This book provides a concise, state-of-the art review of the surgical treatment of metabolic syndrome and diabetes mellitus. The volume reviews what current practices in surgery and metabolic syndrome and diabetes including the biohormonal effects of the different surgeries. Isolating the effects of the different procedures is critical to the decision tree for type of procedure selected for an individual patient. Specifically for diabetes, this textbook will provide a guide for practitioners to a tailored approach to the treatment. Areas of ongoing research that highlight the minimally invasive approach as well as incorporating what we know of the biochemical results of surgery are presented. Results of established weight loss procedures and ongoing trials are juxtaposed against some of the more novel techniques to ascertain a best practice.
Metabolic Surgery and the Surgical Treatment of Diabetes serves as a very useful resource for physicians and researchers dealing with, and interested in, this rising epidemic of metabolic syndrome and diabetes. It provides a concise yet comprehensive summary of the current status of the field that will help guide patient management and stimulate investigative efforts.
Offers guidance on current nutrition treatment of a wide range of inherited metabolic diseases
Draws on 7 years of lectures delivered through Metabolic University
Designed to ensure ease of reference for clinicians
About this book
This up-to-date reference on the nutrition management of inherited metabolic diseases (IMD) covers a wide range of these disorders, including phenylketonuria and other aminoacidopathies, organic acidemias, urea cycle disorders, fatty acid oxidation disorders, galactosemia and glycogen storage diseases. Guidance is also provided on laboratory evaluations and biochemical testing and monitoring.
Topics such as newborn screening for IMD, as well as nutrition management during pregnancy and transplantation, are addressed. The book is based on 7 years of lectures delivered through Metabolic University an interactive, didactic program designed to provide training to dietitians who work with individuals with IMD. This book provides the basic information required to manage nutrition care and is a resource for clinicians new to this complex field.
Table of contents (27 chapters)
·Introduction to Genetics
·Expanded Newborn Screening for Inherited Metabolic Diseases
Wright, Erica L.
Bernstein, Laurie E. (et al.)
·Pathophysiology of Inherited Metabolic Disease
Baker, Peter R.
·Metabolic Intoxication Syndrome in a Newborn
·Anabolism: Practical Strategies
Hove, Johan L. K.
·Protein Requirements in Inherited Metabolic Diseases
·Laboratory Evaluations in Inherited Metabolic Diseases
Coughlin, Curtis R.
·Phenylketonuria: Phenylalanine Neurotoxicity
·Phenylketonuria: The Diet Basics
·Understanding Large Neutral Amino Acids and the Blood-Brain Barrier
·Tetrahydrobiopterin Therapy for Phenylketonuria
·Homocystinuria: Diagnosis and Management
Thomas, Janet A.
·Nutrition Management of Urea Cycle Disorders
·Nutrition Management of Maple Syrup Urine Disease
Thomas, Janet A.
·Glutaric Acidemia Type I: Diagnosis and Management
Coughlin, Curtis R.
·Nutrition Management of Glutaric Acidemia Type 1
Bernstein, Laurie E.
·Nutrition Management of Propionic Acidemia and Methylmalonic Acidemia
·Nutrition Management During Pregnancy: Maple Syrup Urine Disease, Propionic Acidemia, Methylmalonic Acidemia, and Urea Cycle Disorders
·Fatty Acid Oxidation Defects
Hove, Johan L. K.
·Nutrition Studies in Long-Chain Fatty Acid Oxidation Disorders: Diet Composition and Monitoring
Gillingham, Melanie Boyd
·Nutrition Management of Fatty Acid Oxidation Disorders
·The Diet for Galactosemia
Bernstein, Laurie E. (et al.)
·Glycogen Storage Diseases
Hove, Johan L. K.
·Nutrition Management of Glycogen Storage Disease Type 1
This new edition of the popular and market–leading Diabetes in Old Age features up–to–date and comprehensive information about the key aspects of managing older people with diabetes, predominantly type 2 diabetes.
With a strong evidence–based focus throughout, the entire range of issues surrounding diabetes and its many complications are covered, each with a clear focus on how they relate directly to the older patient. Varying approaches to optimizing diabetes care in the community, primary care and secondary care health care arenas are presented, and the importance of comprehensive functional assessment is emphasized. Coverage of areas unique to an ageing population of older people with diabetes such as falls management, frailty and sarcopenia, and cognitive dysfunction form a key cornerstone of the book. In every chapter, best practice points and key learning outcomes are provided, as well as published evidence bases for each major conclusion.
Diabetes in Old Age, 4th edition is essential reading for diabetologists and endocrinologists, diabetes specialist nurses, primary care physicians, general physicians and geriatricians, podiatrists and dieticians with an interest in diabetes, as well as all health professionals engaged in the delivery of diabetes care to older people.
Nutritional and Therapeutic Interventions for Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome, Second Edition, provides an overview of the current diabetes epidemic, outlines the consequences of this crisis, and lays out strategies to forestall and prevent diabetes, obesity and other intricate issues of metabolic syndrome. Contributing experts provide up-to-date global approaches to the critical consequences of metabolic syndrome and make the book an important reference for those working with the treatment, evaluation or public health planning for the effects of metabolic syndrome and diabetes.
Completely revised with 15 new chapters, the book includes coverage of the roles of gut microbiome in obesity and diabetes, macrovascular and microvascular complications, diabetes, metabolic syndrome and kidney disease, aspects of diabetic cardiomyopathy, diabetes, Alzheimer?s and neurodegenerative diseases, roles of SGLT2 inhibitors in the treatment of type 2 diabetes, novel biomarkers in diabetes, roles of Trigonella foenum-graecumseed extract in type 2 diabetes, beneficial effects of chromium (III) and vanadium supplements in diabetes, prevention of type 1 diabetes, novel drugs in the therapeutic intervention of type 2 diabetes, eHealth and mobile apps for self-management, artificial pancreatic transplantation, non-invasive glucose monitoring, and the app for glucose regulation.
