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  • 26300lei 230.00 lei




    Written by renowned epidemiologists and public health experts, this unique text provides complete, concise coverage of epidemiology, biostatistics, preventive medicine, and public health in clear, easy-to-understand terms. One convenient volume delivers must-know content in four complex areas-information that’s sure to be covered in today’s classrooms and on USMLE exams-presented with a clinical focus and real-life medical examples throughout. Depth of coverage, concise writing style, outstanding online review questions, a clinical emphasis … these features and more make Jekel's your go-to resource for learning, study, and review.


    Table Of Contents:

    Section 1 – Epidemiology

    1. Basic Epidemiologic Concepts and Principles
    2. Epidemiological Data Measurements
    3. Epidemiologic Surveillance and Epidemic Outbreak Investigation
    4. The Study of Risk Factors and Causation
    5. Common Research Designs and Issues in Epidemiology
    6. Assessment of Risk and Benefit in Epidemiologic Studies
    7. Understanding the Quality of Medical Data

    Section 2 – Biostatistics

    8. Describing Variation and Distribution of Data
    9. Testing Hypotheses
    10. Analyzing Relationships between Two Variables
    11. Analyzing Relationships Between Multiple Variables
    12. Using Statistics to Design Studies: Sample Size Calculation, Randomization, and Controlling for Multiple Hypotheses
    13. Using Statistics to Answer Clinical Questions: Meta-analysis, Bayes Theorem and Predictive Values of Tests, and Decision Analysis

    Section 3 – Preventive Medicine

    14. Introduction to Preventive Medicine
    15. Methods of Primary Prevention: Health Promotion and Disease Prevention
    16. Principles and Practice of Secondary Prevention
    17. Methods of Tertiary Prevention
    18. Developing Recommendations for Clinical Preventive Services

    19. Chronic Disease Prevention
    20. Prevention of Infectious Diseases
    21. Prevention of Mental Health and Behavior Problems
    22. Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
    23. Injury Prevention

    Section 4 – Public Health

    24. Introduction to Public Health
    25. The US Public Health System: Structure and Function

    26. Improving Public Health in Communities
    27. Disaster Epidemiology and Surveillance
    28. Health Services Organization, Financing, and Quality Improvement
    29. Health Care Organization, Policy, and Financing
    30. Integrating Efforts for Clinical Care, Research, and Public Health Action – One Science, One Planet, One Health



  • 31500lei 280.00 lei




    The perfect up-to-date imaging guide for a complete and 3-dimensional understanding of applied human anatomy

    Imaging is ever more integral to anatomy education and throughout modern medicine. Building on the success of previous editions, this fully revised sixth edition provides a superb foundation for understanding applied human anatomy, offering a complete view of the structures and relationships within the whole body, using the very latest imaging techniques.

    All relevant imaging modalities are included, from plain radiographs to more advanced imaging of ultrasound, CT, MRI, functional imaging and angiography. Coverage is further enhanced by a carefully selected range of BONUS electronic content, including clinical photos and cases, ultrasound videos, labelled radiograph ‘slidelines’, cross-sectional imaging stacks and test-yourself materials. Uniquely, key syllabus image sets are now highlighted throughout to aid efficient study, as well as the most common, clinically important anatomical variants that you should be aware of.

    This superb package is ideally suited to the needs of medical students, as well as radiologists, radiographers and surgeons in training. It will also prove invaluable to the range of other students and professionals who require a clear, accurate, view of anatomy in current practice.

    Fully revised legends and labels and new high-quality images-featuring the latest imaging techniques and modalities as seen in clinical practice

    Covers the full variety of relevant modern imaging-including cross-sectional views in CT and MRI, angiography, ultrasound, fetal anatomy, plain film anatomy, nuclear medicine imaging and more - with better resolution to ensure the clearest anatomical views

    Core syllabus image sets now highlighted throughout-to help you focus on the most essential areas to excel on your course and in examinations

    Unique summaries of the most common, clinically important anatomical variants for each body region-reflects the fact that around 20% of human bodies have at least one clinically significant variant

    New orientation drawings-to help you understand the different views and the 3D anatomy of 2D images, as well as the conventions between cross-sectional modalities

    Ideal as a stand-alone resource or in conjunction with Abrahams’ and McMinn’s Clinical Atlas of Human Anatomy-where new links help put imaging in the context of the dissection room

    Now a more complete learning package than ever before, with superb BONUS electronic enhancements embedded within the accompanying eBook, including:

    Labelled image ‘stacks’-that allow you to review cross-sectional imaging as if using an imaging workstation

    Labelled image ‘slidelines’-showing features in a full range of body radiographs to enhance understanding of anatomy in this essential modality

    Self-test image ‘slideshows’ with multi-tier labelling-to aid learning and cater for beginner to more advanced experience levels

    Labelled ultrasound videos-bring images to life, reflecting this increasingly clinically practiced technique

    Questions and answers accompany each chapter-to test your understanding and aid exam preparation

    34 pathology tutorials-based around nine key concepts and illustrated with hundreds of additional pathology images, to further develop your memory of anatomical structures and lead you through the essential relationships between normal and abnormal anatomy

    High-yield USMLE topics-clinical photos and cases for key topics, linked and highlighted in chapters

    Table Of Contents:

    1. Brain and cranial nerves
    2. Skull, orbits, paranasal sinuses and face
    3. Neck
    4. Vertebral column and spinal cord
    5. Upper limb
    6. Breast and axilla
    7. Thorax: non cardiac
    8. Thorax: cardiac
    9. Abdomen and pelvis: cross-sectional
    10. Abdomen and pelvis: non cross-sectional
    11. Lower limb
    12. Functional imaging



  • 27300lei 240.00 lei



    This classic textbook aims to assist clinicians develop the consultation skills required to elicit a clear history, and the practical skills needed to detect clinical signs of disease. Where possible, the physical basis of clinical signs is explained to aid understanding. Formulation of a differential diagnosis from the information gained is introduced, and the logical initial investigations are included for each system.


    The first part of the book addresses the general principles of good interaction with patients, from the basics of taking a history and examining, to the use of pattern recognition to identify spot diagnoses.

    The second part documents the relevant history, examination and investigations for all the major body systems.

    The third part illustrates the application of these skills to specific clinical situations.

    The final part covers preparation for assessments of clinical skills and the use of these skills in everyday practice.

    The book has accompanying videos demonstrating many of the key clinical examination routines as set out in the book.

    New To This Edition:

    A new editorial team has undertaken a substantial review of the book’s contents and with the help of many new authors has radically revised the order and approach of the text.

    Several new chapters have been created including a chapter on patients with mental disorders; a chapter covering the approach to a deteriorating patient; a chapter on assessment of patients towards the end of life and two new chapters on applying the key clinical skills during assessments and in practice.

    The structure of the text has been rationalised with careful use of boxes, tables and figures to set out the concepts for maximum clarity.


  • 12100lei 105.00 lei




    For over forty years The ECG Made Easy has been regarded as the best introductory guide to the ECG, with sales of over half a million copies as well as being translated into more than a dozen languages. Hailed by the British Medical Journal as a "medical classic", it has been a favourite of generations of medical and health care staff who require clear, basic knowledge about the ECG. This famous book encourages the reader to accept that the ECG is easy to understand and that its use is just a natural extension of taking the patient’s history and performing a physical examination. It directs users of the electrocardiogram to straightforward and accurate identification of normal and abnormal ECG patterns.



    A practical and highly informative guide to a difficult subject.

    Provides a full understanding of the ECG in the diagnosis and management of abnormal cardiac rhythms.

    Emphasises the role of the full 12 lead ECG with realistic reproduction of recordings.

    The unique page size allows presentation of 12-lead ECGs across a single page for clarity.

    New To This Edition:

    A new opening chapter entitled ‘The ECG made very easy’ distils the bare essentials of using an ECG in clinical practice with minimal theory and maximum practicality.

    The second part explains the theory underpinning the recording of an ECG in order to start basic interpretation of the 12 leads.

    The third part looks at the clinical interpretation of individual ECGs in patients with chest pain, breathlessness, palpitations and syncope as well as understanding the normal variations in ECGs recorded from healthy subjects.

    Table Of Contents:

    Part 1: The ECG made very easy indeed: A beginner’s guide

    Part 2: The basics: The fundamentals of ECG recording, reporting and interpretation

    Part 3: Making the most of the ECG: The clinical interpretation of individual ECGs

    Part 4: Now test yourself

    Quick reminders

    Further reading



  • 84000lei 680.00 lei



    Written and edited by expert surgeons in collaboration with a world-renowned anatomist, this exquisitely illustrated reference consolidates surgical, anatomical and technical knowledge for the entire human body in a single volume. Part of the highly respected Gray’s ‘family,’ this new resource brings to life the applied anatomical knowledge that is critically important in the operating room, with a high level of detail to ensure safe and effective surgical practice. Gray’s Surgical Anatomy is unique in the field: effectively a textbook of regional anatomy, a dissection manual, and an atlas of operative procedures - making it an invaluable resource for surgeons and surgical trainees at all levels of experience, as well as students, radiologists, and anatomists.

    Table Of Contents:

    1 A short history of surgery
    2 Improving surgical performance through human factors recognition and enhanced team working
    3 Overview of the head and neck
    4 Osteology of the facial skeleton and naso-ethmoidal complex in relation to trauma
    5 Face and scalp
    6 Orbital anatomy
    7 Orbit and eye
    8 Nose and paranasal sinuses
    9 Infratemporal fossa and pterygopalatine fossa
    10 Temporomandibular joint
    11 Mouth
    12 Salivary glands
    13 External and middle ear
    14 Temporal bone
    15 Neck
    16 Pharynx
    17 Larynx
    18 Thyroid and parathyroid glands
    19 Root of the neck and tracheostomy
    20 Overview of neuroanatomy
    21 Suprasellar and paraclinoidal regions
    22 Cerebellopontine angle
    23 Foramen magnum and inferior clivus
    24 Ventricular system
    25 Cerebral hemispheres and white matter tracts
    26 Cerebral vasculature
    27 Brainstem and pineal region
    28 Spinal cord
    29 Basal ganglia and thalamus
    30 Overview of the back and spine
    31 Intervertebral joints, foramina and ligaments
    32 Cervical spine
    33 Thoracic spine
    34 Lumbar spine, sacrum and coccyx
    35 Anatomy of lumbar puncture and epidural analgesia
    36 Overview of the upper limb
    37 Supraclavicular and infraclavicular regions
    38 Axilla
    39 Shoulder girdle and upper arm
    40 Elbow and forearm
    41 Wrist and hand
    42 Overview of the thorax and diaphragm and surgical anatomy of the chest wall
    43 Breast
    44 Great vessels: surgical access
    45 Oesophagus, thoracic duct and lymphatics
    46 Pleura and thoracic sympathetic chain
    47 Lungs, bronchi and trachea
    48 Thymus
    49 Pericardium and pericardial drainage
    50 Echocardiographic anatomy of the heart
    51 Mitral and tricuspid valves
    52 Aortic valve, aortic root, left ventricular outflow tract and pulmonary valve
    53 Ventricles, coronary vessels and access to conduits for grafting
    54 Overview of the abdomen
    55 Anterior abdominal wall and inguinal region
    56 Posterior abdominal wall and retroperitoneum
    57 Peritoneum, mesentery and peritoneal cavity
    58 Abdominal oesophagus and stomach
    59 Small intestine
    60 Colon, rectum and anus
    61 Liver
    62 Liver biopsy, resections and a brief overview of transplantation
    63 Pancreas, gallbladder and biliary tree
    64 Spleen
    65 Adrenal glands
    66 Development and congenital anomalies of the gastrointestinal tract and its adnexae
    67 Endoscopic anatomy of the gastrointestinal tract
    68 Overview of pelvic viscera
    69 Kidneys and ureters
    70 Bladder and urethra
    71 Pelvic inlet, pelvic floor and perineum
    72 Male reproductive system
    73 Prostate
    74 Female reproductive system
    75 Development and congenital anomalies of the urogenital system
    76 Overview of the pelvis and lower limb
    77 Vascular anatomy of the lower limb
    78 Innervation of the lower limb and nerve blockade techniques
    79 Pelvic girdle
    80 Hip
    81 Thigh
    82 Popliteal fossa
    83 Knee
    84 Compartments of the lower leg
    85 Ankle
    86 Foot



  • 17900lei 150.00 lei



    For over half a century Davidson’s Principles and Practice of Medicine has informed and educated students, doctors and other health professionals all over the world, providing a comprehensive account of the practice of medicine. Davidson’s Essentials of Medicine provides the core content of the main textbook in a condensed format which will be invaluable whenever you are on the move - whether commuting, travelling between training sites, or on electives.


    • This book provides a distillation of the core information required for clinical studies in medicine. While retaining the acclaimed readability of the main textbook it presents the key information in a format more appropriate for practical clinical work.
    • The scope of the contents was carefully selected by a team of junior doctors, emphasising only the topics that will be essential for clinical studies.
    • The text draws directly on the depth and breadth of experience of the Davidson’s authors and its International Advisory Board.

    New To This Edition:

    • Updated to include key changes and new illustrations included in Davidson’s Principles and Practice of Medicine.
    • New chapters on Acute Medicine and Ophthalmology

    Table Of Contents:

    • Poisons, toxicology and envenomation
    • Acute medicine and critical illness
    • Infectious diseases
    • Clinical biochemistry and metabolism
    • Kidney and urinary tract disease
    • Cardiovascular disease
    • Respiratory disease
    • Endocrine disease
    • Nutrition and disease
    • Diabetes mellitus
    • Alimentary tract and pancreatic disease
    • Liver and biliary tract disease
    • Blood disease
    • Rheumatology and bone disease
    • Neurological disease
    • Medical ophthalmology
    • Skin disease
    • Ageing and disease
    • Reference ranges


  • Step-Up to USMLE Step 2 CK
    La comanda in aproximativ 4 saptamani
    26300lei 225.00 lei



    Now includes Step 2 practice Questions and Answers, with explanations, for each chapter!   Current, concise, and easy to use, the updated fifth edition of Step-Up to USMLE Step 2 CK makes essential information engaging and retainable, delivering the perfect exam prep for today’s busy medical student.   Access just what you need to ace the USMLE Step 2 CK and make a confident transition to clinical practice with this high-yield, system-based review. This updated fifth edition of Step-Up to USMLE Step 2 CK helps you quickly memorize essential information and gives you the realistic test-taking practice to succeed. Full-color illustrations, “Quick Hits,” and mnemonics clarify must-know information on causes, risk factors, history and physical exam, lab studies and radiology, treatment, and complications for the most common diseases and disorders. USMLE-style study questions for each chapter mimic those found on the Step 2 exams, accompanied by complete explanations for maximum comprehension and test preparation.


    Table of Contents:



    I Rapid Review

    II Hypertension

    III Dyslipidemia

    IV Ischemic Heart Disease

    V Arrhythmias

    VI Heart Failure

    VII Cardiomyopathies

    VIII Valvular Diseases

    IX Pericardial Diseases

    X Myocardial Infections

    XI Shock

    XII Vascular Diseases

    Chapter 1: Multiple Choice Questions


    I Oral and Esophageal Conditions

    II Gastrointestinal Infections

    III Gastric Conditions

    IV Intestinal Conditions

    V Pancreatic Disorders

    VI Biliary Disorders

    VII Hepatic Disorders

    Chapter 2: Multiple Choice Questions


    I Anemias

    II Genetic Disorders of Hemoglobin

    III Leukocyte Disorders and Hypersensitivity

    IV Clotting Disorders

    V Hematologic Infections

    VI Hematologic Neoplastic Conditions

    VII Oncologic Therapy

    Chapter 3: Multiple Choice Questions



    I Accidents and Injury

    II Toxicology

    III Cardiovascular Emergencies

    IV Traumatology

    V Abuse and Sexual Assault


    I Issues in the Intensive Care Unit

    II Hemodynamic Stability


    I Pre- and Postoperative Issues

    II Surgical Emergencies

    III Transplantation

    Chapter 4: Multiple Choice Questions


    I Common Adult Orthopedic Conditions

    II Spine

    III Metabolic Bone Diseases

    IV Infection

    V Rheumatologic Diseases

    VI Neoplasms

    Chapter 5: Multiple Choice Questions


    I Measures of Pulmonary Function

    II Respiratory Infections

    III Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

    IV Obstructive Airway Diseases

    V Respiratory Neoplasms

    VI Interstitial Lung Diseases and Other Lung Diseases

    VII Vascular and Thromboembolic Pulmonary Conditions

    VIII Pleural Diseases

    IX Sleep Apnea

    X Pulmonary Surgical Concerns

    Chapter 6: Multiple Choice Questions


    I Disorders of the Kidney

    II Glomerular Diseases

    III Renal Failure

    IV Acid–Base Disorders

    V Electrolyte Disorders

    VI Bladder and Ureteral Disorders

    VII Male Reproduction

    Chapter 7: Multiple Choice Questions


    I Disorders of Glucose Metabolism

    II Thyroid Disorders

    III Parathyroid Disorders

    IV Pituitary and Hypothalamic Disorders

    V Adrenal Disorders

    VI Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia (MEN)

    Chapter 8: Multiple Choice Questions


    I Infections

    II Inflammatory Skin Conditions

    III Bullous Diseases

    IV Neoplasms

    V Plastic Surgery

    Chapter 9: Multiple Choice Questions


    I Pediatric Cardiology

    II Pediatric Pulmonary Concerns

    III Pediatric GI Disorders

    IV Pediatric Genitourinary Concerns

    V Pediatric Endocrine Concerns

    VI Pediatric Hematologic and Oncologic Concerns (Not Addressed in Other Sections)

    VII Pediatric Neurologic Issues

    VIII Pediatric Orthopedics

    IX Development and Health Supervision

    X Immune Disorders

    XI Genetic Disorders (Chromosomal Pathology)

    XII Pediatric Infectious Disorders

    XIII Pediatric Psychiatric Disorders

    Chapter 10: Multiple Choice Questions


    I Normal Neurologic and Neurovascular Function

    II Neurologic Infection

    III Headache

    IV Cerebrovascular and Hemorrhagic Diseases

    V Seizure Disorders

    VI Degenerative Neurologic Disorders

    VII Peripheral Motor and Neuromuscular Disorders

    VIII Neoplasms

    IX Sleep and Loss of Consciousness

    X Ophthalmology

    XI Audiovestibular Disorders

    XII Dementia and Delirium

    Chapter 11: Multiple Choice Questions


    I Menstrual Physiology

    II Contraception

    III Menstrual Disorders and Issues

    IV Common Gynecologic Infections

    V Sexually Transmitted Infections

    VI Gynecologic Neoplasms

    VII Disorders of the Vulva and Vagina

    VIII Disorders of the Breast

    Chapter 12: Multiple Choice Questions


    I Normal Pregnancy Physiology

    II Assessment of Gestational Age

    III Prenatal Care

    IV Medical Complications of Pregnancy

    V Obstetric Complications of Pregnancy

    VI Labor and Delivery

    VII Gestational Trophoblastic Disease

    Chapter 13: Multiple Choice Questions


    I Psychotic Disorders

    II Mood Disorders

    III Anxiety Disorders

    IV Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders

    V Stress- and Trauma-Related Disorders

    VI Somatic Symptom and Related Disorders

    VII Eating Disorders

    VIII Personality Disorders

    IX Substance Abuse

    Chapter 14: Multiple Choice Questions


    I Research Studies

    II Biostatistics

    III Ethics

    Chapter 15: Multiple Choice Questions



  • Clinical Epidemiology
    La comanda in aproximativ 4 saptamani
    20000lei 170.00 lei


    Now in its Sixth Edition, Clinical Epidemiology: The Essentials is a comprehensive, concise, and clinically oriented introduction to the subject of epidemiology. Written by expert educators, this approachable, informative text introduces students to the principles of evidence-based medicine that will help them develop and apply methods of clinical observation in order to form accurate conclusions.  

    The updated Sixth Edition reflects the most current approaches to clinical epidemiology, including the latest coverage of modeling and expanded insight on applying concepts to clinical practice, with updated, clinical vignette-style end-of-chapter questions to help strengthen students understanding and ensure a confident transition to clinical settings. Updated content throughout reflects the latest practices in clinical epidemiology. Increased emphasis on clinical judgment helps students confidently evaluate the effectiveness of guidelines and integrate them into practice. Updated vignette-style end-of-chapter questions place concepts in a clinical context and reinforce students understanding. Key Word Lists at the start of each chapter familiarize students with critical terminology for clinical competence. Example boxes clarify the clinical implications of important concepts with relevant real-world patient care scenarios. Appendix of Additional Readings highlights trusted resources for further review. eBook available for purchase. Fast, smart, and convenient, today s eBooks can transform learning. These interactive, fully searchable tools offer 24/7 access on multiple devices, the ability to highlight and share notes, and more.

  • 30000lei 260.00 lei



    Now combining general surgery and the specialties in one volume, this Sixth Edition of Essentials of General Surgery and Surgical Specialties focuses on the information all medical students need to know to pass the NBME surgery shelf or other surgery rotation examinations. This new edition of Lawrence’s popular text offers concise, high-yield content and a smaller format ideal for study on the go. Updated to reflect the latest advances in the field, it provides the authoritative, up-to-date content today’s busy medical students need for exam success.

