pe pagina
  • 1,26000lei 1075.00 lei

    Trusted by physicians and advanced practice providers through ten standard-setting editions, Fanaroff and Martin's Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine, 11th Edition, remains the reference of choice for expert, multidisciplinary guidance on the management and evidence-based treatment of problems in the mother, fetus, and neonate. An expanded team of international authors, led by Drs. Richard J. Martin, Avroy A. Fanaroff, and Michele C. Walsh of Rainbow Babies and Children's Hospital, brings you up to date with advances in the control of nosocomial infections in preterm infants, genetic disorders and birth defects, the fetal origins of adult disease, the late preterm infants, and much more - all designed to help you improve the quality of life and long-term outcomes of your patients. Helps you make informed clinical choices for each patient - from diagnosis and treatment selection through post-treatment strategies and management of complications - with a dual focus on neonatology and perinatology. Includes a new chapter on Social and Economic Contributors to Neonatal Outcome. Features extensive updates and reorganization throughout, with new Key Points at the end of each chapter Provides up-to-date, evidence-based content, with more information on precision medicine and genetics. Uses detailed, full-color illustrations that depict disorders in the clinical setting and explain complex information. Offers indexing in both volumes that provides quick access to specific guidance. Remains the most comprehensive, multidisciplinary text in the field - an excellent source of information for every stage of your practice. Enhanced eBook version included with purchase. Your enhanced eBook allows you to access all of the text, figures, and references from the book on a variety of devices.

  • 1,28600lei 1100.00 lei

    Includes a revised taxonomic outline for the Actinobacteria or the high G+C Gram positives is based upon the SILVA project as well as a description of greater than 200 genera in 49 families. Includes many medically and industrially important taxa.

  • 1,51300lei 1290.00 lei

    Drs. Cohen, Powderly and Opal, three of the most-respected names in infectious disease medicine, lead a diverse team of international contributors to bring you the latest knowledge and best practices. Extensively updated, the fourth edition includes brand-new information on advances in diagnosis of infection; Hepatitis C; managing resistant bacterial infections; and many other timely topics. An abundance of photographs and illustrations; a practical, clinically-focused style; highly-templated organization; and robust interactive content combine to make this clinician-friendly resource the fastest and best place to find all of the authoritative, current information you need.

    New to this edition
    • Sweeping updates include new or revised chapters on:
      •  

      • Hepatitis C and antivirals
      •  

         

      • Fungal infection and newer antifungals
      •  

         

      • Microbiome and infectious diseases as well as advances in diagnosis of infection; Clostridium difficile epidemiology; infection control in the ICU setting; Chlamydia trachomatis infection; acquired syndromes associated with autoantibodies to cytokines;; management of multidrug resistant pathogens; probiotics, polymyxins, and the pathway to developing new antibiotics
      •  

         

      • HIV including HIV and aging, antiretroviral therapy in developing countries, and cure for HIV.

       

       

    • Online Antimicrobial pharmacokinetics mannequin, as well an all new HIV medicine mannequin are a useful visual source of treatment information

  • 1,58500lei 1345.00 lei

    Tropical Infectious Diseases: Principles, Pathogens and Practice, by Drs. Richard L. Guerrant, David H. Walker, and Peter F. Weller, delivers the expert, encyclopedic guidance you need to overcome the toughest clinical challenges in diagnosing and treatin

  • 1,55400lei 1365.00 lei

     •             Includes complete information for each disease, including clinical characteristics, microbiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment, epidemiology, and public health and regulatory issues - plus complete information for each vaccine, including its stability, immunogenicity, efficacy, duration of immunity, adverse events, indications, contraindications, precautions, administration with other vaccines, and disease-control strategies.

                 Analyzes the cost-benefit and cost-effectiveness of different vaccine options.

                 Helps you clearly visualize concepts and objective data through an abundance of tables and figures.

    New To This Edition:

                 Covers the new oral cholera and zoster vaccines, as well as newly licensed meningococcal group B vaccines and a newly licensed dengue vaccine.

                 Brings you up to date on successful human trials of Ebola vaccines, an enterovirus 71 vaccine licensed in China, and new recommendations and changes to polio vaccines.

                 Features a new chapter on maternal immunization.

                 Expert Consult™ eBook version included with purchase. This enhanced eBook experience allows you to search all of the text, figures, and references from the book on a variety of devices.

  • 2,04800lei 1745.00 lei

    Description:

    For four decades, physicians and other healthcare providers have trusted Mandell, Douglas, and Bennett's Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases to provide expert guidance on the diagnosis and treatment of these complex disorders. The 9th Edition continues the tradition of excellence with newly expanded chapters, increased global coverage, and regular updates to keep you at the forefront of this vitally important field. Meticulously updated by Drs. John E. Bennett, Raphael Dolin, and Martin J. Blaser, this comprehensive, two-volume masterwork puts the latest information on challenging infectious diseases at your fingertips.

    Table Of Contents:

