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  • Simplified Approach to Orthopedic Physiotherapy
    La comanda in aproximativ 4 saptamani
    150.00 lei

    This book reflects the need for integral approach to physiotherapy. It is a book which can be used as a reference by the physiotherapy undergraduate and postgraduate students, researchers, academicians and clinical physiotherapists. This book aims at developing clinical reasoning and problem solving approach in treating various orthopedic conditions as well as providing theoretic base along. This book also seeks to teach the fundamental approach to physiotherapy practice so that the diagnosis and physiotherapy treatment are merged into established pattern. It elaborates the detailed information of all the possible musculoskeletal conditions with their pathophysiology, symptoms, epidemiology, assessment and diagnosis along with their surgical and nonsurgical management based on current rationale. This book includes the most accepted established exercise protocol which is an important way to provide evidence-based practice. An outstanding source of reference for clinical physiotherapists. Structured in accord of undergraduate and postgraduate physiotherapy course curriculums. Numerous illustrations, flowcharts and pictorial presentations have been used so as to make the reader clearly understand the concepts. Easy language makes this typical subject easy to understand even for naive readers. Covering a wide range of topics to develop necessary knowledge and skill for planning appropriate management.

  • Periprosthetic Joint Infection
    La comanda in aproximativ 4 saptamani
    185.00 lei

    A periprosthetic joint infection occurs when bacteria or other foreign organisms enter a wound during or at any point following joint replacement surgery, sometimes even years after surgery. An infection can cause the joint to be painful or cause the implant to loosen, sometimes resulting in the need for revision surgery (Science Daily). Written by a recognised author and editor team led Philadelphia-based by Javad Parvizi, this practical guide offers advice on the management of surgical site infections following orthopaedic procedures. Divided into five sections, this new edition covers basics of infection, preoperative medical optimisation, intraoperative and postoperative optimisation, diagnosis of infection, and treatment of periprosthetic joint infection. The second edition has been fully revised and new topics added to provide orthopaedic surgeons with the latest advances in the field. Editor, Javad Parvizi, was vice chair of the work group for The Diagnosis of Periprosthetic Joint Infections of the Hip and Knee Guideline and Evidence Report, adopted by the AAOS in 2010. Key points Practical guide to management of surgical site infections following orthopaedic procedures Fully revised second edition with new topics added Recognised editor and author team led by Philadelphia-based Javad Parvizi Previous edition (9789350902714) published in 2013

  • 215.00 lei

    Fully illustrated throughout with a wide range of scans, images and line drawings, ABC of Orthopaedics and Trauma provides practical guidance on the diagnosis, treatment and management of orthopaedic conditions, and assists with the initial assessment based on common presentations. Written by a team of renowned expert orthopaedic surgeons and rheumatologists, it includes coverage of the current national guidelines from NICE and professional bodies.

    Twenty-four chapters cover all the major areas of this vast speciality using a digestible and reader-friendly approach, including sections on fractures, joint replacements, rheumatological disorders, osteoarthritis, emergencies, and post-operative care. Introduction to specialist topics like metabolic bone disease, peripheral nerve injury, paediatric orthopaedics and tumours are also featured. Topics consist of history and examination, investigation and initial management of common orthopaedic trauma and elective presentations.

    In addition, this full-colour, user-friendly reference guide offers readers a look at the day-to-day clinical practice of a speciality that will affect at least half of the global population at some point, covering further chapters on epidemiology, biomechanics, common procedures, future developments and education.

    ABC of Orthopaedics and Trauma is an excellent resource for all healthcare professionals caring for patients with musculoskeletal and orthopaedic related disorders. This will be a valuable reference to orthopaedic trainees, sports physicians, physiotherapists, nurses, occupational therapists, clinical researchers and student doctors.


  • 250.00 lei

    Have an idea for a new tool or instrument? This a great resource to use to bring your invention ideas to the bedside! Written for clinicians, researchers, students, and entrepreneurs, this concise yet comprehensive review presents a clear process to identify, invent, and implement new technology solutions that aid in effective and safe practice in orthopedic surgery. Includes practical advice on how to scope and scale markets, develop ideas within institutions, create business plans, and identify business partners. Written by a team of medical, engineering, and business experts, including executives from the equipment industry. Reflects the medical device industry's increased globalization and focus on value-conscious healthcare. Features stories of technological developments that have shaped modern orthopaedic surgery practice. Reviews and evaluates emerging technologies, including reasons for success, reasons for failure, and lessons that can be applied to new solutions. Enrich Your Digital Reading Experience Read directly on your preferred device(s), such as computer, tablet, or smartphone.Easily convert to audiobook, powering your content with natural language text-to-speech.

    ·  Cover

    ·  Title

    ·  Copyright

    ·  Preface

    ·  Contributor List

    ·  Table of Contents

    ·  Chapter 1 Identifying an Unmet Need

    ·  Chapter 2 Market Analysis—Determining Market Size

    ·  Chapter 3 Competitive Analysis: Understanding Your Unique Market Position

    ·  Chapter 4 Forming a Solution: Defining Product Requirements Before Concept Development

    ·  Chapter 5 Vetting the Concept

    ·  Chapter 6 Prior Art Search: Can Your Solution be Patented?

    ·  Chapter 7 Concept Development, Selection, and Testing—Passion and Planning Go Hand-­in-­Hand

    ·  Chapter 8 Engineering Resources: First Steps to Making a Tangible Prototype

    ·  Chapter 9 Patent Strategy: How do You Protect Your Intellectual Property?

    ·  Chapter 10 Regulatory Basics: What Does it Take to Start Selling Your Device?

    ·  Chapter 11 Research and Development and The Importance of Testing

    ·  Chapter 12 What is Needed to Produce Medical Devices in Large Volumes?

    ·  Chapter 13 FDA Marketing Authorization: How to Get Your Device on The US Market

    ·  Chapter 14 Reimbursement Basics: Who is The Customer and How Will You Profit?

    ·  Chapter 15 Business Models

    ·  Chapter 16 Marketing, Sales, and Distribution

    ·  Chapter 17 Business Operations: What is Needed For Sustainable Revenues

    ·  Chapter 18 Funding Approaches: Who, When, Why, and in Exchange For What?

    ·  Chapter 19 Alternative Pathways: Reconsidering Licensing and/or Codevelopment

    ·  Chapter 20 Postlaunch Physician Relationships: How You Maintain Loyalty?

    ·  Chapter 21 Successful Exit: Acquisition Considerations

    ·  Chapter 22 Concept to Commercialization Case #1: Pioneering The X-­Stop Interspinous Decompression Device

    ·  Chapter 23 IlluminOss: The World’s First Patient-­Conforming Polymer Intramedullary Implant

    ·  Chapter 24 Concept to Commercialization: SOMAVAC® Sustained Vacuum System

    ·  Glossary

    ·  Index

     


  • 28100lei 270.00 lei

    Description:

    The Bone Book: An Orthopedic Pocket Manual is a complete guide to the essentials of orthopedics in today's busy hospital and outpatient settings. Concise chapters provide the basic knowledge that all orthopedic surgery residents, medical students, and supporting staff must know to handle the full range of conditions, injuries, and diseases for patients in the operating room and emergency department. Included are essentials of musculoskeletal anatomy, physical examination, orthopedic emergencies, and emergency room consults, including care for fractures, dislocations, bone/joint infections, and spinal cord injuries. Additional chapters cover operative room basics, such as patient positioning, prepping, and draping, and common orthopedic techniques, such as splinting, joint aspiration, and regional blocks. By compiling information commonly passed down from senior to junior surgeon, the authors have distilled a wide range of orthopedic fundamentals into one easy-to-read book.

     

    Table of Contents:

     

    1. Anatomy Essentials

    2. Physical Exam Fundamentals

    3. Managing the Floor

    4. Orthopedic Emergencies

    5. Emergency Room Consultations

    6. Sports Injuries

    7. Operating Room Basics

    8. Techniques in Orthopedics

     

  • 280.00 lei

    This book describes and illustrates the surgical techniques, implants, and technologies used for the purpose of personalized implantation of hip and knee components. This new and flourishing treatment philosophy offers important benefits over conventional systematic techniques, including component positioning appropriate to individual anatomy, improved surgical reproducibility and prosthetic performance, and a reduction in complications. The techniques described in the book aim to reproduce patients’ native anatomy and physiological joint laxity, thereby improving the prosthetic hip/knee kinematics and functional outcomes in the quest of the forgotten joint. They include kinematically aligned total knee/total hip arthroplasty, partial knee replacement, and hip resurfacing. The relevance of available and emerging technological tools for these personalized approaches is also explained, with coverage of, for example, robotics, computer-assisted surgery, and augmented reality. Each chapter is written by one or more surgeons who are considered world leaders in a specific field of this novel surgical philosophy. The book will be of value to a wide readership, from trainees at all levels to consultants practicing lower limb surgery.

  • Manual of Orthopaedics
    La comanda in aproximativ 4 saptamani
    295.00 lei

     

    Description:

    Now in vibrant full color, Manual of Orthopaedics, Eighth Edition, provides the must-know information you need to diagnose and treat musculoskeletal injuries and diseases with confidence. This quick-reference manual has been completely updated and revised to include content particularly valuable for orthopaedic physician assistants, while retaining key information for orthopaedic residents and nurse practitioners, primary care physicians, and orthopaedic providers in all practice environments.  

     

    Table of Contents:

     

    1 General Approach to the Patient with Musculoskeletal Pain

    2 The Diagnosis and Management of Musculoskeletal Trauma

    3 Complications of Musculoskeletal Trauma

    4 Prevention and Management of Acute Musculoskeletal Infections

    5 Acute Nontraumatic Joint Conditions

    6 Pediatric Orthopaedic Conditions

    7 Common Types of Emergency Splints

    8 Cast and Bandaging Techniques

    9 Orthopaedic Unit Care

    10 Traction

    11 Operating Room Equipment and Techniques

    12 Acute Management of Spine Trauma

    13 Disorders and Diseases of the Spine

    14 Fractures of the Clavicle

    15 Sternoclavicular and Acromioclavicular Joint Injuries

    16 Acute Shoulder Injuries

    17 Nonacute Shoulder Disorders

    18 Fractures of the Humerus

    19 Elbow and Forearm Injuries

    20 Acute Wrist and Hand Injuries

    21 Nonacute Elbow, Wrist, and Hand Conditions

    22 Fractures of the Pelvis

    23 Hip Dislocations, Femoral Head Fractures, and Acetabular Fractures

    24 Fractures of the Femur

    25 Knee Injuries: Acute and Overuse

    26 Fractures of the Tibia

    27 Ankle Injuries

    28 Fractures and Dislocations of the Foot

    29 Overuse and Miscellaneous Conditions of the Foot and Ankle

    30 Aspiration and Injection of Upper and Lower Extremities

    Index

     

  • 36500lei 315.00 lei

    Unsustainable healthcare costs and sophisticated predictive modeling based on large-scale medical data is rapidly changing models of healthcare delivery. The shift towards a value-based, consumer-driven industry has created an urgent need for validated tools to increase cost efficiency, reduce rates of adverse events, and improve patient outcomes. Value-based approaches to spine care will be presented, highlighting models for the future. These approaches stress cost effectiveness and sustainable approaches to spinal disease, where quality and safety are paramount.  
     
    Beginning with a review of current trends in health care delivery leading to more value-based platforms, the discussion then focuses on how modern spine care is being shaped by the aging population, scientific and technological advancements, and the economic impact of various treatment modalities, providing insight into the seminal efforts surrounding sustainable spine care guideline development. The over-utilization of spine fusion surgery and adult spinal deformity are presented as examples that have led to a decline in the value of care delivered, as well as how a multidisciplinary evaluation by the range of clinicians involved in spine surgery can revise recommendations for management. The benefits and risks of LEAN methodology for streamlining and standardizing spine care approaches are discussed, and the specific approach of the Seattle Spine Team is presented as an example of successful system-wide improvement. Similar changes to outcome measurement, specifically for adult spinal deformity, are described. Last, the future of technology in spine care is presented, including robotics, nanotechnology, 3D printing, and the use of biologics and biomaterials.
     
    Given the broad scope of topics covered in this book, the intended audience includes not only orthopedic and spinal surgeons, neurosurgeons, physiatrists, and medical students, residents and fellows, but also hospital CEOs, CMOs, administrators, health services researchers, and health care policymakers, consultants and strategists.

    ·  Front Matter

    ·  1. Macro Trends in Healthcare Delivery

    ·  2. Evaluating Policy Effects in the Treatment of Lumbar Fusion

    ·  3. The Bree Collaborative Bundle for Lumbar Fusion: Evolution of a Community Standard for Quality

    ·  4. Multidisciplinary Evaluation Improves the Value of Lumbar Spine Care

    ·  5. Using Lean Process Improvement to Enhance Safety and Value

    ·  6. The Seattle Spine Team Approach

    ·  7. Modifiable Factors in a Standard Work Protocol for Adult Deformity Surgery

    ·  8. Measuring Outcomes in Adult Spinal Deformity

    ·  9. Spine Safety: Optimum Integration of Technology

     

  • Handbook of Foot and Ankle Orthopedics
    La comanda in aproximativ 4 saptamani
    315.00 lei

    Foot and ankle orthopedics is the fastest developing orthopedic subspecialty in the Asia-Pacific region and the Handbook of Foot and Ankle Orthopedics is designed to be an indispensable guide for all general as well as specialist orthopedicians.

    The handbook covers a wide range of topics, including the general rules of foot and ankle examination, their investigation, rationale of prescription of foot and ankle orthotics, various malunions, management of foot and ankle trauma, diagnosis, and the management of common foot and ankle infections. It also explains the art of arthrodesis in a concise yet comprehensive manner. Its content is organized in a pointwise format, supported by algorithms, tables, illustrations and real clinical pictures for easy and quick reference by orthopedic surgeons. The chapters are contributed by internationally-renowned authors with years of clinical experience.

    Salient features

    • Comprehensive knowledge of all common and complex foot and ankle problems encountered in general orthopedic practice.
    • Clear goals and principles of management along with treatment solutions in keeping with the resources available in developing countries.
    • A simple approach to diagnosis and differential diagnosis of problems.
    • Special 'Tips and Tricks' section summarizing the important points at various places within and at the end of chapters.

  • 320.00 lei

             This book is derived from Ronald McRae’s Pocketbook of Orthopaedics and Fractures, a highly successful ‘survival guide’ for the trainee working in accident and emergency or orthopaedic departments. Retaining the underlying principles of the original editions this comprehensive rewrite and re-presentation provides complete coverage of orthopaedic trauma surgery as relevant to contemporary practice.

    • This book is a fully rewritten text based on a classic textbook by Mr Ronald McRae.

         

    • Now in a larger page size the book contains over 500 illustrations all drawn in two colours for this new edition.

         

         

    • Over 250 x-rays accompany the text, many of which are connected with the line drawings to ease interpretation.

  • Ankylosing Spondylitis
    La comanda in aproximativ 4 saptamani
    320.00 lei

    The first and only interdisciplinary guide dedicated to the subject, this reference leads readers through the pathogenic, genetic, clinical, and biomechanical aspects of ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and addresses issues related to outcomes assessment, medical treatment, surgical complications, disease management, and genetics.

  • 330.00 lei

     

    Description:

    Companion to the comprehensive hand therapy text, Orthotic Intervention for the Hand and Upper Extremity: Splinting Principles and Process This comprehensive manual is the perfect resource for use in the classroom, during labs, and in clinical practice for both occupational and physical therapists. Additionally, it is a great reference for those studying to become a Certified Hand Therapist (CHT). The Fabrication Process Manual complements the main text, Orthotic Intervention for the Hand and Upper Extremity: Splinting Principles and Process, and clearly presents step-by-step instructions for the fabrication of the orthoses as well as providing alternative orthotic treatment options. The various orthoses and techniques presented allow the therapist to tailor each orthosis for the specific patient. 

     

    Table of Contents:

     

     

    Orthotic Fabrication Process Manual

    Chapter 1: Immobilization Orthoses

    GENERAL CLINICAL PEARLS RELATED TO IMMOBILIZATION ORTHOSES

    PATTERN CREATION/REFINE PATTERN

    OPTIONS FOR MATERIALS

    CUT AND HEAT

    EVALUATE FIT WHILE MOLDING

    STRAPPING AND COMPONENTS

    SURVEY COMPLETED ORTHOSIS

    1 Digit- and Thumb-Based Orthoses

    DISTAL INTERPHALANGEAL IMMOBILIZATION ORTHOSIS (FO)

    PIP IMMOBILIZATION ORTHOSIS (FO)

    THUMB INTERPHALANGEAL IMMOBILIZATION ORTHOSIS (FO)

    2 Hand-Based Orthoses

    DORSAL MCP/PIP/DIP IMMOBILIZATION ORTHOSIS (HFO)

    VOLAR MCP/PIP/DIP IMMOBILIZATION ORTHOSIS (HFO)

    ULNAR MCP/PIP/DIP IMMOBILIZATION ORTHOSIS (HFO)

    RADIAL MCP/PIP/DIP IMMOBILIZATION ORTHOSIS (HFO)

    THUMB MP IMMOBILIZATION ORTHOSIS (HFO)

    THUMB CMC IMMOBILIZATION ORTHOSIS (HFO)

    THUMB ABDUCTION IMMOBILIZATION ORTHOSIS (HFO)

    3 Forearm-Based Orthoses

    DORSAL WRIST IMMOBILIZATION ORTHOSIS (WHO)

    VOLAR WRIST IMMOBILIZATION ORTHOSIS (WHO)

    ULNAR WRIST IMMOBILIZATION ORTHOSIS (WHO)

    CIRCUMFERENTIAL WRIST IMMOBILIZATION ORTHOSIS (WHO)

    RADIAL WRIST/THUMB IMMOBILIZATION ORTHOSIS (WHFO)

    VOLAR WRIST/THUMB IMMOBILIZATION ORTHOSIS (WHFO)

    DORSAL WRIST/HAND (OPTIONAL THUMB) IMMOBILIZATION ORTHOSIS (WHFO)

    VOLAR WRIST/HAND (OPTIONAL THUMB) IMMOBILIZATION ORTHOSIS

    VOLAR/DORSAL WRIST/HAND IMMOBILIZATION ORTHOSIS (WHFO)

    ANTISPASTICITY CONE ORTHOSIS

    ANTISPASTICITY BALL ORTHOSIS (WHFO)

    4 Arm-Based Orthoses

    POSTERIOR ELBOW IMMOBILIZATION ORTHOSIS (EO)

    ANTERIOR ELBOW IMMOBILIZATION ORTHOSIS (EO)