    Includes general surgery and surgical specialties all in one volume

    Offers authoritative information by leading surgery educators

    Provides five in-book practice questions per chapter, with additional questions online

    Practice questions include answers and references to the area within the text where the topics are covered

    Focuses on high-yield information for quick reference




    Includes general surgery and surgical specialties all in one volume

    Offers authoritative information by leading surgery educators

    Provides five in-book practice questions per chapter, with additional questions online

    Practice questions include answers and references to the area within the text where the topics are covered

    Focuses on high-yield information for quick reference

    Offers an array of online resources for both students and faculty




  • 35000lei 275.00 lei



    Edited by Adam Feather, MBBS, FRCP, FAcadMEd; David Randall, MA, MRCP; and Mona Waterhouse, MA, MRCP

    Contributors comprise consultants at the top of their fields, paired with younger doctors closer to the exam experience, to ensure authority and relevance.

    Enhanced e-book accompanies the print book, for ease of transportation and use on the move.

    International Advisory Board, led by Professor Janaka de Silva and Professor Senaka Rajapakse, providing guidance for global coverage from across the world.

    Contributions to the e-book by members of the International Advisory Board to amplify areas of clinical importance in their parts of the world.



    Table of Contents:


    1. Diagnosis: The art of being a doctor

    Core Skills and Knowledge

    Diagnosis in the Clinical Consultation

    The medical consultation

    Clinical diagnostic reasoning

    Communicating a diagnosis

    Diagnosis, artificial intelligence and the future of medicine

    2. Human genetics

    Core Skills and Knowledge

    Clinical skills for genetic medicine


    Clinical genetics

    The cellular basis of genetics

    Genetic disorders

    Techniques for studying the genetic code

    Genomic medicine

    The genetic basis of cancer

    3. Immunity

    Core Skills and Knowledge

    Introducing the tissues, cells and molecules of the immune system

    Innate immune system

    Adaptive immune system

    Cell migration

    HLA molecules and antigen presentation

    The immune system in concert

    Laboratory investigations of the immune system

    Clinical immunodeficiency

    Allergic disease (immediate hypersensitivity)

    Autoimmune disease

    Organ rejection in clinical transplantation

    Immune-based therapies

    4. Evidence-based practice

    Core Skills and Knowledge


    Asking Answerable Questions

    Searching for the Evidence

    Appraising the Evidence

    Applying the Evidence

    Section 1: Asking Answerable Questions and Searching for the Evidence

    Section 2: Critical Appraisal

    Section 3: Interpreting Odds Ratios, Confidence Intervals and P-Values

    Section 4: Multiple Choice Questions

    5. Ethical practice and clinical communication

    Core Skills and Knowledge

    Ethics and the law

    Communication in medicine

    6. Malignant disease

    Core Skills and Knowledge

    Clinical skills for malignant disease


    The biology of cancer

    Aetiology and epidemiology

    Screening and investigations

    Principles of cancer treatment

    Acute oncology

    Common solid tumour treatment

    Lung cancer

    Breast cancer

    Upper gastrointestinal cancers

    Lower gastrointestinal cancers

    Hepatobiliary and pancreatic cancers

    Urological cancers

    Gynaecological cancers

    Brain tumours

    Head and neck cancer

    Metastatic cancer of unknown primary

    7. Palliative care and symptom control

    Core Skills and Knowledge

    Introduction and General Aspects

    Symptom Control

    Palliative Care in Non-Malignant Disease

    Care of the Dying

    8. Sepsis and the treatment of bacterial infection

    Core Skills and Knowledge

    clinical skills for infection and sepsis



    recognition of sepsis

    Management of Sepsis

    Antimicrobial Stewardship

    Antibiotic Therapies

    9. Water balance, fluids and electrolytes

    Core skills and knowledge

    Clinical skills for water balance, fluids and electrolytes

    Water and Electrolytes

    Disorders of sodium concentration

    Disorders of potassium concentration

    Disorders of magnesium concentration

    Disorders of phosphate concentration

    Acid–Base Disorders

    10. Critical care medicine

    Core Skills and Knowledge


    Clinical approach to the critically ill patient

    Applied cardiorespiratory physiology

    Disturbances of acid–base balance

    Shock, sepsis and acute disturbances of haemodynamic function

    Respiratory failure

    Acute respiratory distress syndrome

    Acute Kidney injury

    Neurocritical care


    11. Surgery

    Core Skills and Knowledge

    Clinical skills for surgery


    The pathophysiology of surgery

    Management of the perioperative patient

    The patient journey in surgery

    Surgical Ethics, Consent and the Law

    12. Prescribing, therapeutics and toxicology

    Core Skills and Knowledge


    Why do patients need drugs?

    The choice of drug

    The dose

    Prescribing in special populations

    Monitoring drug therapy

    Adverse drug reactions

    Drug interactions

    Information sources


    Clinical approach to the poisoned patient

    Principles of management of poisoning

    Specific poisons

    Poisons in the natural world: additional online content

    13. Global health

    Core Skills and Knowledge


    Millennium and Sustainable Development Goals

    Global Burden of Disease


    Water and Sanitation

    Organizations and the global health agenda


    Maternal and Child Health

    Mental health

    Accidents and Trauma

    Conflict and Catastrophe

    Economics and Politics in Global Health

    Social Determinants of Health

    Human rights and the value of engagement in global health

    14. Public health

    Core Skills and Knowledge


    Key Concepts in Public Health

    Pillars of Public Health

    15. Geriatric medicine, frailty and multimorbidity

    Core Skills and Knowledge



    Investigations in Older Adults

    Taking a History

    Multimorbidity, Sarcopenia and Frailty

    Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment

    Advance Care Planning

    The Most Common Issues in Older People

    Ageing Well and Advantages of Ageing

    16. Haematology

    Core Skills and Knowledge

    Clinical skills for haematology




    The red cell

    Anaemia: an introduction

    Microcytic anaemia

    Normocytic anaemia

    Macrocytic anaemias

    Anaemia due to marrow failure (aplastic anaemia)

    Haemolytic anaemias: an introduction

    Inherited haemolytic anaemia

    Acquired haemolytic anaemia


    The spleen

    Blood transfusion

    Blood groups

    Procedure for blood transfusion in hospitals

    Complications of blood transfusion

    Strategies for the avoidance of unnecessary transfusion

    Blood, blood components and blood products

    The white cell


    Vascular disorders

    Platelet disorders

    Inherited coagulation disorders

    Acquired coagulation disorders

    17. Haematological oncology

    Core Skills and Knowledge

    Clinical skills for haematological oncology




    Clinical features



    MDS/MPN overlap syndromes


    Myeloma and other plasma cell disorders

    18. Rheumatology

    Core Skills and Knowledge

    Clinical skills for rheumatology

    Approach to the patient

    Anatomy and physiology of the normal joint

    Investigation of rheumatic disease

    Clinical conditions in rheumatology

    Common regional musculoskeletal problems

    Chronic pain syndromes

    Analgesic and anti-inflammatory drugs for musculoskeletal problems

    Disorders of collagen


    Inflammatory Arthritis

    Rheumatoid arthritis


    Infections of joints

    Autoimmune rheumatic diseases

    Systemic inflammatory vasculitis

    Arthritis in children

    Rheumatological problems seen in other diseases

    Miscellaneous arthropathies

    19. Bone disease

    Core Skills and Knowledge

    Clinical skills for bone disease

    Anatomy and physiology of bone

    Investigation of bone and calcium disorders



    Paget’s disease of bone

    Rickets and osteomalacia

    Bone infections

    Neoplastic disease of bone

    Scheuermann’s disease

    20. Infectious disease

    Core Skills and Knowledge

    Core content

    Clinical skills for infectious disease


    Clinical approach to the patient with a suspected infection

    Epidemiology and prevention of infections

    Principles and mechanisms of infection

    Viral Infections

    Virus infections of the skin and mucous membranes

    Virus infections of the respiratory tract

    Systemic viral infections

    Virus infections of the nervous system

    Virus infections of the gastrointestinal tract

    Viral hepatitis

    Viruses and malignant disease

    Viral haemorrhagic fevers

    Antiviral drugs

    Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies (Prion Diseases)

    Bacterial Infections

    Bacterial infections of the skin and soft tissues

    Bacterial infections of the respiratory tract

    Bacterial infections of the gastrointestinal tract

    Bacterial infections of the cardiovascular system

    Bacterial infections of the nervous system

    Bacterial bone and joint infections

    Bacterial infections of the urinary tract

    Systemic/multisystem bacterial infections

    Bacterial infections seen in developing and tropical countries

    Antibiotic therapies

    Fungal Infections

    Systemic fungal infections

    Subcutaneous fungal infections

    Superficial fungal infections

    Antifungal drugs

    Protozoal Infections

    Blood and tissue protozoa

    Gastrointestinal protozoa

    Helminthic Infections




    Arthropod Ectoparasites

    21. Endocrinology

    Core Skills and Knowledge

    Clinical skills for endocrinology


    The pituitary gland and hypothalamus

    Hypothalamo–Pituitary–adrenal axis

    The thyroid axis

    Hypothalamo–pituitary–gonadal axis

    Growth and puberty

    The Thirst Axis

    Disorders of Calcium Metabolism

    Hypoglycaemia in the non-diabetic patient

    Other endocrine disorders

    22. Dermatology

    Core Skills and Knowledge

    Clinical Skills for Dermatology


    Skin structure and function

    Investigation of Skin Disease

    Principles of Dermatological Therapy

    Erythroderma and Loss of Skin Function (‘Skin Failure’)

    Common rashes

    Skin Infections

    Human Immunodeficiency Virus and the Skin

    Skin Signs of Systemic Disease


    Blistering and Bullous Skin Disease

    Skin Tumours

    Disorders of Pigmentation

    Nail Disorders

    Hair Disorders

    Birth Marks and Neonatal Rashes

    Drug Eruptions

    23. Diabetes mellitus

    Core Skills and Knowledge

    Clinical skills for diabetes mellitus


    Physiology of insulin structure, secretion and action

    Classification of diabetes

    Clinical Approach to the Patient With Diabetes

    Prevention of Type 2 Diabetes

    Management of diabetes

    Diabetic metabolic emergencies

    Complications of diabetes

    Psychosocial Implications of Diabetes

    Diabetes in special situations

    Organization of diabetes care

    24. Lipid and metabolic disorders

    Core Skills and Knowledge





    Disorders of lipid metabolism

    Inherited metabolic diseases

    25. Liaison psychiatry

    Core Skills and Knowledge


    Clinical approach to the patient with a psychiatric disorder

    Classification of psychiatric disorders

    Aetiology of psychiatric disorders

    Psychiatric aspects of physical diseases

    Sick role and illness behaviour

    Functional somatic syndromes

    Somatoform disorders

    Dissociative/conversion disorders

    Sleep difficulties

    Mood (affective) disorders

    Suicide and self-harm

    Anxiety disorders

    Alcohol misuse and dependence

    Drug misuse and dependence


    Organic mental disorders

    Eating disorders

    Sexual disorders

    Personality disorders

    Involuntary Detention

    Mental Capacity Act

    26. Neurology

    Core Skills and Knowledge

    Clinical skills for neurology


    Clinical approach to the patient with neurological disease

    Functional neuroanatomy

    Cranial nerves

    Motor control systems

    Lower motor neurone lesions

    Sensory pathways and pain

    Bladder control and sexual dysfunction

    Investigation of neurological disease

    Unconsciousness and coma


    Intracranial haemorrhage

    Headache, migraine and facial pain

    Epilepsy and loss of consciousness

    Movement disorders

    Neuroinflammatory disorders

    Nervous system infection


    Traumatic brain injury

    Spinal cord disease

    Neurodegenerative diseases

    Congenital disorders

    Neurogenetic disorders

    Paraneoplastic syndromes

    Peripheral nerve disease

    Muscle diseases

    27. Ear, nose and throat and eye disease

    Core Skills and Knowledge

    Introduction to ENT

    Clinical approach to the patient with an ENT complaint

    Disorders of the Ear

    Clinical Approach to the Patient With a Disorder of the Ear

    Common disorders of the ear

    Disorders of the Nose

    Clinical Approach to the Patient With a Disorder of the Nose

    Common disorders of the nose

    Disorders of the Throat

    Clinical Approach to the Patient With a Disorder of the Throat

    Common disorders of the throat

    Disorders of the Eye

    Applied Anatomy and Physiology

    Clinical Approach to the Patient With a Disorder of the Eye

    Common disorders of the eye

    28. Respiratory disease

    Core Skills and Knowledge

    Clinical skills for respiratory medicine

    Function of the respiratory system

    Clinical Approach to the Patient with Respiratory Disease

    Diseases of the Upper Respiratory Tract

    Obstructive Respiratory Disease


    Respiratory Infection

    Pleural Disease

    Tumours of the Respiratory Tract


    Interstitial Lung Diseases

    Lung and Heart–Lung Transplantation

    Occupational Lung Disease

    Miscellaneous Respiratory Disorders

    Disorders of the Diaphragm

    Mediastinal Lesions

    29. Venous thromboembolic disease

    Core Skills and Knowledge


    Pathogenesis of Thrombosis


    Epidemiology and Risk Factors

    Clinical Features




    Investigation of newly diagnosed venous thrombosis


    Anticoagulant agents

    30. Cardiology

    Core Skills and Knowledge

    Clinical skills for cardiology

    ECG interpretation

    Anatomy, physiology and embryology of the heart

    Clinical approach to the patient with heart disease

    Therapeutic procedures

    Cardiac arrhythmias

    Bradycardias and heart block

    Supraventricular tachycardias

    Ventricular tachyarrhythmias

    Heart failure

    Coronary artery disease


    Acute coronary syndromes

    Valvular heart disease

    Aortic valve

    tricuspid valve

    Pulmonary valve

    Prosthetic valves

    Infective endocarditis

    Congenital heart disease

    Marfan’s syndrome

    Pulmonary heart disease

    Myocardial and endocardial disease

    Myocardial disease

    Pericardial disease

    Peripheral vascular disease

    Peripheral venous disease

    31. Hypertension

    Core Skills and Knowledge


    Clinical Approach to the Patient with Hypertension

    Measurement of blood pressure

    Phenotypes of Hypertension

    Causes of raised blood pressure

    Thresholds and Targets In Hypertension

    Hypertensive Target Organ Damage


    Managing blood pressure in hospital

    32. Gastroenterology

    Core Skills and Knowledge

    Clinical Skills for Gastroenterology


    Anatomy and physiology of the gastrointestinal tract

    Investigation of Gastrointestinal Disease

    Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders


    Salivary Glands

    Pharynx and Oesophagus

    Stomach and Duodenum

    Acute and Chronic Gastrointestinal Bleeding

    Small Intestine

    Inflammatory Bowel Disease

    Colon and Rectum

    The Acute Abdomen


    33. Nutrition

    Core Skills and Knowledge


    Water and Electrolyte Balance

    Dietary Requirements

    Protein–Energy Malnutrition


    Fat-soluble vitamins

    Water-soluble vitamins

    Dietary Antioxidants

    Homocysteine, cardiovascular disease and B vitamins


    Nutrition and Ageing


    Nutritional Support

    Food Allergy and Food Intolerance


    34. Liver disease

    Core Skills and Knowledge

    Clinical skills for liver disease


    Anatomy of the liver and biliary system

    Functions of the liver

    Investigations in the patient with liver disease



    Acute hepatic failure

    Autoimmune hepatitis

    Drug-induced chronic hepatitis

    Chronic hepatitis of unknown cause

    Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease


    Alcoholic liver disease

    Budd–chiari syndrome

    Hepatic sinusoidal obstruction syndrome

    Fibropolycystic diseases

    Liver abscess

    Other infections of the liver

    Liver disease in pregnancy

    Liver tumours

    Miscellaneous conditions of the liver

    Drugs and the liver

    35. Biliary tract and pancreatic disease

    Core Skills and Knowledge


    Gall Bladder and Biliary System

    Biliary system

    Miscellaneous conditions of the biliary tract



    Pancreatic cancer

    Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumours

    Clinical syndromes



    36. Kidney and urinary tract disease

    Core Skills and Knowledge

    Clinical Skills for Nephrology



    Anatomy and Physiology of the Kidney and Urinary Tract

    Investigation of Renal and Urinary Tract Disease

    The Glomerulus and Glomerular Disease

    Kidney Involvement in Other Diseases

    Hypertension and the Kidney

    Other Vascular Disorders of the Kidney

    Renal Calculi and Nephrocalcinosis

    Urinary Tract Obstruction

    Drugs and the Kidney

    Urinary Tract Infection

    Tubulointerstitial Nephritis

    Acute Kidney Injury

    Chronic Kidney Disease

    Cystic Renal Disease

    Tumours of the Kidney and Genitourinary Tract

    Diseases of the Prostate Gland

    The Urinary Tract in the Elderly

    37. Sexually transmitted infections and human immunodeficiency virus

    Core Skills and Knowledge

    Clinical skills for STI and HIV care

    Sexually transmitted infections

    Asymptomatic STI screening

    Investigation of STIs

    Management, prevention and control

    Specific infections

    Human immunodeficiency virus and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

    Clinical features of untreated hiv infection

    Clinical approach to the patient with HIV

    Management of HIV-positive patients

    Specific conditions associated with HIV infection

    Prevention and control of HIV infection

    38. Obstetric medicine

    Core Skills and Knowledge

    Clinical Skills for Obstetric Medicine


    Hypertensive Disorders

    Liver Disease

    Cardiac Disease

    Thromboembolic Disease

    Respiratory Disease

    Neurological Disease

    Endocrine Disease

    Renal Disease

    Skin Disorders


    Prescribing in Pregnancy

    39. Women’s health

    Core Skills and Knowledge

    Clinical skills for women’s health


    The life course approach


    Heavy Menstrual Bleeding

    Abortion/Termination of Pregnancy

    Urinary Incontinence

    Domestic abuse and violence

    Gynaecological cancers

    40. Men’s health

    Core Skills and Knowledge

    Clinical Skills For Men’s Health


    Specific Diseases of Men

    Diseases of the prostate gland

    Diseases of the Penis

    Testicular and Spermatic Cord Disease

    Lack of Libido and Erectile Dysfunction


    The Ageing Male

    41. Environmental medicine

    Core Skills and Knowledge

    Air pollution

    Heat Injury

    Cold injury

    High altitude



    Ionizing radiation

    Electric shock

    Lightning strike

    Inhaled smoke


    Normal Values


  • 21000lei 170.00 lei




    Study efficiently while being confident in your mastery of the most important anatomical concepts! Flashcards have been thoroughly revised to reflect the updates made to the companion text, Gray's Anatomy for Students, 4th Edition.

    Understand the clinical relevance of your anatomical knowledge with clinical imaging cards.

    Conveniently access all of the need-to-know anatomy information! Each card presents beautiful 4-color artwork or a radiologic image of a particular structure/area of the body, with numbered leader lines indicating anatomical structures; labels to the structures are listed by number on the reverse, in addition to relevant functions, clinical correlations, and more.

    Fully grasp the practical applications of anatomy with "In the Clinic" discussions on most cards, which relate structures to corresponding clinical disorders; a page reference to the companion textbook (Gray's Anatomy for Students, 4th Edition) facilitates access to further information.

    Access a clear, visual review of key concepts with wiring diagrams that detail the innervation of nerves to organs and other body parts, as well as muscle cards covering functions and attachments.