    I Basic Principles in the Diagnosis and Management of Infectious Diseases
    A MICROBIAL PATHOGENESIS
    1 A Molecular Perspective of Microbial Pathogenicity
    2 The Human Microbiome of Local Body Sites and Their Unique Biology
    3 Prebiotics, Probiotics, and Synbiotics
    B HOST DEFENSE MECHANISMS
    4 Innate (General or Nonspecific) Host Defense Mechanisms
    5 Adaptive Immunity: Antibodies and Immunodeficiencies
    6 Cell-Mediated Defense Against Infection
    7 Mucosal Immunity
    8 Granulocytic Phagocytes
    9 Complement and Deficiencies
    10 Human Genetics and Infection
    11 Nutrition, Immunity, and Infection
    12 Evaluation of the Patient With Suspected Immunodeficiency
    C EPIDEMIOLOGY OF INFECTIOUS DISEASE
    13 Applied Epidemiology for the Infectious Diseases Physician
    14 Emerging and Reemerging Infectious Disease Threats
    15 Bioterrorism: An Overview
    D CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY
    16 The Clinician and the Microbiology Laboratory: Test Ordering, Specimen Collection, and Result Interpretation
    E ANTIINFECTIVE THERAPY
    17 Principles of Antiinfective Therapy
    18 Molecular Mechanisms of Antibiotic Resistance in Bacteria
    19 Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics of Antiinfective Agents
    20 Penicillins and ß-Lactamase Inhibitors
    21 Cephalosporins
    22 Ertapenem, Imipenem, Meropenem, Doripenem, and Aztreonam
    23 Antibiotic Allergy
    24 Fusidic Acid
    25 Aminoglycosides
    26 Tetracyclines, Glycylcyclines, and Chloramphenicol
    27 Rifamycins
    28 Metronidazole
    29 Macrolides and Clindamycin
    30 Glycopeptides (Vancomycin and Teicoplanin) and Lipoglycopeptides (Telavancin, Oritavancin, and Dalbavancin)
    31 Daptomycin and Quinupristin-Dalfopristin
    32 Polymyxins (Polymyxin B and Colistin)
    33 Linezolid, Tedizolid, and Other Oxazolidinones
    34 Sulfonamides and Trimethoprim; Trimethoprim-Sulfamethoxazole
    35 Quinolones
    36 Unique Antibacterial Agents
    37 Urinary Tract Agents: Nitrofurantoin, Fosfomycin, and Methenamine
    38 Topical Antibacterials
    39 Antimycobacterial Agents
    40A Antifungal Agents: Amphotericin B
    40B Antifungal Drugs: Azoles
    40C Antifungal Drugs: Echinocandins
    40D Antifungal Drugs: Flucytosine
    41 Antimalarial Drugs
    42 Drugs for Protozoal Infections Other Than Malaria
    43 Drugs for Helminths
    44 Antiviral Agents: General Principles
    45 Antiviral Drugs for Influenza and Other Respiratory Virus Infections
    46 Antivirals Against Herpesviruses
    47 Antiviral Drugs Against Hepatitis Viruses
    48 Miscellaneous Antiviral Agents (Interferons, Tecovirimat, Imiquimod, Pocapavir, Pleconaril)
    49 Immunomodulators
    50 Hyperbaric Oxygen
    51 Antimicrobial Stewardship
    52 Designing and Interpreting Clinical Studies in Infectious Diseases
    53 Outpatient Parenteral Antimicrobial Therapy
    54 Tables of Antiinfective Agent Pharmacology
    II Major Clinical Syndromes
    A FEVER
    55 Temperature Regulation and the Pathogenesis of Fever
    56 Fever of Unknown Origin
    57 The Acutely Ill Patient With Fever and Rash
    B UPPER RESPIRATORY TRACT INFECTIONS
    58 The Common Cold
    59 Pharyngitis
    60 Acute Laryngitis
    61 Otitis Externa, Otitis Media, and Mastoiditis
    62 Sinusitis
    63 Epiglottitis
    64 Infections of the Oral Cavity, Neck, and Head
    C PLEUROPULMONARY AND BRONCHIAL INFECTIONS
    65 Acute Bronchitis
    66 Acute Exacerbations of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
    67 Acute Pneumonia
    68 Pleural Effusion and Empyema
    69 Bacterial Lung Abscess
    70 Chronic Pneumonia
    71 Cystic Fibrosis
    D URINARY TRACT INFECTIONS
    72 Urinary Tract Infections
    E SEPSIS
    73 Sepsis and Septic Shock
    F INTRAABDOMINAL INFECTIONS
    74 Peritonitis and Intraperitoneal Abscesses
    75 Infections of the Liver and Biliary System (Liver Abscess, Cholangitis, Cholecystitis)
    76 Pancreatic Infection
    77 Splenic Abscess
    78 Appendicitis
    79 Diverticulitis and Neutropenic Enterocolitis
    G CARDIOVASCULAR INFECTIONS
    80 Endocarditis and Intravascular Infections
    81 Prosthetic Valve Endocarditis
    82 Infections of Nonvalvular Cardiovascular Devices
    83 Prevention of Infective Endocarditis
    84 Myocarditis and Pericarditis
    85 Mediastinitis
    H CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM INFECTIONS
    86 Approach to the Patient With Central Nervous System Infection
    87 Acute Meningitis
    88 Chronic Meningitis
    89 Encephalitis
    90 Brain Abscess
    91 Subdural Empyema, Epidural Abscess, and Suppurative Intracranial Thrombophlebitis
    92 Cerebrospinal Fluid Shunt and Drain Infections
    I SKIN AND SOFT TISSUE INFECTIONS
    93 Cellulitis, Necrotizing Fasciitis, and Subcutaneous Tissue Infections
    94 Myositis and Myonecrosis
    95 Lymphadenitis and Lymphangitis
    J GASTROINTESTINAL INFECTIONS AND FOOD POISONING
    96 Syndromes of Enteric Infection
    97 Esophagitis
    98 Diarrhea With Little or No Fever
    99 Acute Dysentery Syndromes (Diarrhea With Fever)
    100 Typhoid Fever, Paratyphoid Fever, and Typhoidal Fevers
    101 Foodborne Disease
    102 Tropical Sprue and Environmental Enteric Dysfunction
    K BONE AND JOINT INFECTIONS
    103 Infectious Arthritis of Native Joints
    104 Osteomyelitis
    105 Orthopedic Implant-Associated Infections
    L DISEASES OF THE REPRODUCTIVE ORGANS AND SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES
    106 Genital Skin and Mucous Membrane Lesions
    107 Urethritis
    108 Vulvovaginitis and Cervicitis
    109 Infections of the Female Pelvis
    110 Prostatitis, Epididymitis, and Orchitis
    M EYE INFECTIONS
    111 Introduction to Eye Infections
    112 Microbial Conjunctivitis
    113 Microbial Keratitis
    114 Endophthalmitis
    115 Infectious Causes of Uveitis
    116 Periocular Infections
    N HEPATITIS
    117 Viral Hepatitis
    O ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME
    118 Global Perspectives on Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection and Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
    119 Epidemiology and Prevention of AIDS and HIV Infection, Including Preexposure Prophylaxis and HIV Vaccine Development
    120 Diagnosis of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection
    121 The Immunology of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection
    122 General Clinical Manifestations of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection (Including Acute Retroviral Syndrome and Oral, Cutaneous, Renal, Ocular, Metabolic, and Cardiac Diseases)
    123 Pulmonary Manifestations of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection
    124 Gastrointestinal, Hepatobiliary, and Pancreatic Manifestations of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection
    125 Neurologic Diseases Caused by Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 and Opportunistic Infections
    126 Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection in Women
    127 Pediatric Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection
    128 Antiretroviral Therapy for Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection
    129 Management of Opportunistic Infections Associated With Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection
    P MISCELLANEOUS SYNDROMES
    130 Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (Systemic Exertion Intolerance Disease)
    III Infectious Diseases and Their Etiologic Agents
    A VIRAL DISEASES
    131 Biology of Viruses and Viral Diseases
    132 Orthopoxviruses Vaccinia (Smallpox Vaccine), Variola (Smallpox), Monkeypox, and Cowpox
    133 Other Poxviruses That Infect Humans: Parapoxviruses (Including Orf Virus), Molluscum Contagiosum, and Yatapoxviruses
    134 Introduction to Herpesviridae
    135 Herpes Simplex Virus
    136 Chickenpox and Herpes Zoster (Varicella-Zoster Virus)
    137 Cytomegalovirus
    138 Epstein-Barr Virus (Infectious Mononucleosis, Epstein-Barr Virus-Associated Malignant Diseases, and Other Diseases)
    139 Human Herpesvirus Types 6 and 7 (Exanthem Subitum)
    140 Kaposi Sarcoma-Associated Herpesvirus (Human Herpesvirus 8)
    141 Herpes B Virus
    142 Adenoviruses
    143 Papillomaviruses
    144 JC, BK, and Other Polyomaviruses: Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy (PML)
    145 Hepatitis B Virus
    146 Hepatitis Delta Virus
    147 Human Parvoviruses, Including Parvovirus B19V and Human Bocaparvoviruses
    148 Orthoreoviruses and Orbiviruses
    149 Coltiviruses (Colorado Tick Fever Virus) and Seadornaviruses
    150 Rotaviruses
    151 Alphaviruses (Chikungunya, Eastern Equine Encephalitis)
    152 Rubella Virus (German Measles)
    153 Flaviviruses (Dengue, Yellow Fever, Japanese Encephalitis, West Nile Encephalitis, Usutu Encephalitis, St. Louis Encephalitis, Tick-Borne Encephalitis, Kyasanur Forest Disease, Alkhurma Hemorrhagic Fever, Zika)
    154 Hepatitis C
    155 Coronaviruses, Including Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) and Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS)
    156 Parainfluenza Viruses
    157 Mumps Virus
    158 Respiratory Syncytial Virus
    159 Human Metapneumovirus
    160 Measles Virus (Rubeola)
    161 Zoonotic Paramyxoviruses: Nipah, Hendra, and Menangle Viruses
    162 Vesicular Stomatitis Virus and Related Vesiculoviruses (Chandipura Virus)
    163 Rabies (Rhabdoviruses)
    164 Marburg and Ebola Virus Hemorrhagic Fevers
    165 Influenza Viruses, Including Avian Influenza and Swine Influenza
    166 California Encephalitis, Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome, Hantavirus Hemorrhagic Fever With Renal Syndrome, and Bunyavirus Hemorrhagic Fevers
    167 Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis Virus, Lassa Virus, and the South American Hemorrhagic Fevers (Arenaviruses)
    168 Human T-Cell Leukemia Viruses (HTLV-1, HTLV-2)
    169 Human Immunodeficiency Viruses
    170 Introduction to the Human Enteroviruses and Parechoviruses
    171 Poliovirus
    172 Coxsackieviruses, Echoviruses, and Numbered Enteroviruses (EV-A71, EVD-68, EVD-70)
    173 Parechoviruses
    174 Hepatitis A Virus
    175 Rhinovirus
    176 Noroviruses and Sapoviruses (Caliciviruses)
    177 Astroviruses and Picobirnaviruses
    178 Hepatitis E Virus
    B PRION DISEASES
    179 Prions and Prion Disease of the Central Nervous System (Transmissible Neurodegenerative Diseases)
    C CHLAMYDIAL DISEASES
    180 Chlamydia trachomatis (Trachoma and Urogenital Infections)
    181 Psittacosis (Due to Chlamydia psittaci)
    182 Chlamydia pneumoniae
    D MYCOPLASMA DISEASES
    183 Mycoplasma pneumoniae and Atypical Pneumonia
    184 Genital Mycoplasmas: Mycoplasma genitalium, Mycoplasma hominis, and Ureaplasma Species
    E RICKETTSIOSES, EHRLICHIOSES, AND ANAPLASMOSES
    185 Introduction to Rickettsioses, Ehrlichioses, and Anaplasmoses
    186 Rickettsia rickettsii and Other Spotted Fever Group Rickettsiae (Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever and Other Spotted Fevers)
    187 Rickettsia akari (Rickettsialpox)
    188 Coxiella burnetii (Q Fever)
    189 Rickettsia prowazekii (Epidemic or Louse-Borne Typhus)
    190 Rickettsia typhi (Murine Typhus)
    191 Orientia tsutsugamushi (Scrub Typhus)
    192 Ehrlichia chaffeensis (Human Monocytotropic Ehrlichiosis), Anaplasma phagocytophilum (Human Granulocytotropic Anaplasmosis), and Other Anaplasmataceae
    F BACTERIAL DISEASES
    193 Introduction to Bacteria and Bacterial Diseases
    194 Staphylococcus aureus (Including Staphylococcal Toxic Shock Syndrome)
    195 Staphylococcus epidermidis and Other Coagulase-Negative Staphylococci
    196 Classification of Streptococci
    197 Streptococcus pyogenes
    198 Nonsuppurative Poststreptococcal Sequelae: Rheumatic Fever and Glomerulonephritis
    199 Streptococcus pneumoniae
    200 Enterococcus Species, Streptococcus gallolyticus Group, and Leuconostoc Species
    201 Streptococcus agalactiae (Group B Streptococci)