    SHOULDER ABDUCTION (OR ADDUCTION) IMMOBILIZATION ORTHOSIS (SO/SEO)

    Chapter 2: Mobilization Orthoses

    GENERAL CLINICAL PEARLS RELATED TO MOBILIZATION ORTHOSES

    1 Digit- and Thumb-Based Orthoses

    DISTAL INTERPHALANGEAL FLEXION MOBILIZATION ORTHOSIS (FO)

    PIP/DIP MOBILIZATION ORTHOSIS (FO)

    2 Hand-Based Orthoses

    PIP EXTENSION MOBILIZATION ORTHOSIS (HFO)

    PIP FLEXION MOBILIZATION ORTHOSIS (HFO)

    THUMB IP FLEXION MOBILIZATION ORTHOSIS (HFO)

    MCP EXTENSION MOBILIZATION ORTHOSIS (HFO)

    3 Forearm-Based Orthoses

    WRIST EXTENSION MOBILIZATION ORTHOSIS (WHO)

    WRIST EXTENSION, MCP FLEXION/WRIST FLEXION, AND MCP EXTENSION MOBILIZATION ORTHOSIS (WHFO)

    THUMB CMC PALMAR/RADIAL ABDUCTION MOBAILIZATION ORTHOSIS (WHFO)

    MCP FLEXION MOBILIZATION ORTHOSIS

    MCP/PIP/DIP FLEXION MOBILIZATION ORTHOSIS (WHFO)

    THUMB MP AND IP EXTENSION MOBILIZATION ORTHOSIS (WHFO)

    MCP EXTENSION MOBILIZATION ORTHOSIS (WHFO)

    PIP INTRA-ARTICULAR MOBILIZATION ORTHOSIS (WHFO)

    4 Arm-Based Orthoses

    SUPINATION AND PRONATION MOBILIZATION ORTHOSIS (EWHO)

    ELBOW FLEXION MOBILIZATION ORTHOSIS (EO)

    Chapter 3: Restriction Orthoses

    1 Digit- and Thumb-Based Orthoses

    PROXIMAL INTERPHALANGEAL EXTENSION RESTRICTION ORTHOSIS (FO)

    2 Hand-Based Orthoses

    MCP EXTENSION RESTRICTION ORTHOSIS (HFO)

    MCP DEVIATION RESTRICTION ORTHOSIS (HFO)

    3 Forearm-Based Orthoses

    CIRCUMFERENTIAL WRIST FLEXION RESTRICTION ORTHOSIS (WHO)

    WRIST AND IF/MF EXTENSION RESTRICTION ORTHOSIS (WHFO)

    4 Arm-Based Orthoses

    ANTERIOR/POSTERIOR ELBOW EXTENSION OR FLEXION RESTRICTION ORTHOSIS (EO)

    FOREARM ROTATION/ELBOW EXTENSION RESTRICTION ORTHOSIS (EO)

    Chapter 4: Nonarticular Orthoses

    1 Digit- and Thumb-Based Orthoses

    PROXIMAL OR MIDDLE PHALANX ORTHOSIS (FO)

    PROXIMAL AND/OR MIDDLE PHALANX STRAPS (FO)

    PROXIMAL OR MIDDLE PHALANX CIRCUMFERENTIAL ORTHOSIS (FO)

    RELATIVE MOTION ORTHOSIS (FO)

    2 Hand-Based Orthoses

    METACARPAL ORTHOSIS (HO)

    3 Forearm-Based Orthoses

    FOREARM ORTHOSIS (WHO or EO)

    PROXIMAL FOREARM ORTHOSIS (EO)

    4 Arm-Based Orthoses

    HUMERUS ORTHOSIS (SO OR EO)

    Index

     

  • 36500lei 330.00 lei

    This book provides a practical working guide to the most important peri-operative issues and medical problems found on the day-to-day ward management of trauma patients. Although aimed at medical students, orthopedic and surgical residents and foundation year pre-registration house officers, the style and content of the book will also appeal to senior medical students and senior house officers, and junior doctors in the acute specialties.

  • Handbook of Fractures
    La comanda in aproximativ 4 saptamani
    40900lei 330.00 lei

     

    Description:

     

    With practical coverage of both adult and pediatric fractures, Handbook of Fractures, Sixth Edition is the must-have reference for residents and anyone—nurse practitioners and physician assistants, for example—in either the orthopaedic or emergency medicine setting. The book’s easy-to-read review provides fast access to information on all aspects of fracture management and classification—from anatomy and mechanism of injury to clinical and radiologic evaluation and treatment.

     

     

    Tabel of Contents:

     

     

    Part One: GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS

    1.  Closed Reduction, Casting, and Traction

    PRINCIPLES OF CLOSED REDUCTION

    COMMON SPLINTING TECHNIQUES

    CASTING

    BELOW-KNEE (SHORT LEG) CAST

    ABOVE-KNEE (LONG LEG) CAST

    SHORT AND LONG ARM CASTS

    COMPLICATIONS OF CASTS AND SPLINTS

    POSITIONS OF FUNCTION

    TRACTION

    SKIN TRACTION (BUCK)

    SKELETAL TRACTION

    Tibial Skeletal Traction

    Femoral Skeletal Traction

    Calcaneal Skeletal Traction

    Olecranon Traction

    Gardner-Wells Tongs

    Halo

    Spanning External Fixation

    2.  Multiple Trauma

    FIELD TRIAGE

    MANAGEMENT PRIORITIES

    TRAUMA DEATHS

    GOLDEN HOUR

    THE TEAM

    RESUSCITATION

    AIRWAY CONTROL

    BREATHING

    CIRCULATION

    INITIAL MANAGEMENT OF THE PATIENT IN SHOCK

    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS OF HYPOTENSION IN TRAUMA

    CARDIOGENIC SHOCK

    NEUROGENIC SHOCK

    SEPTIC SHOCK

    HEMORRHAGIC SHOCK

    CLASSIFICATION OF HEMORRHAGE

    BLOOD REPLACEMENT

    PNEUMATIC ANTISHOCK GARMENT OR MILITARY ANTISHOCK TROUSERS (USED IN FIELD ONLY)

    INDICATIONS FOR IMMEDIATE SURGERY

    DISABILITY (NEUROLOGIC ASSESSMENT)

    INJURY SEVERITY SCORE

    EXPOSURE

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    STABILIZATION

    DECISION TO OPERATE

    CONCOMITANT INJURIES

    HEAD INJURIES

    Evaluation

    THORACIC INJURIES

    Evaluation

    ABDOMINAL INJURIES

    Evaluation

    GENITOURINARY INJURIES

    Evaluation

    COMPARTMENT SYNDROME

    Evaluation

    FAT EMBOLISM SYNDROME

    Evaluation

    3.  Open Fractures

    MECHANISM OF INJURY

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    COMPARTMENT SYNDROME

    VASCULAR INJURY

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    CLASSIFICATION

    GUSTILO AND ANDERSON (OPEN FRACTURES)

    TSCHERNE CLASSIFICATION OF OPEN FRACTURES

    TSCHERNE CLASSIFICATION OF CLOSED FRACTURES

    TREATMENT

    EMERGENCY ROOM MANAGEMENT

    Important

    Antibiotic Coverage for Open Fractures

    OPERATIVE TREATMENT

    Irrigation and Debridement

    Foreign Bodies

    Fracture Stabilization

    Soft Tissue Coverage and Bone Grafting

    Limb Salvage

    COMPLICATIONS

    4.  Gunshot Wounds

    BALLISTICS

    ENERGY

    TISSUE PARAMETERS

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    TREATMENT OF ORTHOPAEDIC GUNSHOT INJURIES

    LOW-VELOCITY WOUNDS

    HIGH-VELOCITY AND SHOTGUN WOUNDS

    COMPLICATIONS

    5.  Pathologic Fractures

    DEFINITION

    MECHANISM OF INJURY

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    LABORATORY EVALUATION

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    CLASSIFICATION

    SPRINGFIELD

    Systemic

    Localized

    CLASSIFICATION BY PATHOLOGIC PROCESS

    Systemic Skeletal Disease

    Local Disease

    Miscellaneous

    TREATMENT

    INITIAL TREATMENT

    NONOPERATIVE TREATMENT

    OPERATIVE TREATMENT

    ADJUVANT THERAPY: RADIATION THERAPY AND CHEMOTHERAPY

    METASTASES OF UNKNOWN ORIGIN

    MANAGEMENT OF SPECIFIC PATHOLOGIC FRACTURES

    Femur Fractures

    Humerus Fractures

    Spine Fractures

    6.  Periprosthetic Fractures

    TOTAL HIP ARTHROPLASTY

    FEMORAL SHAFT FRACTURES

    Epidemiology

    Risk Factors

    Surgical Considerations (to Avoid Periprosthetic Fracture during Revision Surgery)

    Classification

    Treatment Principles

    ACETABULAR FRACTURES

    TOTAL KNEE ARTHROPLASTY

    SUPRACONDYLAR FEMUR FRACTURES

    Epidemiology

    Risk Factors

    Classification

    Treatment

    TIBIAL FRACTURES

    Risk Factors

    Classification

    Treatment

    PATELLA FRACTURES

    Epidemiology

    Risk Factors

    Classification

    Treatment

    TOTAL SHOULDER ARTHROPLASTY

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    RISK FACTORS

    CLASSIFICATION

    University of Texas San Antonio Classification of Periprosthetic Shoulder Fractures

    TREATMENT

    Nonoperative Treatment

    Operative Treatment

    TOTAL ELBOW ARTHROPLASTY

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    RISK FACTORS

    CLASSIFICATION

    TREATMENT

    Nonoperative Treatment

    Operative Treatment

    7.  Orthopaedic Analgesia

    PHARMACOLOGY: CLASSES OF DRUGS

    LOCAL ANESTHETICS

    VASOCONSTRICTORS

    OPIOIDS

    SEDATIVES

    NITROUS OXIDE

    REGIONAL BLOCKS AND CONSCIOUS SEDATION

    HEMATOMA BLOCK

    REGIONAL BLOCKS

    Digital Block

    Wrist Block

    Elbow Block

    Axillary Block

    Ankle Block

    Popliteal Block

    Bier Block

    MODERATE SEDATION

    Part Two: AXIAL SKELETON FRACTURES

    8.  General Spine

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    ANATOMY

    MECHANISM OF INJURY

    PRIMARY INJURY

    SECONDARY INJURY

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    SPINAL SHOCK

    NEUROGENIC SHOCK

    BULBOCAVERNOSUS REFLEX

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    CLASSIFICATION

    GRADING OF NEUROLOGIC INJURY

    SPINAL CORD INJURY: COMPLETE

    SPINAL CORD INJURY: INCOMPLETE

    PATTERNS OF INCOMPLETE SPINAL CORD INJURY

    BROWN-SÉQUARD SYNDROME

    CENTRAL CORD SYNDROME

    ANTERIOR CORD SYNDROME

    POSTERIOR CORD SYNDROME

    CONUS MEDULLARIS SYNDROME

    NERVE ROOT LESIONS

    CAUDA EQUINA SYNDROME

    GRADING SYSTEMS FOR SPINAL CORD INJURY

    FRANKEL CLASSIFICATION

    AMERICAN SPINAL INJURY ASSOCIATION IMPAIRMENT SCALE

    AMERICAN SPINAL INJURY ASSOCIATION NEUROLOGIC ASSESSMENT

    TREATMENT

    IMMOBILIZATION

    MEDICAL MANAGEMENT OF ACUTE SPINAL CORD INJURY

    COMPLICATIONS

    CLEARING THE SPINE

    SURGICAL MANAGEMENT OF ACUTE SPINAL CORD INJURY

    9.  Cervical Spine

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    ANATOMY

    MECHANISM OF INJURY

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    CLASSIFICATION

    ORTHOPAEDIC TRAUMA ASSOCIATION CLASSIFICATION OF CERVICAL SPINE INJURIES

    INJURIES TO THE OCCIPUT–C1–C2 COMPLEX

    OCCIPITAL CONDYLE FRACTURES

    CLASSIFICATION

    OCCIPITOATLANTAL DISLOCATION (CRANIOVERTEBRAL DISSOCIATION)

    ATLAS FRACTURES

    TRANSVERSE LIGAMENT RUPTURE (TRAUMATIC C1–C2 INSTABILITY)

    ATLANTOAXIAL ROTARY SUBLUXATION AND DISLOCATION

    FRACTURES OF THE ODONTOID PROCESS (DENS)

    C2 LATERAL MASS FRACTURES

    TRAUMATIC SPONDYLOLISTHESIS OF C2 (HANGMAN’S FRACTURE)

    INJURIES TO C3–C7

    CLASSIFICATION (ALLEN-FERGUSON)

    TREATMENT: GENERAL CERVICAL SPINE

    INITIAL TREATMENT

    STABILIZATION OF THE UPPER CERVICAL SPINE (OCCIPUT–C2)

    Anterior Approach

    Posterior Approach

    Osteosynthesis

    STABILIZATION OF THE LOWER CERVICAL SPINE (C3–C7)

    COMPLICATIONS

    10.  Thoracolumbar Spine

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    ANATOMY

    MECHANISM OF INJURY

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    CLASSIFICATION

    ORTHOPAEDIC TRAUMA ASSOCIATION CLASSIFICATION OF THORACIC AND LUMBAR SPINE INJURIES

    MCAFEE ET AL.

    MCCORMACK ET AL.

    THORACOLUMBAR INJURY CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM

    SPINAL STABILITY

    WHITE AND PUNJABI

    DENIS

    McAFEE

    AOSPINE THORACOLUMBAR CLASSIFICATION

    Fracture Morphology

    GUNSHOT WOUNDS

    PROGNOSIS AND NEUROLOGIC RECOVERY

    BRADFORD AND McBRIDE

    DALL AND STAUFFER

    CAMISSA ET AL.

    KEENEN ET AL.

    COMPLICATIONS

    Part Three: UPPER EXTREMITY FRACTURES AND DISLOCATIONS

    11.  Clavicle Fractures

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    ANATOMY

    MECHANISM OF INJURY

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    ASSOCIATED INJURIES

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    CLASSIFICATION

    DESCRIPTIVE

    ALLMAN

    ORTHOPAEDIC TRAUMA ASSOCIATION CLASSIFICATION OF CLAVICLE FRACTURES

    TREATMENT

    NONOPERATIVE

    OPERATIVE

    COMPLICATIONS

    12.  Acromioclavicular and Sternoclavicular Joint Injuries

    ACROMIOCLAVICULAR JOINT INJURY

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    ANATOMY

    MECHANISM OF INJURY

    ASSOCIATED FRACTURES AND INJURIES

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    CLASSIFICATION

    TREATMENT

    COMPLICATIONS

    STERNOCLAVICULAR JOINT INJURY

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    ANATOMY

    MECHANISM OF INJURY

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    CLASSIFICATION

    Anatomic

    Etiologic

    TREATMENT

    COMPLICATIONS

    13.  Scapula and Thorax Fractures

    SCAPULA FRACTURES

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    ANATOMY

    MECHANISM OF INJURY

    ASSOCIATED INJURIES

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    CLASSIFICATION

    Anatomic Classification: Zdravkovic and Damholt

    Ideberg Classification of Intra-articular Glenoid Fractures

    Classification of Acromial Fractures

    Classification of Coracoid Fractures

    Orthopaedic Trauma Association Classification of Scapula Fractures

    TREATMENT

    Nonoperative

    Operative

    Surgical considerations

    COMPLICATIONS

    Scapulothoracic Dissociation

    Intrathoracic Dislocation of the Scapula

    RIB FRACTURES

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    ANATOMY

    MECHANISM OF INJURY

    ASSOCIATED INJURIES

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    RADIOLOGIC EVALUATION

    CLASSIFICATION

    Descriptive

    Orthopaedic Trauma Association Classification

    TREATMENT

    Nonoperative

    Operative

    COMPLICATIONS

    14.  Glenohumeral Dislocation

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    ANATOMY

    ANTERIOR GLENOHUMERAL DISLOCATION

    INCIDENCE

    MECHANISM OF INJURY

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    CLASSIFICATION

    TREATMENT

    Nonoperative

    Operative

    COMPLICATIONS

    POSTERIOR GLENOHUMERAL DISLOCATION

    INCIDENCE

    MECHANISM OF INJURY

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    CLASSIFICATION

    Etiologic Classification

    Anatomic Classification

    TREATMENT

    Nonoperative

    Operative

    COMPLICATIONS

    INFERIOR GLENOHUMERAL DISLOCATION (LUXATIO ERECTA)

    MECHANISM OF INJURY

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    TREATMENT

    Nonoperative

    Operative

    COMPLICATIONS

    SUPERIOR GLENOHUMERAL DISLOCATION

    MECHANISM OF INJURY

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    TREATMENT

    COMPLICATIONS

    15.  Proximal Humerus Fractures

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    ANATOMY

    MECHANISM OF INJURY

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    CLASSIFICATION

    NEER

    ORTHOPAEDIC TRAUMA ASSOCIATION CLASSIFICATION OF PROXIMAL HUMERUS FRACTURES

    TREATMENT

    SURGICAL CONSIDERATIONS

    COMPLICATIONS

    16.  Humeral Shaft Fractures

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    ANATOMY

    MECHANISM OF INJURY

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    CLASSIFICATION

    DESCRIPTIVE

    ORTHOPAEDIC TRAUMA ASSOCIATION CLASSIFICATION

    TREATMENT

    NONOPERATIVE

    OPERATIVE

    PATIENT POSITIONING

    IMAGE POSITIONING

    Surgical Techniques

    Intramedullary Fixation

    Postoperative Rehabilitation

    COMPLICATIONS

    17.  Distal Humerus

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    ANATOMY

    MECHANISM OF INJURY

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    CLASSIFICATION

    DESCRIPTIVE

    ORTHOPAEDIC TRAUMA ASSOCIATION CLASSIFICATION OF FRACTURES OF THE DISTAL HUMERUS

    GENERAL TREATMENT PRINCIPLES

    SPECIFIC FRACTURE TYPES

    EXTRA-ARTICULAR SUPRACONDYLAR FRACTURE

    Treatment

    Complications

    TRANSCONDYLAR FRACTURES

    Mechanism of Injury

    Treatment

    INTERCONDYLAR FRACTURES

    Mechanism of Injury

    Classification

    Treatment

    Complications

    Mechanism of Injury

    Classification

    Treatment

    Complications

    CAPITELLUM FRACTURES

    Mechanism of Injury

    Classification

    Treatment

    Complications

    TROCHLEA FRACTURES (LAUGIER FRACTURE)