    Table of Contents:


    Section 1 Overview

    1 Surface Anatomy: Male Anterior View

    2 Surface Anatomy: Female Posterior View

    3 Skeleton: Anterior View

    4 Skeleton: Posterior View

    5 Muscles: Anterior View

    6 Muscles: Posterior View

    7 Vascular System: Arteries

    8 Vascular System: Veins

    Section 2 Back

    9 Skeletal Framework: Vertebral Column

    10 Skeletal Framework: Typical Vertebra

    11 Skeletal Framework: Vertebra 1

    12 Skeletal Framework: Atlas, Axis, and Ligaments

    13 Skeletal Framework: Vertebra 2

    14 Skeletal Framework: Vertebra 3

    15 Skeletal Framework: Sacrum and Coccyx

    16 Skeletal Framework: Vertebra Radiograph I

    17 Skeletal Framework: Vertebra Radiograph II

    18 Skeletal Framework: Vertebra Radiograph III

    19 Skeletal Framework: Intervertebral Joints

    20 Skeletal Framework: Intervertebral Foramen

    21 Skeletal Framework: Vertebral Ligaments

    22 Skeletal Framework: Intervertebral Disc Protrusion

    23 Muscles: Superficial Group

    24 Muscles: Trapezius Innervation and Blood Supply

    25 Muscles: Intermediate Group

    26 Muscles: Erector Spinae

    27 Muscles: Transversospinalis and Segmentals

    28 Muscles: Suboccipital Region

    29 Spinal Cord

    30 Spinal Cord Details

    31 Spinal Nerves

    32 Spinal Cord Arteries

    33 Spinal Cord Arteries Detail

    34 Spinal Cord Meninges

    Section 3 Thorax

    35 Thoracic Skeleton

    36 Typical Rib

    37 Rib I Superior Surface

    38 Sternum

    39 Vertebra, Ribs, and Sternum

    40 Thoracic Wall

    41 Thoracic Cavity

    42 Intercostal Space with Nerves and Vessels

    43 Pleural Cavity

    44 Pleura

    45 Parietal Pleura

    46 Right Lung

    47 Left Lung

    48 CT: Left Pulmonary Artery

    49 CT: Right Pulmonary Artery

    50 Mediastinum: Subdivisions

    51 Pericardium

    52 Pericardial Sinuses

    53 Anterior Surface of the Heart

    54 Diaphragmatic Surface and Base of the Heart

    55 Right Atrium

    56 Right Ventricle

    57 Left Atrium

    58 Left Ventricle

    59 Plain Chest Radiograph

    60 MRI: Chambers of the Heart

    61 Coronary Arteries

    62 Coronary Veins

    63 Conduction System

    64 Superior Mediastinum

    65 Superior Mediastinum: Cross Section

    66 Superior Mediastinum: Great Vessels

    67 Superior Mediastinum: Trachea and Esophagus

    68 Mediastinum: Right Lateral View

    69 Mediastinum: Left Lateral View

    70 Posterior Mediastinum

    71 Normal Esophageal Constrictions and Esophageal Plexus

    72 Thoracic Aorta and Branches

    73 Azygos System of Veins and Thoracic Duct

    74 Thoracic Sympathetic Trunks and Splanchnic Nerves

    Section 4 Abdomen

    75 Abdominal Wall: Nine-Region Pattern

    76 Abdominal Wall: Layers Overview

    77 Abdominal Wall: Transverse Section

    78 Rectus Abdominis

    79 Rectus Sheath

    80 Inguinal Canal

    81 Spermatic Cord

    82 Round Ligament of the Uterus

    83 Inguinal Region: Internal View

    84 Viscera: Anterior View

    85 Viscera: Anterior View, Small Bowel Removed

    86 Stomach

    87 Double-Contrast Radiograph: Stomach and Duodenum

    88 Duodenum

    89 Radiograph: Jejunum and Ileum

    90 Large Intestine

    91 Barium Radiograph: Large Intestine

    92 Liver

    93 CT: Liver

    94 Pancreas

    95 CT: Pancreas

    96 Bile Drainage

    97 Arteries: Arterial Supply of Viscera

    98 Arteries: Celiac Trunk

    99 Arteries: Superior Mesenteric

    100 Arteries: Inferior Mesenteric

    101 Veins: Portal System

    102 Viscera: Innervation

    103 Posterior Abdominal Region: Overview

    104 Posterior Abdominal Region: Bones

    105 Posterior Abdominal Region: Muscles

    106 Diaphragm

    107 Anterior Relationships of Kidneys

    108 Internal Structure of the Kidney

    109 CT: Renal Pelvis

    110 Renal and Suprarenal Gland Vessels

    111 Abdominal Aorta

    112 Inferior Vena Cava

    113 Urogram: Pathway of Ureter

    114 Lumbar Plexus

    Section 5 Pelvis and Perineum

    115 Pelvis

    116 Pelvic Bone

    117 Ligaments

    118 Muscles: Pelvic Diaphragm and Lateral Wall

    119 Perineal Membrane and Deep Perineal Pouch

    120 Viscera: Female Overview

    121 Viscera: Male Overview

    122 Male Reproductive System

    123 Female Reproductive System

    124 Uterus and Uterine Tubes

    125 Sacral Plexus

    126 Internal Iliac Posterior Trunk

    127 Internal Iliac Anterior Trunk

    128 Female Perineum

    129 Male Perineum

    130 Anal Triangle Cross Section

    131 Superficial Perineal Pouch: Muscles

    132 MRI: Male Pelvic Cavity and Perineum

    133 Deep Perineal Pouch: Muscles

    134 MRI: Female Pelvic Cavity and Perineum

    Section 6 Lower Limb

    135 Skeleton: Overview

    136 Acetabulum

    137 Femur

    138 Hip Joint Ligaments

    139 Ligament of Head of Femur

    140 Radiograph: Hip Joint

    141 CT: Hip Joint

    142 Femoral Triangle

    143 Saphenous Vein

    144 Anterior Compartment: Muscles

    145 Anterior Compartment: Muscle Attachments

    146 Femoral Artery

    147 Medial Compartment: Muscles

    148 Medial Compartment: Muscle Attachments

    149 Obturator Nerve

    150 Gluteal Region: Muscles

    151 Gluteal Region: Muscle Attachments I

    152 Gluteal Region: Muscle Attachments II

    153 Gluteal Region: Arteries

    154 Gluteal Region: Nerves

    155 Sacral Plexus

    156 Posterior Compartment: Muscles

    157 Posterior Compartment: Muscle Attachments

    158 Sciatic Nerve

    159 Knee: Anterolateral View

    160 Knee: Menisci and Ligaments

    161 Knee: Collateral Ligaments

    162 MRI: knee joint

    163 Radiographs: Knee Joint

    164 Knee: Popliteal Fossa

    165 Leg: Bones

    166 Leg Posterior Compartment: Muscles

    167 Leg Posterior Compartment: Muscle Attachments I

    168 Leg Posterior Compartment: Muscle Attachments II

    169 Leg Posterior Compartment: Arteries and Nerves

    170 Leg Lateral Compartment: Muscles

    171 Leg Lateral Compartment: Muscle Attachments

    172 Leg Lateral Compartment: Nerves

    173 Leg Anterior Compartment: Muscles

    174 Leg Anterior Compartment: Muscle Attachments

    175 Leg Anterior Compartment: Arteries and Nerves

    176 Foot: Bones

    177 Radiograph: Foot

    178 Foot: Ligaments

    179 Radiograph: Ankle

    180 Dorsal Foot: Muscles

    181 Dorsal Foot: Muscle Attachments

    182 Dorsal Foot: Arteries

    183 Dorsal Foot: Nerves

    184 Tarsal Tunnel

    185 Sole of Foot: Muscles, First Layer

    186 Sole of Foot: Muscles, Second Layer

    187 Sole of Foot: Muscles, Third Layer

    188 Sole of Foot: Muscles, Fourth Layer

    189 Sole of Foot: Muscle Attachments, First and Second Layers

    190 Sole of Foot: Muscle Attachments, Third Layer

    191 Sole of Foot: Arteries

    192 Sole of Foot: Nerves

    Section 7 Upper Limb

    193 Overview: Skeleton

    194 Clavicle

    195 Scapula

    196 Humerus

    197 Sternoclavicular and Acromioclavicular Joints

    198 Multidetector CT: Sternoclavicular Joint

    199 Radiograph: Acromioclavicular Joint

    200 Shoulder Joint

    201 Radiograph: Glenohumeral Joint

    202 Pectoral Region: Breast

    203 Pectoralis Major

    204 Pectoralis Minor: Nerves and Vessels

    205 Posterior Scapular Region: Muscles

    206 Posterior Scapular Region: Muscle Attachments

    207 Posterior Scapular Region: Arteries and Nerves

    208 Axilla: Vessels

    209 Axilla: Arteries

    210 Axilla: Nerves

    211 Axilla: Brachial Plexus

    212 Axilla: Lymphatics

    213 Humerus: Posterior View

    214 Distal Humerus

    215 Proximal End of Radius and Ulna

    216 Arm Anterior Compartment: Biceps

    217 Arm Anterior Compartment: Muscles

    218 Arm Anterior Compartment: Muscle Attachments

    219 Arm Anterior Compartment: Arteries

    220 Arm Anterior Compartment: Veins

    221 Arm Anterior Compartment: Nerves

    222 Arm Posterior Compartment: Muscles

    223 Arm Posterior Compartment: Muscle Attachments

    224 Arm Posterior Compartment: Nerves and Vessels

    225 Elbow Joint

    226 Cubital Fossa

    227 Radius

    228 Ulna

    229 Radiographs: Elbow Joint

    230 Radiograph: Forearm

    231 Wrist and Bones of Hand

    232 Radiograph: Wrist

    233 Radiographs: Hand and Wrist Joint

    234 Forearm Anterior Compartment: Muscles, First Layer

    235 Forearm Anterior Compartment: Muscle Attachments, Superficial Layer

    236 Forearm Anterior Compartment: Muscles, Second Layer

    237 Forearm Anterior Compartment: Muscles, Third Layer

    238 Forearm Anterior Compartment: Muscle Attachments, Intermediate and Deep Layers

    239 Forearm Anterior Compartment: Arteries

    240 Forearm Anterior Compartment: Nerves

    241 Forearm Posterior Compartment: Muscles, Superficial Layer

    242 Forearm Posterior Compartment: Muscle Attachments, Superficial Layer

    243 Forearm Posterior Compartment: Outcropping Muscles

    244 Forearm Posterior Compartment: Muscle Attachments, Deep Layer

    245 Forearm Posterior Compartment: Nerves and Arteries

    246 Hand: Cross Section Through Wrist

    247 Hand: Superficial Palm

    248 Hand: Thenar and Hypothenar Muscles

    249 Palm of Hand: Muscle Attachments, Thenar and Hypothenar Muscles

    250 Lumbricals

    251 Adductor Muscles

    252 Interosseous Muscles

    253 Palm of Hand: Muscle Attachments

    254 Superficial Palmar Arch

    255 Deep Palmar Arch

    256 Median Nerve

    257 Ulnar Nerve

    258 Radial Nerve

    259 Dorsal Venous Arch

    Section 8 Head and Neck

    260 Skull: Anterior View

    261 Multidetector CT: Anterior View of Skull

    262 Skull: Lateral View

    263 Multidetector CT: Lateral View of Skull

    264 Skull: Posterior View

    265 Skull: Superior View

    266 Skull: Inferior View

    267 Skull: Anterior Cranial Fossa

    268 Skull: Middle Cranial Fossa

    269 Skull: Posterior Cranial Fossa

    270 Meninges

    271 Dural Septa

    272 Meningeal Arteries

    273 Blood Supply to Brain

    274 Magnetic Resonance Angiogram: Carotid and Vertebral Arteries

    275 Circle of Willis

    276 Dural Venous Sinuses

    277 Cavernous Sinus

    278 Cavernous Sinus

    279 Cranial Nerves: Floor of Cranial Cavity

    280 Facial Muscles

    281 Lateral Face

    282 Sensory Nerves of the Head

    283 Vessels of the Lateral Face

    284 Scalp

    285 Orbit: Bones

    286 Lacrimal Apparatus

    287 Orbit: Extra-ocular Muscles

    288 MRI: Muscles of the Eyeball

    289 Superior Orbital Fissure and Optic Canal

    290 Orbit: Superficial Nerves

    291 Orbit: Deep Nerves

    292 Eyeball

    293 Visceral Efferent (Motor) Innervation: Lacrimal Gland

    294 Visceral Efferent (Motor) Innervation: Eyeball (Iris and Ciliary Body)

    295 Visceral Efferent (Motor) Pathways Through Pterygopalatine Fossa

    296 External Ear

    297 External, Middle, and Internal Ear

    298 Tympanic Membrane

    299 Middle Ear: Schematic View

    300 Internal Ear

    301 Infratemporal Region: Muscles of Mastication

    302 Infratemporal Region: Muscles

    303 Infratemporal Region: Arteries

    304 Infratemporal Region: Nerves, Part 1

    305 Infratemporal Region: Nerves, Part 2

    306 Parasympathetic Innervation of Salivary Glands

    307 Pterygopalatine Fossa: Gateways

    308 Pterygopalatine Fossa: Nerves

    309 Pharynx: Posterior View of Muscles

    310 Pharynx: Lateral View of Muscles

    311 Pharynx: Midsagittal Section

    312 Pharynx: Posterior View, Opened

    313 Larynx: Overview

    314 Larynx: Cartilage and Ligaments

    315 Larynx: Superior View of Vocal Ligaments

    316 Larynx: Posterior View

    317 Larynx: Laryngoscopic Images

    318 Larynx: Intrinsic Muscles

    319 Larynx: Nerves

    320 Nasal Cavity: Paranasal Sinuses

    321 Radiographs: Nasal Cavities and Paranasal Sinuses

    322 CT: Nasal Cavities and Paranasal Sinuses

    323 Nasal Cavity: Nasal Septum

    324 Nasal Cavity: Lateral Wall, Bones

    325 Nasal Cavity: Lateral Wall, Mucosa, and Openings

    326 Nasal Cavity: Arteries

    327 Nasal Cavity: Nerves

    328 Oral Cavity: Overview

    329 Oral Cavity: Floor

    330 Oral Cavity: Tongue

    331 Oral Cavity: Sublingual Glands

    332 Oral Cavity: Glands

    333 Oral Cavity: Salivary Gland Nerves

    334 Oral Cavity: Soft Palate (Overview)

    335 Oral Cavity: Palate, Arteries, and Nerves

    336 Oral Cavity: Teeth

    337 Neck: Triangles

    338 Neck: Fascia

    339 Neck: Superficial Veins

    340 Neck: Anterior Triangle, Infrahyoid Muscles

    341 Neck: Anterior Triangle, Carotid System

    342 Neck: Anterior Triangle, Glossopharyngeal Nerve

    343 Neck: Anterior Triangle, Vagus Nerve

    344 Neck: Anterior Triangle, Hypoglossal Nerve, and Ansa Cervicalis

    345 Neck: Anterior Triangle, Anterior View Thyroid

    346 Neck: Anterior Triangle, Posterior View Thyroid

    347 Neck: Posterior Triangle, Muscles

    348 Neck: Posterior Triangle, Nerves

    349 Base of Neck

    350 Base of Neck: Arteries

    351 Base of Neck: Lymphatics

    Section 9 Surface Anatomy

    352 Back Surface Anatomy

    353 End of Spinal Cord: Lumbar Puncture

    354 Thoracic Skeletal Landmarks

    355 Heart Valve Auscultation

    356 Lung Auscultation 1

    357 Lung Auscultation 2

    358 Referred Pain: Heart

    359 Inguinal Hernia I

    360 Inguinal Hernia II

    361 Inguinal Hernia III

    362 Referred Abdominal Pain

    363 Female Perineum

    364 Male Perineum

    365 Gluteal Injection Site

    366 Femoral Triangle Surface Anatomy

    367 Popliteal Fossa

    368 Tarsal Tunnel

    369 Lower Limb Pulse Points

    370 Upper Limb Pulse Points

    371 Head and Neck Pulse Points

    Section 10 Nervous System

    372 Brain: Base of Brain Cranial Nerves

    373 Spinal Cord

    374 Spinal Nerve

    375 Heart Sympathetics

    376 Gastrointestinal Sympathetics

    377 Parasympathetics

    378 Parasympathetic Ganglia

    379 Pelvic Autonomics

    Section 11 Imaging

    380 Mediastinum: CT Images, Axial Plane

    381 Mediastinum: CT Images, Axial Plane

    382 Mediastinum: CT Images, Axial Plane

    383 Stomach and Duodenum: Double-Contrast Radiograph

    384 Jejunum and Ileum: Radiograph

    385 Large Intestine: Radiograph, Using Barium

    386 Liver: Abdominal CT Scan with Contrast, in Axial Plane

    387 Pancreas: Abdominal CT Scan with Contrast, in Axial Plane

    388 Male Pelvic Cavity and Perineum: T2-Weighted MR Images, in Axial Plane

    389 Male Pelvic Cavity and Perineum: T2-Weighted MR Images, in Axial Plane

    390 Female Pelvic Cavity and Perineum: T2-Weighted MR Images, in Sagittal Plane

    391 Female Pelvic Cavity and Perineum: T2-Weighted MR Images, in Coronal Plane

    392 Female Pelvic Cavity and Perineum: T2-Weighted MR Images, in Axial Plane

    393 Female Pelvic Cavity and Perineum: T2-Weighted MR Images, in Axial Plane


  • 55700lei 460.00 lei



    Readable and highly illustrated, Robbins and Cotran Pathologic Basis of Disease, 10th Edition presents an in-depth, state-of-the-art overview of human diseases and their cellular and molecular basis. This best-selling text delivers the latest, most essential pathology knowledge in a readable, interesting manner, ensuring optimal understanding of the latest basic science and clinical content. More than 1,000 high-quality photographs and full-color illustrations highlight new information in molecular biology, disease classifications, new drugs and drug therapies, and much more. This superb learning package also includes an enhanced eBook with a full complement of ancillary content on Student Consult.

    Provides uniquely authoritative and readable coverage, ideal for USMLE or specialty board preparation, as well as for coursework.

    Covers the hot topics you need to know about, including novel therapies for hepatitis C, classification of lymphomas, unfolded protein response, non-apoptotic pathways of cell death, coronavirus infections, liquid biopsy for cancer detection, regulation of iron absorption, clonal hematopoiesis and atherosclerosis, thrombotic microangiopathies, heparin-induced thrombocytopenias, inflammatory myopathies, genetic tools for treatment of cystic fibrosis, and many more. 

    Uses an outstanding full-color, user-friendly design to simplify your study and quickly direct you to the information you need to know, with learning features such as boldface overviews at the beginning of each section, key concepts boxes, suggested readings, schematic diagrams that illustrate complex concepts, and new gross and microscopic figures for clarity of morphology.

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    Table of Contents:


    Chapter 1 The Cell as a Unit of Health and Disease

    The Genome

    Cellular Housekeeping

    Cellular Metabolism and Mitochondrial Function

    Cellular Activation

    Growth Factors and Receptors

    Extracellular Matrix

    Maintaining Cell Populations

    Suggested Readings


    Chapter 2 Cell Injury, Cell Death, and Adaptations

    Introduction to Pathology

    Overview of Cellular Responses to Stress and Noxious Stimuli

    Reversible Cell Injury

    Cell Death

    Mechanisms of Cell Injury

    Clinicopathologic Correlations: Selected Examples of Cell Injury and DEATH

    Adaptations of Cellular Growth and Differentiation

    Intracellular Accumulations

    Pathologic Calcification

    Cellular Aging

    Suggested Readings


    Chapter 3 Inflammation and Repair

    Overview of Inflammation: Definitions and General Features

    Acute Inflammation

    Chronic Inflammation

    Systemic Effects of Inflammation

    Tissue Repair

    Suggested Readings


    Chapter 4 Hemodynamic Disorders, Thromboembolic Disease, and Shock

    Edema and Effusions

    Hyperemia and Congestion

    Hemostasis, Hemorrhagic Disorders, and Thrombosis




    Suggested Readings


    Chapter 5 Genetic Disorders

    Genes and Human Diseases

    Mendelian Disorders

    Complex Multigenic Disorders

    Chromosomal Disorders

    Single-Gene Disorders With Nonclassic Inheritance

    Molecular Genetic Diagnosis


    Suggested Readings


    Chapter 6 Diseases of the Immune System

    The Normal Immune Response

    Hypersensitivity: Immunologically Mediated Tissue Injury

    Autoimmune Diseases

    Rejection of Tissue Transplants

    Immunodeficiency Diseases


    Suggested Readings


    Chapter 7 Neoplasia


    Characteristics of Benign and Malignant Neoplasms

    Epidemiology of Cancer

    Molecular Basis of Cancer: Role of Genetic and Epigenetic Alterations

    Carcinogenic Agents and Their Cellular Interactions

    Clinical Aspects of Neoplasia

    Suggested Readings


    Chapter 8 Infectious Diseases


    General Principles of Microbial Pathogenesis

    Viral Infections

    Bacterial Infections

    Fungal Infections

    Parasitic Infections

    Sexually Transmitted Infections

    Emerging Infectious Diseases

    Special Techniques for Diagnosing Infectious Agents

    Suggested Readings


    Chapter 9 Environmental and Nutritional Diseases

    Health Effects of Climate Change

    Toxicity of Chemical and Physical Agents

    Environmental Pollution

    Occupational Health Risks: Industrial and Agricultural Exposures

    Effects of Alcohol

    Injury by Therapeutic Drugs and Drugs of Abuse

    Injury by Physical Agents

    Nutritional Diseases

    Suggested Readings


    Chapter 10 Diseases of Infancy and Childhood

    Congenital Anomalies

    Prematurity and Fetal Growth Restriction

    Perinatal Infections

    Fetal Hydrops

    Inborn Errors of Metabolism and Other Genetic Disorders

    Sudden Infant Death Syndrome

    Tumors and Tumorlike Lesions of Infancy and Childhood

    Suggested Readings


    Chapter 11 Blood Vessels

    Vascular Structure and Function

    Vascular Anomalies

    Vascular Wall Response to Injury

    Hypertensive Vascular Disease



    Aneurysms and Dissection


    Disorders of Blood Vessel Hyperreactivity

    Veins and Lymphatics

    Vascular Tumors

    Pathology of Vascular Intervention

    Suggested Readings


    Chapter 12 The Heart

    Cardiac Structure and Specializations

    Overview of Cardiac Pathophysiology

    Heart Failure

    Cardiac Development

    Congenital Heart Disease

    Ischemic Heart Disease


    Hypertensive Heart Disease

    Valvular Heart Disease


    Pericardial Disease

    Tumors of the Heart

    Cardiac Transplantation

    Cardiac Devices

    Suggested Readings


    Chapter 13 Diseases of White Blood Cells, Lymph Nodes, Spleen, and Thymus

    Normal Hematopoiesis

    Disorders of White Cells



    Suggested Readings


    Chapter 14 Red Blood Cell and Bleeding Disorders



    Bleeding Disorders: Hemorrhagic Diatheses

    Suggested Readings


    Chapter 15 The Lung

    Congenital Anomalies

    Atelectasis (Collapse)

    Pulmonary Edema

    Acute Lung Injury and Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (Diffuse Alveolar Damage)

