.1 Reconstructive Considerations: Temporary and LongTerm Treatment Options 165
    Nicola U. Zitzmann and Nadja Rohr

    5.2 Management of Avulsed Teeth 177
    Andrea Zürcher and Andreas Filippi

    5.3 Autotransplantation: Ankylosis and External Root Resorption after Trauma 189
    Manfred Leunisse, Dick S. Barendregt, Marcel L. E. Linssen and Edwin Eggink

    5.4 Orthodontic Aspects of Missing Teeth at Various Ages 199
    Carlalberta Verna and Birte Melsen

    Unit 6 Management of Oral Health Conditions 217

    6.1 Viral Causes Affecting the Oral Mucosa 219
    Michael M. Bornstein, Cynthia K. Y. Yiu and Valerie G. A. Suter

    6.2 Noninfective Swellings: Cysts, Tumours and Ranulas 233
    Valerie G. A. Suter and Michael M. Bornstein

    6.3 Oral Problems in Patients Undergoing Haematology or Oncology Treatment 245
    Adrian M. Ramseier, Jakob Passweg and Tuomas Waltimo

    Unit 7 Management of Non-infective Dental Conditions 255

    7.1 Molar–Incisor Hypomineralisation 257
    Jan Kühnisch and Roswitha Heinrich

    7.2 Dentine Hypersensitivity 269
    Thiago Saads Carvalho and Samira Helena João

    7.3 Cracked Tooth Syndrome 275
    Renata Chałas and Stefan Hänni

    Index 283


  • 40000lei 340.00 lei


    Retaining the friendly and accessible approach that strongly characterised the success of previous editions, Cawson’s Essentials of Oral Pathology and Oral Medicine, ninth edition continues to support a new generation of students as they develop an understanding of oral pathology and oral medicine, together with the systemic diseases that are relevant to the practice of dentistry.

    Prepared by an expert of international renown, the latest edition of this popular volume has been reorganized and fully updated throughout to accurately reflect the learning needs of today’s student. Containing a rich array of photographs, artworks and helpful flow diagrams, the book also contains self-assessment to enable the learner to gauge his or her knowledge base within the framework of current undergraduate curricula.

    Cawson’s Essentials of Oral Pathology and Oral Medicine, ninth edition will be ideal for undergraduate dental students worldwide and those in post-graduate training


    • Brand new edition of the first textbook to integrate oral medicine, pathology and surgery in a practical, student-orientated fashion!
    • Friendly, accessible writing style provides ready access to essential information
    • Ample use of flow charts guide the student thorough the process of differential diagnosis for a range of conditions
    • Evidenced-based throughout to help facilitate safe clinical practice
    • Presents the latest national and international guidelines
    • Helpful self-assessment provides an indication of the level of understanding and problem solving abilities expected at an undergraduate level
    • Useful summary charts aid subject revision and understanding

    New To This Edition:

    • Expanded to meet the higher-level of understanding and application of knowledge required of students today
    • Contains trusted PubMed ID references and websites to ensure relevance and immediacy
    • Updated design - with helpful colour coding - aids reader engagement and retention of facts
    • Improved illustration program helps clarify complex physiological processes and other challenging concepts

    Table Of Contents:

    1 Principles of investigation, diagnosis and treatment

    SECTION 1: Hard Tissue Pathology

    2 Disorders of tooth development

    3 Disorders of development

    4 Dental caries

    5 Pulpitis and apical periodontitis

    6 Tooth wear, resorption, hypercementosis and osseointegration

    7 Gingival and periodontal diseases

    8 Infections of the jaws

    9 Major infections of the mouth and face

    10 Cysts in and around the jaws

    11 Odontogenic tumours and related jaw lesions

    12 Non-odontogenic tumours of the jaws

    13 Genetic, metabolic and other non-neoplastic bone diseases

    14 Disorders of the temporomandibular joints and trismus

    SECTION 2: Soft Tissue Disease

    15 Diseases of the oral mucosa: mucosal infections

    16 Diseases of the oral mucosa: non-infective stomatitis

    17 Tongue disorders

    18 Benign chronic white mucosal lesions

    19 Potentially malignant disorders

    20 Oral cancer

    21 Other mucosal and lip carcinomas

    22 Non-neoplastic diseases of salivary glands

    23 Salivary gland neoplasms

    24 Benign mucosal swellings

    25 Soft tissue tumours

    26 Oral pigmented lesions

    SECTION 3: Systemic Disease in Dentistry

    27 Anaemias, leukaemias and lymphomas

    28 Haemorrhagic disorders

    29 Immunodeficiency

    30 Allergy, autoimmune and autoinflammatory disease

    31 Cervical lymphadenopathy

    32 Cardiovascular disease

    33 Respiratory tract disease

    34 Gastrointestinal and liver disease

    35 Nutritional deficiencies

    36 Endocrine disorders and pregnancy

    37 Renal disease

    38 Pain and neurological disorders

    39 Physical and learning disability

    40 Mental health disorders

    41 Dentistry and elderly patients

    42 Complications of systemic drug treatment

    43 Medical emergencies

    SECTION 4: Self-Assessment Questions and Learning Guides

    44 Learning guide



  • 37200lei 340.00 lei



    Essential Physiology for Dental Students offers comprehensive information on human physiology, tailored to the needs of students of dentistry. This new addition to the Dentistry Essentials series helps students gain a deeper understanding of how physiological concepts apply to clinical dental practice. Each chapter outlines an organ system in sufficient detail whilst emphasizing its relevance to clinical dentistry. Written in a student-friendly style, it contextualizes how normal and altered physiology affects dental care and highlights the implications of dental interventions on the body’s functioning. 

    Essential Physiology for Dental Students provides readers with complete coverage of: cell physiology; nerve and muscle physiology; the cardiovascular system; the respiratory system; the gastro-intestinal system; the renal system; haematology; endocrinology including the regulation of blood glucose and blood calcium; and the central nervous system. 

    ·         Covers each system in detail, while emphasizing the relevance to dental students

    ·         Presented using a reader-friendly layout with illustrations and clinical photographs throughout

    ·         Features interactive MCQs and EMQs and downloadable images on a companion website

    Essential Physiology for Dental Students is an excellent resource for undergraduate dentistry students, dental hygiene and therapy students, and dental nursing students.  It also greatly benefits newly qualified dentists preparing for postgraduate examinations such as MFDS, LDS, ORE, and also the US National Boards.


    Table of Contents:


    Part I Introduction 1

    1 The Cell: Structure and Function 3
    Vehid Salih and Kamran Ali

    Part II Nerve Muscle Physiology 9

    2 Nerve Physiology 11
    Elizabeth Prabhakar and Kamran Ali

    3 Muscle Physiology 23
    Elizabeth Prabhakar and Kamran Ali

    Part III Cardiovascular System 35

    4 Heart 37
    Poorna Gunasekera, Kamran Ali, and Elizabeth Prabhakar

    5 Circulation 47
    Poorna Gunasekera and Kamran Ali

    Part IV Respiratory System 57

    6 Mechanics of Respiration 59
    Feisal Subhan, Kamran Ali, and Elizabeth Prabhakar

    7 Gas Exchange and Transport 67
    Feisal Subhan, Kamran Ali, and Elizabeth Prabhakar

    8 Control of Breathing 73
    Feisal Subhan and Kamran Ali

    Part V Gastrointestinal System (GIT) 79

    9 GIT Movements 81
    Kamran Ali

    10 GIT Secretions 91
    Kamran Ali

    11 GIT Digestion and Absorption 101
    Elizabeth Prabhakar and Kamran Ali

    Part VI Hepato Renal System 109

    12 Liver Physiology 111
    Poorna Gunasekera and Kamran Ali

    13 Renal Physiology 119
    Poorna Gunasekera and Kamran Ali

    Part VII Blood 129

    14 Blood Plasma and Cells 131
    Mahwish Raja and Kamran Ali

    15 Immune System 139
    Louise Belfield and Kamran Ali

    16 Haemostasis 149
    Kamran Ali

    Part VIII Endocrinology 157

    17 Endocrinology 159
    Kamran Ali

    18 Regulation of Blood Glucose 171]
    Kamran Ali

    19 Regulation of Blood Calcium 177
    Kamran Ali

    20 Reproductive Hormones and Pregnancy 183
    Theresa Compton and Kamran Ali

    Part IX Nervous System 189

    21 Central Nervous System 191
    Elizabeth Prabhakar and Kamran Ali

    22 The Autonomic Nervous System 209
    Elizabeth Prabhakar and Kamran Ali

    23 Special Senses 217
    Poorna Gunasekera and Kamran Ali


  • 340.00 lei



    A unique how-to guide for dental trainees on the practical application of periodontal treatment