    Mechanism of Injury

    Treatment

    Complications

    LATERAL EPICONDYLAR FRACTURES

    Mechanism of Injury

    Treatment

    Complications

    MEDIAL EPICONDYLAR FRACTURES

    Mechanism of Injury

    Treatment

    Complications

    FRACTURES OF THE SUPRACONDYLAR PROCESS

    Mechanism of Injury

    Treatment

    Complications

    18.  Elbow Dislocation

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    ANATOMY

    MECHANISM OF INJURY

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    ASSOCIATED INJURIES

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    CLASSIFICATION

    FRACTURE-DISLOCATIONS

    TYPES OF ELBOW INSTABILITY

    Posterolateral Rotatory Instability

    Varus, Posteromedial Rotational Instability

    Transolecranon Fracture-Dislocations (Anterior)

    Instability Scale (Morrey)

    GENERAL TREATMENT PRINCIPLES

    SIMPLE ELBOW DISLOCATION

    Nonoperative

    Operative

    ELBOW FRACTURE-DISLOCATIONS IN GENERAL

    Nonoperative

    Operative

    “TERRIBLE TRIAD” FRACTURE-DISLOCATIONS

    COMPLICATIONS

    19.  Olecranon

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    ANATOMY

    MECHANISM OF INJURY

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    CLASSIFICATION

    MAYO CLASSIFICATION

    SCHATZKER: BASED ON FRACTURE PATTERN

    ORTHOPAEDIC TRAUMA ASSOCIATION CLASSIFICATION OF PROXIMAL RADIUS/ULNA FRACTURES

    TREATMENT

    OBJECTIVES

    NONOPERATIVE

    OPERATIVE

    COMPLICATIONS

    20.  Radial Head

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    ANATOMY

    MECHANISM OF INJURY

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    CLASSIFICATION

    MASON

    ORTHOPAEDIC TRAUMA ASSOCIATION CLASSIFICATION OF PROXIMAL RADIUS/ULNA FRACTURES

    TREATMENT GOALS

    TREATMENT

    NONOPERATIVE

    OPERATIVE

    OPEN REDUCTION AND INTERNAL FIXATION

    Isolated Partial Radial Head Fractures

    Partial Radial Head Fracture as Part of a Complex Injury

    Fractures Involving the Entire Head of the Radius

    Prosthetic Replacement

    Radial Head Excision

    Essex-Lopresti Lesion

    Postoperative Care

    COMPLICATIONS

    21.  Radius and Ulna Shaft Fractures

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    ANATOMY

    FRACTURES OF BOTH THE RADIUS AND ULNA SHAFTS

    MECHANISM OF INJURY

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    CLASSIFICATION

    Descriptive

    Orthopaedic Trauma Association Classification ofFractures of the Radial and Ulna Shaft

    TREATMENT

    Nonoperative

    Operative

    COMPLICATIONS

    RISK FACTORS

    FRACTURES OF THE ULNA SHAFT

    MECHANISM OF INJURY

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    CLASSIFICATION OF ULNA FRACTURES

    Descriptive

    Bado Classification of Monteggia Fractures

    CLASSIFICATION

    Orthopaedic Trauma Association Classification of Fractures of the Ulna Shaft

    TREATMENT

    Nightstick Fractures

    Monteggia Fractures

    COMPLICATIONS

    FRACTURES OF THE RADIAL SHAFT

    MECHANISM OF INJURY

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    CLASSIFICATION

    Orthopaedic Trauma Association Classification of Fractures of the Radial Shaft

    TREATMENT

    Proximal Radius Fracture

    Galeazzi Fractures

    COMPLICATIONS

    22.  Distal Radius Fractures

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    ANATOMY

    MECHANISM OF INJURY

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    CLASSIFICATION

    DESCRIPTIVE

    FRYKMAN CLASSIFICATION OF COLLES FRACTURES

    FERNANDEZ CLASSIFICATION

    ORTHOPAEDIC TRAUMA ASSOCIATION CLASSIFICATION OF FRACTURES OF THE DISTAL RADIUS AND ULNA

    EPONYMS

    TREATMENT

    NONOPERATIVE

    OPERATIVE

    Operative Techniques

    COMPLICATIONS

    23.  Wrist Fractures

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    ANATOMY

    MECHANISM OF INJURY

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    CLASSIFICATION

    ORTHOPAEDIC TRAUMA ASSOCIATION CLASSIFICATION OF CARPAL FRACTURES AND FRACTURE-DISLOCATIONS

    SPECIFIC FRACTURES

    SCAPHOID

    Treatment

    PROXIMAL FRACTURES (PRONE TO NONUNION AND OSTEONECROSIS)

    LUNATE

    TRIQUETRUM

    PISIFORM

    TRAPEZIUM

    TRAPEZOID

    CAPITATE

    HAMATE

    PERILUNATE DISLOCATIONS AND FRACTURE-DISLOCATIONS

    SCAPHOLUNATE DISSOCIATION

    LUNOTRIQUETRAL DISSOCIATION

    ULNOCARPAL DISSOCIATION

    24.  Fractures and Dislocations of the Hand

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    ANATOMY

    METACARPALS

    PHALANGES

    MECHANISM OF INJURY

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    CLASSIFICATION

    DESCRIPTIVE

    OPEN FRACTURES

    Swanson, Szabo, and Anderson

    Orthopaedic Trauma Association Classification ofMetacarpal and Phalangeal Fractures

    GENERAL TREATMENT PRINCIPLES

    MANAGEMENT OF SPECIFIC FRACTURE PATTERNS

    METACARPALS

    Metacarpal Head

    Metacarpal Neck

    Metacarpal Shaft

    Metacarpal Base

    PROXIMAL AND MIDDLE PHALANGES

    Intra-articular Fractures

    Proximal Interphalangeal Fracture-Dislocations

    Extra-articular Fractures

    DISTAL PHALANX

    Intra-articular Fractures

    Extra-articular Fractures

    NAIL BED INJURIES

    METACARPOPHALANGEAL JOINT DISLOCATIONS

    THUMB METACARPOPHALANGEAL JOINT DISLOCATIONS

    PROXIMAL INTERPHALANGEAL JOINT DISLOCATIONS

    DISTAL INTERPHALANGEAL AND THUMB INTERPHALANGEAL JOINT DISLOCATIONS

    Nonoperative Treatment

    Operative Treatment

    COMPLICATIONS

    Part Four: LOWER EXTREMITY FRACTURES AND DISLOCATIONS

    25.  Pelvis Fractures

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    ANATOMY

    PELVIC STABILITY

    MECHANISM OF INJURY

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    HEMODYNAMIC STATUS

    NEUROLOGIC INJURY

    GENITOURINARY AND GASTROINTESTINAL INJURY

    BOWEL INJURY

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    CLASSIFICATION

    YOUNG AND BURGESS

    ORTHOPAEDIC TRAUMA ASSOCIATION CLASSIFICATION OF PELVIC FRACTURES

    FACTORS INCREASING MORTALITY

    ASSOCIATED MOREL-LAVALLÉE LESION (SKIN DEGLOVING INJURY)

    TREATMENT

    NONOPERATIVE

    Absolute Indications for Operative Treatment

    Relative Indications for Operative Treatment

    OPERATIVE TECHNIQUES

    SPECIAL CONSIDERATIONS

    COMPLICATIONS

    26.  Acetabulum Fractures

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    ANATOMY

    MECHANISM OF INJURY

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    CLASSIFICATION

    JUDET-LETOURNEL

    Elementary Fractures

    Associated Fractures

    TREATMENT

    INITIAL MANAGEMENT

    NONOPERATIVE

    OPERATIVE

    Stability

    Congruity

    Surgical Approaches

    Postoperative Care

    COMPLICATIONS

    27.  Hip Dislocations

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    ANATOMY

    MECHANISM OF INJURY

    ANTERIOR DISLOCATIONS

    POSTERIOR DISLOCATIONS

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    CLASSIFICATION

    THOMPSON AND EPSTEIN CLASSIFICATION OF POSTERIOR HIP DISLOCATIONS

    EPSTEIN CLASSIFICATION OF ANTERIOR HIP DISLOCATIONS

    ORTHOPAEDIC TRAUMA ASSOCIATION CLASSIFICATION OF HIP DISLOCATIONS

    TREATMENT

    CLOSED REDUCTION

    OPEN REDUCTION

    PROGNOSIS

    COMPLICATIONS

    28.  Femoral Head Fractures

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    ANATOMY

    MECHANISM OF INJURY

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    CLASSIFICATION

    PIPKIN

    ORTHOPAEDIC TRAUMA ASSOCIATION CLASSIFICATION OF FEMORAL HEAD FRACTURES

    TREATMENT

    PIPKIN TYPE I

    PIPKIN TYPE II

    PIPKIN TYPE III

    PIPKIN TYPE IV

    FEMORAL HEAD FRACTURES ASSOCIATED WITH ANTERIOR DISLOCATIONS

    COMPLICATIONS

    29.  Femoral Neck Fractures

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    ANATOMY

    MECHANISM OF INJURY

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    CLASSIFICATION

    ANATOMIC LOCATION

    PAUWEL

    GARDEN

    ORTHOPAEDIC TRAUMA ASSOCIATION CLASSIFICATION OF FEMORAL NECK FRACTURES

    TREATMENT

    FATIGUE/STRESS FRACTURES

    IMPACTED/NONDISPLACED FRACTURES

    DISPLACED FRACTURES

    OPERATIVE TREATMENT PRINCIPLES

    COMPLICATIONS

    30.  Intertrochanteric Fractures

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    ANATOMY

    MECHANISM OF INJURY

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    CLASSIFICATION

    EVANS

    ORTHOPAEDIC TRAUMA ASSOCIATION CLASSIFICATION OF INTERTROCHANTERIC FRACTURES

    UNUSUAL FRACTURE PATTERNS

    BASICERVICAL FRACTURES

    REVERSE OBLIQUE FRACTURES

    TREATMENT

    NONOPERATIVE

    OPERATIVE

    Timing of Surgery

    Fixation Implants

    Prosthetic Replacement

    External Fixation

    Special Considerations

    Rehabilitation

    COMPLICATIONS

    GREATER TROCHANTERIC FRACTURES

    LESSER TROCHANTERIC FRACTURES

    31.  Subtrochanteric Fractures

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    ANATOMY

    MECHANISM OF INJURY

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    CLASSIFICATION

    RUSSELL-TAYLOR (HISTORICAL)

    ORTHOPAEDIC TRAUMA ASSOCIATION CLASSIFICATION OF SUBTROCHANTERIC FRACTURES

    TREATMENT

    NONOPERATIVE (HISTORICAL)

    OPERATIVE

    Implants

    Bone Grafting

    Open Subtrochanteric Fractures

    COMPLICATIONS

    LOSS OF FIXATION

    NONUNION

    MALUNION

    32.  Femoral Shaft Fractures

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    ANATOMY

    MECHANISM OF INJURY

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    ASSOCIATED INJURIES

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    CLASSIFICATION

    DESCRIPTIVE

    WINQUIST AND HANSEN

    ORTHOPAEDIC TRAUMA ASSOCIATION CLASSIFICATION OF FEMORAL SHAFT FRACTURES

    TREATMENT

    NONOPERATIVE

    Skeletal Traction

    OPERATIVE

    INTRAMEDULLARY NAILING

    Antegrade Inserted Intramedullary Nailing

    Retrograde Inserted Intramedullary Nailing

    External Fixation

    Plate Fixation

    Femur Fracture in Multiply Injured Patient

    Ipsilateral Fractures of the Proximal or Distal Femur

    Open Femoral Shaft Fractures

    REHABILITATION

    COMPLICATIONS

    33.  Distal Femur Fractures

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    ANATOMY

    MECHANISM OF INJURY

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    CLASSIFICATION

    DESCRIPTIVE

    NEER

    ORTHOPAEDIC TRAUMA ASSOCIATION CLASSIFICATION OF DISTAL FEMORAL FRACTURES

    TREATMENT

    NONOPERATIVE

    OPERATIVE

    Implants

    Associated Vascular Injury

    Supracondylar Fractures Above a Total Knee Replacement

    Postoperative Management

    COMPLICATIONS

    34.  Knee Dislocation (Femorotibial)

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    ANATOMY

    MECHANISM OF INJURY

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    CLASSIFICATION

    MODIFIED SCHENCK

    DESCRIPTIVE

    Utility of Anatomic Classification

    TREATMENT

    GENERAL TREATMENT CONSIDERATIONS

    NONOPERATIVE

    OPERATIVE

    Treatment Recommendations of Specific Patterns

    COMPLICATIONS

    35.  Patella and Extensor Mechanism Injuries

    PATELLAR FRACTURES

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    ANATOMY

    MECHANISM OF INJURY

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    CLASSIFICATION

    Descriptive

    Orthopaedic Trauma Association Classification of Patellar Fractures

    TREATMENT

    Nonoperative

    Operative

    COMPLICATIONS

    PATELLA DISLOCATION

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    ANATOMY

    MECHANISM OF INJURY

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    CLASSIFICATION

    TREATMENT

    Nonoperative

    Operative

    COMPLICATIONS

    QUADRICEPS TENDON RUPTURE

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    TREATMENT

    Nonoperative

    Operative

    POSTOPERATIVE MANAGEMENT

    COMPLICATIONS

    PATELLA TENDON RUPTURE

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    ANATOMY

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    CLASSIFICATION

    TREATMENT

    Nonoperative

    Operative

    COMPLICATIONS

    36.  Tibial Plateau Fractures

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    ANATOMY

    MECHANISM OF INJURY

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    ASSOCIATED INJURIES

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    CLASSIFICATION

    SCHATZKER

    HOHL AND MOORE

    ORTHOPAEDIC TRAUMA ASSOCIATION CLASSIFICATION OF TIBIAL PLATEAU FRACTURES (TYPE 43)

    TREATMENT

    NONOPERATIVE

    OPERATIVE

    COMPLICATIONS

    37.  Tibia and Fibula Shaft Fractures

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    ANATOMY

    MECHANISM OF INJURY

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    CLASSIFICATION

    DESCRIPTIVE

    ORTHOPAEDIC TRAUMA ASSOCIATION CLASSIFICATION OF TIBIAL FRACTURES

    GUSTILO AND ANDERSON CLASSIFICATION OF OPEN FRACTURES (FINAL GRADING DONE AFTER DEBRIDEMENT)

    TSCHERNE CLASSIFICATION OF CLOSED FRACTURES

    TREATMENT

    NONOPERATIVE

    Acceptable Fracture Reduction

    Time to Union

    Tibia Stress Fracture

    Fibula Shaft Fracture

    OPERATIVE

    Intramedullary Nailing

    Flexible Nails (Enders, Rush Rods)

    External Fixation

    Plates and Screws

    Proximal Tibia Fractures

    Distal Tibia Fractures

    Tibia Fracture with an Intact Fibula

    Fasciotomy

    COMPLICATIONS

    38.  Injuries about the Ankle

    ROTATIONAL ANKLE FRACTURES

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    ANATOMY

    MECHANISM OF INJURY

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    CLASSIFICATION

    Lauge-Hansen (Rotational Ankle Fractures)

    Orthopaedic Trauma Association Classification of Ankle Fractures

    Fracture Variants

    TREATMENT

    Acute Care (Emergency Department)

    Nonoperative

    Operative

    COMPLICATIONS

    PLAFOND (PILON) FRACTURES

    Epidemiology

    Mechanism of Injury

    Clinical Evaluation

    Radiographic Evaluation

    Classification

    Orthopaedic Trauma Association Classification of Distal Tibia Fractures

    Treatment

    Complications

    LATERAL ANKLE LIGAMENT INJURIES

    Mechanism of Injury

    Classification

    Clinical Evaluation

    Radiographic Evaluation

    Treatment

    SYNDESMOSIS SPRAINS

    Classification

    Clinical Evaluation

    Radiographic Evaluation

    Treatment

    ACHILLES TENDON RUPTURE

    Epidemiology

    Anatomy

    Clinical Evaluation

    Treatment

    PERONEAL TENDON SUBLUXATION

    Clinical Evaluation

    Treatment

    39.  Calcaneus Fractures

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    ANATOMY

    MECHANISM OF INJURY

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    ASSOCIATED INJURIES

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    CLASSIFICATION

    EXTRA-ARTICULAR FRACTURES

    INTRA-ARTICULAR FRACTURES

    Essex-Lopresti Classification

    Sanders Classification

    ORTHOPAEDIC TRAUMA ASSOCIATION CLASSIFICATION OF CALCANEAL FRACTURES

    TREATMENT

    NONOPERATIVE

    OPERATIVE

    SPECIFIC FRACTURES

    Extra-articular Fractures

    Intra-articular Fractures

    COMPLICATION

    40.  Talus Fractures

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    ANATOMY

    MECHANISM OF INJURY

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    CLASSIFICATION

    ANATOMIC

    HAWKINS CLASSIFICATION OF TALAR NECK FRACTURES

    ORTHOPAEDIC TRAUMA ASSOCIATION CLASSIFICATION OF TALAR FRACTURES

    TREATMENT

    FRACTURES OF THE TALAR NECK AND BODY

    Nondisplaced Fractures (Hawkins Type I)

    Displaced Fractures (Hawkins Types II to IV)

