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  • Bedside Psychiatry
    La comanda in aproximativ 4 saptamani
    130.00 lei

    This book provides trainees in psychiatry with an overview of day to day patient evaluation and treatment planning. Divided into two sections, the first chapters cover the basics, psychiatric history, clinical examination and additional evaluation, management and related issues. The second section provides comprehensive appendices covering numerous psychiatric scenarios and disorders, as well as psychiatric tests, ratings and key terms. Authored by a recognised, UK-based expert in the field, the book is further enhanced by clinical photographs and illustrations to assist learning. Key points Provides trainees in psychiatry with an overview of day to day patient evaluation and treatment planning Covers psychiatric history, clinical examination and additional evaluation and management issues Discusses numerous psychiatric scenarios and disorders Authored by UK-based expert in the field of psychiatry

  • 19000lei 180.00 lei

     

    An ideal companion to the world's foremost physiology textbook, Guyton and Hall Physiology Review prepares you for exams as well as the physiology portion of the USMLE Step 1. You'll find more than 1,000 physiology questions and answers to improve your understanding of this complex subject.

    Cross-referenced to the bestselling Guyton and Hall Textbook of Medical Physiology, 14th Edition, highlighting essential key concepts and featuring direct page references to specific questions.

    Thorough reviews of all major body systems, with an emphasis on system interaction, homeostasis, and pathophysiology.

    More than 1,000 board-style questions and answers on the most essential, need-to-know concepts prepare you for your exams, including the physiology portion of the USMLE Step 1.

    eBook includes an interactive quiz mode for self-assessment and exam practice.

    Enhanced eBook version included with purchase. Your enhanced eBook allows you to access all of the text, figures, and references from the book on a variety of devices.

     

  • 19000lei 180.00 lei

     

    Carry the same authoritative, useful knowledge that readers of Guyton and Hall have come to trust - in an easily accessible, pocket format. Pocket Companion to Guyton and Hall Textbook of Medical Physiology, 14th Edition, echoes the structure and content of the world's foremost physiology textbook, making it ideal for a quick, portable review or entry point into complex topics.

    ·         Grasp key information quickly thanks to concise, readable text.

    ·         Benefit from updated content of the 14th edition of the bestselling text in a condensed synopsis format.

    ·         Quickly locate more in-depth discussions inside the parent text with abundant cross-references and a parallel chapter organization.

    ·         Enhanced eBook version included with purchase. Your enhanced eBook allows you to access all of the text, figures, and references from the book on a variety of devices.

     

  • Cardiovascular Physiology Concepts
    La comanda in aproximativ 4 saptamani
    21500lei 200.00 lei

     

    Description:

    Praised for its concise coverage, this highly accessible monograph lays a foundation for understanding the underlying concepts of normal cardiovascular function and offers a welcome alternative to a more mechanistically oriented approach or an encyclopedic physiology text. Clear explanations, ample illustrations and engaging clinical cases and problems provide the perfect guidance for self-directed learning and prepare you to excel in clinical practice. 

     

    Table of Contents:

     

    1 Introduction to the Cardiovascular System

    THE NEED FOR A CIRCULATORY SYSTEM

    THE ARRANGEMENT OF THE CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM

    THE FUNCTIONS OF THE HEART AND BLOOD VESSELS

    Heart

    Vascular System

    Interdependence of Circulatory and Organ Function

    THE REGULATION OF CARDIAC AND VASCULAR FUNCTION

    THE CONTENT OF THE FOLLOWING CHAPTERS

    SUMMARY OF IMPORTANT CONCEPTS

    CHAPTER 1: MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS

    2 Cellular Structure and Function

    CARDIAC CELL STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION

    Myocytes and Sarcomeres

    Excitation–Contraction Coupling

    Regulation of Contraction (Inotropy)

    Regulation of Relaxation (Lusitropy)

    Cardiac Myocyte Metabolism

    VASCULAR STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION

    Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells

    Vascular Endothelial Cells

    SUMMARY OF IMPORTANT CONCEPTS

    ANSWERS TO PROBLEMS AND CASES

    SUGGESTED RESOURCES

    CHAPTER 2: MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS

    3 Electrical Activity of the Heart

    Cell Membrane Potentials

    Resting Membrane Potentials

    Maintenance of Ionic Gradients

    Ion Channels

    Action Potentials

    Arrhythmias Caused by Abnormal Action Potential Generation

    Conduction of Action Potentials within the Heart

    Electrical Conduction within the Heart

    Regulation of Conduction Velocity

    Abnormal Conduction

    Tachycardia Caused by Reentry

    The Electrocardiogram

    ECG Tracing

    Interpretation of Normal and Abnormal Cardiac Rhythms from the ECG

    Volume Conductor Principles and ECG Rules of Interpretation

    ECG Leads: Placement of Recording Electrodes

    Electrophysiological Changes during Cardiac Ischemia

    Summary of Important Concepts

    ANSWERS TO PROBLEMS AND CASES

    SUGGESTED RESOURCES

    CHAPTER 3: MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS

    4 Cardiac Function

    CARDIAC ANATOMY

    Functional Anatomy of the Heart

    Autonomic Innervation

    THE CARDIAC CYCLE

    Cardiac Cycle Diagram

    Phase 1. Atrial Systole

    Phase 2. Isovolumetric Contraction

    Phase 3. Rapid Ejection

    Phase 4. Reduced Ejection

    Phase 5. Isovolumetric Relaxation

    Phase 6. Rapid Filling

    Phase 7. Reduced Filling

    Summary of Intracardiac Pressures

    Ventricular Pressure–Volume Relationship

    CARDIAC OUTPUT

    Measurement of Cardiac Output

    Influence of Heart Rate and Stroke Volume on Cardiac Output

    EFFECTS OF PRELOAD ON STROKE VOLUME

    Effects of Ventricular Compliance on Preload

    Effects of Preload on Tension Development (Length–Tension Relationship)