    Guide to Periodontal Treatment Solutions for General Dentistry by Tobias Boehm and Sam Chui is a concise textbook on periodontics geared towards dental students, residents, and early-career general dentists. Each chapter includes cases and evidence-based practice exercises that illustrate key concepts and enable application of these concepts through independent study or non-lecture based teaching methods. The book is arranged in a logical sequence mirroring the manner in which patients present with periodontal disease, from the initial exam to state-of-the-art treatments.

    The opening chapters cover gingivitis and disease basics, data collection, epidemiology, classification systems, and diagnosis. Subsequent chapters encompass a wide array of nonsurgical and surgical approaches for treating issues such as gum pockets, furcation, gingival recession, mucogingival defects, and tooth mobility, as well as when to refer patients. The latest methods for controlling gingival inflammation are discussed, including scaling and root planing, systemic and local antimicrobial therapy, antiseptics, lasers, and photodynamic therapy.

    Key Features:

    Case studies, review questions and explanations, coupled with diagrams and illustrations, enhance understanding and knowledge retention

    Nine chapters feature key points of periodontal treatment, with detailed step-by-step instructions on how to approach clinical problems

    Prognostic tools and risk assessments for predicting tooth longevity with discussion of various tooth replacement options

    This is an essential resource that guides dental students, residents and early career stage dentists through the fundamental aspects of periodontal treatment. The book also provides an excellent classroom tool for dental school instructors.


    Table of Contents:


