By sea and on the airwaves, by dollar and yuan, a contest has begun that will shape the next century. China's rise has now entered a critical new phase, as it seeks to translate its considerable economic heft into a larger role on the world stage, challenging American supremacy. Yet he also shows why China may struggle to unseat the West - its ambitious designs are provoking anxiety, especially in Asia, while America's global alliances have deep roots. If Washington can adjust to a world in which it is not the sole dominant power, it may be able to retain its ability to set the global agenda.
»Es ist Zeit, sich vom Kapitalismus abzuwenden«, sagt Sahra Wagenknecht. Denn der Kapitalismus ist längst nicht mehr so innovativ, wie er sich gibt. Bei der Lösung der großen Zukunftsfragen - von einer klimaverträglichen Energiewende bis zu nachhaltiger Kreislaufproduktion - kommen wir seit Jahrzehnten kaum voran. Für die Mehrheit wird das Leben nicht besser, sondern härter. Es ist Zeit für eine kreative, innovative Wirtschaft mit kleinteiligen Strukturen, mehr Wettbewerb und funktionierenden Märkten, statt eines Wirtschaftsfeudalismus, in dem Leistung immer weniger zählt, Herkunft und Erbe dagegen immer wichtiger werden. Sahra Wagenknecht fordert - eine andere Verfassung des Wirtschaftseigentums, - die Demokratisierung des Zugangs zu Kapital und - die Entflechtung riesiger Konzerne, deren Macht fairen Wettbewerb und Demokratie zerstört. - Talent und echte Leistung zu belohnen und Gründer mit guten Ideen ungeachtet ihrer Herkunft zu fördern. Mit ihrem Buch eröffnet Wagenknecht eine politische Diskussion über neue Eigentumsformen und die vergessenen Ideale der Aufklärung. Sie legt eine scharfsinnige Analyse der bestehenden Wirtschaftsordnung vor und zeigt Schritte in ein demokratisch gestaltetes Gemeinwesen, das niemandem mehr erlaubt, sich zulasten anderer zu bereichern.
Since their classic volume The Breakdown of Democratic Regimes was published in 1978, Juan J. Linz and Alfred Stepan have increasingly focused on the questions of how, in the modern world, nondemocratic regimes can be eroded and democratic regimes crafted. In Problems of Democratic Transition and Consolidation, they break new ground in numerous areas. They reconceptualize the major types of modern nondemocratic regimes and point out for each type the available paths to democratic transition and the tasks of democratic consolidation. They argue that, although "nation-state" and "democracy" often have conflicting logics, multiple and complementary political identities are feasible under a common roof of state-guaranteed rights. They also illustrate how, without an effective state, there can be neither effective citizenship nor successful privatization. Further, they provide criteria and evidence for politicians and scholars alike to distinguish between democratic consolidation and pseudo-democratization, and they present conceptually driven survey data for the fourteen countries studied. Problems of Democratic Transition and Consolidation contains the first systematic comparative analysis of the process of democratic consolidation in southern Europe and the southern cone of South America, and it is the first book to ground post-Communist Europe within the literature of comparative politics and democratic theory.
B-Zone is a territorial research and collaborative art project on the transformation of the social and political geographies stretching from Southeast Europe (the Balkans) to Turkey and the Caucasus. Each of the three core projects follows the trajectory and history of a large-scale transnational infrastructure laid down in the territories of former communist states: The Black Sea Files by Ursula Biemann explores the new pipeline connecting Baku, the world's oldest oil capital on the Caspian shore, with the Mediterranean. Timescapes by Angela Melitopoulos follows the EU-financed "Corridor X" along the Yugoslav "Highway of Brotherhood and Unity," the historic migration route connecting Germany with Turkey. Postwar Footprints by Lisa Parks investigates telecommunication and satellite infrastructure before and after the Balkan wars.
The basis of this collection of essays is the reading of a common topic from different perspectives. Half of the book is devoted to the comparative study of religions and the courses are offered by religion professors. The other half is shaped by social science approaches and the seminars are given mainly by social science professors. We aim to compare and contrast not only positions, but also methods of learning. We examine theories of the just war in diverse cultural contexts and their disciplinary settings. Space is devoted to the study of papers prepared for this project by specialists in various disciplines, mainly but not exclusively faculty of Bard College and the United States Military Academy at West Point.
This book provides an in-depth survey of Britain's Mandate in Palestine, an issue crucial to understanding the continuing atmosphere of mistrust and violence in the region that continues to the present. At the conclusion of the First World War (1914-18), the League of Nations awarded a Mandate to Great Britain, which entailed governing a part of the defunct Ottoman Empire, a part which became known as Palestine. The Mandate, empowering Britain to govern this area for an unspecified period, had as one of its main objectives the understanding that Britain would assist the Zionist Movement in the creation of a Homeland for the Jewish people in Palestine. During the thirty years that Britain ruled Palestine, it made no serious effort to carry out this commitment. The author discusses a variety of reasons for this failure, but the greatest obstacle preventing it from fulfilling its Mandate was that Britain completely miscalculated the reaction of the large Arab majority in the country. In fear of repercussions from the growing Arab nationalism various British Governments over the years decided that their best interests would be served by appeasing the Palestine Arabs and reneging on the British promise to Zionism. As the author shows, Britain's failure to fulfil its Mandate obligations was a major contribution to the problems that have persisted in the Middle East for decades.