    Effects of Venous Return on Stroke Volume (Frank-Starling Mechanism)

    Summary of Effects of Increase Preload on Cardiac Muscle Mechanics and Ventricular Function

    Factors Determining Ventricular Preload

    EFFECTS OF AFTERLOAD ON STROKE VOLUME

    Effects of Afterload on the Velocity of Fiber Shortening (Force–Velocity Relationship)

    Effects of Afterload on Frank-Starling Curves

    Effects of Afterload on Pressure–Volume Loops

    Summary of Effects of Increased Afterload on Cardiac Muscle Mechanics and Ventricular Function

    EFFECTS OF INOTROPY ON STROKE VOLUME

    Effects of Inotropy on Length-Tension Relationship

    Effects of Inotropy on Force–Velocity Relationship

    Effects of Inotropy on Frank-Starling Curves

    Effects of Inotropy on Pressure–Volume Loops

    Summary of Effects of Increased Inotropy on Cardiac Muscle Mechanics and Ventricular Function

    Factors Influencing Inotropic State

    Cellular Mechanisms of Inotropy

    INTERDEPENDENCE OF PRELOAD, AFTERLOAD, AND INOTROPY

    MYOCARDIAL OXYGEN CONSUMPTION

    How Myocardial Oxygen Consumption Is Determined

    Factors Influencing Myocardial Oxygen Consumption

    SUMMARY OF IMPORTANT CONCEPTS

    ANSWERS TO PROBLEMS AND CASES

    SUGGESTED RESOURCES

    CHAPTER 4: MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS

    5 Vascular Function

    ANATOMY AND FUNCTION

    Vascular Network

    Distribution of Pressures and Volumes

    ARTERIAL BLOOD PRESSURE

    Mean Arterial Pressure

    Aortic Pulse Pressure

    HEMODYNAMICS (PRESSURE, FLOW, AND RESISTANCE)

    Effects of Vessel Length, Radius, and Blood Viscosity on Resistance to Blood Flow

    Laminar Versus Turbulent Flow

    Series and Parallel Arrangement of the Vasculature

    REGULATION OF SYSTEMIC VASCULAR RESISTANCE

    Calculation of Systemic Vascular Resistance

    Vascular Tone

    VENOUS BLOOD PRESSURE

    Venous Blood Volume and Compliance

    Mechanical Factors Affecting Central Venous Pressure and Venous Return

    Summary of Factors Affecting Central Venous Pressure

    VENOUS RETURN AND CARDIAC OUTPUT

    The Balance between Venous Return and Cardiac Output

    Systemic Vascular Function Curves

    Cardiac Function Curves

    Interactions Between Cardiac and Systemic Vascular Function Curves

    SUMMARY OF IMPORTANT CONCEPTS

    ANSWERS TO PROBLEMS AND CASES

    SUGGESTED RESOURCES

    CHAPTER 5: MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS

    6 Neurohumoral Control of the Heart and Circulation

    AUTONOMIC NEURAL CONTROL

    Autonomic Innervation of the Heart and Vasculature

    Baroreceptor Feedback Regulation of Arterial Pressure

    Chemoreceptors

    Other Autonomic Reflexes Affecting the Heart and Circulation

    HUMORAL CONTROL

    Circulating Catecholamines

    Renin–Angiotensin–Aldosterone System

    Natriuretic Peptides

    Vasopressin (Antidiuretic Hormone)