    TALAR BODY FRACTURES

    CLASSIFICATION

    TREATMENT

    LATERAL PROCESS FRACTURES

    POSTERIOR PROCESS FRACTURES

    TALAR HEAD FRACTURES

    COMPLICATIONS

    SUBTALAR DISLOCATION

    TOTAL DISLOCATION OF THE TALUS

    41.  Fractures of the Midfoot and Forefoot

    MIDTARSAL (CHOPART) JOINT

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    ANATOMY

    MECHANISM OF INJURY

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    CLASSIFICATION

    Medial Stress Injury

    Longitudinal Stress Injury

    Lateral Stress Injury

    Plantar Stress Injury

    TREATMENT

    Nonoperative

    Operative

    COMPLICATIONS

    TARSAL NAVICULAR

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    ANATOMY

    MECHANISM OF INJURY

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    CLASSIFICATION

    Orthopaedic Trauma Association Classification of Navicular Fractures

    Anatomic Classification

    TREATMENT

    Nonoperative

    Operative

    COMPLICATIONS

    NAVICULAR DISLOCATION

    CUBOID FRACTURES

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    ANATOMY

    MECHANISM OF INJURY

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    CLASSIFICATION

    Orthopaedic Trauma Association Classification

    TREATMENT

    Nonoperative

    Operative

    COMPLICATIONS

    CUNEIFORM FRACTURES

    ORTHOPAEDIC TRAUMA ASSOCIATION CLASSIFICATION OF CUNEIFORM FRACTURES

    TARSOMETATARSAL (LISFRANC) JOINT

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    ANATOMY

    MECHANISM OF INJURY

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    ASSOCIATED INJURIES

    CLASSIFICATION

    Quenu and Kuss

    Myerson

    TREATMENT

    Nonoperative

    Operative

    Postoperative Management

    COMPLICATIONS

    FRACTURES OF THE FOREFOOT

    METATARSALS

    Epidemiology

    Anatomy

    Mechanism of Injury

    Clinical Evaluation

    Radiographic Evaluation

    Classification

    Specific Metatarsal Injuries

    METATARSOPHALANGEAL JOINTS

    First Metatarsophalangeal Joint

    FRACTURES AND DISLOCATIONS OF THE LESSER METATARSOPHALANGEAL JOINTS

    Epidemiology

    Anatomy

    Mechanism of Injury

    Clinical Evaluation

    Classification

    Treatment

    Complications

    SESAMOIDS

    Epidemiology

    Anatomy

    Mechanism of Injury

    Clinical Evaluation

    Radiographic Evaluation

    Classification

    Treatment

    Complications

    PHALANGES AND INTERPHALANGEAL JOINTS

    Epidemiology

    Anatomy

    Mechanism of Injury

    Clinical Evaluation

    Radiographic Evaluation

    Classification

    Treatment

    Complications

    Dislocation of the Interphalangeal Joint

    Part Five: PEDIATRIC FRACTURES AND DISLOCATIONS

    42.  Pediatric Orthopaedic Surgery: General Principles

    OVERVIEW

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    ANATOMY

    MECHANISM OF INJURY

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    CLASSIFICATION

    SALTER-HARRIS AND PETERSON

    TREATMENT

    COMPLICATIONS

    43.  Pediatric Shoulder

    PROXIMAL HUMERUS FRACTURES

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    ANATOMY

    MECHANISM OF INJURY

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    CLASSIFICATION

    Salter-Harris

    Neer-Horowitz Classification of Proximal Humeral Plate Fractures

    TREATMENT

    Newborns

    Age 1 to 4 Years

    Age 5 to 12 Years

    Age 12 Years to Maturity

    Acceptable Deformity

    Open Treatment

    PROGNOSIS

    COMPLICATIONS

    CLAVICLE FRACTURES

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    ANATOMY

    MECHANISM OF INJURY

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    CLASSIFICATION

    Descriptive

    Allman

    TREATMENT

    Newborn to 2 Years

    Age 2 to 12 Years

    Age 12 Years to Maturity

    Open Treatment

    COMPLICATIONS

    ACROMIOCLAVICULAR JOINT INJURIES

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    ANATOMY

    MECHANISM OF INJURY

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    CLASSIFICATION (DAMERON AND ROCKWOOD)

    TREATMENT

    COMPLICATIONS

    SCAPULA FRACTURES

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    ANATOMY

    MECHANISM OF INJURY

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    CLASSIFICATION

    Classification by Location

    TREATMENT

    COMPLICATIONS

    GLENOHUMERAL DISLOCATIONS

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    ANATOMY

    MECHANISM OF INJURY

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    Anterior Dislocation

    Posterior Dislocation

    Atraumatic Dislocation

    Superior and Inferior (Luxatio Erecta) Dislocation

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    CLASSIFICATION

    TREATMENT

    COMPLICATIONS

    44.  Pediatric Elbow

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    ANATOMY

    MECHANISM OF INJURY

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    SPECIFIC FRACTURES

    SUPRACONDYLAR HUMERUS FRACTURES

    Epidemiology

    Anatomy

    Mechanism of Injury

    Clinical Evaluation

    Classification

    Treatment

    Complications

    LATERAL CONDYLAR PHYSEAL FRACTURES

    Epidemiology

    Anatomy

    Mechanism of Injury

    Clinical Evaluation

    Radiographic Evaluation

    Treatment

    MEDIAL CONDYLAR PHYSEAL FRACTURES

    Epidemiology

    Anatomy

    Mechanism of Injury

    Clinical Evaluation

    Radiographic Evaluation

    Classification

    Treatment

    Complications

    TRANSPHYSEAL FRACTURES

    Epidemiology

    Anatomy

    Mechanism of Injury

    Clinical Evaluation

    Radiographic Evaluation

    Classification

    Treatment

    Complications

    MEDIAL EPICONDYLAR APOPHYSEAL FRACTURES

    Epidemiology

    Anatomy

    Mechanism of Injury

    Clinical Evaluation

    Radiographic Evaluation

    Classification

    Treatment

    Complications

    LATERAL EPICONDYLAR APOPHYSEAL FRACTURES

    Epidemiology

    Anatomy

    Mechanism of Injury

    Clinical Evaluation

    Radiographic Evaluation

    Classification

    Treatment

    Complications

    CAPITELLUM FRACTURES

    Epidemiology

    Anatomy

    Mechanism of Injury

    Clinical Evaluation

    Radiographic Evaluation

    Classification

    Treatment

    Complications

    T-CONDYLAR FRACTURES

    Epidemiology

    Anatomy

    Mechanism of Injury

    Clinical Evaluation

    Radiographic Evaluation

    Classification

    Treatment

    Complications

    RADIAL HEAD AND NECK FRACTURES

    Epidemiology

    Anatomy

    Mechanism of Injury

    Clinical Evaluation

    Radiographic Evaluation

    Classification

    Treatment

    Prognosis

    Complications

    RADIAL HEAD SUBLUXATION

    Epidemiology

    Anatomy

    Mechanism of Injury

    Clinical Evaluation

    Radiographic Evaluation

    Classification

    Treatment

    Complications

    ELBOW DISLOCATIONS

    Epidemiology

    Anatomy

    Mechanism of Injury

    Clinical Evaluation

    Radiographic Evaluation

    Classification

    Treatment

    Complications

    OLECRANON FRACTURES

    Epidemiology

    Anatomy

    Mechanism of Injury

    Clinical Evaluation

    Radiographic Evaluation

    Classification

    Treatment

    Complications

    45.  Pediatric Forearm

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    ANATOMY

    MECHANISM OF INJURY

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    RADIUS AND ULNA SHAFT FRACTURES

    CLASSIFICATION

    Descriptive

    NONOPERATIVE TREATMENT

    OPERATIVE TREATMENT

    Indications

    Techniques

    COMPLICATIONS

    MONTEGGIA FRACTURE

    CLASSIFICATION

    Bado Classification

    Monteggia Fracture Equivalents

    TREATMENT

    COMPLICATIONS

    GALEAZZI FRACTURE

    DISTAL RADIUS FRACTURES

    PHYSEAL INJURIES

    METAPHYSEAL INJURIES

    46.  Pediatric Wrist and Hand

    INJURIES TO THE CARPUS

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    ANATOMY

    MECHANISM OF INJURY

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    SCAPHOID FRACTURE

    Classification

    Treatment

    Complications

    LUNATE FRACTURE

    TRIQUETRUM FRACTURE

    PISIFORM FRACTURE

    TRAPEZIUM FRACTURE

    TRAPEZOID FRACTURE

    CAPITATE FRACTURE

    HAMATE FRACTURE

    INJURIES TO THE HAND

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    ANATOMY

    MECHANISM OF INJURY

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    TREATMENT

    General Principles

    Management of Specific Fracture Patterns

    COMPLICATIONS

    47.  Pediatric Hip Fractures and Dislocations

    PEDIATRIC HIP FRACTURES

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    ANATOMY

    MECHANISM OF INJURY

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    CLASSIFICATION

    Delbet Classification of Pediatric Hip Fractures

    TREATMENT

    COMPLICATIONS

    TRAUMATIC DISLOCATION OF THE HIP

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    MECHANISM OF INJURY

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    CLASSIFICATION

    Descriptive

    TREATMENT

    Nonoperative

    Operative

    COMPLICATIONS

    48.  Pediatric Femoral Shaft Fractures

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    ANATOMY

    MECHANISM OF INJURY

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    CLASSIFICATION

    DESCRIPTIVE

    ANATOMIC

    TREATMENT

    AGE <6 MONTHS

    AGES 6 MONTHS TO 4 YEARS

    AGES 4 TO 12 YEARS

    AGES 12 YEARS TO MATURITY

    REDUCTION CRITERIA

    OPERATIVE INDICATIONS

    OPERATIVE OPTIONS

    COMPLICATIONS

    49.  Pediatric Knee

    OVERVIEW

    DISTAL FEMORAL PHYSEAL FRACTURES

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    ANATOMY

    MECHANISM OF INJURY

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    CLASSIFICATION

    Salter-Harris

    Displacement

    TREATMENT

    Nonoperative

    Operative

    COMPLICATIONS

    Acute

    Late

    PROXIMAL TIBIAL FRACTURES

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    ANATOMY

    MECHANISM OF INJURY

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    CLASSIFICATION

    Salter-Harris

    TREATMENT

    Nonoperative

    Operative

    COMPLICATIONS

    Acute

    Late

    TIBIAL TUBERCLE FRACTURES

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    ANATOMY

    MECHANISM OF INJURY

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    CLASSIFICATION

    Watson-Jones

    Ogden

    TREATMENT

    Nonoperative

    Operative

    COMPLICATIONS

    TIBIAL SPINE (INTERCONDYLAR EMINENCE) FRACTURES

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    ANATOMY

    MECHANISM OF INJURY

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    CLASSIFICATION

    Meyers and McKeever

    TREATMENT

    Nonoperative

    Operative

    COMPLICATIONS

    PATELLA FRACTURES

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    ANATOMY

    MECHANISM OF INJURY

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    CLASSIFICATION

    Based on Pattern

    TREATMENT

    Nonoperative

    Operative

    COMPLICATIONS

    OSTEOCHONDRAL FRACTURES

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    ANATOMY

    MECHANISM OF INJURY

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    TREATMENT

    PATELLA DISLOCATION

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    ANATOMY

    MECHANISM OF INJURY

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    CLASSIFICATION

    TREATMENT

    Nonoperative

    Operative

    COMPLICATIONS

    KNEE DISLOCATION

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    ANATOMY

    MECHANISM OF INJURY

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    CLASSIFICATION

    Descriptive

    TREATMENT

    COMPLICATIONS

    50.  Pediatric Tibia and Fibula

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    ANATOMY

    MECHANISM OF INJURY

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    PROXIMAL TIBIAL METAPHYSEAL FRACTURES

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    ANATOMY

    MECHANISM OF INJURY

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    CLASSIFICATION

    Descriptive

    TREATMENT

    Nonoperative

    Operative

    COMPLICATIONS

    DIAPHYSEAL FRACTURES OF THE TIBIA AND FIBULA

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    ANATOMY

    MECHANISM OF INJURY

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    CLASSIFICATION

    Descriptive

    TREATMENT

    Nonoperative

    Operative

    COMPLICATIONS

    FRACTURES OF THE DISTAL TIBIAL METAPHYSIS

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    ANATOMY

    MECHANISM OF INJURY

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    CLASSIFICATION

    Descriptive

    TREATMENT

    Nonoperative

    Operative

    COMPLICATIONS

    TODDLER’S FRACTURE

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    ANATOMY

    MECHANISM OF INJURY

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    TREATMENT

    COMPLICATIONS

    STRESS FRACTURES

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    MECHANISM OF INJURY

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    CLASSIFICATION

    TREATMENT

    COMPLICATIONS

    51.  Pediatric Ankle

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    ANATOMY

    MECHANISM OF INJURY

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    CLASSIFICATION

    DIAS-TACHDJIAN

    Supination–Inversion

    Pronation–Eversion–External Rotation

    Supination–Plantar Flexion

    Supination–External Rotation

    DESCRIPTIVE

    Axial Compression

    Juvenile Tillaux Fractures

    Triplane Fractures

    TREATMENT

    LATERAL MALLEOLAR (DISTAL FIBULA) FRACTURE

    Salter-Harris Type I or II

    Salter-Harris Type III or IV

    MEDIAL MALLEOLAR (DISTAL TIBIA) FRACTURE

    Salter-Harris Type I or II

    Salter-Harris Type III or IV

    JUVENILE TILLAUX FRACTURE

    TRIPLANE FRACTURE

    COMPLICATIONS

    52.  Pediatric Foot

    TALUS

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    ANATOMY

    MECHANISM OF INJURY

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    CLASSIFICATION

    Descriptive

    Hawkins Talar Neck Fractures

    TREATMENT

    Nonoperative

    Operative

    COMPLICATIONS

    CALCANEUS

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    ANATOMY

    MECHANISM OF INJURY

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    CLASSIFICATION

    Schmidt and Weiner

    TREATMENT

    Nonoperative

    Operative

    Complications

    TARSOMETATARSAL (LISFRANC) INJURIES

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    ANATOMY

    MECHANISM OF INJURY

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    CLASSIFICATION

    Quenu and Kuss

    TREATMENT

    Nonoperative

    Operative

    COMPLICATIONS

    METATARSALS

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    ANATOMY

    MECHANISM OF INJURY

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    CLASSIFICATION

    Descriptive

    TREATMENT

    Nonoperative

    Operative

    COMPLICATIONS

    PHALANGES

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    ANATOMY

    MECHANISM OF INJURY

    CLINICAL EVALUATION

    RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION

    CLASSIFICATION

    Descriptive

    TREATMENT

    Nonoperative

    Operative

    COMPLICATIONS

    Part Six: INTRAOPERATIVE IMAGING

    53.  Intraoperative Patient Positioning and Fluoroscopy for Common Fracture Surgeries

    Index

     

     

  • Knee Arthroscopy
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    340.00 lei

  • 39300lei 340.00 lei

     

    As the healthcare landscape evolves towards value-based treatment models, healthcare providers will be forced to find ways to deliver healthcare in a cost-effective, resource mindful way that provides good care, all the while maintaining appropriate patient satisfaction. Telemedicine offers a way to achieve this goal, in both rural and urban settings and with a varied and diverse patient population - not to mention during global health emergencies, where in-person visits and consultations are not ideal.   


    This book will serve as an introduction to telemedicine and digital health for the orthopedic and sports medicine provider. It will provide a general overview of telemedicine as well as specific suggestions and recommendations: where and how to get started, how to implement a telemedicine program, how to do research in telemedicine, and how to develop clinical guidelines and best practices for work in telemedicine. Specific chapters cover important nuts-and-bolts topics like regulation and licensing, billing and coding, and ethics and etiquette. Suggestions and considerations for provider-to-provider, direct-to-consumer, and school-based telemedicine service are likewise presented. Finally, insights into global telemedicine implementation and research are detailed. 
    While describing specific applications to orthopedic and sports medicine practices, Telemedicine in Orthopedic Surgery and Sports Medicine will cater to any clinician – from the individual solo practitioner to the C-suite level executive – who has a vision for implementation of telemedicine across an entire health system. 

  • Orthopaedics for Physician Assistants
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    345.00 lei

     

    Description:

     


    Written by PAs for PAs, Orthopaedics for Physician Assistants, 2nd Edition, is the first and only orthopaedics text specifically designed for physician assistant practitioners and students. This comprehensive yet portable guide helps you master the essential knowledge that directly affects your patient care. Coauthors and physician assistants Sara Rynders and Jennifer Hart clearly present everything you need to know to manage orthopaedic issues in either a general practice or orthopaedic practice setting. 

     

    Table Of Contents:


    1      Spine
    2      Shoulder and Humerus
    3      Elbow and Forearm
    4      Wrist and Hand
    5       Pelvis
    6       Hip and Femur
    7       Knee and Lower Leg
    8       Foot and Ankle
    9       Pediatrics
    10     Orthlopaedic Tumors and Masses
    11     Splinting and Casting
    12     Wound Care and Suturing

       

     

  • 40900lei 350.00 lei

    The Johns Hopkins High-Yield Review for Orthopaedic Surgery is a compact, concise study tool to help residents prepare for Part 1 of the American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery (ABOS) examination and the Orthopaedic In-Training Examination (OITE). The book is also ideal for seasoned clinicians studying for the ABOS recertification exams and motivated medical students preparing for orthopaedic surgery rotations. With its numerous illustrations, streamlined structure and heavily bulleted text, the book is designed as a 'memory-jogger' to supplement basic knowledge of fundamental orthopaedic surgery principles and procedures. Covers the most important, core exam material in a single, easy-to-use resource. Content is structured in a bulleted format throughout for rapid recall and effective absorption of information. Written by expert educators in the field of orthopaedic surgery. Enrich Your Reading Experience Read directly on your preferred device(s), such as computer, tablet, or smartphone. Easily convert to audiobook, powering your content with natural language text-to-speech.

    ·  Cover Page

    ·  Title Page

    ·  Copyright Page

    ·  CONTRIBUTORS

    ·  FOREWORD

    ·  PREFACE

    ·  CONTENTS

    ·  1 Basic Science

    ·  2 Adult Reconstruction

    ·  3 Pediatrics

    ·  4 Hand and Wrist

    ·  5 Trauma

    ·  6 Sports Medicine

    ·  7 Shoulder and Elbow

    ·  8 Foot and Ankle

    ·  9 Spine

    ·  10 Oncology and Pathology

    ·  Appendix: Test-Taking Strategies

    ·  Index


  • Essentials of Foot and Ankle Surgery
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    Description:

    This book is a ‘go-to’ guide for postgraduate Orthopaedic examinations as well as for Orthopaedic surgeons for trauma and elective foot and ankle surgery. A streamlined approach ensures that the 22 core topics are covered in a succinct and practical way. Foot and ankle surgery is a vast topic that can be daunting to revise due to the complex and diverse nature of associated pathologies. This highly illustrated succinct text, together with key learning points ensures a rapid understanding of all the essential elements of foot and ankle surgery. * Provides ‘need -to-know’ information for Orthopaedic surgeons * Assists with exam preparation for postgraduate exit exams such as the FRCS (Trauma & Orth) * Simple, succinct and concise * Over 500 illustrations to aid learning * Accompanying website with MCQs and videos of clinical examination and surgical techniques Orthopaedic surgeons, registrars and trainees, other specialty doctors, general practioners and physiotherapists with musculoskeletal interest and podiatrists will all find here ‘gold standard’ answers to foot and ankle conditions.

     

    Table of Contents:

     

    1 Foot and ankle examination

    2 Applied anatomy and surgical approaches

    3 Biomechanics of the foot and ankle

    4 Principles of foot and ankle orthoses

    5 Paediatric and adolescent foot disorders

    6 Forefoot disorders

    7 The rheumatoid foot

    8 Pes plano valgus

    9 The cavovarus foot

    10 Inferior heel pain

    11 Ankle arthritis

    12 Ankle instability

    13 Achilles disorders

    14 Achilles tendon rupture

    15 Ankle fractures

    16 Lisfranc injuries

    17 Fractures of the talus

    18 Calcaneal fractures

    19 Management of diabetic foot

    20 Surgical principles of amputations

    21 Principles of lower limb prosthetics and rehabilitation

    22 Foot and ankle radiology

    Index

     

  • 42000lei 380.00 lei

    Description:

    Evidence suggests a direct correlation between the quality of postoperative orthopaedic rehabilitation and the effectiveness of the surgery. Clinical Orthopaedic Rehabilitation, 4th Edition, helps today’s orthopaedic teams apply the most effective, evidence-based protocols for maximizing return to function following common sports injuries and post-surgical conditions. Charles Giangarra, MD and Robert Manske, PT continue the commitment to excellence established by Dr. S. Brent Brotzman in previous editions, bringing a fresh perspective to the team approach to rehabilitation.

