Based on the phenomenal artwork found in the 3rd edition of Gray's Anatomy for Students, this set of 350 flashcards is the perfect review companion to help you test your anatomical knowledge for course exams or the USMLE Step 1! It's portable, it's concise, it's simply the best way to study anatomy in a flash!
New to this edition
Study efficiently while being confident in your mastery of the most important anatomical concepts! Flashcards have been thoroughly revised to reflect the updates made to the companion text, Gray's Anatomy for Students, 3rd Edition.
Understand the clinical relevance of your anatomical knowledge with brand-new clinical imaging cards added to the set.
By Richard Drake, PhD, FAAA, Director of Anatomy, Professor of Surgery, Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, USA; A. Wayne Vogl, PhD, FAAA, Professor of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Department of Cellular and Physiological Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada and Adam W. M. Mitchell, MB BS, FRCS, FRCR, Consultant Radiologist, Chelsea and Westminster Hospital, Honorary Senior Lecturer, Imperial College, London, UK
Lippincott Illustrated Reviews: Biochemistry is the long-established, first-and-best resource for the essentials of biochemistry. Students rely on this text to help them quickly review, assimilate, and integrate large amounts of critical and complex information. For more than two decades, faculty and students have praised this best-selling biochemistry textbook for its matchless illustrations that make concepts come to life.
Master all the latest biochemistry knowledge, thanks to extensive revisions and updated content throughout, including an expanded chapter on macronutrients, a completely new chapter on micronutrients, and much more. A bonus chapter on blood clotting with new, additional questions is included online.
See how biochemistry applies to everyday healthcare through integrative, chapter-based cases as well as “Clinical” boxes throughout.
Learn and study effortlessly with a concise outline format, abundant full-color artwork, and chapter overviews and summaries.
Look for icons that signal an animation at thePoint or an integrative clinical case in the Appendix.
Assess and reinforce your learning with more than 200 new review questions available online.
With this ninth edition, the Textbook of Biochemistry for Medical Students is entering in the 24th year of existence, the contents is now suitable for undergraduate students. Rapid advances in the area of molecular biology have been incorporated. Specific Learning Objectives provided at the beginning of each chapter to specify what student should learn from that chapter. NEW: Color coding used to represent enzyme names instead of numbers for better readability. NEW: Major pathways have been collated at a single place to make it more reader friendly. NEW: Important classifications, facts, tables, cyclic reactions, etc. have been depicted as Key Concepts at the end of chapters for quick revision. Relevant and significant mechanisms and theories are explained with the help of schematic diagrams and graphs. Chapters on clinical chemistry have been extensively updated and clinically relevant points are added. A major attraction of this edition is the incorporation of Clinical Case Studies in almost all the chapters to help students identify the clinical relevance of biochemistry. For integrated learning and early clinical exposure (which is a major highlight of the new curriculum), clinical chemistry and applied aspects are incorporated in Boxes, which are "nice to know" for students. Chapter summary is provided at the end of each chapter for quick recapitulation For last minute revision, Essay Questions, Short Answer Questions, Multiple Choice Questions and Viva Voce Questions are given at the end of each chapter which are compiled from the question papers of various universities from the last decade and have been rephrased as per the new curriculum. NEW: New Figures have been added for better reproducibility. Appendices provide useful information on abbreviations, normal reference values, conversion chart, recommended daily allowance of essential nutrients, and composition of nutrients in selected common food materials. 1200 figures, 200 tables and 200 boxes altogether making the book more student-friendly.
SECTION I Structures & Functions of Proteins & Enzymes
1 Biochemistry & Medicine
2 Water & pH
3 Amino Acids & Peptides
4 Proteins: Determination of Primary Structure
5 Proteins: Higher Orders of Structure
SECTION II Enzymes: Kinetics, Mechanism, Regulation, & Role of Transition Metals
6 Proteins: Myoglobin & Hemoglobin
7 Enzymes: Mechanism of Action
8 Enzymes: Kinetics
9 Enzymes: Regulation of Activities
10 The Biochemical Roles of Transition Metals
SECTION III Bioenergetics
11 Bioenergetics: The Role of ATP
12 Biologic Oxidation
13 The Respiratory Chain & Oxidative Phosphorylation
SECTION IV Metabolism of Carbohydrates
14 Overview of Metabolism & the Provision of Metabolic Fuels
15 Carbohydrates of Physiological Significance
16 The Citric Acid Cycle: The Central Pathway of Carbohydrate, Lipid, & Amino Acid Metabolism
17 Glycolysis & the Oxidation of Pyruvate
18 Metabolism of Glycogen
19 Gluconeogenesis & the Control of Blood Glucose
20 The Pentose Phosphate Pathway & Other Pathways of Hexose Metabolism
SECTION V Metabolism of Lipids
21 Lipids of Physiologic Significance
22 Oxidation of Fatty Acids: Ketogenesis
23 Biosynthesis of Fatty Acids & Eicosanoids
24 Metabolism of Acylglycerols & Sphingolipids
25 Lipid Transport & Storage
26 Cholesterol Synthesis, Transport, & Excretion
SECTION VI Metabolism of Proteins & Amino Acids
27 Biosynthesis of the Nutritionally Nonessential Amino Acids
28 Catabolism of Proteins & of Amino Acid Nitrogen
29 Catabolism of the Carbon Skeletons of Amino Acids
30 Conversion of Amino Acids to Specialized Products
31 Porphyrins & Bile Pigments
SECTION VII Structure, Function, & Replication of Informational Macromolecules
33 Metabolism of Purine & Pyrimidine Nucleotides
34 Nucleic Acid Structure & Function
35 DNA Organization, Replication, & Repair
36 RNA Synthesis, Processing, & Modification
37 Protein Synthesis & the Genetic Code
38 Regulation of Gene Expression
39 Molecular Genetics, Recombinant DNA, & Genomic Technology
SECTION VIII Biochemistry of Extracellular & Intracellular Communication
40 Membranes: Structure & Function
41 The Diversity of the Endocrine System
42 Hormone Action & Signal Transduction
SECTION IX Special Topics (A)
43 Nutrition, Digestion, & Absorption
44 Micronutrients: Vitamins & Minerals
45 Free Radicals & Antioxidant Nutrients
47 Metabolism of Xenobiotics
48 Clinical Biochemistry
SECTION X Special Topics (B)
49 Intracellular Traffic & Sorting of Proteins
50 The Extracellular Matrix
51 Muscle & the Cytoskeleton
52 Plasma Proteins & Immunoglobulins
53 Red Blood Cells
54 White Blood Cells
SECTION XI Special Topics (C)
55 Hemostasis & Thrombosis
56 Cancer: An Overview
57 The Biochemistry of Aging
58 Biochemical Case Histories
The Answer Bank