    Obstructive and Restrictive Lung Diseases

    Obstructive Lung Diseases

    Chronic Diffuse Interstitial (Restrictive) Diseases

    Diseases of Vascular Origin

    Pulmonary Infections

    Lung Transplantation



    Suggested Readings


    Chapter 16 Head and Neck

    Oral Cavity

    Upper Airways



    Salivary Glands

    Suggested Readings


    Chapter 17 The Gastrointestinal Tract

    Congenital Abnormalities



    Small Intestine and Colon

    Peritoneal Cavity

    Suggested Readings


    Chapter 18 Liver and Gallbladder

    The Liver and Bile Ducts


    Suggested Readings


    Chapter 19 The Pancreas

    Congenital Anomalies


    Nonneoplastic Cysts


    Suggested Readings


    Chapter 20 The Kidney

    Clinical Manifestations of Renal Diseases

    Glomerular Diseases

    Tubular and Interstitial Diseases

    Vascular Diseases

    Congenital and Developmental Anomalies

    Cystic Diseases of the Kidney

    Urinary Tract Obstruction (Obstructive Uropathy)

    Urolithiasis (Renal Calculi, Stones)

    Neoplasms of the Kidney

    Suggested Readings


    Chapter 21 The Lower Urinary Tract and Male Genital System

    The Lower Urinary Tract

    The Male Genital Tract

    Suggested Readings


    Chapter 22 The Female Genital Tract




    Body of Uterus and Endometrium


    Gestational and Placental Disorders

    Suggested Readings


    Chapter 23 The Breast

    Disorders of Development

    Clinical Presentations of Breast Disease

    Inflammatory Disorders

    Benign Epithelial Lesions

    Carcinoma of the Breast

    Stromal Tumors

    Other Malignant Tumors of the Breast

    Suggested Readings


    Chapter 24 The Endocrine System

    Pituitary Gland

    Thyroid Gland

    Parathyroid Glands

    The Endocrine Pancreas

    Adrenal Glands

    Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Syndromes

    Pineal Gland

    Suggested Readings


    Chapter 25 The Skin

    The Skin: More Than a Mechanical Barrier

    Disorders of Pigmentation and Melanocytes

    Benign Epithelial Tumors

    Adnexal (Appendage) Tumors

    Premalignant and Malignant Epidermal Tumors

    Tumors of the Dermis

    Tumors of Cellular Migrants to the Skin

    Disorders of Epidermal Maturation

    Acute Inflammatory Dermatoses

    Chronic Inflammatory Dermatoses

    Blistering (Bullous) Diseases

    Disorders of Epidermal Appendages



    Suggested Readings


    Chapter 26 Bones, Joints, and Soft Tissue Tumors



    Soft Tissue Tumors

    Suggested Readings


    Chapter 27 Peripheral Nerves and Skeletal Muscles

    Diseases of Peripheral Nerves

    Diseases of the Neuromuscular Junction

    Diseases of Skeletal Muscle

    Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumors

    Suggested Readings


    Chapter 28 The Central Nervous System

    Cellular Pathology of the Central Nervous System

    Cerebral Edema, Hydrocephalus, Raised Intracranial Pressure, and Herniation

    Malformations and Developmental Disorders

    Perinatal Brain Injury


    Cerebrovascular Disease


    Demyelinating Diseases

    Neurodegenerative Diseases

    Genetic Metabolic Diseases

    Toxic and Acquired Metabolic Diseases



    Suggested Readings


    Chapter 29 The Eye






    Anterior Segment


    Retina and Vitreous

    Optic Nerve

    The End-Stage Eye: Phthisis Bulbi

    Suggested Readings



  • 32000lei 300.00 lei



    World-renowned coverage of today’s pharmacology at your fingertips

    Keeps you up-to-date with new information in this fast-changing field, including significantly revised coverage of CNS drugs, cognitive enhancers, anti-infectives, biologicals/biopharmaceuticals, lifestyle drugs, and more.

    Includes access to unique features, including more than 100 brand new chapter-specific multiple-choice questions and 6 new cases for immediate self-assessment.

    Features a color-coded layout for faster navigation and cross-referencing.

    Clarifies complex concepts with Key Points boxes, Clinical Uses boxes and full-color illustrations throughout.


    Table of Contents:


    Rang and Dale's Pharmacology Ninth Edition Preface


    Section 1 General principles

    1 What is pharmacology?

    What Is a Drug?

    Origins and Antecedents

    Pharmacology in the 20Th and 21St Centuries

    References and Further Reading

    2 How drugs act


    Protein Targets for Drug Binding

    Desensitisation and Tolerance

    Quantitative Aspects of Drug–Receptor Interactions

    The Nature of Drug Effects

    References and Further Reading

    3 How drugs act

    Protein Targets for Drug Action

    Receptor Proteins

    Ion Channels as Drug Targets

    Control of Receptor Expression

    Receptors and Disease

    References and Further Reading

    4 How drugs act

    Regulation of Intracellular Calcium


    Muscle Contraction

    Release of Chemical Mediators

    Epithelial Ion Transport

    References and Further Reading

    5 How drugs act


    Protein and Oligonucleotide Biopharmaceuticals


    Gene Therapy

    Safety and Societal Issues

    Therapeutic Applications

    Concluding Remarks

    References and Further Reading

    6 Cell proliferation, apoptosis, repair and regeneration

    Cell Proliferation


    Apoptosis and Cell Removal

    Pathophysiological Implications

    Therapeutic Prospects

    References and Further Reading

    7 Cellular mechanisms


    The Innate Immune Response

    The Adaptive Immune Response

    Systemic Responses in Inflammation

    References and Further Reading

    8 Method and measurement in pharmacology


    Animal Models of Disease

    Pharmacological Studies in Humans

    Clinical Trials

    References and Further Reading

    9 Absorption and distribution of drugs


    Physical Processes Underlying Drug Disposition

    Drug Absorption and Routes of Administration

    Distribution of Drugs in the Body

    Special Drug Delivery Systems

    References and Further Reading

    10 Drug metabolism and elimination


    Drug and Metabolite Excretion

    References and Further Reading

    11 Pharmacokinetics

    Introduction: Definition and Uses of Pharmacokinetics

    Drug Elimination Expressed as Clearance

    Single-Compartment Model

    More Complicated Kinetic Models

    Population Pharmacokinetics

    Limitations of Pharmacokinetics

    References and Further Reading

    12 Individual variation, pharmacogenomics and personalised medicine


    Epidemiological Factors and Inter-Individual Variation of Drug Response

    Genetic Variation in Drug Responsiveness

    Therapeutic Drugs and Clinically Available Pharmacogenomic Tests


    References and Further Reading

    Section 2 Chemical mediators

    13 Chemical mediators and the autonomic nervous system

    Historical Aspects

    The Autonomic Nervous System

    Some General Principles of Chemical Transmission

    Basic Steps in Neurochemical Transmission: Sites of Drug Action

    References and Further Reading

    14 Cholinergic transmission

    Muscarinic and Nicotinic Actions of Acetylcholine

    Acetylcholine Receptors

    Nicotinic Receptors

    Physiology of Cholinergic Transmission

    Effects of Drugs on Cholinergic Transmission

    References and Further Reading

    15 Noradrenergic transmission


    Classification of Adrenoceptors

    Physiology of Noradrenergic Transmission

    Drugs Acting on Noradrenergic Transmission

    References and Further Reading

    16 5-Hydroxytryptamine and the pharmacology of migraine


    Migraine and Other Clinical Conditions in Which 5-HT Plays a Role

    References and Further Reading

    17 Purines


    Purinergic Receptors

    Adenosine as a Mediator

    ADP as a Mediator

    ATP as a Mediator

    Future Prospects

    References and Further Reading

    18 Local hormones 1


    What Is a ‘Mediator’?




    Other Important Fatty Acid Derivatives

    Platelet-Activating Factor

    Concluding Remarks

    References and Further Reading

    19 Local hormones 2


    General Principles of Protein and Peptide Pharmacology

    Biosynthesis and Regulation of Peptides




    Proteins and Peptides That Down-Regulate Inflammation

    Concluding Remarks

    References and Further Reading

    20 Cannabinoids

    Plant-Derived Cannabinoids and Their Pharmacological Effects

    Cannabinoid Receptors


    Synthetic Cannabinoids

    Clinical Applications

    References and Further Reading

    21 Nitric oxide and related mediators


    Biosynthesis of Nitric Oxide and Its Control

    Degradation and Carriage of Nitric Oxide

    Effects of Nitric Oxide

    Therapeutic Aspects

    Clinical Conditions in Which Nitric Oxide May Play A Part

    Related Mediators

    References and Further Reading

    Section 3 Drugs affecting major organ systems

    22 The heart


    Physiology of Cardiac Function

    Autonomic Control of the Heart

    Cardiac Natriuretic Peptides

    Ischaemic Heart Disease

    Drugs That Affect Cardiac Function

    References and Further Reading

    23 The vascular system


    Vascular Structure and Function

    Control of Vascular Smooth Muscle Tone

    Vasoactive Drugs

    Clinical Uses of Vasoactive Drugs

    References and Further Reading

    24 Atherosclerosis and lipoprotein metabolism



    Lipoprotein Transport

    Prevention of Atheromatous Disease

    Lipid-Lowering Drugs

    References and Further Reading

    25 Haemostasis and thrombosis


    Blood Coagulation

    Drugs That Act on the Coagulation Cascade

    Platelet Adhesion and Activation

    Fibrinolysis (Thrombolysis)

    References and Further Reading

    26 Haematopoietic system and treatment of anaemia


    The Haematopoietic System

    Types of Anaemia

    Haematinic Agents

    Haematopoietic Growth Factors

    Haemolytic Anaemia

    References and Further Reading

    27 Anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressant drugs


    Cyclo-Oxygenase Inhibitors

    Antirheumatoid Drugs

    Anticytokine Drugs and Other Biopharmaceuticals

    Drugs Used in Gout

    Antagonists of Histamine

    Possible Future Developments IN ANTIINFLAMMATORY THERAPY

    References and Further Reading

    28 Skin


    Structure of Skin

    Common Diseases of the Skin

    Drugs Acting on Skin

    Principal Drugs Used in Skin Disorders

    Agents Acting by Other Mechanisms

    Concluding Remarks

    References and Further Reading

    29 Respiratory system

    The Physiology of Respiration

    Pulmonary Disease and Its Treatment

    References and Further Reading

    30 The kidney and urinary system


    Outline of Renal Function

    The Structure and Function of the Nephron

    Drugs Acting on the Kidney

    Drugs That Alter the pH of the Urine

    Drugs That Alter the Excretion of Organic Molecules

    Drugs Used in Renal Failure

    Drugs Used in Urinary Tract Disorders

    References and Further Reading

    31 The gastrointestinal tract

    The Innervation and Hormones of the Gastrointestinal Tract

    Gastric Secretion


    The Motility of the GI Tract

    Drugs for Chronic Bowel Disease

    Drugs Affecting the Biliary System

    Future Directions

    References and Further Reading

    32 The control of blood glucose and drug treatment of diabetes mellitus


    Control of Blood Glucose

    Pancreatic Islet Hormones

    Diabetes Mellitus

    References and Further Reading

    33 Obesity


    Obesity as a Health Problem

    Homeostatic Mechanisms Controlling Energy Balance

    The Pathophysiology of Human Obesity

    Pharmacological Approaches to the Problem of Obesity

    New Approaches to Obesity Therapy

    References and Further Reading

    34 The pituitary and the adrenal cortex

    The Pituitary Gland

    The Adrenal Cortex

    New Directions in Glucocorticoid Therapy

    References and Further Reading

    35 The thyroid

    Synthesis, Storage and Secretion of Thyroid Hormones

    Regulation of Thyroid Function

    Actions of the Thyroid Hormones

    Transport and Metabolism of Thyroid Hormones

    Abnormalities of Thyroid Function

    Drugs Used in Diseases of the Thyroid

    References and Further Reading

    36 The reproductive system


    Endocrine Control of Reproduction

    Drugs Affecting Reproductive Function

    Drugs Used for Contraception

    The Uterus

    Erectile Dysfunction

    References and Further Reading

    37 Bone metabolism


    Bone Structure and Composition

    Bone Remodelling

    Disorders of Bone

    Drugs Used in Bone Disorders

    Potential New Therapies

    References and Further Reading

    Section 4 Nervous system

    38 Chemical transmission and drug action in the central nervous system


    Chemical Signalling in the Nervous System

    Targets for Drug Action

    Drug Action in the Central Nervous System

    The Classification of Psychotropic Drugs

    References and Further Reading

    39 Amino acid transmitters

    Excitatory Amino Acids


    γ-Aminobutyric Acid (GABA)


    Concluding Remarks

    References and further reading

    40 Other transmitters and modulators








    Other CNS Mediators

    A Final Message

    References and Further Reading

    41 Neurodegenerative diseases

    Protein Misfolding and Aggregation in Chronic Neurodegenerative Diseases

    Mechanisms of Neuronal Death

    Ischaemic Brain Damage

    Alzheimer's Disease

    Parkinson's Disease

    Huntington's Disease

    Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

    Spinal Muscular Atrophy

    Multiple Sclerosis

    References and Further Reading

    42 General anaesthetic agents


    Mechanism of Action of Anaesthetic Drugs

    Intravenous Anaesthetic Agents

    Inhalation Anaesthetics

    Individual Inhalation Anaesthetics

    Balanced Anaesthesia

    References and Further Reading

    43 Analgesic drugs

    Neural Mechanisms of Pain

    Analgesic Drugs

    References and further reading

    44 Local anaesthetics and other drugs affecting sodium channels

    Local Anaesthetics

    Other Drugs That Affect Sodium Channels

    References and Further Reading

    45 Anxiolytic and hypnotic drugs

    The Nature of Anxiety and Its Treatment

    Measurement of Anxiolytic Activity

    Drugs Used to Treat Anxiety

    Delayed Anxiolytic Effect of SSRIs and Buspirone

    Drugs Used to Treat Insomnia (Hypnotic Drugs)

    References and Further Reading

    46 Antiepileptic drugs


    The Nature of Epilepsy

    Antiepileptic Drugs

    Muscle Spasm and Muscle Relaxants

    References and Further Reading

    47 Antipsychotic drugs


    The Nature of Schizophrenia

    Antipsychotic Drugs

    Future Developments

    References and Further Reading

    48 Antidepressant drugs

    The Nature of Depression

    Theories of Depression

    Antidepressant Drugs

    Clinical Effectiveness of Antidepressant Treatments

    Future Antidepressant Drugs

    Brain Stimulation Therapies

    Drug Treatment of Bipolar Disorder

    References and Further Reading

    49 Psychoactive drugs


    Psychomotor Stimulants

    Cognition-Enhancing Drugs

    Psychedelic Drugs

    Ketamine and Related Drugs


    Tolerance and Dependence

    Synthetic Cannabinoids

    References and Further Reading

    50 Drug abuse and dependence

    Drug Use and Abuse

    References and Further Reading

    Section 5 Drugs used for the treatment of infections and cancer

    51 Basic principles of antimicrobial chemotherapy


    The Molecular Basis of Chemotherapy

    Resistance to Antibacterial Drugs

    Current Status of Antibiotic Resistance in Bacteria

    References and Further Reading

    52 Antibacterial drugs


    Antibacterial Agents That Interfere With Folate Synthesis or Action

    β-Lactam Antibiotics and Other Agents That Interfere With Bacterial Wall or Membrane Synthesis

    Antimicrobial Agents Affecting Bacterial Protein Synthesis

    Antimicrobial Agents Affecting Topoisomerase

    Miscellaneous Antibacterial Agents

    Antimycobacterial Agents

    Possible New Antibacterial Drugs

    References and Further Reading

    53 Antiviral drugs

    Background Information About Viruses

    The Host–Virus Interaction

    HIV and AIDS

    Antiviral Drugs

    Combination Therapy for HIV

    Prospects for New Antiviral Drugs

    References and further reading

    54 Antifungal drugs

    Fungi and Fungal Infections

    Drugs Used to Treat Fungal Infections

    Future Developments

    References and Further Reading

    55 Antiprotozoal drugs


    Host–Parasite Interactions

    Malaria and Antimalarial Drugs

    Amoebiasis and Amoebicidal Drugs

    Trypanosomiasis and Trypanocidal Drugs

    Other Protozoal Infections and Drugs Used to Treat Them

    Future Developments

    References and Further Reading

    56 Antihelminthic drugs

    Helminth Infections

    Antihelminthic Drugs

    Resistance to Antihelminthic Drugs

    Vaccines and Other Novel Approaches

    References and Further Reading

    57 Anticancer drugs


    The Pathogenesis of Cancer

    General Principles of Cytotoxic Anticancer Drugs

    Anticancer Drugs

    Future Developments

    References and Further Reading

    Section 6 Special topics

    58 Harmful effects of drugs


    Classification of Adverse Drug Reactions

    Drug Toxicity

    Immunological Reactions to Drugs

    References and further reading

    59 Lifestyle and drugs in sport

    What Are Lifestyle Drugs?

    Classification of Lifestyle Drugs

    Drugs and Sex

    Drugs in Sport


    References and Further Reading

    60 Drug discovery and development

    The Stages of a Project


    Commercial Aspects

    Future Prospects

    A Final Word

    References and Further Reading



  • 35700lei 320.00 lei



    With strong correlations between gross anatomy and the microanatomy of structures, Netter’s Essential Histology, 3rd Edition, is the perfect text for today’s evolving medical education. Concise and easy to use, it integrates gross anatomy and embryology with classic histology slides and state-of-the-art scanning electron microscopy, offering a clear, visual understanding of this complex subject. Additional histopathology images, more clinical boxes, and new histopathology content ensure that this textbook-atlas clearly presents the most indispensable histologic concepts and their clinical relevance.

    Helps you recognize both normal and diseased structures at the microscopic level with the aid of succinct explanatory text as well as numerous clinical boxes. 

    Features more histopathology content and additional clinical boxes to increase your knowledge of pathophysiology and clinical relevance. 

    Includes high-quality light and electron micrographs, including enhanced and colorized electron micrographs that show ultra-structures in 3D, side by side with classic Netter illustrations that link your knowledge of anatomy and cell biology to what is seen in the micrographs. 

    Provides online access to author-narrated video overviews of each chapter, plus Zoomify images and Virtual Slides that include histopathology and can be viewed at different magnifications. 