    1 Background: Periodontal Disease Mechanisms and Wound Healing

    1.1 Learning Objectives

    1.2 Case

    1.3 Periodontal Health

    1.3.1 Characteristics of Healthy versus Diseased Periodontal Tissues

    1.3.2 Healthy, but Reduced Periodontium

    1.4 Anatomy, Histology, and Clinical Relevance

    1.4.1 Relationship between Clinical Landmarks and Tissue Histology

    1.4.2 Dentogingival Junction and Biologic Width

    1.4.3 Epithelial Attachment to Underlying Tissues

    1.5 Clinical Significance of Cellular Attachment

    1.5.1 Connective Tissue Attachment

    1.5.2 Cells, Vessels, and Nerves

    1.6 Contribution of Microbes to Periodontal Disease

    1.6.1 Plaque, Calculus, and Oral Hygiene

    1.6.2 Models of Periodontal Disease— One Does not Fit All

    1.6.3 Establishment of a Periodontal Disease-causing Microbial Community

    1.6.4 Red Complex Bacteria Contribution to Periodontal Disease Development

    1.6.5 Effect of Plaque Retentive Local Factors on Periodontal Disease

    1.7 Host Defense Mechanisms and Periodontal Disease

    1.7.1 Innate Immunity: Protection Against Periodontal Infection

    1.7.2 Adaptive Immunity and Chronic Periodontal Disease

    1.7.3 Mechanisms Leading to Gingival Erythema and Bleeding

    1.7.4 Mechanism Leading to Pocketing and Attachment Loss

    1.7.5 Mechanism Leading to Bone Loss

    1.7.6 Mechanism Leading to Mobility and Tooth Loss

    1.7.7 Effect of Genetic Factors on Periodontal Disease

    1.7.8 Effect of Medical Factors on Periodontal Disease

    1.7.9 Periodontitis, Diabetes Mellitus, and Obesity

    1.7.10 Atherosclerosis, Heart Attacks, and Strokes

    1.7.11 Birth Complications

    1.7.12 Pneumonia

    1.7.13 Other Medical Conditions

    1.7.14 Aging

    1.7.15 Tobacco Use

    1.8 Wound Healing

    1.8.1 Phases of Wound Healing

    1.8.2 Regeneration versus Repair

    1.8.3 Unique Aspects of Tissue Healing around Dental Implants

    1.8.4 Clinical Implication: Postoperative Instructions

    1.8.5 Clinical Implication: Wait Times after Surgery for Dental Procedures

    1.9 Developmental Influences

    1.9.1 Tooth Development

    1.9.2 Root Development and Tooth Eruption

    1.9.3 Clinical Implications for Periodontal Treatment

    1.10 Essential Takeaways

    1.11 Review Questions

    1.12 Answers

    1.13 Evidence-based Activities


    2 Gathering Periodontal Data

    2.1 Learning Objectives

    2.2 Case

    2.3 Assessing the Systemic Context of a Patient’s Periodontal Condition

    2.3.1 Chief Complaint and the History of Present Illness

    2.3.2 Medical History

    2.4 Evaluating the Current State of the Periodontal Condition

    2.4.1 General Head, Neck, Oral Mucosal, and Hard Tissue Exam

    2.4.2 Periodontal Assessment

    2.5 Using Radiographic Imaging and Adjunctive Tests

    2.5.1 Radiographic Assessment

    2.5.2 Microbial, Genetic Testing, and Other Tests for Unusual Periodontal Disease

    2.6 Creating a Problem List for Diagnosis and Treatment Planning

    2.6.1 Preparing Information for Disease Identification

    2.6.2 Developing a Problem List for Risk Assessment

    2.6.3 Developing a Problem List for Treatment Planning

    2.7 Essential Takeaways

    2.8 Review Questions

    2.9 Answers

    2.10 Evidence-based Activities


    3 Identifying Periodontal Diseases

    3.1 Learning Objectives

    3.2 Case

    3.3 Identify Common Periodontal Diseases

    3.3.1 The Six Dimensions of Periodontal Diseases

    3.3.2 Everyday Periodontal Diagnosis

    3.3.3 Classification Systems of Periodontal Diseases

    3.4 Develop an Etiology-based Treatment Plan

    3.4.1 Recognizing Contributing Factors

    3.4.2 Identifying and Judging the Influence of Systemic Factors

    3.4.3 Identifying and Judging the Influence of Generalized Local Factors

    3.4.4 Identifying and Judging the Influence of Local Factors

    3.4.5 Creating a Comprehensive Periodontal Treatment Plan

    3.5 Identify Uncommon Periodontal Diseases

    3.5.1 Bleeding on Probing, Pocketing, or Bone Loss around Implants

    3.5.2 Localized Severe Bone Loss to Apex/Near Apex on a Single Tooth

    3.5.3 Localized Soft Tissue Swelling or Fistula Tract

    3.5.4 Firm, Rubbery Enlargement of Interdental Papillae

    3.5.5 Patchy Severe Erythema

    3.5.6 Ulceration

