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    Millions of people around the world are forced to work without pay and under threat of violence. These individuals can be found working in brothels, factories, mines, farm fields, restaurants, construction sites and private homes: many have been tricked by human traffickers and lured by false promises of good jobs or education, some are forced to work at gunpoint, while others are trapped by phony debts from unscrupulous moneylenders. The SAGE Handbook of Human Trafficking and Modern-Day Slavery provides a comprehensive, interdisciplinary and global look at the diverse issues surrounding human trafficking and slavery in the post-1945 environment. Covering everything from history, literature and politics to economics, international law and geography, this Handbook is essential reading for academics and researchers, as well as for policy-makers and non-governmental organisations  


    Table of Contents:


    Part I Defining Contemporary Slavery

    1 Conceptualizing the Exploitation of Human Trafficking

    2 The International Legal Framework on Human Trafficking: Contemporary Understandings and Continuing Confusions

    3 Assessing the Global Slavery Index

    4 Empirical Research on Sex Work and Human Trafficking in SE Asia and a Critique of Methodologies for Obtaining Estimates of Human Trafficking Numbers

    Part II Forms of Human Trafficking and Contemporary Slavery

    5 Labour Trafficking

    6 Practices of Bonded Labour in India: Forms of Exploitation and Human Rights Violations

    7 The Evolving Concept of Worst Forms of Child Labor

    8 Organ Trafficking: Transplant Tourism and Trafficking in Persons for the Removal of Organs

    Part III The Context of Human Trafficking and Contemporary Slavery

    9 The Business of Modern Slavery: Management and Organizational Perspectives

    10 Human Trafficking, Sexual Slavery, and Extremism

    11 Human Trafficking, Modern Day Slavery and Organized Crime

    12 Migration and Trafficking: The Unintended Consequences of Security and Enforcement Frameworks and the Revictimization of Vulnerable Groups

    Part IV Interdisciplinary Approaches to Human Trafficking and Contemporary Slavery

    13 A Survivor-Centric Approach: The Importance of Contemporary Slave Narratives to the Anti-Slavery Agenda

    14 Trafficking in Human Beings: The Convergence of Criminal Law and Human Rights

    15 Pretty Vacant: Stolen Girls and Girlhoods in Anti-Trafficking Discourses

    16 Indigenous Women in Trafficking: Links Between Race, Ethnicity and Class1

    Part V Case Studies

    17 Identification of Trafficking Victims in Europe and the Former Soviet Union

    18 Commercial Sexual Exploitation and Sex Trafficking of Children in the West African Region

    19 Identifying Human Trafficking Victims Under the Sharia Law in Iran

    20 Impacts of Cultural Practices in Anti-Trafficking Policies in Southeast Asia

    21 Human Trafficking in North America

    22 Legal Yet Enslaved: The Case of Migrant Farm Workers in the United States

    23 Australia's Response to Human Trafficking Nationally and Regionally: The Question of Impact

    24 Child Workers: An Ugly Face in the Labour Industry

    Part VI Ending Contemporary Slavery

    25 The International Law Enforcement Community: Cooperative Efforts in Combatting Human Trafficking

    26 Identification, Rescue, and Social Intervention with the Victims of Trafficking for Sexual Exploitation in Spain1

    27 Organizational Configurations in the Provision of Social Services and Advocacy to Victims and Survivors of Human Trafficking

    28 Contemporary Social Movements to End Slavery – NGOs and Beyond