    Evolve Instructor site with an image and test bank is available to instructors through their Elsevier sales rep or via request at 


    Table of Contents:


    I Cells and Tissues

    1 The Cell

    1.1 Overview

    1.2 Microscopes and Techniques

    1.3 Different Appearances of Cells According to Technique

    1.4 Ultrastructure and Function of Cell Membranes

    1.5 Intercellular Junctions: Ultrastructure and Function of Tight Junctions

    1.6 Intercellular Junctions: Ultrastructure and Function of Anchoring Junctions

    1.7 Intercellular Junctions: Ultrastructure and Function of Gap Junctions

    1.8 Ultrastructure and Function of the Nucleus and Nucleolus

    1.9 Ultrastructure and Function of the Nucleus: Chromatin and Matrix

    1.10 Ultrastructure and Function of the Nuclear Envelope

    1.11 Ultrastructure and Function of Mitochondria

    1.12 Ultrastructure and Function of Mitochondrial Cristae and Matrix

    1.13 Ultrastructure and Function of Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum

    1.14 Ultrastructure and Function of Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum

    1.15 Ultrastructure and Function of Ribosomes

    1.16 Ultrastructure of the Golgi Complex

    1.17 Functions of the Golgi Complex

    1.18 Ultrastructure and Function of Lysosomes

    1.19 Ultrastructure and Function of Peroxisomes

    1.20 Ultrastructure and Function of Inclusions: Glycogen

    1.21 Ultrastructure and Function of Inclusions: Lipid Droplets

    1.22 Ultrastructure and Function of Cytoplasmic Vesicles: Endocytosis, Transcytosis, and Exocytosis

    1.23 Ultrastructure and Function of Microtubules

    1.24 Ultrastructure and Function of Cytoplasmic Filaments

    1.25 Ultrastructure and Function of the Centrosome and Centrioles

    1.26 The Cell Cycle, Mitosis, and Other Cellular Processes

    1.27 Specializations of the Cell Surface: Cilia and Basal Bodies

    1.28 Histopathology and Disease

    1.29 Pathology of the Cell

    2 Epithelium and Exocrine Glands

    2.1 Overview

    2.2 Structure and Function of Simple Squamous Epithelium

    2.3 Ultrastructure and Function of Simple Squamous Epithelium

    2.4 Structure and Function of Simple Cuboidal Epithelium

    2.5 Structure and Function of Simple Columnar Epithelium

    2.6 Structure and Function of Pseudostratified Epithelium

    2.7 Structure and Function of Stratified Squamous Epithelium

    2.8 Ultrastructure and Function of Stratified Squamous Epithelium

    2.9 Structure and Function of Stratified Cuboidal and Columnar Epithelia

    2.10 Structure and Function of Transitional Epithelium (Urothelium)

    2.11 Ultrastructure and Function of the Urothelium

    2.12 Structure and Function of Basement Membranes

    2.13 Overview of Exocrine Glands

    2.14 Structure and Function of Serous Cells

    2.15 Ultrastructure and Function of Serous Cells

    2.16 Structure and Function of Mucous Cells

    2.17 Structure and Histology of Resting Mammary Glands

    2.18 Histology and Function of Lactating (Active) Mammary Glands

    2.19 Ultrastructure and Function of Mammary Gland Alveoli

    2.20 Histology of Atrophic Mammary Glands

    2.21 Ultrastructure of Mammary Gland Ducts

    2.22 Pathology of Epithelium and Exocrine Glands

    3 Connective Tissue

    3.1 Overview

    3.2 Classification of Connective Tissue Proper

    3.3 Structure and Function of Mesenchymal Cells

    3.4 Structure and Function of Fibroblasts

    3.5 Ultrastructure and Function of Fibroblasts

    3.6 Synthesis of Collagen

    3.7 Types of Collagen and Its Ultrastructure

    3.8 Histology of Elastic Connective Tissue

    3.9 Histology of Reticular Connective Tissue

    3.10 Histology and Function of Mast Cells

    3.11 Ultrastructure and Function of Mast Cells

    3.12 Histology and Function of Plasma Cells

    3.13 Ultrastructure of Plasma Cells

    3.14 Structure and Function of Macrophages

    3.15 Ultrastructure and Function of Macrophages

    3.16 Histology of Adipose Tissue

    3.17 Ultrastructure and Function of Unilocular Adipocytes in White Fat

    3.18 Ultrastructure and Function of Multilocular Adipocytes in Brown Fat

    3.19 Histology of Tendons and Ligaments

    3.20 Pathology of Connective Tissue

    4 Muscle Tissue

    4.1 Overview

    4.2 Embryonic Development of Skeletal Muscle Fibers

    4.3 Organization of Skeletal Muscle

    4.4 Major Components of Skeletal Muscle Fibers

    4.5 Histology and Ultrastructure of Skeletal Muscle Fibers in Longitudinal Section

    4.6 Histology and Ultrastructure of Skeletal Muscle Fibers in Transverse Section

    4.7 Ultrastructure of the Sarcotubular System in Skeletal Muscle

    4.8 The Sarcomere and Myofilaments in Contraction

    4.9 Ultrastructure of Skeletal Myofilaments in Transverse Section

    4.10 Intrinsic Blood Supply of Skeletal Muscle

    4.11 Skeletal Muscle Fiber Types

    4.12 Histochemistry and Ultrastructure of Skeletal Muscle Fiber Types

    4.13 High-Resolution Scanning Electron Microscopy of Skeletal Muscle

    4.14 Histology and Ultrastructure of the Muscle-Tendon Junction

    4.15 Structure and Function of Satellite Cells

    4.16 Organization of Neuromuscular Junctions

    4.17 Ultrastructure of Neuromuscular Junctions

    4.18 Histology of Cardiac Muscle

    4.19 Ultrastructural Components of Cardiac Muscle

    4.20 Ultrastructure of Cardiac Muscle in Longitudinal Section

    4.21 Ultrastructure of Cardiac Muscle in Transverse Section

    4.22 Ultrastructure of Intercalated Discs

    4.23 Ultrastructure of Atrial Myocytes

    4.24 Histology of Purkinje Fibers

    4.25 Ultrastructure of Purkinje Fibers

    4.26 Histology of Smooth Muscle

    4.27 Ultrastructure of Smooth Muscle

    4.28 Ultrastructure of Smooth Muscle in Transverse Section

    4.29 Innervation of Smooth Muscle

    4.30 Pathology of Muscle Tissue

    5 Nervous Tissue

    5.1 Overview

    5.2 Embryonic Development

    5.3 Structure and Function of the Meninges

    5.4 Neurocytology: Cytoarchitecture

    5.5 Neurocytology: Staining Methods

    5.6 Structure of a Neuron

    5.7 Ultrastructure of a Neuron in Gray Matter in Relation to Surrounding Structures

    5.8 Ultrastructure of a Spinal Cord Neuron Soma

    5.9 Types of Synapses

    5.10 Ultrastructure of Synapses

    5.11 Structure and Function of Glial Cells

    5.12 Structure and Function of Astrocytes

    5.13 Structure and Function of the Blood-Brain Barrier

    5.14 Ultrastructure of the Blood-Brain Barrier

    5.15 Myelination of Axons in the Central and Peripheral Nervous Systems

    5.16 Oligodendrocytes and Myelination in the Central Nervous System

    5.17 Structure and Function of the Ependyma

    5.18 Structure and Function of the Choroid Plexus

    5.19 Cytoarchitecture of the Cerebral Cortex

    5.20 Cytoarchitecture of the Cerebellum

    5.21 Histology and Ultrastructure of the Cerebellum

    5.22 Anatomy and Histology of the Spinal Cord

    5.23 Histology of Peripheral Nerves

    5.24 Ultrastructure of Myelinated and Unmyelinated Nerve Fibers in the Peripheral Nervous System

    5.25 Ultrastructure of Myelinated Nerve Fibers in the Peripheral Nervous System

    5.26 Nerve Fibers in Longitudinal Section and Nodes of Ranvier in the Peripheral Nervous System

    5.27 Histology of Peripheral Autonomic Ganglia

    5.28 Histology and Ultrastructure of Peripheral Ganglia

    5.29 Ultrastructure and Function of the Perineurium

    5.30 Pathology of Nervous Tissue

    6 Cartilage and Bone

    6.1 Overview

    6.2 Structure of Cartilage

    6.3 Histology of Hyaline Cartilage

    6.4 Composition of Hyaline Cartilage Matrix

    6.5 Histology of Fibrocartilage

    6.6 Histology of Elastic Cartilage

    6.7 Ultrastructure of Chondrocytes

    6.8 Overview of Bone Formation (Osteogenesis)

    6.9 Intramembranous Bone Formation

    6.10 Endochondral Bone Formation

    6.11 Structure and Function of Growth Plates

    6.12 Histology of the Growth Plate and the Metaphysis

    6.13 Histology of Trabecular Bone Deposition and Resorption

    6.14 Histology and Function of the Cells of Trabecular Bone

    6.15 Microarchitecture of Compact Bone

    6.16 Histology and Function of Spongy and Compact Bone

    6.17 Structure and Function of the Periosteum

    6.18 Formation and Composition of Collagen

    6.19 Ultrastructure of Osteoblasts

    6.20 Ultrastructure of Osteocytes

    6.21 Ultrastructure and Function of Osteoclasts

    6.22 Bone Fracture Repair: Early Events

    6.23 Bone Fracture Repair: Intermediate and Late Events

    6.24 Histology of Synovial Joints

    6.25 Histology and Function of the Synovium

    6.26 Pathology of Bone

    7 Blood and Bone Marrow

    7.1 Overview

    7.2 Formed Elements of Blood

    7.3 Ultrastructure and Function of Erythrocytes

    7.4 Structure and Function of Neutrophils

    7.5 Structure and Function of Eosinophils

    7.6 Structure and Function of Basophils

    7.7 Structure and Function of Lymphocytes

    7.8 Structure and Function of Monocytes

    7.9 Structure and Function of Platelets

    7.10 Histology of Bone Marrow

    7.11 Methods of Studying Bone Marrow

    7.12 Hematopoiesis

    7.13 Erythropoiesis

    7.14 Granulocytopoiesis

    7.15 Monocytopoiesis, Lymphocytopoiesis, and Thrombocytopoiesis

    7.16 Pathology of Blood and Bone Marrow

    II Systems

    8 Cardiovascular System

    8.1 Overview

    8.2 Histology and Function of the Heart Wall and Pericardium

    8.3 Histology of the Endocardium and Myocardium

    8.4 Histology of Heart Valves

    8.5 Classification of Arteries and Veins

    8.6 Histology of Elastic Arteries

    8.7 Ultrastructure of the Aorta

    8.8 Histology of Large Veins: the Venae Cavae

    8.9 Histology of Muscular Arteries and Veins

    8.10 Structure and Function of Coronary Arteries

    8.11 Structure and Function of Arterioles

    8.12 Ultrastructure and Function of Arterioles and Venules

    8.13 Ultrastructure and Function of Vascular Smooth Muscle

    8.14 Histology and Function of Venules, Veins, and Venous Valves

    8.15 Ultrastructure and Function of the Endothelium

    8.16 Structure and Function of Capillaries

    8.17 Ultrastructure and Function of Tight Capillaries

    8.18 Ultrastructure and Function of Fenestrated Capillaries

    8.19 Innervation of Blood Vessels

    8.20 Ultrastructure and Function of Lymphatic Capillaries

    8.21 Histology and Function of the Thoracic Duct

    8.22 Pathology of Cardiovascular System

    9 Lymphoid System

    9.1 Overview

    9.2 Histology and Function of Lymphatic Vessels

    9.3 Histology and Function of Mucosa-Associated Lymphoid Tissue

    9.4 Structure and Function of Lymph Nodes

    9.5 Histology of Lymph Nodes: Cortex and Paracortex

    9.6 Histology of Lymph Nodes: Medulla and Sinuses

    9.7 Structure and Function of High Endothelial Venules

    9.8 Structure and Function of Tonsils

    9.9 Histology and Function of Tonsils

    9.10 Development and Function of the Thymus

    9.11 Histology of the Thymus

    9.12 Structure and Function of the Blood-Thymus Barrier

    9.13 Histology and Function of the Thymic Medulla and Hassall Corpuscles

    9.14 Structure and Function of the Spleen

    9.15 Histology of the Spleen

    9.16 Blood Supply to White Pulp

    9.17 Blood Supply to Red Pulp

    9.18 Pathology of Lymphoid System

    10 Endocrine System

    10.1 Overview

    10.2 Anatomy of the Pituitary

    10.3 Development of the Pituitary

    10.4 Divisions and Functions of the Pituitary

    10.5 Blood Supply of the Pituitary

    10.6 Histology and Function of the Pituitary Lobes

    10.7 Histology of the Anterior Lobe: Chromophils and Chromophobes

    10.8 Immunocytochemistry of Cells of the Pars Distalis

    10.9 Functions of the Adenohypophysis

    10.10 Ultrastructure of the Anterior Lobe

    10.11 Functions of the Neurohypophysis

    10.12 Histology of the Posterior Lobe

    10.13 Ultrastructure and Function of the Posterior Lobe

    10.14 Overview of the Thyroid and Parathyroid

    10.15 Histology and Function of the Thyroid

    10.16 Ultrastructure and Function of Thyroid Follicular Cells

    10.17 Histology and Function of the Parathyroid

    10.18 Histology and Ultrastructure of Parathyroid Chief Cells

    10.19 Overview of the Adrenal and Its Blood Supply

    10.20 Development of the Adrenal

    10.21 Histology and Histochemistry of the Adrenal

    10.22 Histology and Function of the Adrenal Cortex and Medulla

    10.23 Ultrastructure of Spongiocytes in the Zona Fasciculata

    10.24 Ultrastructure of Chromaffin Cells in the Adrenal Medulla

    10.25 Overview and Histology of Islets of Langerhans

    10.26 Immunocytochemistry of Islets of Langerhans

    10.27 Ultrastructure of Islets of Langerhans

    10.28 Ultrastructure and Function of Beta Cells

    10.29 Histology of the Pineal

    10.30 Pathology of Endocrine System

    11 Integumentary System

    11.1 Overview

    11.2 Histology of Thick and Thin Skin

    11.3 Histology of the Epidermis

    11.4 Ultrastructure of the Epidermis

    11.5 Ultrastructure of Keratinocytes

    11.6 Histology and Function of Epidermal Melanocytes

    11.7 Ultrastructure of Melanocytes and Melanogenesis

    11.8 Structure and Function of Epidermal Langerhans Cells

    11.9 Histology and Vasculature of the Dermis

    11.10 Histology and Innervation of the Dermis

    11.11 Histology and Function of Eccrine Sweat Glands

    11.12 Histology and Function of Apocrine Sweat Glands

    11.13 Histology of Pilosebaceous Units: Hair

    11.14 Histology and Function of Pilosebaceous Units: Hair Follicles and Hair Growth

    11.15 Ultrastructure of Hair and Its Follicles

    11.16 Histology of Sebaceous Glands and Arrector Pili Muscles

    11.17 Ultrastructure and Function of Sebaceous Glands

    11.18 Anatomy and Histology of Nails

    11.19 Histology of Psoriasis

    11.20 Pathology of Integumentary System

    12 Upper Digestive System

    12.1 Overview

    12.2 Histology of the Lips: Skin and Vermilion Border

    12.3 Histology of the Lips: Oral Mucosa and Central Core

    12.4 Histology of the Oral Cavity: Cheek and Gingiva

    12.5 Structure and Function of the Tongue

    12.6 Histology and Function of Lingual Papillae

    12.7 Structure and Function of the Palate

    12.8 Structure and Function of Teeth

    12.9 Development and Histology of Teeth: Ameloblasts and Odontoblasts

    12.10 Histology of Teeth: Dentin and Enamel

    12.11 Structure and Function of Salivary Glands

    12.12 Histology of Parotid Glands

    12.13 Histology of Mixed Salivary (Submandibular and Sublingual) Glands

    12.14 Ultrastructure and Function of Striated Ducts

    12.15 Structure and Function of the Esophagus

    12.16 Histology of the Esophagus: Mucosa

    12.17 Histology of Mucous Glands of the Esophagus

    12.18 Histology and Function of the Esophagus: Muscularis Externa and Adventitia

    12.19 Histology and Function of the Esophagogastric Junction

    12.20 Structure and Function of the Enteric Nervous System

    12.21 Pathology of Upper Digestive System

    13 Lower Digestive System

    13.1 Development of the Foregut, Midgut, and Hindgut

    13.2 Structure and Function of the Stomach

    13.3 Histology of the Stomach: Gastric Glands and Pits

    13.4 Histology and Function of Surface Mucous and Mucous Neck Cells

    13.5 Histology of Gastric Chief Cells and Parietal Cells

    13.6 Ultrastructure and Function of Parietal Cells

    13.7 Ultrastructure and Function of Gastric Chief Cells

    13.8 Ultrastructure and Function of Enteroendocrine Cells

    13.9 Ultrastructure of the Serosa and Muscularis Externa

    13.10 Histology of the Gastroduodenal Junction

    13.11 Structure and Function of the Small Intestine

    13.12 Histology and Function of the Duodenum

    13.13 Histology of the Jejunum

    13.14 Histology of the Ileum

    13.15 Histology and Cell Renewal of the Epithelium of the Small Intestine

    13.16 Ultrastructure and Function of Enterocytes

    13.17 Ultrastructure and Function of Goblet Cells

    13.18 Ultrastructure and Function of Paneth Cells

    13.19 Structure and Function of the Large Intestine

    13.20 Histology of the Large Intestine

    13.21 Structure and Function of the Appendix

    13.22 Histology of the Appendix

    13.23 Structure and Function of the Anorectal Junction

    13.24 Histology of the Anorectal Junction

    13.25 Pathology of Lower Digestive System

    14 Liver, Gallbladder, and Exocrine Pancreas

    14.1 Overview of the Liver

    14.2 Classic Hepatic Lobules

    14.3 Portal Triads With Blood and Bile Supply

    14.4 Histology of the Portal Tract and Central Vein

    14.5 Histologic Arrangement of Hepatic Parenchyma

    14.6 Structure and Function of the Liver Acinus

    14.7 Histology of Glisson Capsule

    14.8 Ultrastructure of Hepatocytes

    14.9 Ultrastructure and Function of Hepatocytes

    14.10 Ultrastructure of Hepatic Sinusoids

    14.11 Ultrastructure and Function of Kupffer Cells

    14.12 Ultrastructure of the Space of Dissé

    14.13 Ultrastructure and Function of Hepatic Stellate Cells

    14.14 Histology and Ultrastructure of the Hepatic Biliary Duct System

    14.15 Ultrastructure and Function of Bile Canaliculi

    14.16 Overview of the Gallbladder

    14.17 Histology of the Gallbladder Wall

    14.18 Ultrastructure and Function of the Gallbladder Mucosa

    14.19 Overview of the Pancreas

    14.20 Histology of the Exocrine Pancreas: Ducts

    14.21 Histology of the Exocrine Pancreas: Acini

    14.22 Ultrastructure of the Exocrine Pancreas

    14.23 Development of the Pancreas

    14.24 Pathology of Liver

    15 Respiratory System

    15.1 Overview

    15.2 Structure of the Nasal Cavities and Paranasal Sinuses

    15.3 Histology of the Nasal Cavities and Paranasal Sinuses

    15.4 Histology of the Epiglottis

    15.5 Histology of the Larynx and Vocal Cords

    15.6 Structure of the Trachea and Major Bronchi

    15.7 Histology of the Trachea

    15.8 Scanning Electron Microscopy of Tracheal and Bronchial Epithelium

    15.9 Ultrastructure of Tracheal and Bronchial Epithelium

    15.10 Ultrastructure and Function of Respiratory Cilia

    15.11 Histology of the Bronchi

    15.12 Structure of Intrapulmonary Airways

    15.13 Histology of Terminal and Respiratory Bronchioles

    15.14 Ultrastructure of Bronchiolar Epithelium: Club Cells

    15.15 Intrapulmonary Blood Circulation

    15.16 Histology and Ultrastructure of Pulmonary Alveoli

    15.17 Ultrastructure of the Blood-Air Barrier

    15.18 Ultrastructure of Type II Pneumocytes

    15.19 Ultrastructure of Alveolar Macrophages

    15.20 Development of the Lower Respiratory System

    15.21 Pathology of Respiratory System

    16 Urinary System

    16.1 Overview

    16.2 Organization of the Renal Vasculature

    16.3 Anatomy of the Uriniferous Tubule (Nephron and Collecting Duct)

    16.4 Histology and Function of the Renal Cortex

    16.5 Histology of Renal Corpuscles

    16.6 Ultrastructure of Renal Corpuscles

    16.7 Ultrastructure and Function of Renal Corpuscles

    16.8 Ultrastructure and Function of the Renal Filtration Barrier

    16.9 Scanning Electron Microscopy of Renal Podocytes

    16.10 Histology of Proximal and Distal Tubules

    16.11 Ultrastructure and Function of Proximal and Distal Tubules

    16.12 Ultrastructure and Function of Proximal Tubules

    16.13 Ultrastructure of the Juxtaglomerular Complex

    16.14 Ultrastructure and Function of Cells of the Juxtaglomerular Complex

    16.15 Histology and Ultrastructure of Loops of Henle (Thin Segments)

    16.16 Histology of Collecting Ducts

    16.17 Ultrastructure and Function of Collecting Ducts

    16.18 Pronephros, Mesonephros, and Metanephros

    16.19 Development of the Metanephros

    16.20 Histology of the Ureters and Urinary Bladder

    16.21 Histology of the Ureters

    16.22 Histology of the Urinary Bladder

    16.23 Histology of the Male and Female Urethra

    16.24 Pathology of the Urinary System

    17 Male Reproductive System

    17.1 Overview

    17.2 Anatomy and Histology of Testes

    17.3 Testicular Development and Spermatogenesis

    17.4 Histology of Seminiferous Tubules

    17.5 Ultrastructure of Seminiferous Tubules and Spermatogenesis

    17.6 Ultrastructure of Germ Cells and Early Spermiogenesis

    17.7 Ultrastructure of Germ Cells and Later Spermiogenesis

    17.8 Ultrastructure and Function of Sertoli Cells

    17.9 Histology and Ultrastructure of Leydig Cells

    17.10 Ultrastructure and Function of Leydig Cells

    17.11 Anatomy and Histology of the Epididymis

    17.12 Histology and Function of the Epididymis

    17.13 Histology of the Ductus (Vas) Deferens

    17.14 Ultrastructure and Function of the Ductus (Vas) Deferens

    17.15 Anatomy and Histology of the Prostate and Seminal Vesicles

    17.16 Histology and Function of the Prostate

    17.17 Ultrastructure of the Prostate

    17.18 Histology of Seminal Vesicles

    17.19 Anatomy and Histology of the Urethra and Penis

    17.20 Histology of the Penis

    17.21 Histology and Function of the Penis

    17.22 Pathology of Male Reproductive System

    18 Female Reproductive System

    18.1 Overview

    18.2 Ovarian Structures and Development

    18.3 Histology of the Ovarian Cortex

    18.4 Histology of Developing Ovarian Follicles

    18.5 Ultrastructure of Developing Ovarian Follicles

    18.6 Histology of Mature Graafian Follicles

    18.7 Structure and Function of the Corpus Luteum

    18.8 Ultrastructure and Function of Steroid-Secreting Cells in the Ovary

    18.9 Histology of Atretic Follicles and Senile Ovaries

    18.10 Structure and Function of Fallopian Tubes

    18.11 Histology and Function of Fallopian Tubes

    18.12 Ultrastructure and Function of the Epithelium of Fallopian Tubes

    18.13 Anatomy and Histology of the Uterus

    18.14 Endometrial Blood Supply

    18.15 The Menstrual Cycle: Histologic and Hormonal Changes

    18.16 Histology of the Endometrium: Follicular Phase

    18.17 Histology of the Endometrium: Luteal Phase

    18.18 Histology of the Cervix

    18.19 Histology of the Vagina

    18.20 Anatomy and Histology of the External Genitalia

    18.21 Structure and Function of the Placenta

    18.22 Histology of the Placenta

    18.23 Ultrastructure and Function of the Placental Barrier

    18.24 Histology of the Umbilical Cord

    18.25 Development and Function of Mammary Glands

    18.26 Histology and Function of Nipples and Areolae

    18.27 Pathology of Female Reproductive System

    19 Eye and Adnexa

    19.1 Overview

    19.2 Development of the Eye

    19.3 Histology and Function of the Cornea

    19.4 Ultrastructure and Function of the Corneal Stroma

    19.5 Histology and Function of the Iris

    19.6 Histology and Function of the Lens

    19.7 Ultrastructure of Lens Fibers

    19.8 Histology and Function of the Ciliary Body

    19.9 Scanning Electron Microscopy of the Ciliary Body and Zonular Fibers

    19.10 Histology of the Canal of Schlemm and Drainage of Aqueous Humor

    19.11 Structure and Function of the Retina

    19.12 Histology of the Retina

    19.13 Histology and Ultrastructure of Retinal Photoreceptors

    19.14 Ultrastructure and Function of Membranous Discs

    19.15 Regional Specializations of the Retina

    19.16 Ultrastructure and Function of the Retinal Pigment Epithelium

    19.17 Blood Supply to the Retina

    19.18 Structure and Function of Eyelids: Cutaneous Surface and Core

    19.19 Structure of Eyelids: Free Margin and Conjunctival Surface

    19.20 Structure and Function of Lacrimal Glands

    19.21 Pathology of Eye and Adnexa

    20 Special Senses

    20.1 Overview

    20.2 Development of the Ear

    20.3 Histology and Function of the External Acoustic Meatus

    20.4 Histology and Function of the Middle Ear and Auditory Tube

    20.5 Histology and Function of the Cochlea

    20.6 Histology of the Organ of Corti

    20.7 Ultrastructure and Function of Cochlear Hair Cells

    20.8 Histology of Vestibular Receptors: Crista Ampullaris and Macula

    20.9 Scanning Electron Microscopy of the Crista Ampullaris

    20.10 Ultrastructure and Function of Vestibular Hair Cells

    20.11 Histology and Function of Olfactory Mucosa

    20.12 Scanning Electron Microscopy of Olfactory Epithelium

    20.13 Structure and Distribution of Taste Buds

    20.14 Histology and Function of Taste Buds

    20.15 Ultrastructure of Taste Buds

    20.16 Structure and Function of Cutaneous Sensory Receptors

    20.17 Ultrastructure and Function of Merkel Cell–Neurite Complexes

    20.18 Histology and Function of Meissner and Pacinian Corpuscles

    20.19 Structure and Function of Interoceptors: Carotid Body and Sinus

    20.20 Ultrastructure and Function of a Carotid Body

    20.21 Histology and Function of Muscle Spindles

    20.22 Ultrastructure and Function of Muscle Spindles

    20.23 Innervation of Muscle Spindles

    20.24 Ultrastructure and Function of Golgi Tendon Organs

    20.25 Pathology of Special Senses: the Ear

    Appendix Staining Methods and Techniques




  • 35600lei 320.00 lei



    Clinically focused, consistently and clearly illustrated, and logically organized, Gray's Atlas of Anatomy, the companion resource to the popular Gray's Anatomy for Students, presents a vivid, visual depiction of anatomical structures. Stunning illustrations demonstrate the correlation of structures with clinical images and surface anatomy - essential for proper identification in the dissection lab and successful preparation for course exams.