    202 Viridans Streptococci, Nutritionally Variant Streptococci, and Groups C and G Streptococci
    203 Streptococcus anginosus Group
    204 Corynebacterium diphtheriae (Diphtheria)
    205 Other Coryneform Bacteria, Arcanobacterium haemolyticum, and Rhodococci
    206 Listeria monocytogenes
    207 Bacillus anthracis (Anthrax)
    208 Bacillus Species and Related Genera Other Than Bacillus anthracis
    209 Erysipelothrix Rhusiopathiae
    210 Whipple Disease
    211 Neisseria meningitidis
    212 Neisseria gonorrhoeae (Gonorrhea)
    213 Moraxella catarrhalis, Kingella, and Other Gram-Negative Cocci
    214 Vibrio cholerae
    215 Other Pathogenic Vibrios
    216 Campylobacter jejuni and Related Species
    217 Helicobacter pylori and Other Gastric Helicobacter Species
    218 Enterobacteriaceae
    219 Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Other Pseudomonas Species
    220 Stenotrophomonas maltophilia and Burkholderia cepacia Complex
    221 Burkholderia pseudomallei and Burkholderia mallei: Melioidosis and Glanders
    222 Acinetobacter Species
    223 Salmonella Species
    224 Bacillary Dysentery: Shigella and Enteroinvasive Escherichia coli
    225 Haemophilus Species, Including H. influenzae and H. ducreyi (Chancroid)
    226 Brucellosis (Brucella Species)
    227 Francisella tularensis (Tularemia)
    228 Pasteurella Species
    229A Plague (Yersinia pestis)
    229B Yersinia enterocolitica and Yersinia pseudotuberculosis
    230 Bordetella pertussis
    231 Rat-Bite Fever: Streptobacillus moniliformis and Spirillum minus
    232 Legionnaires’ Disease and Pontiac Fever
    233 Capnocytophaga
    234 Bartonella, Including Cat-Scratch Disease
    235 Klebsiella granulomatis (Donovanosis, Granuloma Inguinale)
    236 Other Gram-Negative and Gram-Variable Bacilli
    237 Syphilis (Treponema pallidum)
    238 Endemic Treponematoses
    239 Leptospira Species (Leptospirosis)
    240 Relapsing Fever Caused by Borrelia Species
    241 Lyme Disease (Lyme Borreliosis) Due to Borrelia burgdorferi
    242 Anaerobic Infections: General Concepts
    243 Clostridioides difficile (Formerly Clostridium difficile) Infection
    244 Tetanus (Clostridium tetani)
    245 Botulism (Clostridium botulinum)
    246 Diseases Caused by Clostridium
    247 Bacteroides, Prevotella, Porphyromonas, and Fusobacterium Species (and Other Medically Important Anaerobic Gram-Negative Bacilli)
    248 Anaerobic Cocci and Anaerobic Gram-Positive Nonsporulating Bacilli
    249 Mycobacterium tuberculosis
    250 Leprosy (Mycobacterium leprae)
    251 Mycobacterium avium Complex
    252 Infections Caused by Nontuberculous Mycobacteria Other Than Mycobacterium avium Complex
    253 Nocardia Species
    254 Agents of Actinomycosis
    G MYCOSES
    255 Introduction to Mycoses
    256 Candida Species
    257 Aspergillus Species
    258 Agents of Mucormycosis and Entomophthoramycosis
    259 Sporothrix schenckii
    260 Agents of Chromoblastomycosis
    261 Agents of Mycetoma
    262 Cryptococcosis (Cryptococcus neoformans and Cryptococcus gattii)
    263 Histoplasma capsulatum (Histoplasmosis)
    264 Blastomycosis
    265 Coccidioidomycosis (Coccidioides Species)
    266 Dermatophytosis (Ringworm) and Other Superficial Mycoses
    267 Paracoccidioidomycosis
    268 Uncommon Fungi and Related Species
    269 Pneumocystis Species
    270 Microsporidiosis
    H PROTOZOAL DISEASES
    271 Introduction to Protozoal Diseases
    272 Entamoeba Species, Including Amebic Colitis and Liver Abscess
    273 Free-Living Amebae
    274 Malaria (Plasmodium Species)
    275 Leishmania Species: Visceral (Kala-Azar), Cutaneous, and Mucosal Leishmaniasis
    276 Trypanosoma Species (American Trypanosomiasis, Chagas Disease): Biology of Trypanosomes
    277 Agents of African Trypanosomiasis (Sleeping Sickness)
    278 Toxoplasma gondii
    279 Giardia lamblia
    280 Trichomonas vaginalis
    281 Babesia Species
    282 Cryptosporidiosis (Cryptosporidium Species)
    283 Cyclospora cayetanensis, Cystoisospora belli, Sarcocystis Species, Balantidium coli, and Blastocystis Species
    I DISEASES DUE TO TOXIC ALGAE
    284 Human Illness Associated With Harmful Algal Blooms
    J DISEASES DUE TO HELMINTHS
    285 Introduction to Helminth Infections
    286 Intestinal Nematodes (Roundworms)
    287 Tissue Nematodes, Including Trichinellosis, Dracunculiasis, Filariasis, Loiasis, and Onchocerciasis
    288 Trematodes (Schistosomes and Liver, Intestinal, and Lung Flukes)
    289 Tapeworms (Cestodes)
    290 Visceral Larva Migrans and Other Uncommon Helminth Infections
    K ECTOPARASITIC DISEASES
    291 Introduction to Ectoparasitic Diseases
    292 Lice (Pediculosis)
    293 Scabies
    294 Myiasis and Tungiasis
    295 Mites, Including Chiggers
    296 Ticks, Including Tick Paralysis
    L DISEASES OF UNKNOWN ETIOLOGY
    297 Kawasaki Disease
    IV Special Problems
    A NOSOCOMIAL INFECTIONS
    298 Infection Prevention and Control in the Health Care Setting
    299 Disinfection, Sterilization, and Control of Hospital Waste
    300 Infections Caused by Percutaneous Intravascular Devices
    301 Nosocomial Pneumonia
    302 Health Care-Associated Urinary Tract Infections
    303 Health Care-Acquired Hepatitis
    304 Transfusion- and Transplantation-Transmitted Infections
    B INFECTIONS IN SPECIAL HOSTS
    305 Infections in the Immunocompromised Host: General Principles
    306 Prophylaxis and Empirical Therapy of Infection in Cancer Patients
    307 Infections in Recipients of Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplants
    308 Infections in Solid-Organ Transplant Recipients
    309 Infections in Patients With Spinal Cord Injury
    310 nfections in Older Adults
    311 Infections in Asplenic Patients
    312 Infections in Injection Drug Users
    313 Surgical Site Infections and Antimicrobial Prophylaxis
    C SURGICAL- AND TRAUMA-RELATED INFECTIONS
    314 Burns
    315 Bites
    D IMMUNIZATION
    316 Immunization
    E ZOONOSES
    317 Zoonoses
    F PROTECTION OF TRAVELERS
    318 Protection of Travelers
    319 Infections in Returning Travelers