    INTEGRATION OF NEUROHUMORAL MECHANISMS

    SUMMARY OF IMPORTANT CONCEPTS

    ANSWERS TO PROBLEMS AND CASES

    SUGGESTED RESOURCES

    CHAPTER 6: MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS

    7 Organ Blood Flow

    DISTRIBUTION OF CARDIAC OUTPUT

    LOCAL REGULATION OF BLOOD FLOW

    Tissue Factors

    Endothelial Factors

    Smooth Muscle (Myogenic) Mechanisms

    Extravascular Compression

    Autoregulation of Blood Flow

    Reactive and Active Hyperemia

    SPECIAL CIRCULATIONS

    Coronary Circulation

    Cerebral Circulation

    Skeletal Muscle Circulation

    Cutaneous Circulation

    Splanchnic Circulation

    Renal Circulation

    Pulmonary Circulation

    Summary of Special Circulations

    SUMMARY OF IMPORTANT CONCEPTS

    ANSWERS TO PROBLEMS AND CASES

    SUGGESTED RESOURCES

    CHAPTER 7: MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS

    8 Exchange Function of the Microcirculation

    MECHANISMS OF EXCHANGE

    Diffusion

    Bulk Flow

    Vesicular and Active Transport

    EXCHANGE OF OXYGEN AND CARBON DIOXIDE

    Oxygen Diffusion

    Oxygen Delivery and Extraction

    Carbon Dioxide Diffusion

    TRANSCAPILLARY FLUID EXCHANGE

    Physical Mechanisms Governing Fluid Exchange

    Capillary Exchange Model

    EDEMA FORMATION

    SUMMARY OF IMPORTANT CONCEPTS

    ANSWERS TO PROBLEMS AND CASES

    SUGGESTED RESOURCES

    CHAPTER 8: MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS

    9 Cardiovascular Integration, Adaptation, and Pathophysiology

    CARDIOVASCULAR RESPONSES TO EXERCISE

    Mechanisms Involved in Cardiovascular Response to Exercise

    Steady-State Changes in Cardiovascular Function during Exercise

    Factors Influencing Cardiovascular Response to Exercise

    PERIPHERAL VASCULAR DISEASE

    Hemodynamics of Peripheral Artery Disease in the Leg

    MATERNAL CHANGES IN CARDIOVASCULAR FUNCTION DURING PREGNANCY

    FETAL CIRCULATION AND CHANGES AT BIRTH

    HYPOTENSION AND SHOCK

    Causes of Hypotension

    Circulatory Shock

    Compensatory Mechanisms during Hypotension

    Decompensatory Mechanisms Following Severe and Prolonged Hypotension

    Physiologic Basis for Therapeutic Intervention

    HYPERTENSION

    Essential (Primary) Hypertension

    Secondary Hypertension

    Physiologic Basis for Therapeutic Intervention

    HEART FAILURE

    Causes of Heart Failure

    Systolic versus Diastolic Dysfunction

    Systemic Compensatory Mechanisms in Heart Failure

    Exercise Limitations Imposed by Heart Failure

    Physiologic Basis for Therapeutic Intervention

    VALVE DISEASE

    Valve Stenosis

    Valve Regurgitation

    SUMMARY OF IMPORTANT CONCEPTS

    ANSWERS TO CASES

    SUGGESTED RESOURCES

    CHAPTER 9: MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS

    Index

     

  • 240.00 lei

    Thieme Test Prep for the USMLE®: Medical Physiology is the choice of medical students...

    ...The major test-prep resources do not focus on these subjects in detail. A question bank...would be beneficial to those who struggle with these as an additional resource for studying... - Ethan Young (Fourth-year medical student, University of South Dakota, Sanford School of Medicine)

    ...Very well written in step 1 format, with very good explanations-which is one of the most helpful parts of a prep question set... Succinct but comprehensive in helping me to understand more about each of the other answers listed (and easy for me to see why they are wrong). â?“ Chris Moser (Third-year medical student, Alabama College of Osteopathic Medicine)

    Thieme Test Prep for the USMLE®: Medical Physiology from Gabi Waite and Maria Sheakley transforms high-yield concepts into challenging multiple choice questions organized by body system. Readers will learn how to synthesize, integrate, and apply physiological concepts to clinical situations in a format mirroring the USMLE® exam.

    Key Highlights

    • More than 750 USMLE®-style multiple choice questions on physiology and pathophysiology, categorized as easy, moderate, and difficult, with detailed explanations
    • Questions begin with a clinical vignette and approximately 20% are image-based, mirroring the USMLE-format.
    • Every question tagged by organ system, difficulty level, disease, and normal, abnormal or therapeutic process, enabling electronic format question sorting

    This essential resource will help you assess your knowledge and fully prepare for board examinations.

  • Color Atlas of Pathophysiology
    La comanda in aproximativ 4 saptamani
    30000lei 250.00 lei

    Understanding pathophysiology is the first step toward  clinical medicine. This book presents the most important mechanisms of how  disease develops in nearly 200 vivid color plates accompanied by clear text. Every double page, with text on the left and pictures on the right, gives a rapid and complete overview of its topic.

    The contents are organized systematically and a color-coded thumb index makes it easy to navigate through the book. Where necessary for clarity, the basics of physiology are explained again.

    Numerous clinical references illustrate the links between theory and practice. The pocket atlas has been fully revised and updated for the third edition. It now includes detailed information about malaria, energy metabolism, eating disorders, and obesity. Color Atlas of Pathophysiology is the ideal supplement to Color Atlas of Physiology!

  • LIR. Fisiologia
    La comanda in aproximativ 4 saptamani
    315.00 lei

    LIR Fisiología 2ed, es la versión actualizada y mejorada de una de las herramientas predilectas de los estudiantes para aprender y comprender la fisiología del cuerpo humano. Mantiene la estructura clásica de la serie Lippincott Illustrated Reviews, con textos claros y precisos acompañados de cientos de ilustraciones para una revisión eficaz que permite asimilar información compleja con rapidez.
    La estructura de su contenido permite identificar primero la función del órgano y luego mostrar cómo las células y los tejidos están diseñados para cumplir esa función, este recurso decodifica la fisiología como ningún otro texto o libro de revisión. El formato del esquema, las ilustraciones visionarias, las aplicaciones clínicas y las preguntas de revisión, diseñadas para facilitar el uso y la rápida absorción de contenido, ayudan a los estudiantes a dominar los conceptos más esenciales en fisiología, lo que lo hace perfecto para el aprendizaje en el aula y la preparación de exámenes.
    Características destacadas

    • Un nuevo capítulo sobre eritropoyesis y transporte de gases en sangre
    • El nuevo contenido sobre el impacto del envejecimiento normal en la función del órgano hace que el libro esté completamente actualizado
    • Las preguntas de repaso con explicaciones para cada sistema ayudan a preparar a los estudiantes para los exámenes
    • Más de 600 ilustraciones a todo color
    • Resúmenes al inicio de cada capítulo que establecen objetivos claros para el dominio de los temas y enfatizan los conceptos esenciales
    • Banco de imágenes y preguntas en línea
    • ·  I. GENERALIDADES
    • ·  II. AMBIENTE CELULAR