    Build on your existing anatomy knowledge with structures presented from a superficial to deep orientation, representing a logical progression through the body.

    Identify the various anatomical structures of the body and better understand their relationships to each other with the visual guidance of nearly 1,000 exquisitely illustrated anatomical figures.

    Visualize the clinical correlation between anatomical structures and surface landmarks with surface anatomy photographs overlaid with anatomical drawings.

    Recognize anatomical structures as they present in practice through more than 270 clinical images - including laparoscopic, radiologic, surgical, ophthalmoscopic, otoscopic, and other clinical views - placed adjacent to anatomic artwork for side-by-side comparison.

    Gain a more complete understanding of the inguinal region in women through a brand-new, large-format illustration, as well as new imaging figures that reflect anatomy as viewed in the modern clinical setting.


    Table of Contents:


    Chapter 1: THE BODY


    Anatomical position, terms, and planes

    Anatomical planes and imaging

    Surface anatomy: anterior view

    Surface anatomy: posterior view

    Skeleton: anterior

    Skeleton: posterior

    Muscles: anterior

    Muscles: posterior

    Vascular system: arteries

    Vascular system: veins

    Lymphatic system

    Nervous system




    Cutaneous nerves


    Chapter 2: BACK


    Surface anatomy

    Vertebral column

    Regional vertebrae

    Cervical vertebrae

    Thoracic vertebrae

    Lumbar vertebrae


    Intervertebral foramina and discs

    Intervertebral disc problems

    Joints and ligaments

    Back musculature: surface anatomy

    Superficial musculature

    Intermediate musculature

    Deep musculature

    Back musculature: transverse section

    Suboccipital region

    Spinal nerves

    Spinal cord

    Spinal cord vasculature

    Venous drainage of spinal cord


    Spinal cord: imaging

    Transverse section: thoracic region

    Dermatomes and cutaneous nerves


    Chapter 3: THORAX


    Surface anatomy with bones

    Bony framework




    Pectoral region

    Thoracic wall muscles


    Arteries of the thoracic wall

    Veins of the thoracic wall

    Nerves of the thoracic wall

    Lymphatics of the thoracic wall

    Intercostal nerves and arteries

    Pleural cavities and mediastinum

    Parietal pleura

    Surface projections of pleural recesses

    Right lung

    Left lung

    Lung lobes: surface relationship

    Lung lobes: imaging

    Bronchial tree

    Bronchopulmonary segments

    Pulmonary vessels and plexus

    Pulmonary vessels: imaging



    Pericardial layers

    Anterior surface of heart

    Base and diaphragmatic surface of heart

    Right atrium

    Right ventricle

    Left atrium

    Left ventricle

    Aortic valve and cardiac skeleton

    Cardiac chambers and heart valves

    Coronary vessels

    Coronary arteries and variations

    Cardiac conduction system

    Auscultation points and heart sounds

    Cardiac innervation

    Superior mediastinum: thymus

    Superior mediastinum: veins and arteries

    Superior mediastinum: arteries and nerves

    Superior mediastinum: imaging

    Superior mediastinum: veins and trachea

    Mediastinum: imaging

    Mediastinum: view from right

    Mediastinum: imaging – view from right

    Mediastinum: view from left

    Mediastinum: imaging – view from left

    Posterior mediastinum

    Mediastinum: imaging

    Transverse section: TVIII level

    Dermatomes and cutaneous nerves

    Visceral efferent (motor) innervation of the heart

    Visceral afferents


    Chapter 4: ABDOMEN


    Surface anatomy

    Quadrants and regions

    Abdominal wall


    Muscles: rectus sheath

    Vessels of the abdominal wall

    Arteries and lymphatics of the abdominal wall

    Nerves of the abdominal wall

    Dermatomes and cutaneous nerves

    Inguinal region

    Inguinal canal in men

    Inguinal canal in women

    Inguinal hernias

    Anterior abdominal wall

    Greater omentum

    Abdominal viscera

    Peritoneal cavity

    Abdominal sagittal section

    Abdominal coronal section

    Arterial supply of viscera



    Arteries of stomach and spleen


    Small intestine

    Large intestine

    Ileocecal junction

    Gastrointestinal tract: imaging

    Mesenteric arteries


    Vessels of the liver

    Segments of the liver

    Pancreas and gallbladder

    Vasculature of pancreas and duodenum

    Venous drainage of viscera

    Portosystemic anastomoses

    Posterior wall

    Vessels of the posterior wall



    Gross structure of kidneys

    Kidneys: imaging

    Renal vasculature

    Branches of the abdominal aorta

    Inferior vena cava

    Abdominal aorta and inferior vena cava: imaging

    Lumbar plexus

    Lumbar plexus: cutaneous distribution


    Abdominal innervation

    Splanchnic nerves

    Visceral efferent (motor) innervation diagram

    Visceral afferent (sensory) innervation and referred pain diagram

    Kidney and ureter visceral afferent (sensory) diagram



    Surface anatomy and articulated pelvis in men

    Surface anatomy and articulated pelvis in women

    Pelvic girdle

    Pelvic girdle: imaging

    Lumbosacral joint

    Sacro-iliac joint

    Pelvic inlet and outlet

    Orientation of pelvic girdle and pelvic brim

    Pelvic viscera and perineum in men

    Pelvic viscera and perineum in men: imaging

    Pelvic viscera and perineum in women

    Pelvic viscera and perineum in women: imaging

    Lateral wall of pelvic cavity

    Floor of pelvic cavity: pelvic diaphragm

    Rectum and bladder in situ


    Bladder in men

    Bladder in women

    Reproductive system in men


    Prostate and seminal vesicles




    Reproductive system in women

    Uterus and ovaries


    Uterus: imaging

    Pelvic fascia

    Arterial supply of pelvis

    Venous drainage of pelvis

    Vasculature of the pelvic viscera

    Vasculature of uterus

    Venous drainage of prostate and penis

    Venous drainage of rectum

    Sacral and coccygeal nerve plexuses

    Pelvic nerve plexus

    Hypogastric plexus

    Surface anatomy of the perineum

    Borders and ceiling of the perineum

    Deep pouch and perineal membrane

    Muscles and erectile tissues in men

    Erectile tissue in men: imaging

    Muscles and erectile tissues in women

    Erectile tissue in women: imaging

    Internal pudendal artery and vein

    Pudendal nerve

    Vasculature of perineum

    Nerves of perineum

    Lymphatics of pelvis and perineum in men

    Lymphatics of pelvis and perineum in women



    Innervation of reproductive system in men

    Innervation of reproductive system in women

    Innervation of bladder

    Pelvic cavity imaging in men

    Pelvic cavity imaging in women


    Chapter 6: LOWER LIMB


    Surface anatomy

    Bones of the lower limb

    Pelvic bones and sacrum

    Articulated pelvis

    Proximal femur

    Hip joint

    Hip joint: structure and arterial supply

    Gluteal region: attachments and superficial musculature

    Gluteal region: superficial and deep muscles

    Gluteal region: arteries and nerves

    Distal femur and proximal tibia and fibula

    Thigh: muscle attachments

    Thigh: anterior superficial musculature

    Thigh: posterior superficial musculature

    Thigh: anterior compartment muscles

    Thigh: medial compartment muscles

    Femoral triangle

    Anterior thigh: arteries and nerves

    Anterior thigh: arteries

    Thigh: posterior compartment muscles

    Posterior thigh: arteries and nerves

    Transverse sections: thigh

    Knee joint

    Ligaments of the knee

    Menisci and cruciate ligaments

    Knee: bursa and capsule

    Knee surface: muscles, capsule, and arteries

    Popliteal fossa

    Tibia and fibula

    Bones of the foot

    Bones and joints of the foot

    Talus and calcaneus

    Ankle joint

    Ligaments of the ankle joint

    Leg: muscle attachments

    Posterior leg: superficial muscles

    Posterior compartment: deep muscles

    Posterior leg: arteries and nerves

    Lateral compartment: muscles

    Anterior leg: superficial muscles

    Anterior compartment: muscles

    Anterior leg: arteries and nerves

    Leg: cutaneous nerves

    Transverse sections: leg

    Foot: muscle attachments

    Foot: ligaments

    Dorsum of foot

    Dorsum of foot: arteries and nerves

    Plantar aponeurosis

    Plantar region (sole) musculature: first layer

    Plantar region (sole) musculature: second layer

    Plantar region (sole) musculature: third layer

    Plantar region (sole) musculature: fourth layer

    Plantar region (sole): arteries and nerves

    Dorsal hood and tarsal tunnel

    Superficial veins of the lower limb

    Lymphatics of the lower limb

    Anterior cutaneous nerves and dermatomes of the lower limb

    Posterior cutaneous nerves and dermatomes of the lower limb


    Chapter 7: UPPER LIMB


    Surface anatomy

    Bones of the upper limb

    Bony framework of shoulder


    Clavicle: joints and ligaments

    Proximal humerus

    Glenohumeral joint

    Muscle attachments

    Pectoral region

    Deep pectoral region

    Walls of the axilla

    The four rotator cuff muscles

    Deep vessels and nerves of the shoulder

    Axillary artery

    Brachial artery

    Brachial plexus

    Medial and lateral cords

    Posterior cord

    Distal end of humerus and proximal end of radius and ulna

    Muscle attachments

    Anterior compartment: muscles

    Anterior compartment: arteries and nerves

    Veins of the arm

    Posterior compartment: muscles

    Posterior compartment: arteries and nerves

    Lymphatics of the arm

    Transverse sections: arm

    Anterior cutaneous nerves of the arm

    Posterior cutaneous nerves of the arm

    Elbow joint

    Elbow joint: capsule and ligaments

    Cubital fossa

    Radius and ulna

    Bones of the hand and wrist joint

    Imaging of the hand and wrist joint

    Bones of the hand

    Joints and ligaments of the hand

    Muscle attachments of forearm

    Anterior compartment of forearm: muscles

    Anterior compartment of forearm: arteries and nerves

    Posterior compartment of forearm: muscles

    Posterior compartment of forearm: arteries and nerves

    Transverse sections: forearm

    Carpal tunnel

    Muscle attachments of the hand

    Superficial palmar region (palm) of hand

    Tendon sheaths of hand

    Lumbrical muscles

    Intrinsic muscles of hand

    Palmar region (palm) of hand: arteries and nerves

    Arteries of the hand

    Innervation of the hand: median and ulnar nerves

    Dorsum of hand

    Dorsal hoods

    Dorsum of hand: arteries

    Dorsum of hand: nerves

    Anatomical snuffbox

    Superficial veins and lymphatics of forearm

    Anterior cutaneous nerves of forearm

    Posterior cutaneous nerves of upper limb


    Chapter 8: HEAD AND NECK


    Surface anatomy with bones

    Bones of the skull

    Skull: anterior view

    Skull: lateral view

    Skull: posterior view

    Skull: superior view and roof

    Skull: inferior view

    Skull: cranial cavity

    Ethmoid, lacrimal bone, inferior concha, and vomer

    Maxilla and palatine bone

    Skull: muscle attachments

    Scalp and meninges

    Dural partitions

    Dural arteries and nerves

    Dural venous sinuses


    Brain: imaging

    Cranial nerves

    Arterial supply to brain

    Cutaneous distribution of trigeminal nerve [V]

    Facial muscles

    Vasculature, facial nerve [VII] and lymphatics

    Deep arteries and veins of parotid region

    Bony orbit

    Section through orbit and structures of eyelid

    Eyelids and lacrimal apparatus

    Innervation of the lacrimal gland

    Muscles of the eyeball

    Innervation of the orbit and eyeball

    Eye movements

    Vasculature of orbit


    Eye imaging

    Ear surface and sensory innervation


    Middle ear

    Internal ear

    Ear imaging

    Temporal and infratemporal fossae

    Bones of the temporal and infratemporal fossae

    Temporal and infratemporal fossae

    Temporomandibular joint

    Mandibular division of the trigeminal nerve [V]

    Parasympathetic innervation

    Arteries and veins of temporal and infratemporal fossae

    Pterygopalatine fossa

    Neck surface anatomy

    Bones of the neck

    Compartments and fascia of the neck

    Superficial veins of the neck

    Muscles of the neck

    Nerves in the neck

    Cranial nerves in the neck

    Cervical plexus and sympathetic trunk

    Arteries of the neck

    Root of the neck: arteries

    Lymphatics of the neck


    Muscles of the pharynx

    Innervation of the pharynx

    Vasculature of the pharynx


    Laryngeal cavity

    Muscles of the larynx

    Innervation of the larynx

    Thyroid gland

    Vasculature of the thyroid gland

    Nose and paranasal sinuses

    Nasal cavity: bones

    Nasal cavity: mucosal linings

    Vasculature and innervation of the nasal cavity

    Sinus imaging

    Oral cavity: bones


    Teeth: imaging

    Anatomy of teeth

    Vessels and nerves supplying teeth

    Innervation of teeth and gums

    Muscles and salivary glands of the oral cavity

    Vessels and nerves of the tongue


    Hard and soft palate


    Innervation of oral cavity

    Cranial nerves

    Visceral motor pathways in the head




  • 32600lei 255.00 lei



    Abrahams' and McMinn’s Clinical Atlas of Human Anatomy, 8th Edition delivers the straightforward visual guidance you need to perform confidently in all examinations and understand spatial relationships required during your medical training, while also acquiring the practical anatomical knowledge needed for your future clinical career. Respected authority Prof. Peter Abrahams and his team of leading international anatomists and radiologists link a vast collection of clinical images to help you master all the essential correlations between the basic science of anatomy and its clinical practice.

    See what to look for and how to proceed thanks to an unsurpassed collection of labelled dissection photographs, supported by clear, explanatory diagrams and modern imaging

    Correlate anatomy to clinical practice with a wealth of MR, CT, DSA, radiographic, endoscopic, and operative images that demonstrate how structures are viewed today in the clinical setting

    Thoroughly revised and updated throughout, including:

    brand new dissections, to further improve clarity and consistency throughout the book in every region

    all new colour overlays added to selected dissections making it even easier to identify key nerves, arteries, veins and especially lymphatics

    fully revised neuroanatomy content reflects the latest understanding of functional neuroanatomy as seen with modern 3D and functional imaging

    updated and coloured and a unique lymphatics section

    Includes access to the complete, enhanced eBook - unlocking a huge, carefully-selected collection of BONUS CLINICAL material, integrated throughout on almost every page to enhance your study and help make those essential clinical / anatomical connections.

    This sets Abrahams' and McMinn’s apart from any other atlases of human anatomy!

    200+ 3D scans,- allowing you to view the body in a more dynamic way to aid your understanding of dynamic anatomy.

    Master the 500 clinical conditions every physician should know by reviewing the associated clinical topics - featuring over 2000 additional clinical photos, radiological images, and case presentations not found in the printed book. Learn from the culmination of over 45 years international clinical experience of Prof. Abrahams and over 100 of his colleagues worldwide who have contributed to this unique collection of clinical anatomy images.

    Table Of Contents:

    Head, Neck and Brain

    Vertebral Column and Spinal Cord

    Upper Limb


    Abdomen and Pelvis

    Lower Limb




  • 525.00 lei


    Pret: 525 lei 335 lei (pret valabil pana la data de 30 septembrie 2020)


    Contains detailed information on technical aspects of three-dimensional echocardiography

    Describes a variety of diseases affecting a range of cardiac structures

    Features background on physics that support the implementation of both transthoracic and transesophageal approaches


    About this Textbook


    This thoroughly revised textbook provides a practically applicable guide to three-dimensional echocardiography (3DE). Background is provided on the evolution of the technology and physics that support the implementation of both transthoracic and transesophageal approaches to 3DE. The incremental value of 3DE to assess cardiac chambers is also described. Moreover, a range of cardiac valvular diseases including the mitral, aortic, and tricuspid valve have been portrayed and illustrated in depth.These include congenital abnormalities, regurgitation and stenosis. Emphasis is also placed on technical aspects of the technique and where it can provide added value, including post-surgery assessments and evaluation of cardiac masses.

    Textbook of Three-Dimensional Echocardiography enables readers to develop a deep understanding of how to use this imaging modality. It provides a valuable resource for the echocardiography trainee looking to develop their knowledge and for the experienced practitioner seeking a comprehensive up-to-date reference.


    Table of contents (25 chapters)


    The Evolution of Three-Dimensional Echocardiography: From the Initial Concept to Real-Time Imaging

    Pages 1-8

    Mor-Avi, Victor (et al.)

    Physics and Technical Principles of Three-Dimensional Echocardiography

    Pages 9-24

    Muraru, Denisa (et al.)

    Technical Principles of Transesophageal Three-Dimensional Echocardiography

    Pages 25-35

    Vieira, Marcelo Luiz Campos (et al.)

    How to Implement Three-Dimensional Echocardiography in the Routine of the Echocardiography Laboratory

    Pages 37-52

    Muraru, Denisa (et al.)

    Routine Assessment of the Left Ventricle

    Pages 53-71

    Addetia, Karima (et al.)

    Advanced Assessment of the Left Ventricle

    Pages 73-86

    Takeuchi, Masaaki (et al.)

    The Normal Mitral Valve

    Pages 87-105

    Baldea, Sorina Mihaila (et al.)

    Mitral Valve Congenital Abnormalities and Stenosis

    Pages 107-126

    Mahmoud-Elsayed, Hani

    Degenerative Mitral Regurgitation

    Pages 127-143

    Tsang, Wendy (et al.)

    Functional Mitral Regurgitation

    Pages 145-158

    Tan, Timothy C. (et al.)

    Assessment During and After Surgery or Interventional Procedures on the Mitral Valve

    Pages 159-180

    Saric, Muhamed (et al.)

    The Normal Aortic Valve Complex

    Pages 181-191

    Hahn, Rebecca T.

    Aortic Valve Congenital Abnormalities and Stenosis

    Pages 193-199

    Hahn, Rebecca T. (et al.)

    Aortic Regurgitation

    Pages 201-208

    Baldea, Sorina Mihaila (et al.)

    Assessment After Surgery or Interventional Procedures on the Aortic Valve

    Pages 209-219

    Hahn, Rebecca T.

    Left Atrium

    Pages 221-232

    Tsang, Wendy (et al.)

    Assessment of the Right Ventricle

    Pages 233-247

    Muraru, Denisa (et al.)

    The Normal Tricuspid Valve

    Pages 249-262

    Addetia, Karima (et al.)