  • 2330.00 lei

     

    This second edition of Salem Health: Infectious Diseases & Conditions presents essays on a variety of topics in infectious, or communicable, diseases. Original articles have been updated and new articles added to bring the content up to date.

     

    Scope & Coverage


    This A-Z encyclopedia arranges 632 essays covering all aspects of infectious diseases. This title surveys infectious disease from a variety of perspectives, offering historical and technical (disease-specific) background with a balanced discussion of discoveries, developments, and prognoses. Essays on specific diseases and conditions constitute the core coverage and range from discussions of the common, such as acne and influenza, to the rare, such as prion diseases and necrotizing fasciitis, or flesh-eating bacteria. 

    The set also includes essays reflecting the global reach of infectious disease, exploring topics such as emerging and reemerging infectious diseases, developing countries, epidemics and pandemics, endemic diseases, tropical medicine, globalization, neglected tropical diseases, water quality and treatment, sanitation, and travel. Prominent in the set is discussion of the work of the World Health Organization and other such global health agencies.

    Organization & Format


    Essays vary in length from one to five pages. Every essay begins with ready-reference top matter:

    • Category - lists the focus of the essay (Diagnosis, Diseases and conditions, Epidemiology, Immune response, Pathogen, Prevention, Transmission, and Treatment;
    • Also Known As - provides alternative names used;
    • Transmission Route - is listed for pathogen essays;
    • Anatomy or System Affected - lists areas of the body affected for diseases and conditions essays;
    • Definition - introduces, defines, and describes essay topic;

    Essays on disease and conditions provide information in the following text subsections:

    • Causes
    • Risk Factors
    • Symptoms
    • Screening and Diagnosis
    • Treatment and Therapy
    • Prevention and Outcomes

    Pathogen essays include Natural Habitat and Features as well as a sidebar providing the pathogen's taxonomic classification, listing information on genus and species, among other ranks.

    Topical Subheads and explanation of Impact are included in essays covering diagnosis, epidemiology, immune response, prevention, and treatment. All essays conclude with Contributor Byline, Further Reading, Web Sites of Interest, and See Also.

    Special Features

    • Key Terms and Facts
    • Newsworthy Topics
    • Questions to Ask One's Health Care Provider
    • Tables and Statistical Data
    • Photographs, Charts and other Media

    Reference Tools (glossary, bibliography, resources, web sites, medical journals, pharmaceutical list) and Historical Resources (timeline of major developments in infectious disease, biographical dictionary of scientists in infectious disease, Nobel Prize for discoveries in infectious disease) finalize Volume 3, as well as three indexes for subject, category, and entries by anatomy or system affected.

    The essays were written for non-specialists by medical professionals such as doctors, nurses, clinical practitioners, researchers, and therapists, as well as professors in science and medicine and professional medical writersSalem Health: Infectious Diseases & Conditions will interest science and premedical students, students of epidemiology and public health, students of global and tropical medicine, public library patrons, and librarians building collections in science and medicine.

    Complete List of Contents

     

    Volume 1

    Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v

    Publisher’s Note . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ix

    Editor’s Introduction to the First Edition . . . . . . xiii

    Editor’s Introduction to the Second Edition . . . . xv

    Contributors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xvii

    Abscesses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1

    Acanthamoeba and other

    free-living infections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3

    Acariasis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5

    Acne . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7

    Actinomycosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9

    Acute cerebellar ataxia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

    Acute cystitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11

    Acute interstitial nephritis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13

    Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis . . . . . . . . . 14

    Adenoviridae . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15

    Adenovirus infections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16

    Adenovirus vaccine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

    African sleeping sickness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19

    Agammaglobulinemia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20

    Aging and infectious disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22

    AIDS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26

    Airborne illness and disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30

    Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis . . . . . . 34

    Alliance for the Prudent Use of Antibiotics . . . . . 35

    Alternative therapies for infectious diseases . . . . 36

    Amebic dysentery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40

    Aminoglycoside antibiotics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42

    Anal abscess . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44

    Anaplasmosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45

    Anthrax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46

    Anthrax vaccine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48

    Antibiotic resistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49

    Antibiotic stewardship . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52

    Antibiotics: Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53

    Antibodies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56

    Antifungal drugs: Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58

    Antifungal drugs: Mechanisms of action . . . . . . . 60

    Antiparasitic drugs: Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62

    Antiparasitic drugs: Mechanisms of action . . . . . 64

    Antiviral drugs: Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68

    Antiviral drugs: Mechanisms of action . . . . . . . . . 70

    Appendicitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72

    Arenaviridae . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73

    Arthropod-borne illness and disease . . . . . . . . . . 75

    Ascariasis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79

    Aseptic technique . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80

    Aspergillosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82

    Aspergillus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84

    Asplenia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86

    Athlete’s foot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88

    Atypical pneumonia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89

    Autoimmune disorders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91

    Avian influenza............................. 95

    Babesiosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98

    Bacteria classifications and types . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99

    Bacteria: Structure and growth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103

    Bacterial endocarditis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106

    Bacterial infections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108

    Bacterial meningitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112

    Bacterial vaginosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114

    Bacteriology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116

    Balantidiasis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118

    Bartonella infections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119

    Bats and infectious disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121

    Behçet’s syndrome . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122

    Bell’s palsy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124

    Biochemical tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125

    Biological weapons......................... 127

    Biostatistics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131

    Biosurveillance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132

    Bioterrorism . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136

    Birds and infectious disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139

    BK virus infection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142

    Blastomyces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143

    Blastomycosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145

    Blood-borne illness and disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . 146

    Bloodstream infections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150

    Body lice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152

    Boils . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153

    Bordetella . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154

    Borrelia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156

    Bot Fly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158

    Botulinum toxin infection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159

    Botulism . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161

    Breast milk and infectious disease . . . . . . . . . . . 163

    Bronchiolitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164

    Salem Health: Infectious Diseases and Conditions

    Bronchitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166

    Brucella . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 168

    Brucellosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 169

    Brucellosis vaccine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 171

    Bubonic plague . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172

    Bubonic plague vaccine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 176

    Burkholderia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177

    Caliciviridae . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 180

    Campylobacter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 181

    Campylobacteriosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 182

    Cancer and infectious disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 184

    Cancer vaccines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188

    Candida . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 190

    Candida auris . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 194

    Candidiasis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 195

    Capillariasis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 197

    Capnocytophaga infections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 198

    Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) . 200

    Carriers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 202

    Cat scratch disease (CSD) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 203

    Cats and infectious disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 204

    Causes and management of epidemics and

    pandemics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 207

    Cellulitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 210

    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

    (CDC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 211

    Cephalosporin antibiotics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 215