    • Every section is written by a combination of surgeons, physical therapists, and occupational therapists, making this respected text a truly practical "how-to" guide for the appropriate initial exam, differential diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation.
    • Treatment and rehabilitation protocols are presented in a step-by-step, algorithmic format with each new phase begun after criteria are met (criteria-based progression, reflecting current best practice).
    • Revised content brings you up to date with new evidence-based literature on examination techniques, classification systems, differential diagnosis, treatment options, and criteria-based rehabilitation protocols.
    • Extensive updates throughout include new chapters on: medial patellofemoral ligament, shoulder impingement, pec major ruptures, thoracic outlet syndrome, general humeral fractures, foot and ankle fractures, medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction, the arthritic hip, athletic pubalgia, and labral repair and reconstruction.

     

     

     

    Table of Contents:

     

     

    Section 1. Hand and Wrist Injuries

    1. Flexor Tendon Injuries

    Important Points for Rehabilitation After Flexor Tendon Laceration and Repair

    Rehabilitation Rationale and Basic Principles of Treatment After Flexor Tendon Repair

    2. Flexor Digitorum Profundus Avulsion (“Jersey Finger”)

    Background

    Treatment

    Tendon-to-Bone Repair Considerations

    Surgeon’s Preference

    3. Extensor Tendon Injuries

    Anatomy

    Extensor Tendon Injuries in Zones 1 and 2

    Extensor Tendon Injuries in Zone 3

    Extensor Tendon Injuries in Zones 4, 5, and 6

    Extensor Tendon Injuries in Zones 7 and 8

    Mallet Finger (Extensor Injury—Zone 1)

    4. Fractures and Dislocations of the Hand

    Metacarpal and Phalangeal Fractures

    Metacarpal Fractures

    Phalangeal Fractures of the Hand

    Proximal Interphalangeal Joint Injuries

    5. Fifth Metacarpal Neck Fracture (Boxer's Fracture)

    Background

    Clinical History and Examination

    Treatment

    6. Injuries to the Ulnar Collateral Ligament of the Thumb Metacarpophalangeal Joint (Gamekeeper’s Thumb)

    Background

    Evaluation

    Treatment

    7. Nerve Compression Syndromes

    Nerve Compression Physiology

    Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

    Bowler’s Thumb (Digital Neuritis)

    Pronator Syndrome

    Radial Nerve Compression

    Ulnar Nerve Compression

    8. Scaphoid Fractures

    Background

    Clinical History and Examination

    Treatment

    Rehabilitation

    9. Triangular Fibrocartilage Complex Injury

    Clinical Background

    Classification

    Diagnosis

    Imaging Studies

    Treatment

    10. Metacarpal Phalangeal Joint Arthroplasty

    Rehabilitation

    Section 2. Rehabilitation After Total Elbow Arthroplasty

    11. The Total Elbow

    12. Rehabilitation After Fractures of the Forearm and Elbow

    Fractures of the Radius and Ulnar Shaft

    Both Bone Forearm Fracture Rehabilitation (Boland 2011)

    Fractures of the Elbow

    Radial Neck and Head Fractures

    Simple or Complex Elbow Dislocations

    13. Pediatric Elbow Injuries in the Throwing Athlete: Emphasis on Prevention

    Introduction

    Little Leaguer’s Elbow

    Medial Tension Injuries

    Lateral Compression Injuries

    Posterior Compression Injuries

    Prevention

    USA Baseball Guidelines

    14. Medial Collateral Ligament and Ulnar Nerve Injury at the Elbow

    Anatomy and Biomechanics

    Mechanism of Injury

    Evaluation

    Surgical Treatment

    15. Treating Flexion Contracture (Loss of Extension) in Throwing Athletes

    16. Post-Traumatic Elbow Stiffness

    Definition

    Classification

    Heterotopic Ossification

    Evaluation of the Stiff Elbow

    Nonsurgical Treatment

    Surgical Treatment

    Postsurgical Protocol

    17. Treatment and Rehabilitation of Elbow Dislocations

    Rehabilitation Considerations

    Anatomy and Biomechanics

    Mechanism of Injury

    Evaluation and Radiographs

    Classification

    Treatment

    Complications

    Rehabilitation Considerations

    Results

    18. Lateral and Medial Humeral Epicondylitis

    Introduction

    Epidemiology and Etiology

    Clinical Examination of the Elbow

    Anatomic Adaptations in the Athletic Elbow

    Elbow Examination Special Tests

    Treatment

    Definitions: Tendinitis and Tendinosis

    Eccentric Training Programs

    Combined Exercise Programs

    Rotator Cuff and Scapular Stabilization

    Advanced Distal Upper Extremity Exercises for Rehabilitation of Humeral Epicondylitis

    Return to Sport/Interval Return Programs

    19. Forearm Upper Extremity Nerve Entrapment Injuries

    Pronator Syndrome

    Radial Nerve Compression

    Ulnar Nerve Compression

    Peripheral Nerve Rehabilitation

    What I Tell My Patients

    Section 3. Shoulder Injuries

    20. General Principles of Shoulder Rehabilitation

    Background

    Shoulder Rehabilitation

    21. Importance of the History in the Diagnosis of Shoulder Pathology

    Structural Injury to the Rotator Cuff

    Glenohumeral Instability

    Detachment of the Superior Glenoid Labrum

    Scapulothoracic Dyskinesia, Core Stability Deficits, and Other Fitness or Technique-Related Provocations

    Adhesive Capsulitis ("Frozen Shoulder")

    Calcific Tendinitis

    Biceps Tendinosis

    Acromioclavicular Degenerative Joint Disease

    Glenohumeral Degenerative Joint Disease

    Cervical Spine Pathology

    Fractures

    General Shoulder Rehabilitation Goals

    22. Rotator Cuff Tendinitis in the Overhead Athlete

    Anatomy and Biomechanics

    The Throwing Cycle

    Pathogenesis

    History and Physical Examination

    Imaging

    Management

    Summary

    23. Rotator Cuff Repair

    Type of Repair

    Tear Pattern

    Size of the Tear

    Tissue Quality

    Location of the Tear

    Onset of Rotator Cuff Tear and Timing of the Repair

    Patient Variables

    Rehabilitation Situation and Surgeon’s Philosophic Approach

    Acute Tears

    Imaging

    Examination

    Treatment

    Rehabilitation Protocol

    Massive Rotator Cuff Repairs

    Conclusion

    24. Shoulder Instability Treatment and Rehabilitation

    Introduction

    Anatomic Considerations

    Terminology

    Diagnostic Evaluation: History, Physical Examination, and Imaging

    Treatment Options

    Postoperative Treatment and Rehabilitation

    25. Adhesive Capsulitis (Frozen Shoulder)

    Introduction

    Typical Presentation

    Treatment

    26. Rehabilitation for Biceps Tendon Disorders and SLAP Lesions

    Rehabilitation Rationale

    History and Physical Examination

    Treatment

    Rehabilitation Considerations

    27. Scapular Dyskinesis

    Background

    Treatment

    28. Rehabilitation Following Total Shoulder and Reverse Total Shoulder Arthroplasty

    Introduction

    Surgical Aspects of Total Shoulder Arthroplasty

    Subscapularis Precautions

    Key Rehabilitation Concepts Following TSA

    Outcomes of Traditional Shoulder Arthroplasty

    Reverse TSA

    Phase I—Immediate Postsurgical/Joint Protection Phase

    Phase II—Active Range of Motion/Early Strengthening Phase (Weeks 6 to 12)

    Phase III—Moderate Strengthening (Week 12+)

    Phase IV—Continued Home Program (Typically 4+ months)

    Summary

    29. Upper Extremity Interval Throwing Progressions

    Shoulder Injuries in Golfers

    30. Shoulder Exercises for Injury Prevention in the Throwing Athlete

    Rest and Recovery

    Creating a Healthy Thrower's Shoulder

    31. Glenohumeral Internal Rotation Deficiency: Evaluation and Treatment

    Introduction

    The GIRD Concept

    Proposed Causes of GIRD

    Consequences of GIRD on the Biomechanics of the Human Shoulder

    Identifying GIRD

    Prevention and Treatment of GIRD

    Summary

    32. Postural Consideration for the Female Athlete’s Shoulder

    Ideal Posture

    Faulty Posture

    Treatment

    33. Impingement Syndrome

    Impingement Syndrome

    Treatment

    34. Pectoralis Major Rupture Repair

    Introduction and Overview

    Anatomy

    Mechanism of Injury

    Physical Examination

    Injury Classification

    Conservative versus Surgical Treatment

    Postsurgical Rehabilitation

    35. Thoracic Outlet Syndrome in the Overhead Athlete

    Introduction

    Thoracic Outlet Syndrome

    Anatomic Relevance

    Pathophysiology

    Clinical Presentation with Examination

    Conservative and Surgical Management

    36. Proximal Humeral and Humeral Shaft Fractures

    Proximal Humeral Fractures

    Humeral Shaft Fractures

    37. The Use of a Functional Testing Algorithm (FTA) to Make Qualitative and Quantitative Decisions to Return Athletes Back to Sports Following Shoulder Injuries

    Functional Testing Algorithm Methods

    Summary

    Section 4. Foot and Ankle Injuries

    38. Foot and Ankle Fractures

    Introduction to Foot and Ankle Trauma

    Ankle Fractures

    Pilon Fractures

    Talus Fractures

    Calcaneus Fractures

    Lisfranc Fractures/Dislocations

    Metatarsal Fractures

    The Neuropathic Patient

    General Considerations

    Phase I: Protection (Weeks 1 to 6)

    Phase II: Mobilization (Weeks 6 to 8)

    Phase III: Function (Weeks 8 to 12)

    39. Ankle Sprains

    Relevant Anatomy

    Classification of Ankle Sprains

    Diagnosis

    The Injury and Healing Process

    Treatment and Rehabilitation Protocol For Acute Ankle Sprain

    Return to Activity Criteria After Acute Ankle Sprain

    Prevention of Ankle Sprains

    40. Ankle-Specific Perturbation Training

    Chronic Symptoms After a “Simple” Ankle Sprain

    41. Chronic Ankle Instability

    Diagnosis

    Treatment

    42. Syndesmotic Injuries

    Diagnosis

    Classification of Syndesmotic Injury

    Treatment

    43. Inferior Heel Pain (Plantar Fasciitis)

    Clinical Background

    Anatomy and Pathomechanics

    Myth of the Heel Spur

    Etiology

    Natural History

    Bilateral Heel Involvement

    Signs and Symptoms

    Evaluation of Patients With Inferior Heel Pain

    Treatment of Plantar Fasciitis

    Rupture of the Plantar Fascia

    44. Achilles Tendinopathy

    Examination

    Imaging

    Achilles Paratenonitis

    Achilles Tendinosis

    Achilles Paratenonitis With Tendinosis

    Insertional Achilles Tendinitis

    Retrocalcaneal Bursitis

    Treatment of Achilles Tendinopathy

    Eccentric Achilles Training for Achilles Pathology

    Eccentric Exercise Regimen

    Operative Treatment

    Postoperative Rehabilitation Progression After Achilles Tendon Débridement

    Other Treatment Modalities for Achilles Tendinopathy

    45. Achilles Tendon Rupture

    Background

    Clinical Signs and Symptoms

    Treatment of Acute Rupture of the Achilles Tendon

    Nonoperative Treatment of Acute Achilles Tendon Rupture

    Operative Treatment for Acute Achilles Tendon Rupture

    Rehabilitation After Operative Treatment of Acute Achilles Tendon Rupture

    Chronic Achilles Tendon Rupture

    Return to Sports Recommendations After Achilles Rupture

    46. First Metatarsophalangeal Joint Sprain (Turf Toe)

    Signs and Symptoms

    Radiographic Evaluation

    Treatment

    Rehabilitation for Turf Toe

    Section 5. Knee Injuries

    47. Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries

    Background

    Treatment of ACL Injuries

    ACL Rehabilitation Rationale

    Other Rehabilitation Considerations After ACL Reconstruction

    48. Perturbation Training for Postoperative ACL Reconstruction and Patients Who Were Nonoperatively Treated and ACL Deficient

    Copers

    Noncopers

    49. Gender Issues in ACL Injury

    ACL Injury in the Female Athlete

    ACL Injury Prevention and Rehabilitation Programs in Female Athletes

    50. Functional Testing, Functional Training, and Criteria for Return to Play After ACL Reconstruction

    Risks With Early Return To Sport

    Current Guidelines to Return to Sports

    Targeting End-Stage Rehabilitation

    51. Functional Performance Measures and Sports-Specific Rehabilitation for Lower Extremity Injuries: A Guide for a Safe Return to Sports

    Functional Training

    Functional Progressions

    Functional Performance Measures/Tests

    Functional Performance Testing Categories: Lower Extremities

    Advanced Lower Extremity Sports Assessment

    Limb Symmetry Index

    52. Treatment and Rehabilitation of Arthrofibrosis of the Knee

    Introduction

    Prevention

    Classification

    Treatment

    Results

    Conclusions

    53. Posterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries

    Rehabilitation Rationale

    Evaluation

    Biomechanics of the Posterior Cruciate Ligament–Deficient Knee

    Biomechanics of Exercise

    Natural History

    Rehabilitation Considerations

    Patellofemoral Joint

    54. Medial Collateral Ligament Injuries

    Clinical Background

    Mechanism of Injury

    Diagnosis and Physical Examination

    Radiographic Examination

    Treatment of Isolated and Combined Medial Collateral Ligament Injuries

    Rehabilitation After MCL Injury

    55. Meniscal Injuries

    Clinical Background

    Meniscal Movement

    Rehabilitation Considerations

    56. Patellofemoral Disorders

    Clinical Background

    Clinical Pearls for Patellofemoral Pain

    Classification

    Evaluation of the Patellofemoral Joint

    Clinical Tests for Patellofemoral Disorders

    Important Points in Rehabilitation of Patellofemoral Disorders

    57. Medial Patellofemoral Ligament Reconstruction

    Anatomy

    Pathogenesis

    Treatment

    58. Hip Strength and Kinematics in Patellofemoral Syndrome

    Additional Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome Rehabilitation Considerations

    Patellar Excess Pressure Syndromes (GPPS versus ELPS)

    59. Overuse Syndromes of the Knee

    History of Patellar Tendinitis (Jumper’s Knee)

    Iliotibial Band Friction Syndrome

    History and Examination

    Predisposing Factors

    Treatment of Iliotibial Band Friction Syndrome

    60. Patellar Tendon Ruptures

    Background

    Anatomy and Biomechanics

    Etiology

    Clinical Evaluation

    Rehabilitation Following Surgical Treatment of Patellar Tendon Rupture

    61. Articular Cartilage Procedures of the Knee

    Clinical Background

    Types of Motion

    Muscle Strengthening

    Weight bearing Progression

    Important Rehabilitation Considerations

    Rehabilitation Protocol

    Troubleshooting Techniques After Articular Cartilage Procedures

    62. The Arthritic Knee

    Classification

    Diagnosis

    Radiographic Evaluation

    Treatment Options

    General Considerations

    Goals of Rehabilitation After Total Knee Arthroplasty

    63. Total Knee Replacement Protocol

    Section 6. Hip Injuries

    64. Hip Injuries

    Treatment of Intra-Articular Hip Pathology

    Hip Arthroscopy

    Postoperative Rehabilitation Following Hip Arthroscopy

    Open Procedures of the Hip

    Total Hip Arthroplasty

    Preoperative Patient Education

    Postoperative Physical Therapy

    Skilled Nursing and Home Health Interventions

    Outpatient Orthopedic Physical Therapy

    Return to Sport

    Sport-Specific Exercises for the Golfer with a Total Hip Replacement

    Treatment of Extra-Articular Hip Pathology

    Coxa Saltans

    Gluteal Tears

    65. The Arthritic Hip

    Clinical Background

    General Features of Osteoarthritis

    Primary Symptoms and Signs of Osteoarthritis

    Classification of Hip Arthritis

    Diagnosis of Hip Arthritis

    Treatment of Hip Arthritis

    66. Total Hip Replacement Rehabilitation: Progression and Restrictions

    Preoperative Management

    Surgical Approach

    Multimodal Pain Management

    Hip Precautions

    Postoperative Total Hip Arthroplasty Rehabilitation Programs

    Weight bearing

    Levels of Rehabilitative Care

    Postoperative Protocol After Primary Total Hip Replacement

    Return to Sport After Total Hip Replacement

    Sport-Specific Exercises for the Golfer With a Total Hip Replacement

    67. Groin Pain

    Background

    History

    Examination

    Treatment

    68. Hamstring Muscle Injuries in Athletes

    Considerations of Applied Anatomy and Biomechanics

    Classification of Hamstring Injury

    Etiologic Concerns

    Physical Examination

    Diagnostic Imaging

    Hamstring Injuries Other Than Strains

    Functional Progression and Return-to-Play Guidelines

    Prevention

    69. Athletic Pubalgia

    Introduction

    Epidemiology/Special Population (Athletic)

    Clinical Presentation

    Risk Factors

    Differential Diagnosis

    Anatomy

    Physical Examination

    Diagnosis

    Management

    Our Approach

    Conclusion

    70. Femoro-acetabular Impingement: Labral Repair and Reconstruction

    Introduction

    Relevant Anatomy

    Conservative Management and Preoperative Rehabilitation

    Surgical Treatment

    Postoperative Rehabilitation Guidelines

    Immediate Postoperative Rehabilitation

    Outpatient Rehabilitation

    Section 7. Spinal Disorders

    71. Whiplash Injury: Treatment and Rehabilitation

    The Whiplash Epidemic

    Diagnosis

    Treatment: Review of the Literature

    Treatment of Acute Whiplash (0 to 3 Weeks)

    Treatment of Subacute Whiplash (3 Weeks to 3 Months)

    Treating Chronic Whiplash (3 Months and More)

    72. Therapeutic Exercise for the Cervical Spine

    Exercises to Improve Muscular Coordination, Endurance, or Strength

    Exercises to Improve Muscular Coordination

    Exercises to Improve Muscular Endurance or Strength

    Exercises to Improve Repositioning Acuity, Oculomotor Control, or Postural Stability