    Tricuspid Valve: Congenital Abnormalities and Stenosis

    Pages 263-270

    Jone, Pei-Ni (et al.)

    Organic Tricuspid Regurgitation

    Pages 271-283

    Muraru, Denisa (et al.)

    Functional Tricuspid Regurgitation

    Pages 285-297

    Song, Jae-Kwan (et al.)

    Assessment After Surgery or Interventional Procedures on the Tricuspid Valve

    Pages 299-308

    Badano, Luigi P. (et al.)

    The Right Atrium

    Pages 309-322

    Peluso, Diletta (et al.)

    The Role of 3DE in the Evaluation of Cardiac Masses

    Pages 323-350

    Faletra, Francesco Fulvio (et al.)

    X-Ray-Echo Fusion Imaging in Catheter-Based Structural Heart Disease Interventions

    Pages 351-362

    Faletra, Francesco Fulvio (et al.)



  • 1207.00 lei

     Pret: 1207 lei 725 lei (pret valabil pana la data de 29 septembrie 2020)


    Completely revised and updated edition of a reference work for surgical fellows and specialists

    Offers a “how-to-do” approach to the techniques employed in oncoplastic and reconstructive breast surgery

    Presents detailed guidance and advice from international experts

    Includes a wealth of color images and additional video material


    About this book


    This book demonstrates why oncoplastic and reconstructive surgery represents such an exciting tool for surgeons who undertake breast surgery. Fundamental principles and basic concepts are clearly outlined, and numerous techniques are presented by acknowledged experts from across the world. The emphasis is very much on a “how to do” approach, with detailed guidance and advice on the various techniques. The informative text is supported by a wealth of color illustrations, and accompanying videos of procedures can be accessed via the publisher’s website.

    This second edition of Oncoplastic and Reconstructive Breast Surgery has been completely revised and updated. More than 25 additional chapters have been included, and new videos of surgeries made available, with the aim of making this already very successful book truly comprehensive, and the most complete reference on the subject – a true classic. The new edition entails close collaboration between some of the most important centers for breast cancer treatment and research worldwide. It will be an ideal resource for surgical fellows and specialists wishing to learn about indications and the selection of patients, to master technical skills, and to manage complications effectively.  


    Table of contents (73 chapters)


    Oncoplastic Surgery: The Renaissance for Breast Surgery

    Pages 3-12

    Lebovic, Gail S.

    Oncoplastic and Reconstructive Anatomy of the Breast

    Pages 13-23

    El-Tamer, Mahmoud (et al.)

    Breast Cancer Reconstruction Epidemiology

    Pages 25-32

    Mennie, Joanna C. (et al.)

    Hereditary Breast Cancer: Prophylactic Mastectomy, Breast Conservation, and Rates of Cancer

    Pages 33-42

    Walsh, Siun M. (et al.)

    Breast Imaging in Oncoplastic and Reconstructive Breast Surgery

    Pages 43-69

    Urban, Linei (et al.)

    Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Breast in Surgical Planning

    Pages 71-86

    Haddad, Dana (et al.)

    Breast Cancer Pathology

    Pages 87-127

    Wen, Hannah Y. (et al.)

    Molecular Classification and Prognostic Signatures of Breast Tumors

    Pages 129-138

    Cavalli, Luciane R. (et al.)

    Photographic Principles of Medical Documentation

    Pages 139-142

    Fraga, Murillo (et al.)

    Breast Cancer Patient and Reconstructive Consultation

    Pages 143-161

    Dixon, J. Michael (et al.)

    Aesthetic Principles for Breast Reconstruction: Breast Aesthetic Units and Evaluation of Late Aesthetic Results

    Pages 163-171

    Sampaio, Marcelo M. C. (et al.)

    Neoadjuvant Treatment in Breast Cancer

    Pages 173-178

    Wang, Rui (et al.)

    Adjuvant Systemic Therapy in Breast Cancer

    Pages 179-194

    GoldFarb, Shari (et al.)

    Whole-Breast Radiotherapy After Breast-Conserving Surgery

    Pages 195-203

    Braunstein, Lior Z.

    Radiotherapy: Principles and Consequences for Breast Reconstruction

    Pages 205-213

    Orecchia, Roberto (et al.)

    Postmastectomy Radiation

    Pages 215-220

    Moo, Tracy-Ann (et al.)

    Oncologic Principles for Breast Reconstruction: Indications and Limits

    Pages 223-231

    Cronin, Patricia A. (et al.)

    Surgical Margins in Breast-Conserving Surgery

    Pages 233-246

    Mamtani, Anita (et al.)

    Axillary Surgery

    Pages 247-255

    Amersi, Farin (et al.)

    Skin-Sparing Mastectomy

    Pages 257-263

    McCartan, Damian (et al.)

    Nipple-Sparing Mastectomy

    Pages 265-272

    McCartan, Damian (et al.)

    Preoperative Planning for Oncoplastic Surgery

    Pages 275-284

    Urban, Cicero (et al.)

    Improving Breast Cancer Surgery: A Classification and Quadrant-per-Quadrant Atlas for Oncoplastic Surgery

    Pages 285-305

    Parra, Raquel F. D. (et al.)

    Glandular Displacement Techniques

    Pages 307-318

    Walsh, Siun M. (et al.)

    Glandular Displacement: The Swiss Experience

    Pages 319-325

    Rageth, Christoph J. (et al.)

    Oncoplastic Surgery: Central Quadrant Techniques

    Pages 327-337

    Calhoun, Kristine E. (et al.)

    Dome Mastopexy

    Pages 339-346

    El-Tamer, Mahmoud

    Round Block Technique

    Pages 347-357

    Bagnoli, Fábio (et al.)

    Superior Pedicle Techniques

    Pages 359-363

    Kuroda, Flavia (et al.)

    Partial Breast Reconstruction: Inferior Pedicle Techniques

    Pages 365-372

    Losken, Albert

    Alternative Oncoplastic Techniques for Challenging Breast Conservative Surgeries

    Pages 373-402

    Paulinelli, Régis Resende

    Pedicled Flaps for Volume Replacement in Breast Conserving Surgery

    Pages 403-419

    Roy, Pankaj G. (et al.)

    Nonconventional Techniques in Oncoplastic Surgery

    Pages 421-432

    Rietjens, Mario (et al.)

    Delayed Reconstruction After Breast-Conserving Surgery

    Pages 433-451

    González, Eduardo G.

    History and Development of Breast Implants

    Pages 455-461

    Rietjens, Mario (et al.)

    Breast Reconstruction with Temporary and Definitive Tissue Expanders

    Pages 463-471

    Urban, Cicero

    One-Stage Breast Reconstruction with Definitive Form-Stable Implants

    Pages 473-487

    Urban, Cicero (et al.)

    The Use of Acellular Dermal Matrices in Implant-Based Breast Reconstruction

    Pages 489-499

    Jones, Glyn

    Immediate Implant-/ADM-Based Breast Reconstruction

    Pages 501-529

    Sheflan, Michel (et al.)

    Skin-Reducing Mastectomy

    Pages 531-539

    Zucca-Matthes, Gustavo (et al.)

    Autologous Latissimus Dorsi Breast Reconstruction

    Pages 541-551

    Delay, Emmanuel (et al.)

    Monopedicled TRAM Flap

    Pages 553-563

    Manconi, Andrea

    Bipedicled TRAM Flap

    Pages 565-572

    Leal, Paulo Roberto

    Free Flap Breast Reconstruction

    Pages 573-578

    Henderson, Peter W. (et al.)

    Delayed Breast Reconstruction After Mastectomy

    Pages 579-586

    Urban, Cicero (et al.)

    Prevention and Treatment of Infections in Breast Reconstruction with Implants

    Pages 589-594

    Cavalcante, Emannuel Filizola (et al.)

    Implant Exposure and Extrusion

    Pages 595-600

    Garusi, Christina (et al.)

    Physiopathology, Prevention, and Treatment of Capsular Contracture

    Pages 601-607

    Lardi, Alessia M. (et al.)

    Implant Rupture

    Pages 609-613

    Urban, Cicero (et al.)

    Inframammary Fold Reconstruction

    Pages 615-624

    Cericatto, Rodrigo (et al.)

    Donor-Site Complications

    Pages 625-631

    Manconi, Andrea (et al.)

    Complications of Unipedicled TRAM Flap Reconstruction: Treatment and Prevention (and Their Influence on the Choice of the Reconstruction)

    Pages 633-644

    Piat, Jean-Marc

    Treatment and Care of the Scars in Breast Reconstruction

    Pages 647-650

    Garusi, Christina (et al.)

    Fat Grafting in Breast Reconstruction

    Pages 651-660

    Rietjens, Mario (et al.)

    Nipple-Areola Complex Reconstruction

    Pages 661-670

    Lorenzi, Francesca (et al.)

    Revisions After Breast Reconstruction

    Pages 671-691

    Gonzalez, Eduardo (et al.)

    Immediate Breast Reconstruction in Pregnancy and Lactation

    Pages 695-701

    Urban, Cicero (et al.)

    Breast Reconstruction in Elderly

    Pages 703-708

    Lorenzi, Francesca (et al.)

    Breast Reconstruction and Radiotherapy

    Pages 709-721

    Voineskos, Sophocles H. (et al.)

    Immediate Breast Reconstruction in Previously Irradiated Patients

    Pages 723-729

    Urban, Cicero (et al.)

    Breast Reconstruction After Aesthetic Surgery

    Pages 731-743

    Brenelli, Fabricio Palermo (et al.)

    Thoracic Wall Reconstruction in Local Recurrences and Advanced Cases

    Pages 745-749

    Spaggiari, Lorenzo (et al.)

    Stem Cells in Oncoplastic Breast Surgery

    Pages 753-761

    Thitilertdecha, Premrutai (et al.)

    Systemic Treatment of Breast Cancer and Breast Reconstruction

    Pages 763-767

    Simon, Sergio D.

    Systemic Impact of Breast Reconstruction

    Pages 769-774

    Trapani, Dario (et al.)

    Fat Transfer Safety in Breast Cancer Patients

    Pages 775-777

    Petit, Jean-Yves

    Oncologic Safety of Oncoplastic Surgery

    Pages 779-782

    Walsh, Siun M. (et al.)

    Preoperative and Postoperative Nursing Considerations for the Oncoplastic and Reconstructive Patient

    Pages 783-790

    Lagdamen, Liza L. (et al.)

    Aesthetic and Quality of Life After Breast Reconstruction

    Pages 791-800

    Santos, Gabriela (et al.)

    Psychological Aspects of Breast Reconstruction

    Pages 801-807

    Rabinowitz, Barbara

    Training Guidelines for Oncoplastic Surgeons: Recommendations for a Standardized Approach

    Pages 809-816

    Lebovic, Gail (et al.)

    Models for Oncoplastic and Breast Reconstruction Training

    Pages 817-821

    Zucca-Matthes, Gustavo (et al.)

    Bioethics and Medicolegal Aspects in Breast Cancer Reconstruction

    Pages 823-833

    Urban, Cicero (et al.)



  • 520.00 lei


    Pret: 520 lei 330 lei (pret valabil pana la data de 29 septembrie 2020)

    Reviews the most current and novel treatment strategies for NHL

    Supplemented with numerous color illustrations, photographs, and tables

    Written by worldwide experts in the field


    About this book


    This text provides a state-of-the-art overview on Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) in children and adolescents. The volume is divided into seven sections, each of which focuses on a critical component of pediatric NHL, including history and epidemiology, pathology and molecular biology, disease evaluation and response, common and rare sub-types of NHL, and current and novel treatment strategies. The text also comprehensively reviews the late effects of treatment, quality of patient life, and NHL treatment in countries with limited resources.

    Written by experts in the field, Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma in Childhood and Adolescence is a valuable resource for clinicians and practitioners who treat children and adolescents with NHL.

    Table of contents (28 chapters)

    History of Diagnoses and Treatment Strategies in Pediatric Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphomas

    Pages 3-13

    Mann, Georg

    Epidemiology of Non-Hodgkin Lymphomas in Childhood and Adolescence

    Pages 15-22

    Thacker, Nirav (et al.)

    Diagnosis and Classification

    Pages 23-29

    Molina, Thierry Jo

    Pathogenesis of B-Cell Lymphoma

    Pages 33-50

    Wagener, Rabea (et al.)

    Pathogenesis of T-Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma

    Pages 51-56

    Bond, Jonathan (et al.)

    The Pathogenesis of Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma

    Pages 57-65

    Turner, Suzanne Dawn


    Pages 67-95

    Kornauth, Christoph (et al.)

    Genetic Predisposition to Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

    Pages 97-110

    Haas, Oskar A. (et al.)

    Response Assessment in Pediatric Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

    Pages 113-118

    Truong, Tony H. (et al.)

    Minimal Disseminated and Minimal Residual Disease in Pediatric Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

    Pages 119-129

    Mussolin, Lara (et al.)

    Prognostic Factors in Childhood and Adolescent Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

    Pages 131-149

    Pillon, Marta (et al.)

    Lymphoblastic Lymphoma

    Pages 153-164

    Burkhardt, Birgit (et al.)

    Burkitt Lymphoma and Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma

    Pages 167-183

    Egan, Grace (et al.)

    Primary Mediastinal and Gray Zone Lymphomas

    Pages 185-193

    Giulino-Roth, Lisa (et al.)

    Epstein-Barr Virus-Associated Post-Transplantation Lymphoproliferative Disease

    Pages 195-211

    Geerlinks, Ashley V. (et al.)

    Pediatric-Type Follicular Lymphoma (PTFL)

    Pages 213-219

    Attarbaschi, Andishe

    Marginal Zone Lymphoma

    Pages 221-227

    Burkhardt, Birgit

    Primary Central Nervous System Lymphoma

    Pages 229-238

    Abla, Oussama (et al.)

    Rare B-Cell Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphomas in Childhood and Adolescence

    Pages 239-247

    Beishuizen, Auke (et al.)

    Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma in Children and Adolescents

    Pages 251-262

    Lowe, Eric J. (et al.)

    Peripheral T-Cell Lymphoma

    Pages 263-269

    Mellgren, Karin (et al.)

    Extranodal NK-/T-Cell Lymphomas and EBV+ Lymphoproliferative Diseases of Childhood

    Pages 271-279

    Wanitpongpun, Chinadol (et al.)

    Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphomas in Childhood and Adolescence

    Pages 281-291

    Willemze, Rein

    Principles of Immunotherapy

    Pages 295-304

    Goldman, Stanton (et al.)

    Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation

    Pages 305-313

    Mori, Tetsuya (et al.)

    Novel Therapies in Paediatric NHL

    Pages 315-335

    Burke, Amos (et al.)

    Childhood and Adolescence Non-Hodgkin Lymphomas in Low- and Middle-Income Countries

    Pages 337-351

    Ozuah, Nmazuo W. (et al.)

    Long-Term Outcomes in Survivors of Childhood and Adolescent Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

    Pages 353-366

    Nathan, Paul C. (et al.)


  • 37300lei 340.00 lei




    Authoritative, portable, and up to date, Opie's Cardiovascular Drugs, 9th Edition, is the definitive reference for quick access to frequently used drugs in all phases of care for cardiac patients. Now a part of the Braunwald family of renowned cardiology references, this compact title provides crucial information in an easily accessible format-ideal for cardiologists, residents, cardiology fellows, medical students, nurses, and other cardiac care providers. Updated to include the latest guidelines and evidence-based implications, it offers clear and concise explanations and pertinent clinical facts for all classes of cardiac drugs, as well as all the latest clinical trial results and evidence for the pharmacologic treatment of heart disease.

    Uses a new, consistent format for each drug class: overview and guidelines for use, mechanisms of action, differences among drugs in class, data for use, side effects, and drug interactions.

    Covers key topics such as new ESC and NLA guidelines, advances in lipid-lowering therapy, new diabetes drugs that improve cardiovascular outcomes, obesity drugs and cardiovascular and metabolic effects, drugs targeting inflammation, and combinations of antithrombotic therapies with analysis of risk-benefit.

    Provides guidance on how to effectively manage comorbid diseases.

    Contains dozens of unique "Opiegram” diagrams that demystify complex mechanisms of action and other drug processes-many updated to reflect current pathologic understanding of mechanisms.

    Enhanced eBook version included with purchase, which allows you to access all of the text, figures, and references from the book on a variety of devices


  • 68800lei 560.00 lei




    Endothelial Signaling in Vascular Dysfunction and Disease: From Bench to Bedside provides a detailed understanding of the endothelium, its activation and their link to some common clinical disorders. In addition, the book covers earlier discoveries, including those from the last and 19th centuries. It is split into five sections that cover the vascular tree as an integrative structure, the endothelium in inflammation, endothelial signaling, activation and toxicity with chemotherapy, radiation induced endothelial dysfunction and vascular disease, and therapies in combating vascular diseases. Each section is discussed with a translational approach in order to make the content truly applicable.

    This book is a valuable source for basic researchers, clinicians in the fields of Oncology, Cardiovascular Medicine and Radiology, and members of the biomedical field who are conducting studies related to the endothelium and vascular disease.


  • 86600lei 850.00 lei





    With concise text and a simple, easy-to-follow organizational structure, the brand-new Vascular Decision Making: Medical, Endovascular, Surgical helps you make well-informed treatment and procedural decisions on a variety of vascular conditions and diseases you encounter in clinical settings with patients.


    Table of Contents:

    Section I: Preoperative Evaluation and Medical Treatment

    Chapter 1: Perioperative Cardiac Assessment and Management

    Chapter 2: Perioperative Pulmonary Risk Assessment and Management

    Chapter 3: Smoking Cessation Management

    Chapter 4: Hyperlipidemia Assessment and Management

    Chapter 5: Hypercoagulability Assessment and Management

    Section II: Atherosclerotic Cerebrovascular Disease

    Chapter 6: Identifying Cerebrovascular Disease

    Chapter 7: Management of Asymptomatic Carotid Stenosis

    Chapter 8: Symptomatic Carotid Disease

    Chapter 9: Acute Ischemic Stroke

    Chapter 10: Recurrent Carotid Stenosis

    Chapter 11: Combined Carotid and Coronary Disease

    Chapter 12: Vertebral Artery Disease

    Chapter 13: Innominate, Common Carotid, and Subclavian Disease

    Section III: Non-Atherosclerotic Cerebrovascular Disease

    Chapter 14: Carotid Fibromuscular Disease

    Chapter 15: Carotid and Vertebral Artery Dissection

    Chapter 16: Carotid Body Tumor

    Chapter 17: Carotid Artery Aneurysm

    Chapter 18: Large Artery Vasculitis

    Section IV: Thoracic Aortic Disease

    Chapter 19: Aortic Arch Aneurysm

    Chapter 20: Descending/Thoracoabdominal Aneurysm

    Chapter 21: Acute Aortic Dissection

    Chapter 22: Chronic Thoracic Aortic Dissection

    Chapter 23: Penetrating Aortic Ulcer, Intramural Hematoma, and Isolated Abdominal Aortic Dissection

    Section V: Aortoiliac Aneurysms

    Chapter 24: Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm

    Chapter 25: Ruptured Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm

    Chapter 26: Iliac Artery Aneurysm

    Chapter 27: Acquired Abdominal Arteriovenous Fistula

    Chapter 28: Aortoenteric Fistula

    Chapter 29: Endoleak after Endovascular Aortic Aneurysm Repair

    Section VI: Other Aneurysms

    Chapter 30: Femoral Artery Aneurysm

    Chapter 31: Popliteal Artery Aneurysm

    Chapter 32: Upper Extremity Artery Aneurysm

    Chapter 33: Renal Artery Aneurysm

    Chapter 34: Splenic Artery Aneurysm

    Chapter 35: Celiac, Hepatic, and Mesenteric Artery Aneurysms

    Section VII: Visceral Artery Disease

    Chapter 36: Acute Mesenteric Ischemia

    Chapter 37: Chronic Mesenteric Ischemia

    Chapter 38: Mesenteric Vein Thrombosis

    Chapter 39: Celiac Artery Compression Syndrome

    Section VIII: Renovascular Diseases

    Chapter 40: Atherosclerotic Renal Artery Disease

    Chapter 41: Nonatherosclerotic Renal Artery Occlusive Disease

    Chapter 42: Acute Renovascular Ischemia

    Chapter 43: Renal Vein Compression Syndrome

    Section IX: Atherosclerotic Lower Extremity Disease

    Chapter 44: Diagnosing Lower Extremity Vascular Disease

    Chapter 45: Chronic Atherosclerotic Leg Ischemia

    Chapter 46: Aortoiliac Disease

    Chapter 47: Infra-Inguinal Arterial Occlusive Disease

    Chapter 48: Lower Extremity Amputation

    Section X: Non-Atherosclerotic Lower Extremity Disease

    Chapter 49: Popliteal Entrapment and Adventitial Cyst Disease

    Chapter 50: Thromboangiitis Obliterans (Buerger’s Disease)

    Chapter 51: Compartment Syndrome

    Chapter 52: Assessment of the Diabetic Foot: Wound, Ischemia, and Foot Infection

    Chapter 53: Acute Limb Ischemia

    Section XI: Upper Extremity Disease

    Chapter 54: Upper Extremity Occlusive Disease

    Chapter 55: Hand Ischemia

    Chapter 56: Management of Neurogenic Thoracic Outlet Syndrome

    Chapter 57: Venous Thoracic Outlet Syndrome

    Chapter 58: Arterial Thoracic Outlet Syndrome

    Section XII: Vascular Trauma

    Chapter 59: Initial Management of Life-Threatening Trauma

    Chapter 60: Neck Vascular Trauma

    Chapter 61: Thoracic Vascular Trauma

    Chapter 62: Abdominal Vascular Trauma

    Chapter 63: Extremity Vascular Trauma

    Section XIII: Hemodialysis Access

    Chapter 64: New Hemodialysis Access

    Chapter 65: Nonmaturing Arteriovenous Fistula

    Chapter 66: Failing or Thrombosed Access

    Chapter 67: Aneurysms and Pseudoaneurysms of AV Access

    Chapter 68: Hemodialysis Access Infection

    Chapter 69: Access-Related Hand Ischemia

    Chapter 70: Failing Hemodialysis Access Due to Central Vein or Venous Outflow Lesions

    Section XIV: Venous Insufficiency, Lymphatic Diseases and Malformations

    Chapter 71: Diagnosing Lower Extremity Venous and Lymphatic Disease

    Chapter 72: Varicose Veins

    Chapter 73: Chronic Venous Insufficiency

    Chapter 74: Pelvic Congestion Syndrome

    Chapter 75: Lymphedema

    Chapter 76: Vascular Malformations

    Section XV: Venous Thrombosis

    Chapter 77: Superficial Thrombophlebitis

    Chapter 78: Lower Extremity Deep Venous Thrombosis

    Chapter 79: Acute Iliofemoral Deep Venous Thrombosis

    Chapter 80: Vena Caval Thrombosis/Obstruction

    Chapter 81: Catheter-Associated Upper Extremity Deep Venous Thrombosis

    Chapter 82: Pulmonary Embolism

    Section XVI: Complications

    Chapter 83: Stroke after Carotid Intervention

    Chapter 84: Colonic Ischemia after Aortoiliac Operation

    Chapter 85: Abdominal Compartment Syndrome After Aortic Operation

    Chapter 86: Spinal Cord Ischemia After Aortic Operation

    Chapter 87: Post Revascularization Leg Ischemia

    Chapter 88: Arterial Access Complications

    Chapter 89: Late Arterial Graft/Stent Thrombosis

    Chapter 90: Arterial Graft Infection

    Chapter 91: Heparin-Induced Thrombocytopenia

    Chapter 92: Intraoperative Bleeding




  • 245.00 lei




    Cardiac catheterization and coronary angiography are both key components to routine cardiology practice. This new edition of Cardiac Catheterization and Coronary Intervention has been fully updated since the first edition, with new sections on primary percutaneous coronary intervention, trends in vascular access, bioabsorbable stents, optical coherence tomography, and more. Filled with over 150 clinical images and schematic illustrations, the handbook is an accessible 'how-to' guide, designed to de-mystify complex cardiac catheterization investigations. Expanded to reflect developments in practice, this new edition also introduces a new chapter on the multidisciplinary team and their roles and responsibilities from pre- to post-procedural care and relevant training requirements.