      ·  III. COMPOSICIÓN DE LAS MEMBRANAS

      ·  IV. DIFUSIÓN

      ·  V. POROS, CANALES Y TRANSPORTADORES

      ·  VI. COMUNICACIÓN INTERCELULAR

      ·  VII. SEÑALIZACION INTRACELULAR

      ·  Resumen del capítulo

      ·  Capítulo 2: Excitabilidad de la membrana

      ·  I. GENERALIDADES

      ·  II. POTENCIALES DE MEMBRANA

      ·  III. EXCITACIÓN

      ·  IV. CANALES IÓNICOS

      ·  V. ESTRUCTURA DE LOS CANALES

      ·  VI. TIPOS DE CANALES

      ·  Resumen del capítulo

      ·  Capítulo 3: Ósmosis y líquidos corporales

      ·  I. GENERALIDADES

      ·  II. ÓSMOSIS

      ·  III. COMPARTIMENTOS DE LOS LÍQUIDOS CORPORALES

      ·  IV. pH DEL FLUIDO CORPORAL

      ·  Resumen del capítulo

      ·  Capítulo 4: Tejido epitelial y conjuntivo

      ·  I. GENERALIDADES

      ·  II. EPITELIO

      ·  III. EL MOVIMIENTO A TRAVÉS DE LOS EPITELIOS

      ·  IV. TEJIDO CONJUNTIVO

      ·  Resumen del capítulo

      ·  Preguntas de estudio

      ·  UNIDAD II: Sistemas sensorial y motor

      ·  Capítulo 5: Organización del sistema nervioso

      ·  I. GENERALIDADES

      ·  II. SISTEMA NERVIOSO

      ·  III. NEURONAS

      ·  IV. NEUROTRANSMISIÓN

      ·  V. NEUROGLÍA

      ·  VI. NERVIOS

      ·  Resumen del capítulo

      ·  Capítulo 6: Sistema nervioso central

      ·  I. GENERALIDADES

      ·  II. MÉDULA ESPINAL

      ·  III. TRONCO ENCEFÁLICO

      ·  IV. CEREBELO

      ·  V. DIENCÉFALO

      ·  VI. TELENCÉFALO

      ·  VII. LÍQUIDO CEFALORRAQUÍDEO

      ·  Resumen del capítulo

      ·  Capítulo 7: Sistema nervioso autónomo

      ·  I. GENERALIDADES

      ·  II. HOMEOSTASIS

      ·  III. ORGANIZACIÓN

      ·  IV. NEUROTRANSMISIÓN

      ·  V. ÓRGANOS EFECTORES

      ·  VI. TRONCO ENCEFÁLICO

      ·  VII. HIPOTÁLAMO

      ·  VIII. SISTEMA LÍMBICO

      ·  Resumen del capítulo

      ·  Capítulo 8: Vista

      ·  I. GENERALIDADES

      ·  II. ESTRUCTURA DEL OJO

      ·  III. FOTORRECEPTORES

      ·  IV. FOTOSENSOR

      ·  V. TRANSDUCCIÓN FOTOSENSORIAL

      ·  VI. VISIÓN A COLOR

      ·  VII. PROCESAMIENTO VISUAL

      ·  VIII. VÍAS VISUALES

      ·  IX. PROPIEDADES ÓPTICAS DEL OJO

      ·  Resumen del capítulo

      ·  Capítulo 9: Oído y equilibrio

      ·  I. GENERALIDADES

      ·  II. SONIDO

      ·  III. SISTEMA AUDITIVO

      ·  IV. TRANSDUCCIÓN AUDITIVA

      ·  V. EQUILIBRIO

      ·  Resumen del capítulo

      ·  Capítulo 10: El gusto y el olfato

      ·  I. GENERALIDADES

      ·  II. GUSTO

      ·  III. OLFATO

      ·  Resumen del capítulo

      ·  Capítulo 11: Sistemas de control motor

      ·  I. GENERALIDADES

      ·  II. SISTEMAS SENSITIVOS MUSCULARES

      ·  III. REFLEJOS DE LA MÉDULA ESPINAL

      ·  IV. CENTROS DE CONTROL SUPERIORES

      ·  Resumen del capítulo

      ·  Preguntas de estudio

      ·  UNIDAD III: Fisiología musculoesquelética y tegumentaria

      ·  Capítulo 12: Músculo esquelético

      ·  I. GENERALIDADES

      ·  II. ESTRUCTURA

      ·  III. ACOPLAMIENTO DE EXCITACIÓN Y CONTRACCIÓN

      ·  IV. MECÁNICA

      ·  V. TIPOS

      ·  VI. PARÁLISIS

      ·  Resumen del capítulo

      ·  Capítulo 13: Músculo liso

      ·  I. GENERALIDADES

      ·  II. ESTRUCTURA

      ·  III. EXCITACIÓN – ACOPLAMIENTO DE CONTRACCIÓN

      ·  IV. REMODELADO CITOESQUELÉTICO

      ·  V. TIPOS

      ·  Resumen del capítulo

      ·  Capítulo 14: Hueso

      ·  I. GENERALIDADES

      ·  II. FORMACIÓN

      ·  III. ANATOMÍA Y CRECIMIENTO

      ·  IV. REMODELACIÓN

      ·  Resumen del capítulo

      ·  Capítulo 15: Piel

      ·  I. GENERALIDADES

      ·  II. ANATOMÍA

      ·  III. EPIDERMIS

      ·  IV. DERMIS

      ·  V. HIPODERMIS

      ·  VI. ESTRUCTURAS CUTÁNEAS ESPECIALIZADAS

      ·  VII. NERVIOS CUTÁNEOS

      ·  Resumen del capítulo

      ·  Preguntas de estudio

      ·  UNIDAD IV: Sistema cardiovascular

      ·  Capítulo 16: Estimulación cardiaca

      ·  I. GENERALIDADES

      ·  II. SISTEMA DE CIRCUITOS CARDIOVASCULARES

      ·  III. MÚSCULO CARDIACO