    Cervical cancer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 217

    Chagas’ disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 221

    Chancroid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 223

    Chemical germicides . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 224

    Chickenpox . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 226

    Chickenpox vaccine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 230

    Chikungunya . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 231

    Childbirth and infectious disease . . . . . . . . . . . . 232

    Children and infectious disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . 236

    Chlamydia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 241

    Chlamydophila . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 243

    Chlamydophila pneumoniae infection . . . . . . . . . . 245

    Cholecystitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 246

    Cholera . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 248

    Cholera vaccine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 251

    Chromoblastomycosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 252

    Chronic fatigue syndrome . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 253

    Clonorchiasis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 257

    Clonorchis sinesis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 258

    Clostridium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 259

    Clostridium difficile infection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 261

    Coccidioides . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 264

    Coccidiosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 265

    Cold sores . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 267

    Colorado tick fever (CTF) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 269

    Common cold . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 271

    Conjunctivitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 272

    Contagious diseases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 274

    Coronaviridae . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 278

    Coronavirus infections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 279

    Corynebacterium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 280

    Cowpox . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 282

    Coxsackie virus infections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 283

    Crab lice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 284

    Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 286

    Croup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 288

    Cryptococcosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 290

    Cryptococcus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 291

    Cryptosporidiosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 293

    Cyclospora infection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 295

    Cystic Fibrosis Respiratory Infections . . . . . . . . . 297

    Cysticercosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 299

    Cytomegalovirus infection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 301

    Cytomegalovirus vaccine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 302

    Dacryocystitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 304

    Dandruff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 305

    DDT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 306

    Decontamination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 307

    Dengue fever . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 308

    Dermatomycosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 310

    Dermatophytosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 311

    Developing countries and infectious disease . . . 313

    Diagnosis of bacterial infections . . . . . . . . . . . . . 316

    Diagnosis of fungal infections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 319

    Diagnosis of parasitic diseases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 321

    Diagnosis of prion diseases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 322

    Diagnosis of protozoan diseases . . . . . . . . . . . . . 324

    Diagnosis of viral infections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 326

    Diphtheria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 328

    Disease eradication campaigns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 329

    Disinfectants and sanitizers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 331

    Disseminated intravascular coagulation . . . . . . 333

    Disseminated intravascular coagulopathy (DIC). 335

    Diverticulitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 337

    Dogs and infectious disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 339

    Dracunculiasis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 342

    Drug resistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 343

    DTaP vaccine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 347

    Duodenal ulcer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 348

    Eastern equine encephalitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 350

    Ebola hemorrhagic fever . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 351

    Echinocandin antifungals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 353

    Echinococcus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 355

    Complete List of Contents

    Echovirus infections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 356

    Ehrlichiosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 357

    Eikenella infections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 358

    Elephantiasis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 359

    Emerging and reemerging infectious diseases . 361

    Emerging Infections Network (EIN) . . . . . . . . . 365

    Empyema . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 366

    Encephalitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 368

    Encephalitis vaccine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 369

    Endemic infections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 370

    Endocarditis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 372

    Endometritis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 374

    Enteritis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 375

    Enterobacter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 377

    Enterobiasis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 379

    Enterococcus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 380

    Enterovirus infections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 382

    Epidemic Intelligence Service (EIS) . . . . . . . . . 384

    Epidemics and pandemics: Causes and

    management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 386

    Epidemics and pandemics: History . . . . . . . . . . 390

    Epidemiology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 394

    Epidermophyton . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 398

    Epididymitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 399

    Epiglottitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 401

    Epstein-Barr virus infection.................. 403

    Epstein-Barr virus vaccine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 405

    Erysipelas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 406

    Erysipelothrix infection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 407

    Erythema infectiosum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 408

    Erythema nodosum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 409

    Escherichia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 411

    Escherichia coli infection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 412

    Eye infections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 415

    Volume 2

    Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v

    Complete List of Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ix

    Fasciitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 419

    Fatal familial insomnia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 420

    Fecal-oral route of transmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . 421

    Fever . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 423

    Fever of unknown origin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 424

    Filariasis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 426

    Filoviridae . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 427

    Fleas and infectious disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 429

    Flies and infectious disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 431

    Flukes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 433

    Food-borne illness and disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 435

    Francisella . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 439

    Fungi classification and types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 441

    Fungi: Structure and growth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 446

    Fusarium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 450

    Gangrene . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 453

    Gastritis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 454

    Genital herpes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 455

    Genital warts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 458

    Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker syndrome

    (GSS) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 460

    Giardia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 462

    Giardiasis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 463

    Gingivitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 465

    Glanders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 467

    Global Warming and Infectious Diseases . . . . . . 468

    Globalization and infectious disease........... 470

    Glycopeptide antibiotics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 475

    Gonorrhea . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 476

    Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) . . . . . . . . . . . 479

    Gram staining . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 481

    Group A streptococcal infection . . . . . . . . . . . . . 483

    Group B streptococcal infection . . . . . . . . . . . . . 484

    Guillain-Barré syndrome . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 486

    Haemophilus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 489

    Haemophilus influenzae infection . . . . . . . . . . . . . 490

    Hand, foot, and mouth disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 492

    Hantavirus infection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 493

    Head lice................................. 495

    Helicobacter................................ 496

    Helicobacter pylori infection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 498

    Hemolytic uremic syndrome . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 499

    Hemorrhagic fever viral infections . . . . . . . . . . . 501

    Hepadnaviridiae . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 505

    Hepatitis A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 507

    Hepatitis B . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 508

    Hepatitis C . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 510

    Hepatitis D . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 513

    Hepatitis E . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 514

    Hepatitis vaccines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 515

    Herpes simplex infection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 516

    Herpes zoster infection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 517

    Herpes zoster vaccines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 519

    Herpesviridae . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 520

    Herpesvirus infections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 522

    Salem Health: Infectious Diseases and Conditions

    Hib vaccine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 524

    Histoplasma . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 525

    Histoplasmosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 527

    HIV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 528

    HIV vaccine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 532

    Home remedies for infectious diseases . . . . . . . 533

    Hookworms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 535

    Hordeola . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 536

    Horizontal disease transmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . 538

    Hospitals and infectious disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . 539