    Exercises to Improve Mobility

    73. Treatment-Based Classification of Low Back Pain

    Background

    History

    74. Core Stabilization Training

    Anatomy

    Mechanisms of Injury to the Core

    Rehabilitation: Assessment and Intervention

    Where to Begin: Formal Motor Skill Training

    Incorporation Into Light Functional Tasks

    General Functional Exercises

    Dynamic, Progressive Functional Challenges

    Conclusion

    75. McKenzie Approach to Low Back Pain

    Types of Pain

    Activation of Pain

    Stages of Tissue Healing

    Intervertebral Disc

    McKenzie Classification of Syndromes

    McKenzie Evaluation

    Intervention

    Summary

    76. Rehabilitation Following Lumbar Disc Surgery

    Lumbar Disc Surgery

    Current Best Evidence: Postdiscectomy Rehabilitation

    The Postdiscectomy “Protocol”

    Education

    Exercise

    Walking Program

    Manual Therapy

    77. Chronic Back Pain and Pain Science

    Introduction

    Current Models for Managing Chronic Spinal Pain

    Important Issues in Understanding Pain

    The Brain’s Processing of Pain

    The Output Systems

    Chronic Pain: Best Evidence Management

    Conclusion

    78. Spinal Manipulation

    Defining Spinal Manipulation

    Evidence for Spinal Manipulative Therapy

    Clinical Prediction Rules

    The Audible Pop

    Spinal Positioning and Locking

    Cervical Spine

    Thoracic and Lumbar Spine

    Safety and Manipulative Techniques

    Contraindications and Precautions

    Spinal Manipulation Techniques

    79. Neurodynamics

    Manual Therapy for the Nervous System

    Adverse Neural Tension versus Neurodynamics

    Neurophysiology in Neurodynamics

    Nerve Sensitivity

    Central Sensitivity

    Clinical Neurobiomechanics

    The Base Tests

    Clinical Application of Neurodynamics

    Neurodynamic Treatment

    Summary

    80. Spondylolisthesis

    Definitions

    Diagnosis

    Treatment

    81. Lumbar Spine Microdiscectomy Surgical Rehabilitation

    Section 8. Special Topics

    82. Running Injuries: Etiology and Recovery-Based Treatment

    Gait: Walking and Running

    Education

    Building Capacity

    Principles of Optimal Run Training

    Summary

    83. Running Injuries: Shoes, Orthotics, and Return-to-Running Program

    Biomechanical and Anatomic Factors

    Shoes

    Patterns of Wear for Running Shoes

    Orthotics

    Medications

    Surgery

    Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation

    Return-to-Running Algorithm 2 (Miller’s Recommendations)

    Summary

    84. Tendinopathy

    Medical Methods of Treatment

    Physical Therapy

    Index

     

  • 45200lei 385.00 lei

    In this book, leading international thinkers in the still nascent field of orthopaedic sports medicine consider what the future holds and give their views on what we should be most worried about. The range of issues addressed is wide, encompassing technological threats, environmental concerns, big data and its ramifications, the influence of industry, academic ethics, and much more. Many of the identified dangers are not yet on the popular radar, and these are the principal focus of the book. On the other hand, attention is also paid to misplaced fears, with explanation as to why these anxieties can be laid to rest. The contributors are leading thinkers in the field and include original pioneers of sports medicine, senior and newly appointed orthopaedic surgeons, orthopaedic trainees, and sports medicine physicians. In addition, leaders of industry in sports medicine and allied health professionals from around the world share their fears. This compelling and thought-provoking book, published in collaboration with ISAKOS, will appeal to all stakeholders in orthopaedic sports medicine.

    ·  Cover

    ·  Front Matter

    ·  1. How Long Is a Piece of String?

    ·  2. I Worry that Informal Logic Will Take Over from Formal Logic

    ·  3. It’s Not You, It’s Me

    ·  4. Are We Losing Our Profession Through the Loss of Leadership?

    ·  5. BIG DATA: Revolution or Complication?

    ·  6. The Influence of Industry

    ·  7. Are We Stifling Innovation?

    ·  8. Don’t Get Dragged into the Gloom: Keep the Flame!

    ·  9. Pseudoscience and False Avenues

    ·  10. We’d Better Quit Now

    ·  11. Academic Integrity and the God of Data

    ·  12. Research Funding: Finding a Balance

    ·  13. From Science to Daily Practice: A Huge Gap! The Example of Meniscus Surgery

    ·  14. Living on the Edge

    ·  15. The Last Generation of Doctors

    ·  16. The Future of Orthopaedic Sports Medicine: It’s the Human Connection

    ·  17. The Meniscus Is the Most Important Piece of the Knee

    ·  18. Is Medicine Now a Science or Still an Art?

    ·  19. Let’s Get Back to Basics

    ·  20. We Should Be Worried, About Being Worried!

    ·  21. The End of Sports Surgery

    ·  22. Will Our Focus on Techniques and Technology to Improve Patient Outcomes Be at the Expense of a Loss of Clinical Judgement?

    ·  23. Are We Going Forward or Standing Still?

    ·  24. Please Take Your Time: A Research Perspective

    ·  25. What’s in It for Me?

    ·  26. Social Media in Sports Medicine

    ·  27. Biologic and Regenerative Medicine: The Balance Between Promise and Proven

    ·  28. There Are No Facts, Only Interpretations

    ·  29. Increased Incidence of Sports Trauma in Children. Is It Time to Worry?

    ·  30. Persistent Lack of Patient Treatment Outcome Information for Patients, Therapists, and Surgeons

    ·  31. The Perils and Potentials of Biologic Therapies

    ·  32. Am I a Robot or a Surgeon?

    ·  33. Who Will Guard the Guardians?

    ·  34. Don’t Wait to Worry!

    ·  35. The Threat of Fake News!

    ·  36. The Big Bang and Its Fall Out

    ·  37. First the Process, Then the Art of Medicine? The Gruyère Theory

    ·  38. The Complexity of a ‘Rope’

    ·  39. If You Don’t Know Where You Are Going, Any Road Will Take You There!

    ·  40. What’s the Use in Worrying?

    ·  41. High-Technology Technicians Versus Bedside Doctors

    ·  42. Surgery Is Overvalued and Rehabilitation Undervalued Following Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury

    ·  43. The Professional Responsibility of Orthopaedic Sports Medicine Surgeons as Advocates for Sports Injury Prevention

    ·  44. Digitalization and Machine Learning

    ·  45. Worried About the Vision

    ·  46. Why Are ACL Injury Prevention Programs Not Being Implemented More Widely?

    ·  47. Think of the Children

    ·  48. Mentoring in Orthopaedic Sports Medicine

    ·  49. Challenges of Certification and Training: Looking into the Future

    ·  50. Technology and Sports Medicine: The Good, the Bad and the Ugly

    ·  51. Will It Be Possible to Perform a 99% Perfect ACL Reconstruction in the Future?

    ·  52. The Good and the Bad of Evidence-Based Medicine and the Challenge of Practising in a Time of Increased Connectivity and Artificial Intelligence

    ·  53. Preventing Osteoarthritis in Young Patients After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury

    ·  54. The Danger of Making Decisions for Evolution, Quality of Care, and Education Based on National Health Data

    ·  55. When Dogmas Are Not Revised Soon, Our Sportsmen’s Hips and Knees Will Not Be Preserved but Instead Replaced

    ·  56. Ingenuity, Intellectual Integrity, Honesty, and Collaboration Will Be the Key to Our Future

    ·  57. A Lot Done, More to Do!


  • 39400lei 385.00 lei

    There is a saying that "hand surgery without a tourniquet is like repairing a clock in a barrel full of dark ink." Operating without a sound fundamental knowledge of anatomy can be compared to "stirring around in the soup." Classic anatomy instruction covers only a fraction of the area of hand surgery: bones, muscles/ligaments, vessels, and nerves. The many different connective-tissue structures are often only briefly highlighted. The complex interaction of the various structures remains a mystery to most. This book presents the specialty of applied anatomy and is intended for medical professionals involved with the hand and its functionality: hand surgeons, trauma specialists, orthopaedists, plastic surgeons, occupational therapists, and physio-therapists.

    Key Features:

    • Almost 150 illustrations, anatomical drawings, and photos of anatomy in vivo.
    • Part 1 deals with the anatomy and functional anatomy of the hand
    • Part 2 is dedicated to the surface anatomy of the structures of the forearm, wrist, and hand

  • 47300lei 390.00 lei

    Description:

    The latest techniques and advances in the field … cutting-edge clinical and surgical knowledge … a clear, bulleted format … it all adds up to the fully revised 2nd Edition of Core Knowledge in Orthopaedics: Foot and Ankle. Perfect for exam review or in preparation for rotations or a challenging clinical case, this easy-to-use resource is designed for busy orthopaedic residents and fellows as well as practitioners who want a quick review of the foot and ankle.

    • Brings you fully up to date with current techniques and advances in the area of foot and ankle, including new developments in orthotics, ankle fractures, Achilles injuries, and more.
    • Features a new, full-color design throughout, plus new chapters on Hallux Rigidus and Sesamoid Pathology and Osteochondral Lesions of Talus.
    • Presents new and fully revised information in a bulleted, templated format, with summary tables that help you find and retain key information.
    • Includes key facts for quick review and selected references for further reading in every chapter.
    • Shares the knowledge and experience of two experts in the field, Drs. Justin K. Greisberg and J. Turner Vosseller.

     

    ·  Chapter 1: Anatomy and Biomechanics

    ·  KEY FACTS

    ·  Evolution of Modern Foot and Comparative Anatomy

    ·  Anatomy of Foot

    ·  Chapter 2: Physical Examination and Imaging

    ·  KEY FACTS

    ·  Inspection, Palpation, and Motion

    ·  Gastrocnemius Contracture

    ·  Stability

    ·  1st-Ray Mobility

    ·  Strength

    ·  Vascular Examination

    ·  Sensation

    ·  Alignment

    ·  Chapter 3: Orthotics and Prosthetics

    ·  KEY FACTS

    ·  Introduction

    ·  Types of Orthoses

    ·  Prefabricated Foot Orthoses

    ·  Custom Foot Orthoses

    ·  Treatment Effects of Orthotics

    ·  Material Selection

    ·  Indications for Soft, Semirigid, and Rigid Orthoses

    ·  Specific Indications and Prescription Guidelines for Foot Orthoses

    ·  Chapter 4: Flatfoot

    ·  KEY FACTS

    ·  Arches of Foot

    ·  Posterior Tibial Tendon Dysfunction

    ·  Treatment

    ·  Chapter 5: Cavus/Neuromuscular Foot

    ·  KEY FACTS

    ·  Neuromuscular Deformity

    ·  Evaluation of Neuromuscular Patient

    ·  Principles of Treatment of Neuromuscular Cavus Foot

    ·  Foot Drop

    ·  Peroneal Nerve Palsy

    ·  Deformity From Untreated Compartment Syndrome

    ·  Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease (Hereditary Sensory Motor Neuropathy)

    ·  Poliomyelitis

    ·  Surgical Procedures for Severe Dysplastic Cavus Foot

    ·  Summary of Cavus Foot Surgery

    ·  Chapter 6: Diabetic Foot

    ·  KEY FACTS

    ·  Diabetic Vascular Disease

    ·  Diabetic Neuropathy

    ·  Healing in Diabetes

    ·  Equinus Contracture in Diabetes

    ·  Diabetic Foot Care and Ulcer Prevention

    ·  Foot and Ankle Ulcers

    ·  Charcot Foot (Neuroarthropathy)

    ·  Chapter 7: Hallux Valgus

    ·  KEY FACTS

    ·  TERMINOLOGY

    ·  Epidemiology

    ·  Etiology

    ·  Associated Symptoms

    ·  History and Physical Examination

    ·  Radiographic Examination

    ·  Treatment

    ·  Chapter 8: Hallux Rigidus and Sesamoid Pathology

    ·  KEY FACTS

    ·  TERMINOLOGY

    ·  EPIDEMIOLOGY

    ·  Etiology

    ·  History and Physical Exam Findings

    ·  Imaging

    ·  Classification

    ·  Treatment

    ·  Sesamoid Pathology

    ·  Chapter 9: Lesser Toe Disorders and Metatarsalgia

    ·  KEY FACTS

    ·  Hammer Toes, Mallet Toes, and Claw Toes

    ·  2nd Metatarsophalangeal Joint Instability

    ·  Bunionette Deformity

    ·  Freiberg Infraction

    ·  Intractable Plantar Keratosis

    ·  Interdigital Corns

    ·  Chapter 10: Ankle Arthritis

    ·  KEY FACTS

    ·  Posttraumatic

    ·  Biology of Ankle Cartilage

    ·  Evaluation of Arthritic Ankle

    ·  Nonsurgical Treatment

    ·  Surgical Treatment

    ·  Arthrodesis

    ·  Arthroplasty

    ·  Amputation

    ·  Chapter 11: Heel Pain

    ·  KEY FACTS

    ·  Normal Heel Anatomy

    ·  Plantar Fasciitis

    ·  Plantar Nerve Impingement

    ·  Fat Pad Atrophy

    ·  Calcaneal Stress Fracture

    ·  Cavus Foot Pain

    ·  Enthesopathy

    ·  Chapter 12: Achilles Tendinosis and Rupture

    ·  KEY FACTS

    ·  Clinical Anatomy

    ·  Pathology

    ·  History and Physical Exam Findings

    ·  Treatment

    ·  Chapter 13: Other Tendon Disorders

    ·  KEY FACTS

    ·  TERMINOLOGY

    ·  Peroneal Tendons

    ·  History and Physical Examination

    ·  Treatment

    ·  Anterior Tibial Tendon

    ·  History and Physical Examination

    ·  Treatment

    ·  Flexor Hallucis Longus

    ·  History and Physical Examination

    ·  Treatment

    ·  Extensor Hallucis Longus

    ·  History and Physical Examination

    ·  Treatment

    ·  Chapter 14: Ankle Instability

    ·  KEY FACTS

    ·  TERMINOLOGY

    ·  ANATOMY/BIOMECHANICS

    ·  Acute Lateral Ankle Ligament Injuries

    ·  Chronic Ankle Instability

    ·  Syndesmosis Instability

    ·  Deltoid Injury

    ·  Chapter 15: Osteochondral Lesions of Talus

    ·  KEY FACTS

    ·  Overview

    ·  Natural History

    ·  Classification

    ·  History and Physical

    ·  Treatment

    ·  Chapter 16: Ankle Fractures

    ·  KEY FACTS

    ·  Overview

    ·  Anatomy

    ·  Classification

    ·  General Treatment

    ·  Other Considerations

    ·  Chapter 17: Tibial Pilon Fractures

    ·  KEY FACTS

    ·  TERMINOLOGY

    ·  Anatomy

    ·  Understanding Injury

    ·  Management of Pilon Fractures

    ·  Outcomes

    ·  Complications

    ·  Chapter 18: Calcaneus Fractures

    ·  KEY FACTS

    ·  Historical Perspective

    ·  Mechanism of Injury

    ·  Initial Evaluation and Management

    ·  Classification

    ·  Operative vs. Nonoperative Treatment

    ·  Treatment of Extraarticular Calcaneus Fractures

    ·  Treatment of Intraarticular Calcaneus Fractures

    ·  Blast Injuries

    ·  Complications

    ·  Late Reconstruction

    ·  Chapter 19: Talus Fractures

    ·  KEY FACTS

    ·  Background

    ·  Anatomy

    ·  Vascular Anatomy

    ·  Talar Body Fractures

    ·  Posteromedial Talar Body Fractures

    ·  Talar Neck Fractures

    ·  Lateral Process Fracture

    ·  Osteonecrosis

    ·  Nonunion and Malunion

    ·  Chapter 20: Navicular and Cuboid Fractures

    ·  KEY FACTS

    ·  Anatomy and Function of Midfoot

    ·  Navicular Fractures

    ·  Navicular Stress Fractures

    ·  Cuboid Fractures

    ·  Chapter 21: Lisfranc and Midfoot Injuries

    ·  KEY FACTS

    ·  Anatomy and Function of Midfoot

    ·  Cuneiform Fractures

    ·  Lisfranc Injuries

    ·  Chapter 22: Metatarsal Fractures

    ·  KEY FACTS

    ·  Forefoot Structure

    ·  Metatarsal Fractures

    ·  Phalangeal Fractures

    ·  Open Fractures and Lawn Mower Injuries

    ·  Chapter 23: Tumors of Foot and Ankle

    ·  KEY FACTS

    ·  Clinical Evaluation

    ·  Biopsy and Surgical Excision

    ·  Staging

    ·  Bone Lesions

    ·  Soft Tissue Lesions

    ·  Chapter 24: Amputations

    ·  KEY FACTS

    ·  Indications

    ·  Level of Amputation

    ·  Physiology of Amputation: Energy Expenditure

    ·  Surgical Technique

    ·  Specific Levels of Amputation and Disarticulation

    ·  Chapter 25: Pediatric Foot and Ankle Disorders

    ·  KEY FACTS

    ·  Clubfoot

    ·  Flatfeet

    ·  Tarsal Coalitions

    ·  Congenital Vertical Talus

    ·  Accessory Navicular

    ·  Miscellaneous Forefoot Deformities

    ·  Transitional Fractures

    ·  Overuse Injuries of Foot and Ankle in Children

  • 42000lei 390.00 lei

    Description:

     

    All 118 procedures from the second edition of the Atlas of Essential Orthopaedic Procedures text are rewritten and summarized in a quick-read bullet format with selected images. Each procedure includes the management of each condition in an easy-to-follow format that begins with patient selection, walks through a description of the procedure, and concludes with the author's surgical pearls.