      ·  IV. SECUENCIACIÓN DE LAS CONTRACCIONES

      ·  V. ELECTROFISIOLOGÍA

      ·  VI. ELECTROCARDIOGRAFÍA

      ·  Resumen del capítulo

      ·  Capítulo 17: Mecánica cardiaca

      ·  I. GENERALIDADES

      ·  II. CICLO CARDIACO

      ·  III. ACOPLAMIENTO DE LA EXCITACIÓN – CONTRACCIÓN

      ·  IV. GASTO CARDIACO

      ·  V. FUENTE DE ENERGÍA

      ·  VI. TRABAJO CARDIACO

      ·  Resumen del capítulo

      ·  Capítulo 18: Sangre y vasculatura

      ·  I. GENERALIDADES

      ·  II. VASCULATURA

      ·  III. DETERMINANTES DEL FLUJO SANGUÍNEO

      ·  IV. LEY DE OHM HEMODINÁMICA

      ·  V. LÍMITES DE LA LEY DE POISEUILLE

      ·  VI. INTERCAMBIO ENTRE SANGRE Y TEJIDOS

      ·  VII. MOVIMIENTO DE LÍQUIDO

      ·  VIII. TRASTORNOS DEL EQUILIBRIO DE STARLING

      ·  Resumen del capítulo

      ·  Capítulo 19: Regulación cardiovascular

      ·  I. GENERALIDADES

      ·  II. CONTROL VASCULAR

      ·  III. CONTROL DE LA PRESIÓN ARTERIAL

      ·  IV. VÍAS DE CONTROL A LARGO PLAZO

      ·  V. RETORNO VENOSO

      ·  Resumen del capítulo

      ·  Capítulo 20: Circulación especial

      ·  I. GENERALIDADES

      ·  II. CIRCULACIÓN CEREBRAL

      ·  III. CIRCULACIÓN CORONARIA

      ·  IV. CIRCULACIÓN ESPLÁCNICA

      ·  V. CIRCULACIÓN MUSCULAR ESQUELÉTICA

      ·  Resumen del capítulo

      ·  Preguntas de estudio

      ·  UNIDAD V: Sistema respiratorio

      ·  Capítulo 21: Mecánica pulmonar

      ·  I. GENERALIDADES

      ·  II. ANATOMÍA DE LAS VÍAS RESPIRATORIAS

      ·  III. IRRIGACIÓN

      ·  IV. TENSIÓN SUPERFICIAL Y SURFACTANTE

      ·  V. MECÁNICA DE LA RESPIRACIÓN

      ·  VI. MECÁNICA DEL PULMÓN ESTÁTICO

      ·  VII. ENFERMEDADES PULMONARES

      ·  VIII. MECÁNICA PULMONAR DINÁMICA

      ·  IX. VOLÚMENES Y CAPACIDADES PULMONARES

      ·  X. ESPACIO MUERTO Y VENTILACIÓN

      ·  Resumen del capítulo

      ·  Capítulo 22: Intercambio gaseoso

      ·  I. GENERALIDADES

      ·  II. PRESIONES ARTERIALES

      ·  III. CIRCULACIÓN PULMONAR

      ·  IV. RELACIÓN VENTILACIÓN/PERFUSIÓN

      ·  V. INTERCAMBIO GASEOSO

      ·  Resumen del capítulo

      ·  Capítulo 23: Transporte de sangre y gas

      ·  I. GENERALIDADES

      ·  II. HEMATOPOYESIS

      ·  III. ERITROCITOS

      ·  IV. TRANSPORTE DE OXÍGENO

      ·  V. TRANSPORTE DE DIÓXIDO DE CARBONO

      ·  VI. CONSIDERACIONES ACIDOBÁSICAS

      ·  Resumen del capítulo

      ·  Capítulo 24: Regulación respiratoria

      ·  I. GENERALIDADES

      ·  II. CENTROS DE CONTROL NERVIOSO

      ·  III. CONTROL QUÍMICO DE LA VENTILACIÓN

      ·  IV. FUNCIÓN DE LOS RECEPTORES PULMONARES

      ·  V. ADAPTACIÓN RESPIRATORIA AL AMBIENTE

      ·  Resumen del capítulo

      ·  Preguntas de estudio

      ·  UNIDAD VI: Aparato urinario

      ·  Capítulo 25: Filtración y micción

      ·  I. GENERALIDADES

      ·  II. ANATOMÍA

      ·  III. FILTRACIÓN

      ·  IV. REGULACIÓN

      ·  V. VALORACIÓN DEL FUNCIONAMIENTO RENAL

      ·  VI. MICCIÓN

      ·  Resumen del capítulo

      ·  Capítulo 26: Reabsorción y secreción

      ·  I. GENERALIDADES

      ·  II. PRINCIPIOS

      ·  III. SOLUTOS ORGÁNICOS: REABSORCIÓN

      ·  IV. SOLUTOS ORGÁNICOS: SECRECIÓN

      ·  V. UREA

      ·  VI. FOSFATO Y CALCIO

      ·  VII. MAGNESIO

      ·  VIII. POTASIO

      ·  IX. BICARBONATO E IONES HIDRÓGENO

      ·  X. SODIO, CLORO Y AGUA

      ·  Resumen de capítulo

      ·  Capítulo 27: Formación de orina

      ·  I. GENERALIDADES

      ·  II. ASA DE HENLE

      ·  III. TÚBULO DISTAL INICIAL

      ·  IV. SEGMENTOS DISTALES

      ·  V. CONDUCTOS COLECTORES

      ·  Resumen del capítulo

      ·  Capítulo 28: Equilibrio de agua y electrolitos

      ·  I. GENERALIDADES

      ·  II. EQUILIBRIO DE AGUA

      ·  III. EQUILIBRIO DE SODIO

      ·  IV. EQUILIBRIO DE POTASIO

      ·  V. EQUILIBRIO DE pH

      ·  VI. TRASTORNOS ACIDOBÁSICOS

      ·  Resumen del capítulo

      ·  PREGUNTAS DE ESTUDIO

      ·  UNIDAD VII: Aparato digestivo

      ·  Capítulo 29: Principios y señalización