    Hosts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 543

    Human papillomavirus (HPV) infections . . . . . 544

    Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine . . . . . . . 546

    Hygiene.................................. 548

    Hyperbaric oxygen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 549

    Iatrogenic infections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 551

    Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura . . . . . . . 553

    Imidazole antifungals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 555

    Immune response to bacterial infections . . . . . . 556

    Immune response to fungal infections . . . . . . . . 558

    Immune response to parasitic diseases . . . . . . . . 560

    Immune response to prion diseases . . . . . . . . . . 562

    Immune response to protozoan diseases . . . . . . 563

    Immune response to viral infections . . . . . . . . . 565

    Immunity and infectious disease.............. 567

    Immunization and infectious disease . . . . . . . . . 569

    Immunoassay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 574

    Immunodeficiency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 577

    Impetigo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 578

    Incubation period . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 580

    Infection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 581

    Infectious disease specialists . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 583

    Infectious Diseases Society of America . . . . . . . . 585

    Inflammation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 587

    Influenza................................. 590

    Influenza vaccine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 593

    Insect-borne illness and disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . 595

    Insecticides and topical repellants . . . . . . . . . . . 599

    Integrase inhibitors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 601

    Intestinal and stomach infections . . . . . . . . . . . . 602

    Intestinal trichomoniasis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 606

    Isosporiasis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 608

    Japanese encephalitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 610

    Jock itch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 611

    Kaposi’s sarcoma . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 614

    Kawasaki disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 615

    Keratitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 616

    Ketolide antibiotics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 618

    Kidney infection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 619

    Koch’s postulates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 621

    Kuru . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 622

    Labyrinthitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 624

    Laryngitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 625

    Lassa fever . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 627

    Legionella . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 628

    Legionnaires’ disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 629

    Leishmaniasis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 631

    Leprosy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 633

    Leptospira . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 635

    Leptospirosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 636

    Lipopeptide antibiotics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 638

    Listeria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 639

    Listeriosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 640

    Liver cancer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 642

    Lyme disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 644

    Lymphadenitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 648

    Macrolide antibiotics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 650

    Malaria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 651

    Malaria vaccine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 653

    Malassezia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 654

    Marburg hemorrhagic fever . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 656

    MALDI-TOF Mass Spectrometry . . . . . . . . . . . . . 657

    Mastitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 659

    Mathematical modeling and infectious diseases. 661

    Maturation inhibitors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 663

    Measles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 664

    Mediterranean spotted fever . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 666

    Melioidosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 667

    Men and infectious disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 669

    Meningococcal meningitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 671

    Meningococcal vaccine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 673

    Metapneumovirus infection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 674

    Methicillin-resistant staph infection . . . . . . . . . . 675

    Microbiology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 677

    Microbiome . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 679

    Microscopy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 681

    Microsporum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 683

    Middle-ear infection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 684

    Mites and chiggers and infectious disease . . . . . 687

    MMR vaccine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 690

    Molecular Microbiology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 691

    Molluscum contagiosum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 693

    Monkey B virus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 695

    Monkeypox . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 696

    Mononucleosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 698

    Mosquito-borne viral encephalitis . . . . . . . . . . . 700

    Mosquitoes and infectious disease . . . . . . . . . . . 701

    Mouth infections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 704

    Complete List of Contents

    Mucormycosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 708

    Multi-Drug Resistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 709

    Mumps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 712

    Mutation of pathogens . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 714

    Mycetoma . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 717

    Mycobacterial infections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 718

    Mycobacterium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 720

    Mycoplasma . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 722

    Mycoplasma pneumonia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 723

    Mycoses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 725

    Mycotic aneurysm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 726

    Myocarditis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 727

    Myositis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 729

    Nasopharyngeal infections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 731

    National Institute of Allergy and Infectious

    Diseases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 733

    National Institutes of Health . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 734

    Necrotizing fasciitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 736

    Neisseria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 738

    Neisserial infections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 740

    Neonatal sepsis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 741

    Neutropenia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 743

    Nocardiosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 744

    Norovirus infection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 745

    Onchocerciasis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 748

    Onychomycosis............................ 750

    Ophthalmia neonatorum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 751

    Opportunistic infections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 753

    Oral transmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 755

    Ornithosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 757

    Osteomyelitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 758

    Outbreaks of infectious disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 759

    Over-the-counter (OTC) drugs and infectious

    disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 761

    Oxazolidinone antibiotics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 764

    Pacemaker infections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 766

    Pancreatitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 768

    Paracoccidiodes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 769

    Paracoccidioidomycosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 771

    Paramyxoviridae . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 772

    Parasite classification and types . . . . . . . . . . . . . 774

    Parasitic diseases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 777

    Parasitology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 779

    Parechovirus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 782

    Parotitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 783

    Parvoviridae . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 785

    Parvovirus infections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 786

    Pasteurellosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 788

    Pathogenicity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 790

    Pathogens . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 791

    Pelvic inflammatory disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 795

    Penicillin allergy testing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 797

    Penicillin antibiotics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 799

    Penicilliosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 801

    Peptic ulcer............................... 802

    Pericarditis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 806

    Peritonitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 807

    Pharyngitis and tonsillopharyngitis . . . . . . . . . . 808

    Picornaviridae . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 810

    Picornavirus infections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 811

    Piedraia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 813

    Pigs and infectious disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 814

    Pilonidal cyst . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 816

    Pinta . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 817

    Pinworms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 818

    Pityriasis rosea . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 820

    Plague . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 821

    Plantar warts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 823

    Pleurisy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 824

    Pneumococcal infections.................... 826

    Pneumococcal vaccine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 827

    Pneumocystis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 830

    Pneumocystis pneumonia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 831

    Pneumonia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 833

    Polio vaccine.............................. 835

    Poliomyelitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 836

    Polyene antifungals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 838

    Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method . . . . 839

    Pontiac fever . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 841

    Postherpetic neuralgia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 843

    Powassan virus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 844

    Poxviridae................................. 845

    Poxvirus infections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 847

    Pregnancy and infectious disease . . . . . . . . . . . . 848

    Prevention of bacterial infections . . . . . . . . . . . . 853

    Prevention of fungal infections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 854

    Prevention of parasitic diseases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 856

    Prevention of protozoan diseases . . . . . . . . . . . . 858

    Prevention of viral infections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 859

    Primary infection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 861

    Primates and infectious disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . 863

    Prion diseases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 864

    Prions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 868

    Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy . . . 870

    Prostatitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 871

    Prosthetic joint infections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 873