     

     

    Table of Contents:

     

    Section 1: Sports Medicine

    1 Arthroscopic Repair of Partial-Thickness Rotator Cuff Tears

    2 Anterior Shoulder Stabilization Procedures: From Arthroscopic to Open to Latarjet

    3 Arthroscopic Superior Labrum Anterior-to-Posterior Repair

    4 Biceps Tenotomy and Tenodesis

    5 Anatomic Acromioclavicular Joint Reconstruction

    6 Open Reduction and Internal Fixation of Clavicle Fractures

    7 Open Treatment of Medial and Lateral Epicondylitis

    8 Distal Biceps Repair

    9 Ulnar Collateral Ligament Reconstruction

    10 Arthroscopic Management of Femoroacetabular Impingement

    11 Meniscectomy

    12 Meniscal Repair

    13 Meniscal Root Repair

    14 Microfracture

    15 Surgical Treatment of Osteochondritis Dissecans Lesions

    16 Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: Single-Bundle Transtibial Technique

    17 Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: Two-Tunnel Technique

    18 Individualized Anatomic Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction

    19 Quadriceps Tendon Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction

    20 Pediatric Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction

    21 Medial Patellofemoral Ligament Reconstruction for Recurrent Patellar Instability

    22 Realignment for Patellofemoral Arthritis

    23 Surgical Treatment of Traumatic Quadriceps and Patellar Tendon Injuries of the Knee

    Section 2: Shoulder and Elbow

    24 Arthroscopic Subacromial Decompression and Distal Clavicle Resection

    25 Arthroscopic Management of Frozen Shoulder

    26 Arthroscopic Rotator Cuff Repair

    27 Percutaneous Pinning of Proximal Humerus Fractures

    28 Fixation of Proximal Humerus Fractures

    29 Hemiarthroplasty for Proximal Humerus Fractures

    30 Reverse Shoulder Arthroplasty for Proximal Humeral Fractures

    31 Total Shoulder Arthroplasty for Osteoarthritis

    32 Reverse Total Shoulder Arthroplasty for Rotator Cuff Arthropathy

    33 Arthroscopy of the Elbow

    34 Open Treatment of Radial Head Fractures and Olecranon Fractures

    35 Open Reduction and Internal Fixation of Distal Humerus Fractures

    36 Total Elbow Arthroplasty

    Section 3: Hand and Wrist

    37 Carpal Tunnel Release

    38 Surgical Treatment of Cubital Tunnel Syndrome

    39 First Dorsal Extensor Compartment Release

    40 Trigger Finger Release

    41 Open Reduction and Internal Fixation of the Distal Radius With a Volar Locking Plate

    42 External Fixation of Distal Radius Fractures

    43 Open Reduction and Internal Fixation of Scaphoid Fractures

    44 Open Reduction and Internal Fixation of Phalangeal Fractures

    45 Surgical Fixation of Metacarpal Fractures

    46 Excision of Ganglion Cysts of the Wrist and Hand

    47 Surgical Excision of Digital Mucous Cysts

    48 Surgical Treatment of Basal Joint Arthritis of the Thumb

    49 Partial Palmar Fasciectomy for Dupuytren Disease

    50 Needle Aponeurotomy

    51 Thumb Metacarpophalangeal Joint Ulnar Collateral Ligament Repair

    52 Flexor Tendon Repair

    53 Extensor Tendon Repair

    54 Wide-Awake Hand Surgery

    Section 4: Adult Reconstruction

    55 Hip Arthroplasty via Small-Incision Enhanced Posterior Soft-Tissue Repair

    56 Hip Arthroplasty via a Traditional and Minimally Invasive Direct Lateral Approach

    57 Direct Anterior Approach for Hip Arthroplasty

    58 Total Hip Arthroplasty: Direct Anterior Approach Using a Specialized Table

    59 Anterior-Based Muscle-Sparing Approach in the Lateral Position

    60 Revision Total Hip Arthroplasty via Extended Trochanteric Osteotomy

    61 Triflange Acetabular Components for Complex Revision Cases

    62 Total Knee Arthroplasty: Medial Parapatellar and Extensile Approaches

    63 Total Knee Arthroplasty via Small-Incision Midvastus Approach

    64 Total Knee Arthroplasty via the Mini-Subvastus Approach

    65 Revision Total Knee Arthroplasty via Tibial Tubercle Osteotomy

    66 Extensor Mechanism Reconstruction With Marlex Mesh

    67 Antibiotic Spacers for the Treatment of Infected Total Knee Arthroplasty Cases

    Section 5: Trauma

    68 General Principles of Surgical Débridement

    69 Fasciotomy for Compartment Syndrome of the Leg

    70 Open Reduction and Internal Fixation of Forearm Fractures

    71 Open Reduction and Internal Fixation of Posterior Wall Acetabular Fractures

    72 Open Reduction and Internal Fixation of Femoral Neck Fractures

    73 Intertrochanteric Fracture Fixation Using a Sliding Hip Screw or Cephalomedullary Nail

    74 Intramedullary Nailing of Diaphyseal Femur Fractures

    75 Surgical Fixation of Fractures of the Distal Femur

    76 Open Reduction and Internal Fixation of Tibial Plateau Fractures

    77 Intramedullary Nailing of Diaphyseal Tibial Fractures

    78 Open Reduction and Internal Fixation of the Tibial Plafond

    79 Surgical Treatment of Ankle Fractures

    80 Surgical Management of Fractures of the Talus

    81 Open Reduction and Internal Fixation of Calcaneal Fractures

    82 Open Reduction and Internal Fixation of Fracture-Dislocations of the Tarsometatarsal Joint

    83 Open Reduction and Internal Fixation of Proximal Fifth Metatarsal Fractures

    Section 6: Foot and Ankle

    84 Ankle Arthroscopy: Diagnostics, Débridement, and Removal of Loose Bodies

    85 Arthroscopic Treatment of Osteochondral Lesions of the Talus

    86 Augmented Lateral Ankle Ligament Reconstruction for Persistent Ankle Instability

    87 Achilles Tendon Rupture Repair

    88 Tibiotalar Arthrodesis

    89 Total Ankle Replacement

    90 Subtalar Arthrodesis

    91 Arthrodesis of the Tarsometatarsal Joint

    92 Surgical Treatment of Navicular Stress Fractures

    93 Arthrodesis of the Hallux Metatarsophalangeal Joint

    94 Proximal and Distal First Metatarsal Osteotomies for Hallux Valgus

    95 Chronic Exertional Compartment Syndrome and Release

    96 Transtibial Amputation

    97 Midfoot Amputations

    Section 7: Spine

    98 Anterior Cervical Diskectomy and Fusion

    99 Anterior Cervical Corpectomy and Fusion/Instrumentation

    100 Posterior Cervical Foraminotomy

    101 Posterior Cervical Laminectomy and Fusion

    102 Cervical Laminoplasty

    103 Placement of Thoracic Pedicle Screws

    104 Lumbar Microdiskectomy

    105 Lumbar Laminectomy

    106 Instrumented Lumbar Fusion

    107 Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion

    108 Anterior Spinal Column Reconstruction: Anterior, Lateral, and Oblique Approaches to the Spine

    Section 8: Pediatrics

    109 Closed and Open Reduction of Supracondylar Humerus Fractures

    110 Reduction and Fixation of Lateral Condyle Fractures of the Distal Humerus

    111 Intramedullary Fixation of Radial and Ulnar Shaft Fractures in Skeletally Immature Patients

    112 Incision and Drainage of the Septic Hip

    113 Percutaneous In Situ Fixation of Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis

    114 Fixation of Pediatric Femur Fractures

    115 Surgical Reduction and Fixation of Tibial Spine Fractures in Children

    116 Treatment of Clubfoot Using the Ponseti Method

    117 Treatment of Tarsal Coalitions

    118 Lower Extremity Surgery in Children With Cerebral Palsy

    Index

     


  • 425.00 lei

     

    Description:

     

    Companion to the Fabrication Process Manual for Orthotic Intervention for the Hand and Upper Extremity, now published as a separate text. This comprehensive text is the perfect resource for use in the classroom, during labs, and in clinical practice for both occupational and physical therapists. Additionally, it is a great reference for those studying to become a Certified Hand Therapist (CHT). Orthotic Intervention for the Hand and Upper Extremity: Splinting Principles and Process superbly highlights anatomical and mechanical principles; discusses associated indications and precautions; and promotes clinical reasoning skills by presenting various patient examples, therefore allowing you to confidently utilize techniques in clinical practice. This updated third edition is divided into the following sections: fundamentals necessary for successful orthotic fabrication, additional intervention methods, and orthoses for specific diagnoses and patient populations. Now with a larger format for more generous pattern appreciation, as well as incorporated and revised evidence-based content from an expanded list of contributing authors, it remains the go-to resource for every level of usage.

     

     

    Table of Contents:

     

    SECTION 1 Fundamentals of Orthotic Fabrication

    1 Concepts of Orthotic Fundamentals

    INTRODUCTION

    NOMENCLATURE: ORTHOSIS VERSUS SPLINT

    DEFINITION

    REGULATORY CHALLENGES OVER THE YEARS

    OVERVIEW OF ORTHOSIS CLASSIFICATION

    CHOOSING THE CORRECT L-CODE

    CHALLENGES IN THE USE OF L-CODES

    SUMMARY OF THE MODIFIED ORTHOSIS CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM

    ARTICULAR AND NONARTICULAR ORTHOSES

    LOCATION

    JOINT(S) INVOLVED/TORQUE APPLICATION

    DIRECTION

    INTENT: IMMOBILIZATION, MOBILIZATION, AND RESTRICTION

    DESIGN DESCRIPTORS

    NON–MODIFIED ORTHOSIS CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM NOMENCLATURE

    FUNCTION OF ORTHOSES AND OBJECTIVES FOR INTERVENTION

    IMMOBILIZATION ORTHOSES

    MOBILIZATION ORTHOSIS

    RESTRICTION ORTHOSES

    CONCLUSION

    2 Anatomical Principles

    INTRODUCTION

    THE BONES AND JOINTS OF THE UPPER EXTREMITY

    THE SHOULDER

    THE ELBOW

    THE FOREARM

    THE WRIST

    THE HAND

    ORTHOTIC IMPLICATIONS

    NERVES AND MUSCLES OF THE UPPER EXTREMITY

    ORTHOTIC IMPLICATIONS

    VASCULAR SUPPLY OF THE UPPER EXTREMITY

    ORTHOTIC IMPLICATIONS

    CONCLUSION

    3 Tissue Healing

    INTRODUCTION

    STAGES OF WOUND HEALING

    INFLAMMATORY STAGE

    FIBROPLASIA AND PROLIFERATIVE STAGE

    MATURATION AND REMODELING STAGE

    EFFECT OF ORTHOSES ON TISSUE HEALING

    TISSUE REMODELING

    CLINICAL CONSIDERATIONS

    CONDITIONS AND FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE TISSUE HEALING

    AGE

    LIFESTYLE FACTORS

    MEDICAL CONDITIONS

    MEDICAL TREATMENT AND COMPLICATIONS

    ORTHOTIC APPLICATION FOR SPECIFIC TISSUES

    SKIN

    TENDON

    PERIARTICULAR SOFT TISSUE

    BONE AND CARTILAGE

    NERVE

    CONCLUSION

    4 Mechanical Principles

    INTRODUCTION

    FORCE

    TORQUE

    LEVER SYSTEMS AND MECHANICAL ADVANTAGE

    ANGLE OF APPLICATION

    ELASTIC FORCE

    FRICTION FORCE

    STRESS

    COMPRESSION

    SHEAR

    TENSILE

    BENDING AND TORSION

    CONCLUSION

    5 Equipment and Materials

    INTRODUCTION

    ESSENTIAL EQUIPMENT

    HEATING SOURCES

    ORTHOTIC TOOLS

    LOW-TEMPERATURE THERMOPLASTIC ORTHOTIC MATERIALS

    HANDLING CHARACTERISTICS

    PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

    CATEGORIES

    ADDITIONAL EQUIPMENT

    STRAPPING MATERIALS

    LINING AND PADDING MATERIALS

    COMPONENTS

    CONCLUSION

    6 Fabrication Process

    INTRODUCTION

    REFERRAL

    EXAMINATION

    SUBJECTIVE INFORMATION

    SOCIAL AND VOCATIONAL HISTORY

    OBJECTIVE INFORMATION

    PROBLEM-SOLVING AND GOAL SETTING

    PATIENT EDUCATION AND PRECAUTIONS

    ORTHOSIS PRICING AND INSURANCE REIMBURSEMENT

    ORTHOTIC FABRICATION PROCESS

    PROCESS

    CONCLUSION

    SECTION 2 Optional Methods

    7 Relative Motion Orthoses

    INTRODUCTION

    LITERATURE SUMMARY OF COMMON DIAGNOSES

    ZONE IV-VII LONG EXTENSOR TENDON

    ACUTE AND CHRONIC SAGITTAL BAND INJURY AND REPAIR

    ACUTE AND CHRONIC BOUTONNIERE DEFORMITY

    ACUTE BOUTONNIERE DEFORMITY

    CHRONIC BOUTONNIERE DEFORMITY

    PATIENT POPULATION AND DIAGNOSIS FOR BEST USE

    FABRICATION CONCEPTS FOR RELATIVE MOTION ORTHOSES

    DEGREE OF RELATIVE EXTENSION OR FLEXION

    FINGERS INCLUDED IN THE ORTHOTIC DESIGN

    ORTHOTIC MATERIAL SUGGESTIONS

    STRAPPING OPTIONS

    TROUGH DESIGN (SHALLOW OR DEEP)

    INSTRUCTION FOR ORTHOTIC FABRICATION

    EXERCISE CONSIDERATIONS

    CONCLUSION

    8 Upper Extremity Prosthetics

    INTRODUCTION: WHAT IS PROSTHETIC REHABILITATION?

    WHAT IS MEANT BY INTERPROFESSIONAL COLLABORATIVE PRACTICE?

    SPECIALIZED CARE

    WHY IS PROSTHETIC REHABILITATION IMPORTANT FOR THE THERAPIST TO UNDERSTAND?

    POPULATION HEALTH

    WHAT ARE THE CAUSES OF ACQUIRED LIMB LOSS AND CONGENITAL DIFFERENCE?

    DOES THE LEVEL OF LOSS/DIFFERENCE HAVE AN IMPACT ON FUNCTION AND SATISFACTION?

    JOINT DISARTICULATIONS

    TRANSSECTIONAL LOSS

    PHANTOM SENSATION AND PHANTOM PAIN

    WHAT ARE THE COMPONENTS TO PROSTHETIC TECHNOLOGY AND WHAT IS THEIR FUNCTION?

    PROSTHETIC TECHNOLOGY AND FUNCTIONAL ABILITY

    THE SOCKET

    THE LINERS

    THE HARNESS

    THE CABLE

    THE TERMINAL DEVICE

    ELBOW COMPONENTS

    SHOULDER COMPONENTS

    PROSTHETIC OPTIONS

    NO PROSTHESIS

    PASSIVE FUNCTIONAL AESTHETIC PROSTHESIS

    ACTIVITY-SPECIFIC PROSTHESIS

    CABLE DRIVE—BODY-POWERED PROSTHESIS

    EXTERNALLY POWERED PROSTHESIS (MYOELECTRIC)

    HYBRID PROSTHESIS

    EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES

    OSSEOINTEGRATION

    TARGETED MUSCLE REINNERVATION

    TRANSPLANTS OF HANDS

    PARTIAL HAND OPTIONS

    3D-PRINTED TECHNOLOGY/ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING

    PROSTHOSIS

    WHAT ARE THE PHASES OF CARE?

    PREOPERATIVE PHASE

    AMPUTATION SURGERY AND DRESSING PHASE

    ACUTE POSTSURGICAL PHASE

    PREPROSTHETIC PHASE

    PROSTHETIC PRESCRIPTION AND FABRICATION PHASE

    PROSTHETIC TRAINING PHASE

    COMMUNITY INTEGRATION, VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION, AND FOLLOW-UP PHASES

    PSYCHOLOGICAL AND SOCIAL ISSUES OF CLIENTS WITH AMPUTATIONS

    UPPER EXTREMITY PROSTHETIC INTERVENTION FOR CHILDREN

    CONCLUSION

    9 Prefabricated Orthoses

    INTRODUCTION

    CONSIDERATIONS FOR FITTING ORTHOSES

    SPECIFICS OF THE DIAGNOSIS

    PATIENT NEEDS AND PREFERENCES

    TIME CONSTRAINTS

    APPROPRIATENESS AND AVAILABILITY OF THE MATERIAL

    EASE OF APPLICATION

    COST-EFFECTIVENESS

    EDUCATED DECISION-MAKING

    BASIC CODING AND BILLING PRINCIPLES FOR PREFABRICATED ORTHOSES

    PREFABRICATED ORTHOSES FOR THE UPPER EXTREMITY

    SHOULDER AND UPPER ARM ORTHOSES

    ELBOW AND FOREARM ORTHOSES

    WRIST ORTHOSES

    HAND FINGER ORTHOSES

    FINGER ORTHOSES

    SUPPLIES

    OTHER DEVICES

    CONTINUOUS PASSIVE MOTION MACHINES

    STATIC PROGRESSIVE AND DYNAMIC DEVICES

    PREFABRICATED ORTHOSES ADAPTATIONS

    CONCLUSION

    10 Casting

    INTRODUCTION

    INDICATIONS FOR USE

    INDICATIONS FOR CASTING INCLUDE THE FOLLOWING:

    CASTS CAN BE USED FOR VARIOUS PURPOSES, INCLUDING THE FOLLOWING:

    SWOLLEN, PAINFUL PIP JOINTS

    ACUTE, CLOSED CENTRAL SLIP AVULSION AND ZONE III EXTENSOR TENDON REPAIR

    EXTRINSIC MUSCLE-TENDON UNIT TIGHTNESS

    HARD END FEEL JOINT CONTRACTURES

    MUSCLE-TENDON UNIT IMBALANCE

    LENGTHENING LEVER ARMS

    CHRONICALLY STIFF HAND

    COMPLIANCE PROBLEMS

    CASTING FOR CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISORDERS

    CNS CASTING MATERIALS

    FABRICATION

    PRECAUTIONS

    CNS CAST REGIMEN

    CASTING MATERIALS AND EQUIPMENT

    PLASTER OF PARIS

    FIBERGLASS (RIGID)

    SOFT CASTING (SEMIRIGID)