      ·  I. GENERALIDADES

      ·  II. CAPAS GASTROINTESTINALES

      ·  III. INERVACIÓN Y NEUROTRANSMISORES

      ·  IV. MOLÉCULAS SEÑALIZADORAS NO NEURALES

      ·  Resumen del capítulo

      ·  Capítulo 30: Boca, esófago y estómago

      ·  I. GENERALIDADES

      ·  II. BOCA

      ·  III. ESÓFAGO

      ·  IV. ESTÓMAGO

      ·  Resumen del capítulo

      ·  Capítulo 31: Intestino delgado e intestino grueso

      ·  I. GENERALIDADES

      ·  II. INTESTINO DELGADO

      ·  III. INTESTINO GRUESO

      ·  Resumen del capítulo

      ·  Capítulo 32: Páncreas e hígado exocrinos

      ·  I. GENERALIDADES

      ·  II. PÁNCREAS EXOCRINO

      ·  III. SISTEMA HEPATOBILIAR

      ·  IV. FUNCIONES HEPÁTICAS NO BILIARES

      ·  Resumen del capítulo

      ·  Preguntas de estudio

      ·  UNIDAD VIII: Sistema endocrino

      ·  Capítulo 33: Páncreas e hígado endocrinos

      ·  I. GENERALIDADES

      ·  II. HOMEOSTASIS DE LA GLUCOSA

      ·  III. PÁNCREAS ENDOCRINO

      ·  IV. HÍGADO

      ·  Resumen del capítulo

      ·  Capítulo 34: Glándulas suprarrenales

      ·  I. GENERALIDADES

      ·  II. CORTEZA SUPRARRENAL: CORTISOL

      ·  III. CORTEZA SUPRARRENAL: ANDRÓGENOS

      ·  IV. CORTEZA SUPRARRENAL: ALDOSTERONA

      ·  V. MÉDULA SUPRARRENAL: CATECOLAMINAS

      ·  Resumen del capítulo

      ·  Capítulo 35: Hormonas tiroideas y paratiroideas

      ·  I. GENERALIDADES

      ·  II. GLÁNDULA TIROIDEA: HORMONAS TIROIDEAS

      ·  III. GLÁNDULA TIROIDEA: CALCITONINA

      ·  IV. GLÁNDULA PARATIROIDEA: HORMONA PARATIROIDEA

      ·  Resumen del capítulo

      ·  Capítulo 36: Gónadas femeninas y masculinas

      ·  I. GENERALIDADES

      ·  II. SEXO Y GÉNERO

      ·  III. GÓNADAS MASCULINAS

      ·  IV. GÓNADAS FEMENINAS

      ·  V. CICLO ENDOMETRIAL

      ·  VI. GLÁNDULAS MAMARIAS

      ·  Resumen del capítulo

      ·  Preguntas de estudio

      ·  UNIDAD IX: Vivir y morir

      ·  Capítulo 37: Embarazo y parto

      ·  I. GENERALIDADES

      ·  II. IMPLANTACIÓN

      ·  III. PLACENTA

      ·  IV. FISIOLOGÍA MATERNA

      ·  V. FISIOLOGÍA FETAL

      ·  VI. PARTO

      ·  Resumen del capítulo

      ·  Capítulo 38: Estrés térmico y fiebre

      ·  I. GENERALIDADES

      ·  II. TERMORREGULACIÓN

      ·  III. PRODUCCIÓN Y TRANSFERENCIA DE CALOR

      ·  IV. ASPECTOS CLÍNICOS

      ·  Resumen del capítulo

      ·  Capítulo 39: Ejercicio y reposo absoluto

      ·  I. GENERALIDADES

      ·  II. DEFINICIONES

      ·  III. MÚSCULO ESQUELÉTICO

      ·  IV. CONTROL MOTOR Y AUTÓNOMO

      ·  V. SISTEMA CARDIOVASCULAR

      ·  VI. SISTEMA RESPIRATORIO

      ·  VII. SISTEMA ENDOCRINO

      ·  VIII. REPOSO ABSOLUTO

      ·  Resumen del capítulo

      ·  Capítulo 40: Falla de sistemas

      ·  I. GENERALIDADES

      ·  II. ENVEJECIMIENTO Y MUERTE

      ·  III. CLASIFICACIONES DE CHOQUE

      ·  IV. ETAPAS DEL CHOQUE

      ·  V. INSUFICIENCIA CARDIACA

      ·  VI. INSUFICIENCIA RESPIRATORIA

      ·  VII. INSUFICIENCIA RENAL

      ·  VIII. SÍNDROME DE DISFUNCIÓN ORGÁNICA MÚLTIPLE

      ·  Resumen del capítulo

      ·  Preguntas de estudio

      ·  APÉNDICES

      ·  Apéndice A. Valores fisiológicos normales

      ·  Apéndice B. Ecuaciones de referencia

      ·  Créditos de figuras

      ·  Índice alfabético de materias

  • 40000lei 385.00 lei

     

    Description:

     


    Medical students and faculty have long looked to Boron & Boulpaep’s Medical Physiology for an unparalleled, comprehensive understanding of complex human physiology. By popular demand, the new Boron & Boulpaep Concise Medical Physiology offers Boron & Boulpaep’s authoritative content in a condensed, entry-level presentation that is well-illustrated and student friendly. You’ll find the same trusted quality and attention to detail as the parent text, with a logically organized format, clear, instructive figures, and online animations-all focused on the essential information you need to know for a solid introduction or a quick review.