Contains a scientific discussion of the epidemiology and pathophysiology of the relationship between diabetes and metabolic syndrome
Includes coverage of Pre-diabetes conditions, plus both Type I and Type II Diabetes
Presents both prevention and treatment options
As the worldwide prevalence of morbid obesity among adolescents continues to rise, recent years have seen a large increase in the performance of adolescent bariatric surgery. While surgical intervention often becomes necessary when conservative weight-loss therapies have failed, no standards regarding the post-operative regimen and long-term management of adolescent patients have been established. Thus, the treatment of obesity and its co-morbidities requires a multidisciplinary approach, taking into account epidemiological, clinical, nutritional and genetic aspects of morbid obesity in the pediatric age group.
This volume discusses both conventional therapy and surgical options for morbid obesity in the pediatric age group. In the first part, obesity-related diseases, genetics and psychological factors are analyzed. The second part focuses on current bariatric surgery procedures, including dietary restrictions and guidelines to prevent nutritional deficiencies common after surgery. Therefore, the book will prove an invaluable resource for pediatricians, surgeons, nutritionists, dieticians and all other health professionals who treat adolescent obesity.
About 29 million Americans (9.3% of the population) in 2012 had diabetes. Approximately 1.25 million American children and adults have type 1 diabetes, and almost all diabetes in children less than 10 years of age is type 1. About 208,000 people younger than 20 years (0.25 % of this age group) have been diagnosed with diabetes (type 1 or type 2). Diabetes care requires a collaborative approach with multi-disciplinary professionals involved from the health, nursing, social and educational fields in order to provide optimal service to the child or adolescent and their family. Early diagnosis, treatment and monitoring can prevent or delay the long-term complications in various organs of the body, and regular care and service to this population is therefore essential. In this book, we provide a short overview of issues involved in diabetes care for children and adolescents.
Maintaining the high standards that made the previous editions such well-respected and widely used references,Food Lipids: Chemistry, Nutrition, and Biotechnology, Fourth Editionprovides a new look at lipid oxidation and highlights recent findings and research. Always representative of the current state of lipid science, this edition provides 16 new chapters and 21 updated chapters, written by leading international experts, that reflect the latest advances in technology and studies of food lipids.
Analysis of Fatty Acid Positional Distribution in Triacylglycerol
Physical Characterization of Fats and Oils
Processing and Modification Technologies for Edible Oils and Fats
Crystallization Behavior of Fats: Effect of Processing Conditions
Enzymatic Purification and Enrichment and Purification of Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids and Conjugated Linoleic Acid Isomers
Microbial Lipid Production
Food Applications of Lipids
Encapsulation Technologies for Lipids
Rethinking Lipid Oxidation
Digestion, Absorption and Metabolism of Lipids
Omega-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids and Health
Brain Lipids in Health and Disease
Biotechnologically Enriched Cereals with PUFAs in Ruminant and Chicken Nutrition
Enzyme-Catalyzed Production of Lipid Based Esters for the Food Industry: Emerging Process and Technology
Production of Edible Oils Through Metabolic Engineering
Genetically Engineered Cereals for Production of Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids
The most comprehensive and relevant treatment of food lipids available, this book highlights the role of dietary fats in foods, human health, and disease. Divided into five parts, it begins with the chemistry and properties of food lipids covering nomenclature and classification, extraction and analysis, and chemistry and function. Part II addresses processing and food applications including modification technologies, microbial production of lipids, crystallization behavior, chemical interesterification, purification, and encapsulation technologies. The third part covers oxidation, measurements, and antioxidants. Part IV explores the myriad interactions of lipids in nutrition and health with information on heart disease, obesity, and cancer, with a new chapter dedicated to brain lipids. Part V continues with contributions on biotechnology and biochemistry including a chapter on the metabolic engineering of edible oils.
Resulting from ingestion of inappropriately prepared or stored foods containing pathogenic viruses, bacteria, fungi and parasites, foodborne infections have become a significant source of human morbidity and mortality worldwide in recent decades. This may be largely attributable to the remarkable popularity of convenient, ready-to-eat food products, the dramatic expansion of international food trades, and the continuing growth of immuno-suppressed population groups. Although anti-microbial treatments have played a crucial part in the control of foodborne infections in the past, the emergence and spread of anti-microbial resistance render the existing treatments ineffective. Additionally, our limited understanding of the molecular mechanisms of foodborne infections has thwarted our efforts in the development of efficacious vaccines for foodborne pathogens.
Given the obvious benefits of laboratory models in foodborne disease research, a great number of experiments have been conducted toward the elucidation of host-pathogen interactions in and pathogenic mechanisms of foodborne infections. Forming part of the Food Microbiology series, Laboratory Models for Foodborne Infections presents a state-of-the-art review of laboratory models that have proven valuable in deciphering the life cycle, epidemiology, immunobiology, and other key aspects of foodborne pathogens.
Written by scientists with respective expertise in foodborne pathogen research, each chapter includes a contemporary summary of a particular foodborne viral, bacterial, fungal, or parasitic infection in relation to its life cycle, epidemiology, clinical features, pathogenesis, host-pathogen interactions, and other related aspects. Besides providing a trustworthy source of information for undergraduates and postgraduates in food microbiology, Laboratory Models for Foodborne Infections offers an invaluable guide for scientists and food microbiologists with interest in exploiting laboratory models for detailed study of foodborne infections.