    3.5.7 Tissue Necrosis

    3.6 Essential Takeaways

    3.7 Review Questions

    3.8 Answers

    3.9 Evidence-based Activities


    4 Predicting Tooth Longevity

    4.1 Learning Objectives

    4.2 Case

    4.2.1 What is the Likelihood of Tooth Loss?

    4.2.2 Will Treatment Reduce the Chance of Tooth Loss?

    4.2.3 Should Teeth Be Removed?

    4.3 Judging How Likely a Patient Will Lose Teeth

    4.3.1 Prognosis—What Does it Mean?

    4.3.2 Tooth Loss in Untreated and Treated Periodontitis

    4.3.3 Judging the Speed of Periodontal Deterioration and Setting an Appropriate Recall Interval

    4.3.4 Judging How Fast a Patient Will Lose Teeth

    4.3.5 Judging the Prognosis for each Tooth

    4.4 Judging How Likely Periodontal Treatment Will Succeed

    4.4.1 Factors that Lead to Successful Treatment Delivery

    4.4.2 Factors that Lead to Clinical Success

    4.4.3 Judging How Aggressive Treatment Should Be

    4.4.4 Judging How likely Periodontal Treatment will Eliminate Periodontal Disease

    4.4.5 Judging Which Teeth Are Most Suitable for Restoration

    4.4.6 Judging Resilience of the Treatment Plan

    4.4.7 Judging the Likelihood of New Periodontal Disease

    4.5 Determining Which Teeth Should Be Removed

    4.5.1 Identifying Teeth that Need to Be Removed

    4.5.2 Special Circumstances Where Tooth Removal Is Indicated

    4.5.3 Sacrificing Teeth in Favor of Implant Therapy

    4.5.4 Predicting the Difficulty Level of Tooth Removal

    4.5.5 Judging if Immediate Implant Placement is an Option

    4.6 Benefits and Risks of Tooth Removal, Tooth Replacement, and Tooth Retention

    4.6.1 Preserving Teeth

    4.6.2 Removing Teeth

    4.6.3 Implant-supported Tooth Replacement

    4.6.4 Tooth-supported Fixed Partial Dentures

    4.6.5 Removable Partial/Complete Dentures

    4.7 Essential Takeaways

    4.8 Review Questions

    4.9 Answers

    4.10 Evidence-based Activities


    5 Controlling Gingival Inflammation

    5.1 Learning Objectives

    5.2 Case

    5.3 Controlling Periodontal Inflammation

    5.3.1 Insurance Coding

    5.4 Scaling and Root Planing Procedures

    5.4.1 Medical Conditions that Require Precautionary Measures

    5.4.2 Setup and Patient Preparation

    5.4.3 Appointment Structure

    5.4.4 Local Anesthesia

    5.4.5 Ultrasonic Scaling and Root Planing

    5.4.6 Hand Scaling and Root Planing

    5.4.7 Instrumentation

    5.4.8 Technique

    5.4.9 Stain Removal and Coronal Polishing

    5.4.10 Hand Instrument Variants

    5.5 Glassy Smooth versus Satin Finish as Desired Root Planing Outcome

    5.5.1 Other Devices

    5.6 Scaling and Root Planing Adjuncts

    5.6.1 Surgical Lasers

    5.6.2 Low-level Laser Irradiation and Photodynamic Therapy

    5.6.3 Host Modulation Agents

    5.6.4 Local Antimicrobial Agents

    5.6.5 Subgingival Oral Irrigation

    5.7 Oral Hygiene Instruction

    5.7.1 Plaque Disclosing

    5.7.2 Mechanical Plaque-Removal Methods

    5.7.3 Dentifrices/Toothpaste

    5.7.4 Mouthrinses/Mouthwash

    5.8 Tobacco-cessation Counseling

    5.8.1 Consequences of Tobacco Use

    5.8.2 Counseling Tobacco Users

    5.8.3 Encouraging Quitting

    5.8.4 Pharmacologic Agents for Tobacco Cessation

    5.8.5 Other Agents

    5.9 Essential Takeaways

    5.10 Review Questions

    5.11 Answers

    5.12 Evidence-based Activities


    6 Reducing Pockets

    6.1 Learning Objectives

    6.2 Case

    6.3 Recognize Indications for Pocket-reduction Surgery

    6.3.1 Risks Associated with Residual Deep Pocketing

    6.3.2 Causes of Residual Deep Pocketing

    6.3.3 General Indications for Pocket-reduction Surgery

    6.3.4 Pocket-reduction and Correction of Biologic Width Issues

    6.3.5 Medical Contraindications

    6.3.6 Dental Contraindications

    6.3.7 Consent Issues

    6.3.8 When to Refer

    6.4 Develop a Surgical Treatment Plan for Reducing Periodontal Pockets

    6.4.1 Pocket Types—Suprabony and Infrabony

    6.4.2 Treatment of Suprabony Pockets

    6.4.3 Treatment of Infrabony Pockets

    6.4.4 Bone Defect Types

    6.4.5 Shallow Infrabony Pockets—Osseous Surgery

    6.4.6 Deep Infrabony Pockets—Regenerative Techniques

    6.4.7 Specific Consent Issues

    6.4.8 Postoperative Care

    6.5 Describe Surgical Pocket-reduction Techniques