    DELTA-CAST® CONFORMABLE: FUNCTIONAL CAST THERAPY

    DIGIT THERMOPLASTIC TAPES

    CLINICAL EXAMPLE: SERIAL STATIC PIP JOINT EXTENSION ORTHOSIS

    ACTIVATION OF QUICKCAST 2

    MATERIALS AND METHODS

    USING PLASTER OF PARIS

    HELPFUL TECHNIQUES FOR FINGER CASTING

    PRECAUTIONS FOR FINGER CASTING

    CASTING REGIMEN

    CLINICAL EXAMPLE: SERIAL STATIC POP STRETCHER FOR MODIFYING SCAR TISSUE

    MATERIALS AND PREPARATION

    METHOD

    PRECAUTIONS FOR POP STRETCHER

    STRETCHER REGIMEN

    CONCLUSION

    11 Orficast® and Orficast® More

    INTRODUCTION

    ORFICAST® AND ORFICAST® MORE

    OVERVIEW OF USE

    PRECAUTIONS/CONTRAINDICATIONS

    CLIENT INSTRUCTIONS

    EQUIPMENT REQUIRED

    SUGGESTED PATIENT POPULATIONS/DIAGNOSES

    COMMON CONDITIONS OF THE FINGERS

    COMMON CONDITIONS OF THE THUMB

    HAND-BASED ORTHOSES

    FOREARM-BASED ORTHOSES WITH ORFICAST MORE

    CREATIVE USES OF ORFICAST® MATERIALS

    CHAPTER REVIEW QUESTIONS

    RESOURCES

    DISTRIBUTORS

    12 Delta-Cast®

    INTRODUCTION

    OVERVIEW OF THE PROCESS

    PRECAUTIONS/CONTRAINDICATIONS

    BENEFITS OF FUNCTIONAL CAST THERAPY

    SUGGESTED POPULATIONS/DIAGNOSES

    INSTRUCTIONS IN APPLYING DELTA-CAST®

    ZONES OF RIGIDITY

    CASTING STATION SETUP

    MATERIALS NEEDED

    ADDITIONAL SUPPLIES

    CARE OF ORTHOSIS/PATIENT INSTRUCTION

    CREATIVE USES OF DELTA-CAST® CONFORMABLE IN HAND THERAPY

    CONCLUSION

    13 Taping Techniques

    INTRODUCTION

    TAPING MATERIALS

    TAPING PRECAUTIONS

    ATHLETIC TAPING

    GENERAL PRINCIPLES

    GOALS OF ATHLETIC TAPING

    INDICATIONS FOR USE

    TECHNIQUE

    PRECAUTIONS

    HELPFUL HINTS

    CLINICAL EXAMPLES OF ATHLETIC TAPING

    MCCONNELL TAPING

    GENERAL PRINCIPLES

    GOALS OF MCCONNELL TAPING

    INDICATIONS FOR USE

    TECHNIQUE

    PRECAUTIONS

    HELPFUL HINTS

    CLINICAL EXAMPLES OF MCCONNELL TAPING

    ELASTIC THERAPEUTIC TAPE

    GENERAL PRINCIPLES

    ELASTIC THERAPEUTIC TAPING—KINESIOLOGY TAPE

    GENERAL PRINCIPLES

    GOALS OF KINESIOLOGY TAPE

    INDICATIONS FOR USE

    PRODUCT VARIATIONS

    PATIENT EDUCATION

    PROPERTIES OF TAPE AND TECHNIQUE OF APPLICATION

    PRECAUTIONS

    HELPFUL HINTS

    CLINICAL EXAMPLES OF KINESIO TAPING

    ELASTIC THERAPEUTIC TAPING—BIOMECHANICAL TAPING/DYNAMIC TAPE

    GENERAL PRINCIPLES

    INDICATIONS FOR USE

    GOALS/AIMS OF DYNAMIC TAPING

    FUNDAMENTALS OF BIOMECHANICAL TAPING

    POWER BANDS

    TECHNIQUE AND APPLICATION

    PRECAUTIONS/CONTRAINDICATIONS

    HELPFUL HINTS

    CLINICAL EXAMPLES OF DYNAMIC TAPING

    WEBSITES

    CONCLUSION

    14 Neoprene Orthoses

    INTRODUCTION

    HISTORY OF NEOPRENE

    CHARACTERISTICS OF NEOPRENE

    DIRECTION OF STRETCH

    MOBILIZATION FORCE

    TYPES OF LAYERS

    PRECAUTIONS AND CARE OF NEOPRENE

    WHY CHOOSE A CUSTOM VERSUS PREFABRICATED NEOPRENE ORTHOSIS?

    CREATIVE USES OF NEOPRENE

    THUMB AND DIGITS

    WRIST AND HAND

    FOREARM

    ELBOW

    CREATIVE NEOPRENE STRAPPING WITH CUSTOM THERMOPLASTIC ORTHOSES

    MOBILIZATION OPTIONS

    ALTERNATE USES

    CONCLUSION

    SECTION 3 Orthotic Intervention for Specific Diagnoses and Populations

    15 Stiffness

    Introduction

    PATHOLOGY OF JOINT STIFFNESS

    ADAPTIVE SHORTENING

    STRESS AND RESTORATION OF PASSIVE RANGE OF MOTION

    OPTIMAL STRESS APPLICATION: DELIVERY APPROACH

    LOW-LOAD, PROLONGED STRESS

    CHARACTERISTICS OF APPROACHES IN ORTHOTIC INTERVENTION

    DYNAMIC ORTHOSES

    STATIC PROGRESSIVE ORTHOSES

    SERIAL STATIC ORTHOSES

    RELATIVE MOTION ORTHOSES

    BLOCKING ORTHOSES

    CASTING MOTION TO MOBILIZE STIFFNESS

    INDICATIONS FOR ORTHOSIS APPROACH

    CONTRAINDICATIONS TO ORTHOTIC INTERVENTION

    COMMON CONTRAINDICATIONS INCLUDE THE FOLLOWING

    CAUSES OF JOINT STIFFNESS

    PRECIPITATING CONDITIONS FOR STIFFNESS

    ORTHOSES TO ADDRESS INTRINSIC TIGHTNESS

    ORTHOSES TO ADDRESS EXTRINSIC TIGHTNESS

    ORTHOSES TO ADDRESS JOINT STIFFNESS

    STIFFNESS AT SPECIFIC JOINTS

    THE METACARPOPHALANGEAL JOINTS

    THE THUMB METACARPOPHALANGEAL JOINT

    THUMB CARPOMETACARPAL JOINT

    PROXIMAL INTERPHALANGEAL JOINT

    DISTAL INTERPHALANGEAL JOINT

    WRIST JOINT

    FOREARM

    ELBOW JOINT

    SHOULDER JOINT

    OTHER CONDITIONS LEADING TO STIFFNESS

    PSYCHOPATHOLOGY

    BURN INJURY

    FRACTURE

    LIGAMENT INJURY OR DISLOCATION

    INFECTION

    DIABETES

    PARALYSIS

    CONCLUSION

    16 Fractures

    INTRODUCTION

    FRACTURE DESCRIPTION AND TREATMENT

    SCAPULA FRACTURES

    FRACTURES OF THE CLAVICLE

    HUMERAL FRACTURES

    ELBOW FRACTURES

    FOREARM FRACTURES

    DISTAL RADIUS FRACTURES

    CARPAL FRACTURES

    METACARPAL FRACTURES

    PHALANGEAL FRACTURES

    PHALANGEAL FRACTURE/DISLOCATIONS

    CONCLUSION

    17 Arthritis

    Introduction

    GOALS FOR THE USE OF ORTHOSES

    GOALS FOR THE USE OF ORTHOSES IN PATIENTS WITH ARTHRITIS

    JOINT ASSESSMENT

    COMPONENTS OF A NORMAL JOINT

    JOINT DISEASE AND INFLAMMATION

    OSTEOARTHRITIS

    CHARACTERISTICS

    GENERAL SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS

    ORTHOTIC MANAGEMENT

    MATERIAL SELECTION

    THERMOPLASTICS

    STRAPPING

    PREFABRICATED ORTHOSES

    PIP AND DIP JOINTS WITH OSTEOARTHRITIS

    NONSURGICAL ORTHOTIC MANAGEMENT GUIDELINES

    POSTSURGICAL ORTHOTIC MANAGEMENT GUIDELINES

    THUMB WITH OSTEOARTHRITIS

    CLINICAL EXAMINATION

    PATHOMECHANICS OF FIRST CARPOMETACARPAL OSTEOARTHRITIS

    NONSURGICAL ORTHOTIC MANAGEMENT GUIDELINES

    POSTSURGICAL ORTHOTIC MANAGEMENT GUIDELINES

    WRIST WITH OSTEOARTHRITIS

    STT JOINT VERSUS FIRST CMC JOINT OSTEOARTHRITIS: WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE?

    NONSURGICAL ORTHOTIC MANAGEMENT GUIDELINES

    POSTSURGICAL ORTHOTIC MANAGEMENT GUIDELINES

    ELBOW WITH OSTEOARTHRITIS

    NONSURGICAL ORTHOTIC MANAGEMENT GUIDELINES

    POSTSURGICAL ORTHOTIC MANAGEMENT GUIDELINES

    RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS

    CHARACTERISTICS

    GENERAL SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS

    PATHOMECHANICS OF DEFORMITIES IN RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS

    NONSURGICAL ORTHOTIC MANAGEMENT GUIDELINES

    ELBOW WITH RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS

    NONSURGICAL ORTHOTIC MANAGEMENT GUIDELINES OF THE ELBOW

    POSTSURGICAL ORTHOTIC MANAGEMENT GUIDELINES OF THE ELBOW

    WRIST WITH RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS

    NONSURGICAL ORTHOTIC MANAGEMENT GUIDELINES FOR THE WRIST

    POSTSURGICAL ORTHOTIC MANAGEMENT GUIDELINES FOR THE WRIST

    THUMB WITH RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS

    NONSURGICAL ORTHOTIC MANAGEMENT GUIDELINES

    POSTSURGICAL ORTHOTIC MANAGEMENT GUIDELINES FOR THE THUMB

    DIGIT MCP JOINTS WITH RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS

    NONSURGICAL ORTHOTIC MANAGEMENT GUIDELINES

    POSTSURGICAL ORTHOTIC MANAGEMENT GUIDELINES

    PIP AND DIP JOINTS WITH RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS

    SWAN-NECK DEFORMITY

    NONSURGICAL ORTHOTIC MANAGEMENT GUIDELINES

    POSTSURGICAL ORTHOTIC MANAGEMENT GUIDELINES

    BOUTONNIERE DEFORMITY

    NONSURGICAL ORTHOTIC MANAGEMENT GUIDELINES

    POSTSURGICAL ORTHOTIC MANAGEMENT GUIDELINES

    CONCLUSION

    18 Extensor Tendon Injuries

    Introduction

    EXTENSOR TENDONS: ANATOMY AND FUNCTION

    MCP JOINT EXTENSION

    IP JOINTS

    EXTENSOR TENDONS: THUMB

    EXTENSOR TENDON EXCURSION

    WOUND HEALING

    INFLAMMATORY PHASE

    FIBROBLASTIC PHASE

    REMODELING/MATURATION PHASE

    EXTENSOR TENDON SURGICAL REPAIR

    POSTOPERATIVE TREATMENT

    THERAPY EVALUATION

    IMPORTANT INFORMATION TO GATHER

    FACTORS THAT MAY HINDER ATTENDANCE TO THERAPY

    FACTORS INFLUENCING PROGNOSIS

    CLINICAL DECISION-MAKING

    SCAR REMODELING

    EXTENSOR TENDON PROTOCOLS: USING CLINICAL JUDGMENT

    IMMOBILIZATION

    EARLY MOBILIZATION PROTOCOLS

    ZONES OF INJURY AND TREATMENT BY ZONE

    ZONES I AND II

    ZONES III AND IV

    ZONES V TO VII

    ZONES VII AND VIII

    THUMB EXTENSOR TENDONS

    ZONE TI

    ZONE TII

    ZONES TIII AND TIV

    ZONE TV

    SPECIAL CONSIDERATIONS

    CONCLUSION

    19 Flexor Tendon Injuries

    Introduction

    ANATOMY OF THE FLEXOR TENDON SYSTEM

    EXTRINSIC TENDONS

    SYNOVIAL SHEATHS

    PULLEY SYSTEM

    FLEXOR TENDON ZONES

    TENDON REPAIR, HEALING, AND NUTRITION

    SURGICAL REPAIR

    TENDON HEALING

    TENDON NUTRITION

    WOUND HEALING

    FUNDAMENTAL CONCEPTS

    EXCURSION AND FORCE

    FORCE

    SYNERGISTIC MOTION

    WORK OF FLEXION

    INITIATION OF THERAPY

    INITIAL EVALUATION

    POSTOPERATIVE ORTHOSIS

    REHABILITATION REGIMENS

    IMMOBILIZATION

    EARLY PASSIVE FLEXION

    PLACE AND HOLD

    TRUE ACTIVE FLEXION

    FLEXOR POLLICIS LONGUS REHABILITATION

    THERAPY PROGRESSION AND OUTCOMES

    STRICKLAND PERCENTAGE

    PYRAMID OF PROGRESSIVE FORCE

    COMPLICATIONS

    GAPPING AND RUPTURE

    ADHESIONS

    FLEXION CONTRACTURES

    QUADRIGA

    ORTHOSES TO ADDRESS POSTOPERATIVE COMPLICATIONS

    SCAR REMODELING

    CONCLUSION

    20 Peripheral Nerve Injuries

    Introduction

    DEFINITION

    NERVE ANATOMY

    NERVE INJURY CLASSIFICATION

    FIRST-DEGREE INJURY (NEURAPRAXIA)

    SECOND-DEGREE INJURY (AXONOTMESIS)

    THIRD-DEGREE INJURY (AXONOTMESIS OR NEUROTMESIS)

    FOURTH-DEGREE INJURY (NEUROTMESIS)

    FIFTH-DEGREE INJURY (NEUROTMESIS)

    SIXTH-DEGREE INJURY (MIXED INJURY)

    NERVE REPAIRS AND RECONSTRUCTION

    INTRODUCTION OF NERVE RECONSTRUCTION

    DEFINITIONS RELATED TO PERIPHERAL NERVE REPAIR

    NERVE HEALING

    NERVE GRAFTING

    NERVE CONDUITS

    NERVE ALLOGRAFT

    NERVE TRANSFERS

    NERVE INNERVATIONS AND PATHOLOGY

    PERIPHERAL NERVE PATHOLOGY

    MEDIAN NERVE INJURIES

    ULNAR NERVE INJURIES

    RADIAL NERVE INJURIES

    DIGITAL NERVE LACERATIONS

    BRACHIAL PLEXUS INJURY

    PSYCHOSOCIAL IMPACT OF PERIPHERAL NERVE INJURIES

    GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF ORTHOTIC INTERVENTION FOR PERIPHERAL NERVE INJURIES

    GOALS IN MANAGING THE UPPER EXTREMITY PERIPHERAL NERVE INJURY

    CONSIDERATIONS AND PRECAUTIONS FOR ORTHOTIC INTERVENTION

    MATERIAL SELECTION

    COMPONENT SELECTION

    STRAPPING SELECTION

    OTHER MANAGEMENT OPTIONS

    CONCLUSION

    21 Tendon and Nerve Transfers

    INTRODUCTION

    TENDON TRANSFERS

    SELECTION OF TENDON TRANSFERS

    PREOPERATIVE CONSIDERATIONS

    POSTOPERATIVE CONSIDERATIONS

    ROLE OF ORTHOSES

    NERVE TRANSFERS

    ADVANTAGES OF NERVE TRANSFERS

    CHALLENGES OF NERVE TRANSFERS

    DIFFERENCE BETWEEN TENDON AND NERVE TRANSFERS

    SUCCESSFUL MOTOR REEDUCATION—NERVE TRANSFERS

    ROLE OF ORTHOSES

    POSTOPERATIVE CONSIDERATIONS

    FREE FUNCTIONAL MUSCLE TRANSFERS

    ROLE OF ORTHOSES

    CONCLUSION

    22 The Athlete

    Introduction

    GENERAL ORTHOTIC CONSIDERATIONS

    PHASES OF REHABILITATION

    MATERIAL SELECTION

    STRAPPING SELECTION

    ORTHOSIS OPTIONS

    SPORT-SPECIFIC INJURIES

    FRACTURES

    SPRAINS, LIGAMENTOUS INJURIES, DISLOCATIONS

    TENDON INJURIES

    NERVE INJURIES

    SPORT-SPECIFIC INFORMATION

    BALL AND THROWING SPORTS

    CYCLE AND WHEELED SPORTS

    IMPACT SPORTS

    CLUB SPORTS

    ADVENTURE AND GRAPPLING SPORTS

    WATER SPORTS

    CONCLUSION

    23 Adult Neurologic Dysfunction

    Introduction

    COMMON ADULT NEUROLOGIC CONDITIONS

    CONSIDERATIONS FOR ORTHOTIC INTERVENTION

    CEREBROVASCULAR ACCIDENT

    TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY

    SPINAL CORD INJURY

    MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS

    CLINICAL REASONING ON THE USE OF ORTHOSES IN ADULT NEUROLOGIC CONDITIONS

    MANAGING CONTRACTURES CAUSED BY SPASTICITY

    DESIGNS OF ORTHOSES

    PROVIDING JOINT SUPPORT

    CONSTRAINING EXTRANEOUS MOVEMENT JOINT SUPPORT

    PROMOTING NEUROMUSCULAR REEDUCATION

    SAEBOFLEX® (SAEBO, INC)

    SAEBOREACH® (SAEBO, INC)

    SAEBOSTRETCH® (SAEBO, INC)

    SAEBOGLOVE® (SAEBO, INC)

    H200 HAND REHABILITATION SYSTEM® (BIONESS, INC.)

    NEURO-INTEGRATIVE FUNCTIONAL REHABILITATION AND HABILITATION (NEURO-IFRAH®)

    ALTERNATIVE ORTHOTIC DEVICES

    CONCLUSION

    24 The Pediatric Patient

    Introduction

    PURPOSES OF ORTHOSES FOR THE PEDIATRIC PATIENT

    PLANNING ORTHOTIC INTERVENTION FOR THE CHILD

    PROPER SELECTION/DESIGN FOR PEDIATRIC PATIENTS

    SELECTION OF PREFABRICATED ORTHOSES FOR THE PEDIATRIC PATIENT

    FABRICATION OF CUSTOM ORTHOSES FOR THE PEDIATRIC PATIENT

    CHALLENGES OF ORTHOSIS PROVISION FOR A PEDIATRIC PATIENT

    PREVENTING SELF-REMOVAL

    ADDRESSING PRIMITIVE REFLEXES AND ABNORMAL TONE

    SPECIAL CONSIDERATIONS FOR THE FRAGILE INFANT

    TYPICAL SESSION OF ORTHOTIC FABRICATION FOR A PEDIATRIC PATIENT

    PEDIATRIC PREFABRICATED ORTHOSES SUPPLIERS

    CONCLUSION

    25 Burns

    Introduction

    BURN INJURY CONSIDERATIONS

    BURN WOUND SEVERITY

    BASIC BURN ORTHOSES

    WOUND HEALING PHASES

    BIOMECHANICAL PRINCIPLES

    IMPLICATIONS FOR ORTHOTIC INTERVENTION

    GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS

    MATERIAL SELECTION

    STRAPPING SELECTION

    CONCLUSION

    26 The Musician

    INTRODUCTION

    EVALUATION AND TREATMENT APPROACH

    ASSESSMENT

    TREATMENT

    INDICATIONS FOR ORTHOTIC INTERVENTION

    ORTHOTIC FABRICATION