    Protease inhibitors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 875

    Protozoa classification and types . . . . . . . . . . . . . 877

    Salem Health: Infectious Diseases and Conditions

    Protozoan diseases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 878

    Pseudomonas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 881

    Pseudomonas infections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 883

    Psittacosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 884

    Psychological effects of infectious disease . . . . . 885

    Public health . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 887

    Puerperal infection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 892

    Pulsed Field Gel Electrophoresis (PFGE) . . . . . 893

    Volume 3

    Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v

    Complete List of Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii

    Q fever . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 897

    Quarantine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 898

    Quinolone antibiotics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 899

    Rabies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 901

    Rabies vaccine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 903

    Rat-bite fever . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 904

    Reinfection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 906

    Reiter’s syndrome . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 907

    Reoviridae . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 909

    Reptiles and infectious disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 911

    Respiratory route of transmission . . . . . . . . . . . . 913

    Respiratory syncytial virus infections . . . . . . . . . 914

    Retroviral infections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 916

    Retroviridae . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 918

    Reverse transcriptase inhibitors . . . . . . . . . . . . . 920

    Rheumatic fever . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 922

    Rhinosporidiosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 923

    Rhinovirus infections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 924

    Rhizopus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 925

    Rickettsia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 927

    Rickettsia parkeri infection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 929

    Rickettsial diseases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 931

    Rift Valley fever............................ 933

    Ringworm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 934

    Rocky Mountain Spotted fever . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 935

    Rodents and infectious disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 937

    Roseola . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 938

    Rotavirus infection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 939

    Rotavirus vaccine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 941

    Rubella . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 942

    Saliva and infectious disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 945

    Salmonella . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 946

    Salmonellosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 949

    Sarcoidosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 951

    Sarcosporidiosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 952

    SARS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 953

    Scabies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 955

    Scarlet fever . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 957

    Schistosomiasis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 958

    Schools and infectious disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 961

    Secondary infection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 965

    Sepsis.................................... 966

    Septic arthritis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 968

    Septic shock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 969

    Seroconversion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 971

    Serology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 972

    Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) . . . . . . . . . 974

    Shigella . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 978

    Shigellosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 980

    Shingles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 982

    Sinusitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 984

    Skin infections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 987

    Sleeping nets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 989

    Sleeping sickness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 990

    Smallpox . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 991

    Smallpox vaccine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 993

    Social effects of infectious disease . . . . . . . . . . . 994

    Soilborne illness and disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 998

    Sporotrichosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1003

    Stachybotrys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1004

    Staphylococcal infections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1006

    Staphylococcus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1008

    Stenotrophomonas infections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1010

    Strep throat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1011

    Streptococcal infections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1012

    Streptococcus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1014

    Stress and infectious disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1016

    Strongyloidiasis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1018

    Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis . . . . . . . . 1019

    Syphilis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1020

    T lymphocytes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1023

    Taeniasis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1024

    Tapeworms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1025

    Tetanus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1027

    Tetracycline antibiotics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1029

    Thiazole antifungals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1030

    Thrush (infection) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1032

    Tick paralysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1033

    Ticks and infectious disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1034

    Tinea capitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1037

    Tinea corporis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1038

    Complete List of Contents

    Tinea versicolor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1040

    Tooth abscess . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1041

    Toxocariasis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1042

    Toxoplasmosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1043

    Trachoma . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1045

    Transmission routes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1046

    Transplant infections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1050

    Travel medicine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1052

    Travel medicine specialists . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1054

    Travelers’ diarrhea . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1055

    Treatment of bacterial infections . . . . . . . . . . . 1057

    Treatment of fungal infections . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1058

    Treatment of parasitic diseases . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1060

    Treatment of prion diseases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1062

    Treatment of protozoan diseases . . . . . . . . . . . 1064

    Treatment of viral infections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1066

    Treponema . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1067

    Triazole antifungals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1069

    Trichinosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1070

    Trichomonas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1072

    Trichophyton . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1074

    Tropical medicine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1076

    Trypanosoma (genus) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1079

    Trypanosomiasis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1081

    Trypanosomiasis vaccine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1082

    Tuberculosis (TB) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1083

    Tuberculosis (TB) vaccine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1086

    Tularemia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1087

    Typhoid fever . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1089

    Typhoid vaccine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1090

    Typhus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1092

    Typhus vaccine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1094

    U.S. Army Medical Research Institute

    of Infectious Diseases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1096

    Urethritis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1098

    Urinary tract infections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1099

    Vaccine types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1102

    Vaccines: Experimental . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1106

    Vaccines: History . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1108

    Vaginal yeast infection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1112

    Vancomycin-resistant enterococci infection . . . 1113

    Variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease . . . . . . . . . . . 1114

    Vectors and vector control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1116

    Vertical disease transmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1118

    Vibrio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1119

    Vincent’s angina . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1121

    Viral gastroenteritis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1122

    Viral hepatitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1123

    Viral infections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1125

    Viral meningitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1127

    Viral pharyngitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1129

    Viral upper respiratory infections . . . . . . . . . . . 1130

    Virology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1133

    Virulence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1134

    Virus types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1136

    Viruses: Structure and life cycle . . . . . . . . . . . . 1140

    Warts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1146

    Water treatment and infectious diseases . . . . . 1147

    Waterborne illness and disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1149

    West Nile virus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1153

    Whipple’s disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1155

    Whipworm infection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1156

    Whooping cough . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1158

    Women and infectious disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1159

    World Health Organization (WHO) . . . . . . . . 1163

    Worm infections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1167

    Wound infections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1171

    Yaws . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1174

    Yellow fever . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1175

    Yellow fever vaccine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1177

    Yersinia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1178

    Yersinia pseudotuberculosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1180

    Yersiniosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1181

    Zoonotic diseases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1183

    Zygomycosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1187

    Appendixes

    Reference Tools

    Glossary............................................................ 1191

    Bibliography.................................................... 1201

    Resources......................................................... 1210

    Web Sites.......................................................... 1218

    Medical Journals.............................................. 1224

    Pharmaceutical List......................................... 1230

    Historical Resources

    Time Line of Major Developments

    in Infectious Disease................................... 1250

    Biographical Dictionary of Scientists

    in Infectious Disease................................... 1256

    Nobel Prizes for Discoveries

    in Infectious Diseases.................................. 1265

    Indexes

    Entries by Anatomy or System Affected......... 1271

    Category........................................................... 1283

    Subject.............................................................. 1295

Scroll