     

     

    Table Of Contents:

     

    1 Foundations of Physiology 2 Functional Organization of the Cell 3 Signal Transduction 4 Regulation of Gene Expression 5 Transport of Solutes and Water 6 Electrophysiology of the Cell Membrane 7 Electrical Excitability and Action Potentials 8 Synaptic Transmission and the Neuromuscular Junction 9 Cellular Physiology of Skeletal Muscle 10 Organization of the Nervous System 11 The Neuronal Microenvironment 12 Physiology of Neurons 13 Synaptic Transmission in the Nervous System 14 The Autonomic Nervous System 15 Sensory Transduction 16 Circuits of the Central Nervous System 17 Organization of the Cardiovascular System 18 Blood 19 Arteries and Veins 20 The Microcirculation 21 Cardiac Electrophysiology and the Electrocardiogram 22 The Heart as a Pump 23 Regulation of Arterial Pressure and Cardiac Output 24 Special Circulations 25 Integrated Control of the Cardiovascular System 26 Organization of the Respiratory System 27 Mechanics of Ventilation 28 Acid-Base Physiology 29 Transport of Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide in the Blood 30 Gas Exchange in the Lungs 31 Ventilation and Perfusion of the Lungs 32 Control of Ventilation 33 Organization of the Urinary System 34 Glomerular Filtration and Renal Blood 35 Transport of Sodium and Chloride 36 Transport of Urea Glucose, Other Solutes, Phospate, Calcium, and Magnesium 37 Transport of Potassium 38 Urine Concentration and Dilution 39 Transport of Acids and Bases 40 Integration of Salt and Water Balance 41 Organization of the Gastrointestinal System 42 Gastric Function 43 Pancreatic and Salivary Glands 44 Intestinal Fluid and Electrolyte Movement 45 Nutrient Digestion and Absorption 46 Hepatobiliary Function 47 Organization of Endocrine Control 48 Endocrine Regulation of Growth and Body Mass 49 The Thyroid Gland 50 The Adrenal Gland 51 The Endocrine Pancreas 52 The Parathyroid Glands and Vitamin D 53 Sexual Differentiation 54 The Male Reproductive System 55 The Female Reproductive System 56 Fertilization 57 Fetal and Neonatal Physiology 58 Metabolism 59 Regulation of Body Temperature 60 Exercise Physiology and Sports Science 61 Environmental Physiology 62 The Physiology of Aging

       

     

  • 45900lei 440.00 lei

     

    Description:

    Ideal for exercise science, athletic training, and physical therapy students, this updated edition of Knight and Draper’sTherapeutic Modalities: The Art and Science covers the knowledge and skills needed to select the best therapeutic modality for each client injury. This edition helps students hone their clinical decision-making skills by teaching both the how and the why of each therapeutic modality, offering the application that today’s student craves.   Retaining the accessible student-friendly writing style and focus on kinesthetic learning that made the book so successful, the third edition is enhanced by new chapters, new photos, and significant updates throughout that reflect the latest research and advances in the field. 

     

    Table of Contents:

     

    PART I: IN PERSPECTIVE

    1 THERAPEUTIC MODALITIES: WHAT THEY ARE AND WHY THEY ARE USED

    Defining and Classifying Therapeutic Modalities

    Maximizing the Effectiveness of Therapeutic Modalities

    Selecting a Therapeutic Modality

    Rehabilitation and Therapeutic Modalities

    A Systems Approach to Rehabilitation

    The Psychology of Rehabilitation

    Preparation for Using Therapeutic Modalities

    2 EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE

    Evidence-Based Medicine

    Patient-Centered Care

    Clinical Decision Making

    3 GENERAL APPLICATION PROCEDURES

    Application Approaches

    The Five-Step Application Procedure

    4 INJURY RECORD KEEPING

    Record Keeping

    The Purpose of Keeping Records

    Using Records and Forms

    Record Use and Abuse

    Review Questions

    PART II: ORTHOPEDIC INJURY, IMMEDIATE CARE, AND HEALING

    5 TISSUE RESPONSE TO INJURY: INFLAMMATION, SWELLING, AND EDEMA

    The Inflammatory Response

    An Acute Orthopedic Injury Model

    Secondary Injury

    Swelling: Hemorrhaging and Edema

    6 IMMEDIATE CARE OF ACUTE ORTHOPEDIC INJURIES

    RICES: The Prescription for Immediate Care

    The Theoretical Basis for RICES

    The Physics and Physiology of Cryotherapy

    Cryotherapy Application Principles

    Compression Application Principles

    Contraindications and Precautions to RICES

    Electrical Stimulation During Immediate Care

    Application of RICES

    The Use of Crutches

    Medicated Ice for Abrasions

    7 THE HEALING PROCESS

    The Repair of Injured Tissue

    The Phases of Repair

    Healing Modifiers

    Review Questions

    PART III: PAIN AND ORTHOPEDIC INJURIES

    8 UNDERSTANDING PAIN AND ITS RELATIONSHIP TO INJURY

    What Is Pain?