    Containing detailed instructions on how to perform a comprehensive left and right heart catheterization procedure, choosing the correct catheter for coronary and graft angiography, and how to perform a diagnostic coronary angiogram and interpret the subsequent findings, Cardiac Catheterization and Coronary Intervention acts as a concise and invaluable guide for the cardiology trainee.

  • 175.00 lei




    This book complements and supplements the daily hands-on learning of residents and fellows in the areas of vascular surgery, interventional radiology, and interventional cardiology as they explore the world of endovascular and catheter-based procedures. Due to the complexity and growth in this field, it is vital that trainees establish a firm foundational knowledge of the basic construction of the tools they will be using, the properties that make them suited for addressing specific diseases, and their proper handling so that procedures can be completed effectively and safely.

  • 1,18200lei 960.00 lei



    The ESC Textbook of Intensive and Acute Cardiovascular Care is the official textbook of the Acute Cardiovascular Care Association (ACVC) of the ESC.

    Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are a major cause of premature death worldwide and a cause of loss of disability-adjusted life years. For most types of CVD early diagnosis and intervention are independent drivers of patient outcome. Clinicians must be properly trained and centres appropriately equipped in order to deal with these critically ill cardiac patients.

    This new updated edition of the textbook continues to comprehensively approach all the different issues relating to intensive and acute cardiovascular care and addresses all those involved in intensive and acute cardiac care, not only cardiologists but also critical care specialists, emergency physicians and healthcare professionals. The chapters cover the various acute cardiovascular diseases that need high quality intensive treatment as well as organisational issues, cooperation among professionals, and interaction with other specialities in medicine.

    SECTION 1 focusses on the definition, structure, organisation and function of ICCU's, ethical issues and quality of care. SECTION 2 addresses the pre-hospital and immediate in-hospital (ED) emergency cardiac care. SECTIONS 3-5 discuss patient monitoring, diagnosis and specific procedures. Acute coronary syndromes (ACS), acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF), and serious arrhythmias form SECTIONS 6-8. The main other cardiovascular acute conditions are grouped in SECTION 9. Finally SECTION 10 is dedicated to the many concomitant acute non-cardiovascular conditions that contribute to the patients' case mix in ICCU.

    This edition includes new chapters such as low cardiac output states and cardiogenic shock, and pacemaker and ICDs: troubleshooting and chapters have been extensively revised. Purchasers of the print edition will also receive an access code to access the online version of the textbook which includes additional figures, tables, and videos to better to better illustrate diagnostic and therapeutic techniques and procedures in IACC.

    The third edition of the ESC Textbook of Intensive and Acute Cardiovascular Care will establish a common basis of knowledge and a uniform and improved quality of care across the field.

  • 1,15500lei 1060.00 lei



    As devices, technologies, and imaging techniques continue to evolve, today's endovascular surgical techniques have increased in both number and complexity. Complications in Endovascular Surgery provides a unique focus on potential complications encountered in the operating room, preparing you to anticipate the unexpected, identify the risk factors in individual procedures, and take steps to successfully manage complications when they occur.

    Helps you manage the surgical complications associated with image-guided interventional techniques used when treating patients with vascular disease, with clear descriptions of how to prevent problems and how to prevent catastrophic problems once a simple problem occurs. 

    Provides a practical guide to device-specific tips and tricks from experts in the field, making this unique resource ideal for surgeons at all levels of training and practice. 

    Features highly illustrated, consistent instructions that explain how to avoid and manage both common and uncommon complications. 

    Covers EVAR, TEVAR, FEVAR, and other complex aortic work; as well as CAS, TCAR, complex LE endovascular procedures, and venous intervention-lysis/stenting. 

    Includes tip boxes with key facts and technical recommendations, warning boxes that highlight safety precautions, and a troubleshooting guide for each procedure that helps you get back on track if things don't go exactly as planned. 

    Enhanced eBook version included with purchase, which allows you to access all of the text, figures, and references from the book on a variety of devices 


  • 89900lei 830.00 lei




    This book shows how new technologies and technical skills together with deeper understanding of pathophysiology of visceral and renal ischemia have contributed to significant improvements in the clinical outcomes in patients undergoing complex aortic repair involving splanchnic arteries. In recent years, aortic repair has expanded its borders, focusing more and more on the particularly challenging segments from which critical branches originate. Optimal results in this area are obtained through a multidisciplinary approach based on crucial elements such as sophisticated imaging techniques, advanced anesthesiological and pharmacological strategies, as well as updated surgical techniques and devices able to reduce ischemic injuries. The book presents problems tackled from different perspectives, by analyzing the main technical aspects of the surgical technique but also functional and metabolic issues. It also discusses concepts such as ischemic preconditioning and ischemia-reperfusion mechanisms, as well as innovative investigational approaches. In the “endovascular era”, it highlights the most recent updates in complex endovascular repair involving renal and visceral arteries, providing both practical tips and tricks and outcomes analyses. The volume also addresses specific, rarely reported problems in vascular surgery, including issues in renal transplant, oncologic surgery with involvement of splanchnic arteries and of the vena cava, and use of the deep veins in aortic surgery. This volume represents a powerful tool for both young and experienced operators who wish to approach the complex aortic pathology either by open surgery or through endovascular methods.”


    Table of contents:


    Part I. Introductory Remarks

    1. Anatomical Overview and Imaging of the Aorta and Visceral Arteries

    2. Ischaemic Preconditioning: The Rationale and Evidence-Based Outcomes

    Part II. Abdominal Aorta

    3. Open Repair of Pararenal Aneurysms: Renal Vessel Surgical Management

    4. Aortic “Coral Reef” with Visceral Artery Involvement: Treatment Options

    5. Renal Vascular Anatomic Abnormalities During Open Abdominal Aortic Repair

    6. Endovascular Aortic Repair: The Renal Side of the Story

    7. Device Evolution and New Concepts to Preserve Renal Artery Patency in Challenging Infrarenal Aortic Necks

    8. Hypogastric Artery Management During Open and Endovascular Aortoiliac Repair

    9. Operative Management of Type II Endoleaks After Aortic Endovascular Repair

    10. Vascular Reconstructions in Kidney Transplantation

    11. Renal Transplantation and Aortic Disease: Operative Management

    12. Ex Vivo Open Reconstruction of Hilar Renal Artery Aneurysms: A Single-Center Experience

    13. Pulsate Perfusion of Allografts

    Part III. Thoracoabdominal Aorta

    14. Physiopathology of Intraoperative Visceral Ischemia and Anesthesiological Management of Supravisceral Aortic Clamping

    15. Tissue Ischemia During Aortic Repair: The Point of View of the Perfusionist

    16. Perioperative Renal Pharmacological Protection During Cardiovascular Surgery

    17. Renal Perfusion During Aortic Surgery: Looking for the Ideal Substrate

    18. Thoracoabdominal Aortic Aneurysm Open Repair: Visceral Arteries Reattachment Strategies

    19. Renal and Visceral Sutureless Anastomosis During Thoracoabdominal Aortic Repair

    20. Long-Term Patency of Visceral Vessels After Thoracoabdominal Aortic Repair

    21. Hybrid Repair of Thoracoabdominal Aortic Aneurysm with Rerouting of Visceral Arteries

    22. Toward an Entirely Endovascular World for Thoracoabdominal Aortic Disease: Myth or Reality?

    23. Total Endovascular Repair of Thoracoabdominal Aortic Aneurysm: Lessons Learned

    24. Recurrent Thoracoabdominal Aortic Aneurysm with Visceral Artery Involvement: Treatment Options

    25. Preoperative Assessment of the Spinal Cord Vasculature

    26. Intercostal Artery Reattachment Guided by Intraoperative Neurophysiologic Monitoring During Open Thoracoabdominal Aortic Repair: Basic Principles and Clinical Experience

    27. Spinal Cord Protection During Open and Endovascular Aortic Repair: State of the Art

    28. Current Trends of Treatment Options for Complex Aortic Pathology with Visceral Artery Involvement in a Large Single-Center Experience

    29. Visceral Ischemia During Type B Dissection: Incidence, Prognostic Value, Diagnosis, and Operative Management

    30. Understanding Visceral Ischaemia in Acute Type B Dissection: State of the Art, Challenges and Future Perspectives

    Part IV. Visceral Vessels Management in Oncologic, Infectious and Inflammatory Diseases

    31. Vascular Reconstruction in Oncologic Patients with Aortic and Visceral Artery Involvement

    32. Oncovascular Surgery; Surgery of the Vena Cava-Related Tumors

    33. Aortic Infection with Visceral Artery Involvement in the Endovascular Era: Treatment Options

    34. Management of Aortic Infections: Role of Open Surgery and the Value of Multidisciplinary Team Approach

    35. Large-Vessel Vasculitides: Takayasu Arteritis and Giant Cell Arteritis

    36. Visceral Artery Involvement in Takayasu Patients: Treatment Options


  • 67400lei 610.00 lei



    This book provides comprehensive information on new and existing vessel imaging techniques, with the intention of improving diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of vascular and related diseases. In recent years, vessel wall imaging has expanded greatly into other beds (such as the intracranial and peripheral arteries) and many of the techniques available for evaluation and diagnosis have only previously been published in research papers. This book bridges that gap for clinicians, applying cutting edge research to their everyday practice. The first six sections of the book are centered around individual vessel beds. These chapters will teach clinicians the multi-modality imaging techniques available to image these vessels and related pathology with a focus on new imaging tools and techniques. The final two sections of the book will offer a more comprehensive technical background aimed at imaging scientists for the imaging techniques used and the relationship of blood flow and modeling to disease monitoring and prevention. This is an ideal guide for radiologists and imaging scientists looking to learn the latest techniques in vessel imaging.


    Table of contents:


    Part I. Intracranial Arteries

    1. Vascular Dysfunction and Neurodegenerative Disease

    2. Current Imaging Approaches and Challenges in the Assessment of the Intracranial Vasculature

    3. Advanced Intracranial Vessel Wall Imaging and Future Directions

    Part II. Carotid Artery

    4. Atherosclerosis of the Carotid Artery

    5. Current Imaging Approaches and Challenges in the Assessment of Carotid Artery Disease

    6. Advanced Carotid Vessel Wall Imaging and Future Directions

    Part III. Peripheral Artery Disease

    7. Peripheral Artery Disease: An Overview

    8. Current Imaging Approaches and Challenges in the Assessment of Peripheral Artery Disease

    9. Advanced Peripheral Artery Vessel Wall Imaging and Future Directions

    Part IV. Aorta

    10. Imaging Approaches for Aortic Disease

    Part V. Coronary Artery

    11. Pathophysiology of Coronary Artery Disease

    12. Current Imaging Approaches and Challenges in the Assessment of Coronary Artery Disease

    13. Advanced Coronary Artery Vessel Wall Imaging and Future Directions

    Part VI. Imaging Techniques

    14. Image Processing: What Is Needed and Unique for Vessel Wall Imaging?

    15. Vessel Wall Imaging in the Era of Artificial Intelligence

    Part VII. Hemodynamics

    16. Hemodynamic Aspects of Vessel Wall Imaging: 4D Flow

    17. Computational Fluid Dynamics for Evaluating Hemodynamics

    Back Matter


  • 67400lei 600.00 lei



    Venous disorders are extremely common in clinical practice, and recent years have seen a number of changes in the treatment of these conditions. This book covers the advances in our understanding and the management of venous disorders – both superficial and deep. It includes up-to-date reviews on the hemodynamics of venous circulation in the lower limbs, deep venous reflux, novel biomarkers in deep vein thrombosis, post thrombotic syndrome, infra-popliteal DVT, relevance of wave length in laser treatment of varicose veins, pelvic congestion syndrome, May-Thurner syndrome, nut cracker syndrome, endothermal heat-induced thrombosis, recurrent varicose veins, and venous trauma. It also discusses important topics such as one-stop vein clinics, alternatives for venous ulcer treatment, venous anatomy, therapeutic options in lymphedema, nerve damage during endovenous thermal ablation, newer oral anticoagulants, compression therapy for venous ulcer, sclerotherapy for varicose veins and thrombolysis for DVT.  Written by leading experts in their field, this book is a key resource for practicing vein physicians and surgeons, and postgraduates in surgery training programs, enabling them to incorporate the latest advances into their day-to-day practice.


    Table of contents:


    1. Anatomy of the Venous System of the Lower Limbs

    2. Hemodynamic Aspects of Chronic Venous Disease

    3. Deep Venous Reflux

    4. Recurrent Varicose Veins

    5. Relevance of Wavelength in Laser Treatment of Varicose Veins

    6. Sclerotherapy for Varicose Veins

    7. Nerve Injury due to Endovenous Thermal Ablation for Varicose Veins

    8. Endothermal Heat-Induced Thrombosis

    9. Deep Vein Thrombosis: The Disease

    10. Post-Thrombotic Syndrome

    11. Isolated Infrapopliteal Deep Venous Thrombosis

    12. Novel Biomarkers in Deep Vein Thrombosis

    13. Newer Oral Anticoagulants

    14. Therapeutic Alternatives for Venous Ulcer

    15. Compression Therapy for Venous Ulcer

    16. Pelvic Congestion Syndrome

    17. May-Thurner Syndrome

    18. Nutcracker Syndrome

    19. Venous Trauma

    20. Therapeutic Options in Lymphedema

    21. One-Stop Vein Clinic: The Ideal Option


  • Vascular Surgery: A Global Perspective
    La comanda in aproximativ 4 saptamani
    73000lei 640.00 lei



    Vascular surgery has experienced remarkable growth and diversification in the last decade, especially with its embracing the disruptive endovascular technological revolution.  Vascular surgeons remain the only group of specialists capable of total treatment of patients with vascular disease, providing medical, minimally invasive, and surgical therapy.  Although vascular surgeons practice in all areas of the world, practice patterns in different areas naturally have both similarities and differences that reflect both regional patterns of disease, genetic characteristics of local peoples, cultural preferences for treatment, local political and economic situations, different access to resources and devices, as well as different training paradigms. Thus, the practice of vascular surgery has diversified and evolved in parallel in many areas, converging and diverging in many ways. Vascular Surgery: A Global Perspective provides the first review and comparison of the diversity of vascular surgery practice around the world. The book is grouped according to common vascular diseases such as aneurysmal and occlusive arterial disease, as well as venous and lymphatic disease and dialysis access. Each major disease topic includes multiple chapters written by expert specialists from around the world, each discussing their local approach to the disease and its treatment. Similarly, the status of vascular surgery practice is addressed, including discussion of the influence of payment systems on practice, patient access to the internet for information, training paradigms, and the legal system including malpractice. This textbook provides the first worldwide summary of the care of patients with vascular disease and will be of interest to a wide audience including vascular surgeons, vascular medical specialists, cardiologists, radiologists, internists, and family practice physicians.


    Table of contents (57 chapters):


    Disparities in Global Surgical Access and Outcomes: Current Estimates and Models of Global Engagement

    Pages 1-5

    Ozgediz, Doruk


    Aortic Aneurysms: Definition, Epidemiology and Natural History

    Pages 9-14

    Ristow, Arno (et al.)


    History of Endovascular Aneurysm Repair

    Pages 15-20

    Demicheli, Elvio (et al.)


    Current Management of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm in Australia

    Pages 21-26

    Robinson, D. A. (et al.)


    Endovascular Aneurysm Repair: Indications for Treatment

    Pages 27-29

    Ferreira, Luis Mariano (et al.)


    Endovascular Aneurysm Repair Versus Open Repair in Patients with Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm

    Pages 31-33

    Razuk-Filho, Alvaro (et al.)


    Thoracic Aortic Aneurysms in Brazil

    Pages 35-40

    Castro Bernardes, Rodrigo (et al.)


    Branched and Fenestrated Devices for Treatment of Juxtarenals and Thoracoabdominal Aneurysms

    Pages 41-48

    Silveira, Pierre Galvagni (et al.)


    Aortic Disease and Its Treatment in Hong Kong

    Pages 49-53

    Cheng, Stephen W. K.


    Aortic Aneurysm Management in Europe

    Pages 55-60

    Kamman, Arnoud V. (et al.)


    Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm in Jordan: Status and Management Strategy

    Pages 61-63

    Basheer, Mamoun


    Aortic Disease and Management in India

    Pages 65-71

    Unnikrishnan, Madathipat (et al.)


    Aneurysms: North America

    Pages 73-77

    Shah, Samir K. (et al.)


    Peripheral Vascular Disease and Endovascular Therapy in Singapore

    Pages 81-90

    Tang, T. Y. (et al.)


    Vascular Surgery in North America: Current Perspectives in Peripheral Arterial Disease

    Pages 91-94

    Siracuse, Jeffrey J. (et al.)


    Peripheral Arterial Disease: A European Perspective

    Pages 95-99

    Tsui, Janice (et al.)


    Peripheral Artery Disease: A Brazilian Perspective

    Pages 101-104

    Luccia, Nelson (et al.)


    Peripheral Atherosclerotic Occlusive Disease and Lower Limb Ischemia in Egypt: Current Status

    Pages 105-108

    Hussein, Emad A.


    Peripheral Arterial Disease: An Australian Perspective

    Pages 109-112

    Chambers, Jennifer (et al.)


    Diabetic Foot in Colombia

    Pages 113-118

    Muñoz, Alberto


    Integrated Management of Diabetic Foot in Oman

    Pages 119-126

    Alwahaibi, Khalifa


    Comparison of Diabetic Foot Amputation in Egypt with the United States

    Pages 127-129

    Shalaby, Sherif Y., MD (et al.)


    Cell Therapy for Vascular Diseases in Israel

    Pages 131-139

    Porat, Yael (et al.)


    The Treatment of Carotid Disease Within Australia

    Pages 143-154

    Varcoe, Ramon L. (et al.)


    Treatment of Carotid Disease in North America

    Pages 155-161

    Han, Daniel K. (et al.)


    Carotid Disease in Brazil

    Pages 163-168

    Navarro, Túlio P., MD, PhD (et al.)


    Current Status in Management of Carotid Disease in Korea

    Pages 169-173

    Kim, Young-wook (et al.)


    Carotid Disease in Europe

    Pages 175-179

    Naylor, A. Ross


    Venous Disease: An Australian Perspective

    Pages 183-191

    Wong, Yew Toh


    Venous Disease in Hong Kong

    Pages 193-200

    Chun, Skyi Pang Yin


    Varicose Vein Treatment in South Korea

    Pages 201-209

    Joh, Jin Hyun


    The Treatment of Venous Disease in North America