    Pain Basics: The Language of Pain

    Theories About Pain

    Drugs, Endogenous Chemicals, and Pain Relief

    Pain Perception

    Postgate Pain Theories

    More Language of Pain: Types/Classification

    Pain Management

    9 RELIEVING ORTHOPEDIC INJURY PAIN

    The Philosophy and Principles of Pain Relief

    Sources of Orthopedic Injury Pain

    The Placebo Effect and Pain Relief

    Use a Variety of Techniques

    Tools for Relieving Pain

    Monitoring and Assessing Pain Relief During Rehabilitation

    Review Questions

    PART IV: THERAPEUTIC HEAT AND COLD

    10 PRINCIPLES OF HEAT FOR THERMOTHERAPY

    Defining Thermotherapy

    Transferring Heat to and From the Body

    The Therapeutic Use of Heat

    Radiation and Electromagnetic Waves

    Thermal Effects of Electromagnetic Waves

    Applying Radiation

    Acoustic Waves

    11 SUPERFICIAL THERMOTHERAPY APPLICATION

    Superficial Thermotherapy

    Whirlpool Application

    Hot Pack Application

    Paraffin Bath Application

    Do Not Apply Infrared Lamps

    Other Superficial Heating Devices

    12 CRYOTHERAPY BEYOND IMMEDIATE CARE

    Cryotherapy: Not Just Immediate Care

    The Physiological Effects of Cold Application

    Cold-Induced Vasodilation: Facts and Fallacies

    Heat vs Cold: When and Why

    Cryotherapeutic Techniques for Transition and Subacute Care

    Recovery Cryotherapy

    Comparing Heat and Cold for Rehabilitation

    13 CRYOTHERAPY APPLICATION FOR POSTIMMEDIATE CARE

    Transition and Subacute Care Cryotherapy Techniques

    Application of Cryokinetics for Joint Sprains

    Application of Cryostretch for Muscle Injuries

    Application of Combined Cryostretch and Cryokinetics

    Application of Connective Tissue Stretch

    Application of Lymphedema Pumps

    14 THERAPEUTIC ULTRASOUND

    Introducing Therapeutic Ultrasound

    Clinical Therapeutic Ultrasound

    Components of an Ultrasound Device

    The Physics of Ultrasound

    Treatment Parameters

    Application Techniques

    Recording Treatment Dosages

    Thermal Effects

    Nonthermal Effects

    Evidence for Therapeutic Ultrasound

    Cases Where Ultrasound and Joint Mobilizations Were Used to Restore Full ROM in Severe Injuries

    Phonophoresis

    Using Ultrasound and Other Modalities Collectively

    Treatment Precautions and Concerns

    Long Duration Ultrasound

    The Future of Ultrasound Therapy

    Challenges to the Efficacy of Therapeutic Ultrasound

    Application of Therapeutic Ultrasound

    15 DIATHERMY

    Introducing Diathermy

    Types of Diathermy

    Continuous and Pulsed Shortwave Diathermy

    Physiological Effects of Diathermy

    Optimal Tissue Temperatures

    Treatment Time

    Clinical Applications of Shortwave Diathermy

    Diathermy Treatment Contraindications and Precautions

    Evidence for Diathermy

    Advantages of PSWD Over Ultrasound

    Application of Diathermy

    Review Questions

    PART V: ELECTROTHERAPY

    16 PRINCIPLES OF ELECTRICITY FOR ELECTROTHERAPY

    A Common Language

    The Basics of Electricity

    Electrical Equipment

    The Generation of Electricity

    Output Current Characteristics

    Tissue Responses to Electrical Stimulation

    Therapeutic Uses of Electrical Stimulation

    17 APPLICATION PROCEDURES: ELECTROTHERAPY

    Electrotherapy Applications: An Overview

    Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation for Pain Relief

    Application of Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation

    Interferential Current Therapy for Pain Relief

    Application of Interferential Current Therapy

    Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation

    Application of Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation

    Patterned Electrical Nerve Stimulation

    Application of Patterned Electrical Nerve Stimulation

    Iontophoresis for Transdermal Drug Delivery

    Benefits of Iontophoresis

    An Iontophoresis Lab to Produce Numbness

    Application of Iontophoresis for Transcutaneous Drug Delivery

    High-Volt Pulsed Current Stimulation for Wound Healing

    Application of High-Volt Pulsed Current Stimulation

    Microcurrent Electrical Nerve Stimulation

    Review Questions

    PART VI: MANUAL MODALITIES

    18 THERAPEUTIC MASSAGE

    Massage as a Therapeutic Modality

    Massage Therapy: What Is It?

    Facts and Misconceptions About Massage

    Indications and Contraindications

    Therapeutic Massage vs a Rubdown

    Common Massage Strokes Used in Basic (Swedish) Massage

    Myofascial Release

    Sports Massage

    Massage Lubricants

    Application of Therapeutic Massage

    19 SPINAL TRACTION

    Cervical Pain and Lumbar Pain

    The Intervertebral Disk

    Traction as a Therapeutic Modality

    The Physiological Effects of Traction

    Guidelines Prior to Applying Traction

    Indications for Traction

    Contraindications for Traction

    Commonly Used Traction Devices

    Cervical Traction

    Lumbar Traction

    Treatment Parameters

    Application of Spinal Traction

    20 POSITIONAL RELEASE THERAPY

    Introducing Positional Release Therapy

    Defining Tender Points and Trigger Points

    Tissue Assessment and Documentation

    Strain Counterstrain vs Positional Release Therapy

    Speicher and Draper’s Top 10 Positional Release Therapy Techniques

    Summary

    Application of Positional Release Therapy

    Review Questions

    PART VII: OTHER MODALITIES

    21 PHOTOBIOMODULATION (LIGHT AND LASER) THERAPY

    Photobiomodulation

    The Nature of Light

    Photobiomodulation Treatment Parameters

    Photobiomodulation Therapy

    Effects of Photobiomodulation

    Application of Photobiomodulation

    22 NITROGEN VAPOR CRYOTHERAPY

    Review of Cryotherapy’s Physiological Effects

    What Is Nitrogen Vapor Cryotherapy?

    Introduction to Whole- and Partial-Body Cryotherapy

    Local Liquid Nitrogen Vapor Cryotherapy

    Evidence for Whole-Body, Partial-Body, and Local Cryotherapy

    Three Cases Where the Partial-Body Cryotherapy Has Been Beneficial

    Application of Whole- and Partial-Body Cryotherapy

    Application of Local Nitrogen Vapor Cryotherapy

    23 PULSED ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELD THERAPY

    Introduction to Pulse Electromagnetic Field Therapy

    Physiological Effects of PEMF

    Evidence for PEMF Therapy

    Indications for PEMF

    Contraindications

    Precautions

    Application of PEMF

    Five Cases of Patients That Used PEMF Therapy

    Application of the PEMF

    Conclusion

    Review Questions

    PART VIII: PUTTING IT ALL TOGETHER

    24 DIFFERENTIAL APPLICATION OF THERAPEUTIC MODALITIES

    Differential Application of Modalities

    Limiting Factors to Therapeutic Modality Use

    25 CASE STUDIES USING THERAPEUTIC MODALITIES

    Clinical Case Studies

    Possible Treatment Regimens

    Review Questions

    Appendix A: Answers to Review Questions

    Glossary

    Index

     

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